what you would like from your garden.
size and shape of your garden will dictate to some extent what you can
do with it. If your garden is on a slope then divide it into smaller
'rooms' with terracing. Try to keep the size of lawns, paths and
borders in proportion with each other. If you have a busy road, an
unsightly building or want some privacy in your garden then include a
hedge (or fence and trellis with climbers growing over it) in your
design, this will deaden any noise and act as a screen.
- Is it to be
formal or informal.
- To attract
butterflies, birds, bees and other animals.
to withstand the rigours of children and animals.
- Would you
like to grow your own fruit and vegetables.
- Patio and
- Would you
like a play area for children / grandchildren.
your garden design simple, the more complicated your design, the more
time you will have to spend on maintenance. Large borders will take
more plants to fill it, thus increasing the amount of effort that you
will have to put in to keep it looking good. Placing garden furniture,
ponds and borders in the middle of a lawn will slow down lawn mowing.
your garden design on who and when people are going to use it. If you
sit in the garden eating your breakfast or reading the morning papers
then a nice sitting area in the morning sun would be preferable to
sitting in the shade, similarly if you have barbecues or parties in the
evening, plan you patio to catch the evening sun. If you have young
children then don't include a pond in your design, Children are drawn
to water like a magnet, and you will be forever worrying about what
they are up to. Children's play areas should be in a position where you
can see what they are doing.
that your patio or seating area is large enough to incorporate garden
furniture, barbecue, garden lounger, patio planters etc.
should be positioned in a sunny position. Remember that the greenhouse
will cast a shadow, so should be positioned away or behind (in relation
to the sun) from the patio or sitting area.
should be placed in a sheltered, sunny position, away (15ft or more)
from overhanging trees. Make sure that this area is not a frost pocket.
The shape of your pond should reflect the style of your garden design.
A square, rectangular or circular pool in a formal garden, pond shape
is less important in an informal garden.
local established gardens to get design ideas on style, structure and
form, and visit garden centres and nurseries to get ideas about plants
(shape, height, colour, soil type, shade or sun loving, price etc.).
Curves, zigzags or diagonal paths can trick the eye into thinking
that the garden is longer or wider than it actual is. Horizontal lines
make a garden look wider, whilst vertical lines make a garden look
longer. If for example you have a long narrow garden, then plan a
curved or zigzag path, a straight path down the middle will make your
garden look longer and narrower.
include too many varieties of plants in your garden, group a number of
the same variety of plant together (this includes bulbs) and try to
have the same colour scheme in a particular border. Single plants of
mixed colours can confuse the eye. Note that strong bright coloured
flowers foreshorten a garden, while softer colours lengthen a garden,
create a false perspective by planting vibrant colours near to the
house and muted tones at the end of the garden.
sure that your garden design flows from one area to the next. Try to
balance the garden. Lead the eye from one side of the garden to the
other with large staggered features (planters, fountains, trees, shrubs
etc.), this will give the impression that the garden is larger than it
actually is. Placing a large feature at the end of the garden is like a
full stop, this is where the eye comes to rest, if you can incorporate
a distant feature, into your garden design, such as a view of a church
spire, then your garden will again appear deceptively large.
Create year round interest, by planning a flowering calendar, this will
enable you to have blooms spring, summer and autumn. Include evergreens
and shrubs, that have interesting leaf and stem shape and colour, in
your design to add interest in the autumn, winter and early spring.
shrubs take less time to get established but are typically more
expensive to purchase.
plants that are suitable for the environment that they are to be grown,
i.e. shade loving plants out of the sun, moisture loving plants in wet
areas, wind tolerant plants in exposed areas, etc.
will inevitably grow so although your initial planting may look sparse,
the plants will merge together when they become established.
hope that the above pointers will help you design your garden. However,
we are more than happy to come out and help you in person. If you
thought the above was useful just think how much help we can give you
when we see your garden. You'll find our consultancy rates very