Dr Xiandong Ma

Senior Lecturer

Research Interests

Dr Xiandong Ma is a Senior Lecturer in the Engineering Department at Lancaster University. He received his BEng in Electrical Engineering from Jiangsu University in 1986 and MSc in Power Systems and Automation in Nanjing Automation Research Institute (NARI) (now China State Grid Electric Power Research Institute) in 1989. He completed his PhD research in Partial Discharge based High-voltage Plant Condition Monitoring from Glasgow Caledonian University in 2002.

He worked with NARI as Research Engineer and then Senior Research Engineer from 1989 to 1998, where he specialised in real-time power system modelling, simulation and instrumentation. He was a Visiting Research Engineer in RTDS Technologies Inc., Canada in 1996, developing new exciter model and investigating interface techniques for new RTDS-based test facilities. He worked as Postdoctoral Research Associate from 2002 to 2007 firstly at Lancaster University and then at The University of Manchester, developing new generations of electromagnetic sensors and electromagnetic tomographic imaging systems. Thereafter, he worked with ALSTOM Power in Stafford as Generator Condition Monitoring Engineer for 18 months to lead and deliver the eXpert projects on shaft line vibration and power plant parameter monitoring, before returning to Lancaster to take up his lectureship in December 2008.

His research interests since 2008 have been focused on the intelligent condition monitoring and fault diagnosis/prognosis of wind turbines and farms with emphasis on analytical and experimental investigation, marine renewable energy technologies, distributed energy generation network and smart grids, advanced signal processing, data mining and instrumentation, and electromagnetic NDT testing and imaging. He has published over 90 papers on refereed international journals, patents and conference proceedings.

Dr Ma is a Member of IET, a Chartered Engineer, a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA) and a Member of EPSRC Peer Review College.

State-of-the-art forecasting algorithms for microgrids
Ma, J., Ma, X. 26/10/2017 In: 23rd International Conference on Automation and Computing (ICAC),2017. IEEE ISBN: 9781509050406. Electronic ISBN: 9780701702601.
Conference contribution

An integrated data-driven model-based approach to condition monitoring of the wind turbine gearbox
Qian, P., Ma, X., Cross, P. 12/07/2017 In: IET Renewable Power Generation. 11, 9, p. 1177-1185. 9 p.
Journal article

Reducing neutral-point voltage fluctuation in NPC three-level active power filters
Qian, P., Ma, X., Liu, G., Chen, Z. 8/05/2017 In: Electrical Engineering. 12 p.
Journal article

Effect of doubly fed induction generatortidal current turbines on stability of a distribution grid under unbalanced voltage conditions
Zhang, D., Ma, X., Si , Y., Huang , C., Huang, B., Li , W. 13/02/2017 In: Energies. 10, 2, 14 p.
Journal article

A condition monitoring system for an early warning of developing faults in wind turbine electrical systems
Ma, X., Cross, P., Qian, P. 1/12/2016 In: Insight – Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring. 58, 12, p. 663-670. 8 p.
Journal article

Reducing sensor complexity for monitoring wind turbine performance using principal component analysis
Wang, Y., Ma, X., Joyce, M.J. 11/2016 In: Renewable Energy. 97, p. 444–456. 13 p.
Journal article

Fault diagnosis in multi-machine power systems using the Derivative-free nonlinear Kalman Filter
Rigatos, G., Siano, P., Wira, P., Ma, X. 13/06/2016 In: Environmental, Energy, and Structural Monitoring Systems (EESMS), 2016 IEEE Workshop on. IEEE 6 p. ISBN: 9781509023714. Electronic ISBN: 9781509023707.
Conference contribution

Simultaneous fault detection and sensor selection for condition monitoring of wind turbines
Zhang, W., Ma, X. 12/04/2016 In: Energies. 9, 4, 15 p.
Journal article

University collaboration improves Mimic condition monitoring
Ma, X., Briddon, M. 23/09/2015 The Motorship Magazine - insight for marine technology professionals
Featured article

Condition monitoring of wind turbines based on extreme learning machine
Qian, P., Ma, X., Wang, Y. 12/09/2015 In: ICAC2015. IEEE p. 37-42. 6 p.
Paper

Fault ride-through analysis and protection of a 2-MW DFIG tidal current turbine
Zhang, D., Chen, Y., Yang, J., Tan, M., Ma, X., Li, W. 1/09/2015 In: Marine Technology Society Journal . 49, 5, p. 49-57. 9 p.
Journal article

Model-based and fuzzy logic approaches to condition monitoring of operational wind turbines
Cross, P., Ma, X. 02/2015 In: International Journal of Automation and Computing. 12, 1, p. 25-34. 10 p.
Journal article

Monitoring degradation in the field
Swingler, J., Jones, J., Bryant, M.D., Feinberg, A., Ma, X., Weaver, P.M. 30/12/2014 In: The physics of degradation in engineered materials and devices. Momentum Press p. 117-151. 34 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Nonlinear system identification for model-based condition monitoring of wind turbines
Cross, P., Ma, X. 11/2014 In: Renewable Energy. 71, p. 166-175. 10 p.
Journal article

Generic model of a community-based microgrid integrating wind turbines, photovoltaics and CHP generations
Ma, X., Wang, Y., Qin, J. 12/2013 In: Applied Energy. 112, p. 1475–1482. 8 p.
Journal article

Improved control of individual blade pitch for wind turbines
Zhang, D., Cross, P., Ma, X., Li, W. 15/08/2013 In: Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 198, p. 8-14. 7 p.
Journal article

Experimental and analytical study on factors influencing biomimetic undulating fin propulsion performance based on orthogonal experimental design
Wang, G., Ma, X., Hua, T., Zhang, D. 11/02/2013 In: Advanced Robotics. 27, 8, p. 597-609. 13 p.
Journal article

A novel condition monitoring and real-time simulation system for wind turbines
Ma, X., Cross, P. 4/02/2013 In: Proceedings of EWEA 2013 - European Wind Energy Conference & Exhibition. Vienna : EWEA 9 p.
Paper

Design of a reconfigurable platform for navigation signal simulation
Ming, D., Zhong, X., Ma, X., Liu, L. 2013
Conference paper

Design of a reconfigurable platform for navigation signal simulation
Ming, D., Zhong, X., Liu, L., Ma, X. 2013 In: Journal of Networks. 8, 5, p. 1019-1026. 8 p.
Journal article

Enhancing condition monitoring of distributed generation systems through optimal sensor selection
Wang, Y., Ma, X., Joyce, M. 2013 In: Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2013 - 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE. Piscataway, N.J. : IEEE p. 7610-7616. 7 p.
Paper

Feature selection for artificial neural network model-based condition monitoring of wind turbines
Cross, P., Ma, X. 2013 In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Condition Monitoring and Machinery Failure Prevention Technologies (CM 2013 & MFPT 2013). BINDT 12 p.
Paper

Model-based condition monitoring for wind turbines
Cross, P., Ma, X. 2013 In: Automation and Computing (ICAC), 2013 19th International Conference on. IEEE 7 p.
Paper

State dependent parameter model-based condition monitoring for wind turbines
Cross, P., Ma, X. 2013 In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Condition Monitoring and Machinery Failure Prevention Technologies (CM 2013 & MFPT 2013). BINDT 12 p.
Paper

Investigations of the state-of-the-art methods for electromagnetic NDT and electrical condition monitoring
Ma, X. 09/2012 In: Insight – Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring. 54, 9, p. 482-488. 7 p.
Journal article

Optimal sensor selection for wind turbine condition monitoring using multivariate principal component analysis approach
Wang, Y., Ma, X., Joyce, M. 09/2012
Conference paper

Generic model of a community-based microgrid integrating wind turbines and photovoltaics
Ma, X., Qin, J., Wang, Y. 07/2012
Conference paper

A remote condition monitoring system for wind-turbine based DG systems
Ma, X., Wang, G., Cross, P., Zhang, X. 31/05/2012 In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 364, 1, 7 p.
Journal article

Novel early warning fault detection for wind-turbine-based DG systems
Ma, X. 5/03/2012 In: Proceedings of 2011 2nd IEEE PES International Conference and Exhibition on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT Europe). IEEE p. 1-6. 6 p. ISBN: 978-1-4577-1422-1. Electronic ISBN: 978-1-4577-1420-7.
Conference contribution

A GPGPU accelerated compressed sensing with tight wavelet frame transform technique for MR imaging reconstruction
Hu, B., Ma, X., Joyce, M., Glover, P., Naleem, B. 2012 In: Imaging Systems and Techniques (IST), 2012 IEEE International Conference on. IEEE p. 121-125. 5 p.
Paper

Electromagnetic NDT and condition monitoring - A personal view
Ma, X. 21/11/2011 In: Proceedings of 2011 17th International Conference on Automation and Computing (ICAC’11). IEEE p. 266-271 . 6 p. ISBN: 978-1-4673-0000-1.
Conference contribution

Online intelligent condition monitoring of electrical machines.
Ma, X. 05/2011
Conference paper

Proportional-integral-plus control of robotic excavator arm utilising state-dependent parameter model
Gu, J., Feng, Z., Ma, X., Ni, J. 2011 In: Applied Mechanics and Materials. 48-49, p. 1323-1327. 5 p.
Journal article

Analysis and verification of fuel exhaust emissions.
Ma, X. 2/12/2010 , 12 p.
Working paper

Feature detection and monitoring of eddy current imaging data by means of wavelet based singularity analysis.
Ma, X., Peyton, A.J. 11/2010 In: NDT and E International. 43, 8, p. 687-694. 8 p.
Journal article

Performance evaluation of Zeolite Rankine cycle systems using scroll expander for combined heat and electricity generation.
Ma, X. 28/10/2010 , 9 p.
Working paper

A digital method for the discrimination of neutrons and γ rays with organic scintillation detectors using frequency gradient analysis.
Liu, G., Joyce, M.J., Ma, X., Aspinall, M. 06/2010 In: IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. 57, 3, p. 1682 -1691.
Journal article

An investigation of the digital discrimination of neutrons and γ rays with organic scintillation detectors using an artificial neural network.
Liu, G., Aspinall, M., Ma, X., Joyce, M.J. 21/08/2009 In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 607, 3, p. 620-628. 9 p.
Journal article

Control systems for WRASPA.
Chaplin, R., Rahmati, R., Gunura, K., Ma, X., Aggidis, G.A. 06/2009
Conference paper

An interactive PC-based electrical power system simulator for engineering education.
Ma, X., Taylor, C.J., Joyce, M.J. 2009
Conference paper

Development of multiple frequency electromagnetic induction systems for steel flow visualization.
Ma, X., Peyton, A.J., Higson, S.R., Drake, P. 24/07/2008 In: Measurement Science and Technology. 19, 9, 10 p.
Journal article

Electromagnetic detection system
Lionheart, W.R.B., Ma, X., Peyton, A.J. 2008
Patent

Dynamic imaging in electrical capacitance tomography and electromagnetic induction tomography using a Kalman filter.
Soleimani, M., Vauhkonen, M., Yang, W.Q., Peyton, A.J., Kim, B.S., Ma, X. 11/2007 In: Measurement Science and Technology. 18, 11, p. 3287-3294. 8 p.
Journal article

Developments of multiple frequency electromagnetic induction system for steel flow visualization.
Ma, X., Peyton, A.J., Higson, S.R., Drake, P. 09/2007
Conference paper

Dynamic magnetic induction tomography imaging of molten metal flow using the Kalman filter.
Soleimani, M., Ma, X., Peyton, A.J. 09/2007
Conference paper

Linear EMT for the detection of faults in metallic planar structures (DIF).
Yin, W., Ma, X., Zysko, G., Peyton, A.J. 09/2007
Conference paper

Imaging internal structure with electromagnetic induction tomography.
Ma, X., Peyton, A.J., Soleimani, M., Lionheart, W.R.B. 12/03/2007 In: Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, 2006. IMTC 2006. Proceedings of the IEEE. IEEE p. 299 -303. ISBN: 0-7803-9359-7.
Chapter

Feasibility study for tomographic walk-through metal detector.
Ma, X., Peyton, A.J., Lionheart, W.R.B. 01/2007 Unpublished, 12 p.
Working paper

Eddy current measurements of electrical conductivity and magnetic permeability of porous metals.
Ma, X., Peyton, A.J., Zhao, Y.Y. 10/2006 In: NDT and E International. 39, 7, p. 562 -568.
Journal article

A three-dimensional inverse finite-element method applied to experimental eddy-current imaging data.
Soleimani, M., Lionheart, W.R.B., Peyton, A.J., Ma, X., Higson, S.R. 05/2006 In: IEEE Transactions on Magnetics. 42, 5, p. 1560 -1567.
Journal article

Eddy current measurement of the electrical conductivity and porosity of metal foams.
Ma, X., Peyton, A.J. 03/2006 In: IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement. 55, 2, p. 570-576. 7 p.
Journal article

Hardware and software design for an electromagnetic induction tomography (EMT) system for high contrast metal process applications.
Ma, X., Peyton, A.J., Higson, S.R., Lyons, A., Dickinson, S.J. 01/2006 In: Measurement Science and Technology. 17, 1, p. 111-118. 8 p.
Journal article

A 3D inverse finite element technique applied to experimental magnetic induction tomography data.
Soleimani, M., Lionheart, W.R.B., Peyton, A.J., Ma, X. 09/2005
Conference paper

Development of a fast electromagnetic induction tomography system for metal process applications.
Ma, X., Higson, S.R., Lyons, A., Peyton, A.J. 09/2005
Conference paper

Measurement of the electrical conductivity of open-celled aluminium foam using non-contact eddy current techniques.
Ma, X., Peyton, A.J., Zhao, Y.Y. 07/2005 In: NDT and E International. 38, 5, p. 359 -367.
Journal article

Magnetic induction tomography : image reconstruction on experimental data from various applications.
Soleimani, M., Ktistis, C., Ma, X., Yin, W., Lionheart, W.R.B., Peyton, A.J. 06/2005
Conference paper

Electromagnetic techniques for imaging the cross-section distribution of molten steel flow in the continuous casting nozzle.
Ma, X., Peyton, A.J., Binns, R., Higson, S.R. 04/2005 In: IEEE Sensors Journal. 5, 2, p. 224-232. 9 p.
Journal article

Eddy current measurement of the electrical conductivity and porosity of metal foams.
Ma, X., Peyton, A.J. 8/11/2004 In: Proceedings of the IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, 2004. IMTC 04.. IEEE p. 127-132. 6 p. ISBN: 0-7803-8248-X.
Chapter

Novel computer-based processing system for partial discharge detection and diagnosis.
Ma, X., Zhou, C., Kemp, I.J. 8/11/2004 In: Proceedings of the IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, 2004. IMTC 04.. IEEE p. 684-688. 5 p. ISBN: 0-7803-8248-X.
Chapter

Molten metal flow visualisation using mutual induction tomography (MIT).
Soleimani, M., Lionheart, W.R.B., Peyton, A.J., Ma, X. 2004 In: 2004 Proceedings of the ASME 7th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design & Analysis. 6 p. ISBN: 0791841731.
Chapter

Development of a virtual instrument system for industrial process tomography.
Deloughry, R., Davenport, I., Ma, X., Ponnapalli, P.V.S. 09/2003
Conference paper

Image reconstruction in 3D magnetic induction tomography using a FEM forward model.
Soleimani, M., Lionheart, W.R.B., Peyton, A.J., Ma, X. 09/2003
Conference paper

Imaging the flow profile of molten steel through a submerged pouring nozzle.
Ma, X., Peyton, A.J., Binns, R., Higson, S.R. 09/2003
Conference paper

Optimal algorithms for wavelet-based denoising in PD measurement.
Zhou, C., Ma, X., Kemp, I.J. 08/2003
Conference paper

Wavelets for the analysis and compression of partial discharge data.
Ma, X., Zhou, C., Kemp, I.J. 7/08/2002 In: Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2001 Annual Report.. IEEE p. 329-334. 6 p. ISBN: 0-7803-7053-8.
Chapter

DSP based partial discharge characterisation by wavelet analysis.
Ma, X., Zhou, C., Kemp, I.J. 6/08/2002 In: Proceedings. ISDEIV. XIXth International Symposium on Discharges and Electrical Insulation in Vacuum, 2000.. IEEE p. 780 -783. ISBN: 0-7803-5791-4.
Chapter

Investigation into the use of wavelet theory for partial discharge pulse extraction in electrically noisy environments.
Ma, X., Zhou, C., Kemp, I.J. 6/08/2002 In: Dielectric Materials, Measurements and Applications, 2000. Eighth International Conference on (IEE Conf. Publ. No. 473). IEE p. 123-126. 4 p. ISBN: 0-85296-730-6.
Chapter

PD pulse propagation studies using the wavelet transform.
Ma, X., Zhou, C., Kemp, I.J. 6/08/2002 In: Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2000 Annual Report Conference on. IEEE p. 626 -629. ISBN: 0-7803-6413-9.
Chapter

Interpretation of wavelet analysis and its application in partial discharge detection.
Ma, X., Zhou, C., Kemp, I.J. 06/2002 In: IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation. 9, 3, p. 446-457. 12 p.
Journal article

Automated wavelet selection and thresholding for PD detection.
Ma, X., Zhou, C., Kemp, I.J. 04/2002 In: IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine. 18, 2, p. 37-45. 9 p.
Journal article

A feasibility study into the use of wavelet transform in partial discharge analysis.
Ma, X., Zhou, C., Kemp, I.J. 09/2000
Conference paper

Small-sized real-time digital simulator for the test of protective relay.
Liang, Z., Ma, X., Wang, H., Chen, Y., Wang, L. 12/1999 In: Dianli Xitong Zidonghue/Automation of Electric Power Systems. 23, 23, p. 27-30. 4 p.
Journal article

A portable multi-functional real-time digital simulator dedicated to protective relay testing
Liang, Z., Ma, X., Wang, H., Wang, L. 12/1998 In: Electricity. 9, 4, p. 27-29. 3 p.
Journal article

Real-time digital simulator (RTDS) and it applications
Liang, Z., Ma, X., Wang, L., Kuffel, R., Jiang, X. 10/1997 In: Dianli Xitong Zidonghue/Automation of Electric Power Systems. 21, 10, p. 61-64. 4 p.
Journal article

Digital power system simulators applied to protective relay testing
Wu, J., Liang, Z., Ma, X., Wang, H. 11/1993 In: Dianli Xitong Zidonghue/Automation of Electric Power Systems. 17, 11, p. 47-51. 4 p.
Journal article

Development of communication simulation software for TMS32010 multi-processor parallel system
Ma, X., Wu, J. 1991 In: Industrial Control Computer. p. 37-39. 3 p.
Journal article

Functional simulation of logic digital system with microprocessor
Ma, X., Wu, J. 1990 In: Dianli Xitong Zidonghue/Automation of Electric Power Systems. 14, 3, p. 57-64. 8 p.
Journal article