PhD & Postgraduate Research

Research projects leading to the award of a PhD or Masters by Research are available in many areas of Engineering.

Academic staff with international reputations in their discipline are available to supervise and guide you, and we offer appropriate research training, library and electronic resources. Research within Engineering is organised into five research groups, which in turn contain more specialised research subgroups. The groups are led by permanent academic staff and usually supported by postdoctoral research associates and technicians. You will become an integral part of these teams and benefit from intellectual support and become part of the research environment of the Department. For both PhD and Masters by Research, the results of your research should make an original contribution to knowledge and be of a standard appropriate for publication.

To submit an application, simply create an account on the My Applications website and then select ‘Create a new application’ from your homepage once you are logged-in.

Using your account on the My Applications website, you are able to submit applications for the programme(s) which you wish to study, upload supporting documentation and provide us with information about referees. You may apply for all Lancaster University Engineering postgraduate programmes using this method.

Current Lancaster Students

If you are a current Lancaster student, or you have recently graduated from Lancaster, we can reduce the amount of information that you will need to provide as part of your application. You will need to provide only one reference and will not need to supply your Lancaster degree transcript. We will also pre-fill your personal details, ready for you to check.

If you use the My Applications website then you will be advised which documentation you need to upload or send to us. We can automatically contact your referees once you have submitted your application if you ask us to.

The supporting documentation screen will provide you with a list of required documents. These will usually include:

  • Degree certificates and transcripts of previous higher education (college/university) degrees or other courses that you have completed/for which you are currently studying. For transcripts in languages other than English, a certified English translation will be required.
  • A personal statement to help us understand why you wish to study your chosen degree.
  • You also need to complete a research proposal which should include the following:
    • the research area you are interested in
    • the research question(s) you are specifically interested in
    • who within Engineering appears best qualified to supervise you
    • the methods you envisage using in your studies
    • plus any other information which may be relevant
  • Two references
  • If English is not your first language, we require copies of English language test results.

You can apply at any time of the year for PhD study, but we encourage you to start at one of the predefined start dates of October, January or April. In some circumstances, July start date will be considered. An MSc by Research will usually start in October. If you wish to be considered for funding, are applying form overseas or require on-campus accommodation, we recommend you apply as early as possible.

If you would like more information before applying, please contact the Engineering Admission Office. If you have any queries during the application process, please contact our Postgraduate Admissions Team.

PhD Supervisors

A range of projects available in Mid-Infrared Photonics, III-V Nanostructures and Quantum Dot Solar Cells

View Peter's profile

Electrochemical treatment of problematic wastes in the nuclear industry

View Richard's profile

Nuclear fuel cycles, Extraction of uranium from seawater, Molten salt reactors, Fuel and nuclear safety, Actinides in the environments, Nuclear material analysis.

View Claude's profile

Analysis of engineering materials; Development of mechanical meta-materials;

View Xiaonan's profile

Nuclear safeguards, contamination monitoring.

View Malcolm's profile

Ph.D. projects are generally available in the fields of particle accelerators and superconducting thin film deposition and characterization. Please inquire for current opportunities.

View Tobias's profile

The following project opportunities are currently un-funded Design of photo-bio reactors for platform chemicals production Acidogenic digestion of organic waste for chemicals production Modelling of sedimentation for the characterisation of suspensions A new quantitative framework for the characterisation of wastewater

View Alastair's profile

I am constantly searching for highly qualified PhD candidates in the area of acoustic signal processing and control. Please email your CV along with other academic qualificatios if you are interested.

View Allahyar's profile

Dr. Murphy has PhD projects available in: 1. Safer nuclear fuels for a sustainable future (http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/social-futures/2018/03/safer-nuclear-fuels-for-a-sustainable-world-fully-funded-phd-studentship-3-year-in-engineering-department/) 2. Atomistic study of radiation induced degradation of thermal conductivity in fusion materials

View Samuel's profile

Millimetre wave vacuum electron devices design and fabrication

View Claudio's profile

Smart Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilisation
Condition Monitoring of Power Cables in Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs)
Smart Sensors for Condition Monitoring of Concrete Structures

View Mohamed's profile

Control Engineering, System Identification and Robotics.

View James's profile

Post-processing of powder bed additive manufactured components; Micro-fabrication of terahertz microwave components

View Yingtao's profile

Research training

We take care of all of our students at Lancaster University. The Faculty of Science and Technology runs a series of training sessions designed to improve your skills and abilities during your PhD.

Learn more

Research Areas

Our research is recognised for its exceptional quality and international reputation and is supported by RCUK, EU and industry funding. As a result, our work crosscuts traditional research fields, is strongly multidisciplinary and focuses on achieving high impact. We have contributed substantially to a wide range of application domains including energy, transport, cyber-crime and social computing.

Outstanding facilities

Our Engineering building opened in January 2015 and was purpose-built to reflect the interdisciplinary nature of the subject. It boasts state-of-the-art facilities for multi-disciplined engineering, with specially designed workshops, laboratories and a high-quality attractive working environment. Students can now work in a variety of ways outside of the traditional learning environment which enhances the quality of our students' experience.

Current Funded Opportunities

  • Fully Funded PhD Studentship: Studying the applicability of multilayer thin film structures to superconducting RF cavities.

    Project Description

    Modern and planned state-of-the-art particle accelerators employ hundreds or thousands of superconducting radio frequency (SRF) niobium cavities to increase the energy of charged particles. Maintaining the large electromagnetic fields inside cavities leads to dissipation, which can be minimized using superconductors enabling continuous wave (CW) operation and superior beam quality. This technology enables many applications of great socio-economic impact such as accelerator-driven systems (ADSs) for transmutation of nuclear waste and energy production or compact CW accelerators for gamma-ray production to probe nuclear waste/fissionable materials. The current technology of choice is producing cavities from niobium sheets. Using micrometre thick films of superconductors with a higher critical temperature on copper, cavities can potentially yield cheaper production and a better performance in terms of accelerating gradient and cryogenic efficiency, leading to multi-million-pound cost reduction for large-scale projects. Furthermore, this technology is being explored for quantum computing.

    While there has been some success with Nb3Sn this material is currently limited to accelerating gradients below 20MV/m due to premature flux penetration. This is less than 50% of what has been achieved with niobium. As an alternative approach A. Gurevich (APL 88.1 (2006): 012511) suggested to use multilayers of insulators and type-II superconductors on niobium to prevent early flux penetration. While it is a challenge to deposit such a structure on a curved large object, like a cavity, several proof-of-principle experiments can be performed on small flat samples which can be produced more easily.

    In this PhD project, it is anticipated to explore several physical mechanisms of multilayers which can potentially yield a higher accelerating gradient than niobium technology. Samples will be prepared at Daresbury Laboratory and characterized by surface analytical tools such as atomic force microscopy, ion cross section SEM, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) at Daresbury Laboratory and the universities associated with the Cockcroft Institute. The shielding potential of the samples will be measured under cryo-vacuum conditions at Daresbury using a dedicated instrument. Additionally, measurements probing the field penetration as a function of depth in the nanometer scale shall be carried out with muon spin rotation at PSI in Switzerland and with beta-NMR at TRIUMF in Canada.    

    Qualifications

    Applicants should have/expect to receive: The successful candidate will have or expect to obtain a first or upper second-class degree or equivalent (e.g. MPhys, MSci) in physics or engineering. Experience in superconductivity, cryogenics, thin film deposition or surface characterization is an asset.

    Funding and eligibility

    The project is fully funded by the Science and Technology Facilities Council for 4 years. A full package of training and support will be provided by the Cockcroft Institute, and the student will take part in a vibrant accelerator research and education community of over 150 people. The project is fully funded by the STFC for 4 years; the UK and other EU citizens are eligible to apply. The student will receive a standard stipend of around £14.5k/yr

    Contact for further information: tobias.junginger@lancaster.ac.uk

    How to apply for the PhD Studentship

    cockcroft.ac.uk/join-us

    Application deadline

    This post will be open until filled.

    How to apply for the PhD Programme

    Lancaster University – ensuring equality of opportunity and celebrating diversity.

    Applications should be made via Lancaster University’s online application system

  • Industry-funded PhD: Development of the C Power Wave Energy Capture and Storage Device

    This PhD project investigates using compressed fluids as a wave energy storage system (WESS) and the development of an enabling innovative wave energy converter.

    Computational and experimental modelling will be carried out with the ultimate aim of advancing a selected Wave Energy and Storage System (WESS) up the technology readiness scale and progressing the technology as a viable commercial proposition.

    The goal for this WESS research and design project is to develop a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling capability verified and calibrated by experimental modelling which is able to optimise the design and performance of the WESS.

    Applicants should have an engineering degree.

    Industry Partner

    The researcher will work with Prof. George Aggidis who leads our renewable energy team in the Department of Engineering at Lancaster University and a new innovative start-up company C Power Ltd. The project will be at the forefront of a new wave of renewable energy development.

  • Fully Funded PhD studentship (3 year): Simulation of evolving thermal conductivity in materials for nuclear fusion

    Details:

    • Funding Type: Postgraduate Studentship - Annual tax-free stipend of £14,777 (which will increment yearly)
    • Type of Study: PhD Full-Time Hours
    • Eligibility: UK and EU Students

    Summary:

    This project will employ advanced atomistic simulation methods to understand how the thermal conductivity of materials used in fusion reactors change due to irradiation.

    Background:

    Nuclear fusion is one of the most promising options for generating large amounts of carbon-free energy. The thermal conductivity is a crucial parameter in the development of key fusion reactor systems, including the plasma facing components, where rapid heat removal is essential and the breeder blanket region where the transfer of heat to the coolant will dictate electrical conversion efficiency. Experimental determination of the thermal conductivity under reactor conditions is difficult due to the lack of appropriate facilities, therefore, the use of computer simulation is necessary.

    This project will build on previous work to examine how the introduction of defects during reactor operation will impact the macroscopic thermal conductivity of materials using atomistic simulation, particularly non-equilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD). In particular, you will investigate tungsten that will be used in the diverter and lithium ceramics that will facilitate tritium breeding. The data you generate during this project will be input into higher level multi-physics models, thereby improving our understanding of the in-reactor environment and will be used in the design and construction of future reactors.

    The project will involve extensive collaboration with the world leading Culham Centre for Fusion Energy (CCFE) in Oxfordshire with the potential to spend extended periods of time working at CCFE.

    Requirements:

    You should have or expect to obtain soon at least a 2:1 in Physics, Chemistry, Engineering or a related discipline. You should have excellent technical abilities and the desire to work in a multidisciplinary environment.

    Application Details:

    Please apply online via the University Postgraduate Admissions Portal with:

    • A CV (2 pages maximum)
    • Cover letter
    • University grade transcripts (where available)

     You should clearly state on your application that you are applying for a funded PhD opportunity on “Simulation of evolving thermal conductivity in materials for nuclear fusion”.

    Contact Us:

    We very much welcome informal queries about this opportunity, which should be directed to Dr Samuel Murphy.

     

  • Fully-funded PhD studentships in Nuclear Engineering and Environmental Radioactivity Analysis

    Applications are invited from exceptional graduates in engineering, physics, chemistry and natural sciences to study for a PhD in the areas of Nuclear Engineering (Instrumentation) and/or Environmental Radioactivity Analysis.

    The successful candidates will study in the new Engineering building at Lancaster University, under the supervision of Professor Malcolm Joyce.  The focus of these studentships addresses a range of related challenges associated with radiation detection and measurement including, for example:

    • The assessment of the damaged reactor core material at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant,
    • Radioactivity assessment of groundwater concerning the clean-up of UK nuclear facilities,
    • The assessment and monitoring of radioactivity in submerged environments,
    • The combination of radiation sensing systems with robotic and artificial intelligence.

    This studentship is available to UK citizens and EU nationals only.

    Informal enquiries are encouraged via 01524 593812 or m.joyce@lancaster.ac.uk.

    Lancaster University is The Times and Sunday Times University of the Year 2018.  Lancaster is ranked 6th in The Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide 2018, and is also named the Best Campus University and Best University in the North West of England.  Engineering at Lancaster is ranked 2nd for graduate prospects (Chemical Engineering) and 3rd in the UK for Mechanical Engineering (Guardian).

  • PhD Studentship in Advanced Manufacturing and Alloy Design

    Details

    • Funding Type: Postgraduate Studentship
    • Type of Study: PhD 

    Description

    Lancaster University is offering a number of fully-funded PhD studentships to meet their growing activity in advanced manufacturing and alloy design.

    The priority research topic areas include;

    • Design and manufacture of lightweight hybrid syntactic metal foam structures
    • Design and manufacture of advanced metallic alloy microstructures
    • Manufacture of magnesium metal matrix composites for automotive applications
    • Thermal treatment and microstructure control in advanced steels, titanium and magnesium alloys
    • Additive manufacturing of novel porous Ti structures and non-porous stainless steels and titanium alloys
    • Diffusion bonding of aerospace alloys
    • Thermodynamic, kinetic and plasticity modelling of new metallic alloys
    • Materials discovery adopting neural networks, Gaussian processes, genetic algorithms and clustering techniques

    We are seeking excellent candidates who are highly motivated and keen to engage with academic partners and industry. Successful candidates will develop a wide range of skills that will include; materials processing, mechanical testing, microstructure and numerical modelling and structural characterisation. Prior experience in manufacturing is not required.

    Qualifications and experience

    • The minimum academic requirement for admission is an upper second-class UK honours degree at the level of MSci, MEng, MPhys, MChem etc, or a lower second with a good Master's, (or overseas equivalents) in a relevant subject.
    • A strong background in plasticity and dislocation theory is required.
    • Knowledge of statistical thermodynamics and physical metallurgy is essential.
    • Computer programming skills are essential for the post. 
    • You must have excellent interpersonal skills, work effectively in a team and have experience of the preparation of presentations, reports or journal papers to the highest levels of quality. 

    This post is offered on a 36-month fixed-term appointment.

    Eligibility Criteria

    To be eligible for a studentship, the funding requirements are such that the candidate is either a UK citizen or an EU national. Applicants from outside UK/EU are welcome to apply, however, they will be required to demonstrate their ability to meet the difference between international and home tuition fees. Full sponsorship comprises coverage of UK/EU tuition fees and a standard stipend of around £14.5k per year.

    Applications

    Please send CV and cover letter to Professor Andrew Kennedy, Chair in Advanced Manufacturing (for advanced manufacturing interests) or Professor Pedro Rivera, LPW/Royal Academy of Engineering Research Chair (for alloy design interests). Both professors are with the Department of Engineering, Lancaster University. 

    We welcome applications from people in all diversity groups. Lancaster University – ensuring equality of opportunity and celebrating diversity.

    Applications should be made via Lancaster University’s online application system.

  • PhD Studentship (Sponsored by Lloyds Register Foundation) – In-process quality monitoring of friction stir welding

    Institution: National Structural Integrity Research Centre (NSIRC)
    PhD Supervisor: Prof Andrew Kennedy / Prof Chris Dungey
    Application Deadline: 30 Sept 18
    Funding Availability: Fully-funded for UK & EU students, partial funding for overseas students

    Background

    Friction Stir Welding (FSW) is a solid-state joining technique invented at TWI which is used in a variety of industries worldwide. Applications include the manufacture of trains, space vehicles, aeroplanes and cars. While the application of FSW Technology continues to grow, real-time quality monitoring is needed for the automation of FSW. To date, very few significant contributions have been reported regarding in-process monitoring and adaptive control. Having an in-process real-time quality monitoring system would significantly increase process acceptability, data exchange and integration with other systems, and reduce the need for post-weld destructive and non-destructive testing.

    Project Outline

    FSW is a joining technique that relies on localised forging and extrusion of the material to be joined around a rotating tool. There are many variables, which affect making a successful joint: process parameters, tool geometry and wear, machine stability, the condition of the supply of the component, work holding etc. This project will investigate how these variables affect weld quality. Sensors will be selected and retrofitted onto existing FSW machine(s) and used to assess the FSW environment and through collection and analysis of data, establish if the process is in control and (non-destructively) if a good weld is expected. Initially, this would be through data analytics of high-frequency force and torque signals but also use of embed sensors within the manufacturing system to gain a greater appreciation and determination of the systems level KPVs and also correlate with part quality.

    This project forms part of a wider research programme in Digital Manufacturing aiming to develop intelligent manufacturing systems.

    During this project, the Student will develop skills and knowledge in:

    • Advanced joining
    • Instrumentation of hardware
    • Data capturing and analysis
    • Materials characterisation, testing and analysis

    About Industrial Sponsor

    The Lloyd’s Register Foundation funds the advancement of engineer-related education and research and supports work that enhances the safety of life at sea, on land and in the air, because life matters. Lloyd’s Register Foundation is partly funded by the profits of their trading arm Lloyd’s Register Group Limited, a global engineering, technical and business services organisation.

    About NSIRC

    NSIRC is a state-of-the-art postgraduate engineering facility established and managed by structural integrity specialist TWI, working closely with, top UK and International Universities and a number of leading industrial partners. NSIRC aims to deliver cutting-edge research and highly qualified personnel to its key industrial partners.

    About the University

    Lancaster University is a strong and dynamic university with a very highly regarded Engineering Department.  In the 2014 Research Excellence Framework, 91% of research quality and 100% of impact was assessed as being internationally excellent and world-leading. Lancaster’s approach to interdisciplinary collaboration means that it has the pre-eminent capacity and capability for the integration of Engineering with expertise in the areas of data science, autonomous and learning systems, intelligent automation, materials science and cyber security. The University is developing an ambitious growth plan for Engineering, including investment in staff, doctoral students, equipment and a new building focussed on research themes including Digital and Advanced Manufacturing.  Lancaster is the current Times and the Sunday Times University of the Year.

    Candidate Requirements

    Candidates should have a relevant degree at 2.1 minimum or an equivalent overseas degree in:

    • Engineering (Mechanical, Controls, Manufacturing)
    • Materials science
    • Physics

    Candidates with suitable work experience and strong capacity in numerical modelling and experimental skills are particularly welcome to apply. Overseas applicants should also submit IELTS results (minimum 6.5), if applicable.

    This collaborative project will involve the majority of time spent at TWI in Cambridge, but there is an expectation that the Student will spend a proportion of their time at Lancaster University.

    Funding Notes

    This project is funded by Lloyds Register Foundation and TWI. The studentship will provide a successful Home/EU student with a stipend of £16k/year and will cover the cost of tuition fees. Non-EU students are also welcome to apply, and the studentship will provide a successful non-EU applicant with a maximum of £12k/year towards living costs and tuition fees.

    How to apply

    For further information, please contact Professor Andrew Kennedy.

    Applications should be made via the Postgraduate Admissions Portal. Once you have created an account you will be able to fill in your personal details, background and upload supporting documentation.

  • PhD Studentship (Sponsored by Lloyds Register Foundation) - Approaches to Industry 4.0 implementation for electron beam quality assurance using Beam Assure

    Institution: National Structural Integrity Research Centre (NSIRC)
    PhD Supervisor: Prof Andrew Kennedy / Prof Chris Dungey
    Application Deadline: 30 Sept 18
    Funding Availability: Fully-funded for UK & EU students, partial funding for overseas students

    Background

    Electron-Beam Welding (EBW) and Electron-Beam Melting (EBM) are joining and additive manufacturing (AM) processes respectively, in which a beam of high-velocity electrons is applied to materials to create high-performance joints and/or 3D structures. This enables the creation of high-performance products with numerous examples in industries such as aerospace, motorsport, medical and nuclear.

    Industrial drivers are now necessitating the need for the creation and adoption of Industry 4.0 approaches within the next generation of EBW and EBM manufacturing technologies and systems utilising the latest industrial digital technologies. This PhD will explore, research and address key challenges faced by this environment whilst supporting the creation of highly innovative and disruptive manufacturing solutions.

    Project Outline

    This PhD will explore and determine the possibilities for effective integration and use of BeamAssure and other allied quality assurance technologies in the Industry 4.0 space; to enable opportunities which can be applied in the factories of the future concept where interconnectivity will drive decision making.

    This PhD will include a range of topics in the first year with an intention to agree on a focus area for research in following years. Topics for initial investigation will include, but not limited to:

    • Improved data processing, understanding & ultimate use
    • Evaluation and capitalisation on feedback control and data use methodologies
    • Improved software tools and hardware integration for real-time and/or automated decision making)
    • The community of practice interaction, comparison with competitive tools and methods, and influence on future standards development
    • Data-driven real-time process health monitoring service to offer insights and thus operational/quality improvements
    • Creation of a digital twin of BeamAssure to support the overall vision of being able to rapidly and efficiently determine if EB systems are performing optimally

    This project forms part of a wider research programme in Digital Manufacturing aiming to develop intelligent manufacturing systems.

    During this project, the Student will develop skills and knowledge in:

    • Instrumentation of hardware
    • Software and app development
    • Cyber security
    • Data capturing and analysis
    • Systems modelling and connectivity

    About Industrial Sponsor

    The Lloyd’s Register Foundation funds the advancement of engineer-related education and research and supports work that enhances the safety of life at sea, on land and in the air, because life matters. Lloyd’s Register Foundation is partly funded by the profits of their trading arm Lloyd’s Register Group Limited, a global engineering, technical and business services organisation.

    About NSIRC

    NSIRC is a state-of-the-art postgraduate engineering facility established and managed by structural integrity specialist TWI, working closely with, top UK and International Universities and a number of leading industrial partners. NSIRC aims to deliver cutting-edge research and highly qualified personnel to its key industrial partners.

    About the University

    Lancaster University is a strong and dynamic university with a very highly regarded Engineering Department.  In the 2014 Research Excellence Framework, 91% of research quality and 100% of impact was assessed as being internationally excellent and world-leading. Lancaster’s approach to interdisciplinary collaboration means that it has the pre-eminent capacity and capability for the integration of Engineering with expertise in the areas of data science, autonomous and learning systems, intelligent automation, materials science and cyber security. The University is developing an ambitious growth plan for Engineering, including investment in staff, doctoral students, equipment and a new building focussed on research themes including Digital and Advanced Manufacturing.  Lancaster is the current Times and the Sunday Times University of the Year.

    Candidate Requirements

    Candidates should have a relevant degree at 2.1 minimum or an equivalent overseas degree in:

    • Data Science and/or relevant areas
    • Applied mathematics
    • Physics
    • Computing and IT
    • Engineering disciplines related to Control

    Candidates with suitable work experience and strong capacity in numerical modelling and experimental skills are particularly welcome to apply. Overseas applicants should also submit IELTS results (minimum 6.5), if applicable.

    This collaborative project will involve the majority of time spent at TWI in Cambridge, but there is an expectation that the Student will spend a proportion of their time at Lancaster University.

    Funding Notes

    This project is funded by Lloyds Register Foundation and TWI. The studentship will provide a successful Home/EU student with a stipend of £16k/year and will cover the cost of tuition fees. Non-EU students are also welcome to apply, and the studentship will provide a successful non-EU applicant with a maximum of £12k/year towards living costs and tuition fees.

    How to apply

    For further information, please contact Professor Andrew Kennedy.

    Applications should be made via the Postgraduate Admissions Portal. Once you have created an account you will be able to fill in your personal details, background and upload supporting documentation.

  • PhD Studentship in Macroporous Polymers with Novel "Functionalised" Surfaces

    Details

    • Deadline for Applications: 31st October 2018
    • Funding Type: Postgraduate Studentship
    • Type of Study: PhD 

    Description

    Polymers with interconnected (open cell) porosity have widespread applications as filters, sound absorbing structures and as medical devices.  Their potential can be further expanded by “functionalising” the internal pore surfaces to confer anti-bacterial, catalytic, enhanced hydrophilic or hydrophobic character.  This coating step is, however, often difficult to perform on large, 3D structures as conventional processes struggle to provide uniform coating throughout the thickness.

    A novel, low cost and very simple process has been developed that simultaneously creates and coats macroscale porosity in polymers with fine powders of almost any type.  This PhD research programme will seek to develop a greater understanding of this process, defining the possibilities and limitations (in terms of materials and structures that can be produced) and the effect on structural aspects such as pore interconnectivity, mechanical performance and physical aspects such as electrical and magnetic behaviour.  The outcome of this challenging project will not be to design structures to match the performance for a single application, such as bacterial removal in water treatment or enhancing cell multiplication on medical devises, rather it will aim to inform the community as to how this process could broaden the potential for porous polymers across wide engineering, healthcare and environmental landscapes.

    The successful candidate will develop a wide range of skills that will include; powder and polymer processing, process modelling and structural characterisation.

    Eligibility Criteria

    To be eligible for a studentship, the funding requirements are such that the candidate is either a UK citizen or an EU national. Applicants from outside UK/EU are welcome to apply, however, they will be required to demonstrate their ability to meet the difference between international and home tuition fees.

    Entry Requirements

    A first class or good 2:1 degree (or equivalent) in engineering, physics or physical chemistry (or a related discipline). 

    Applications

    Formal applications should be made via the Lancaster University Postgraduate Admissions Portal. Once you have created an account you will be able to fill in your personal details, background and upload supporting documentation. For more information contact: 

    For further information, please contact Professor Andrew Kennedy

  • PhD Studentship (Sponsored by Lloyds Register Foundation) - Electron beam welding process quality prediction using BeamAssure technology

    Institution: National Structural Integrity Research Centre (NSIRC)
    PhD Supervisor: Prof Andrew Kennedy / Prof Chris Dungey
    Application Deadline: 30 Sept 18
    Funding Availability: Fully-funded for UK & EU students, partial funding for overseas students

    Background

    High power electron beams are used for welding critical components in aerospace and nuclear industries due to their inherent advantages. There are high-quality requirements in these industries and hence the associated cost of materials and processes is also very high. This makes it very important to ensure that the beam quality is maintained and checked prior to carrying out the welds. The processes in these industries are highly controlled, however, even minor changes in the operating parameters of the electron beams generated by electron guns can make large enough variations in the beam quality that can result in poor welds. Many devices and techniques exist to measure the beam quality, however, these are limited in their operation at high powers.

    Project Outline

    Electron beam intensity cross sections can be investigated using probe devices. TWI has developed a probe called BeamAssure that can be used during production, or in research and development, to provide quality assurance - an essential requirement where electron beam welding is being used for high value, quality critical components such as aero engine assemblies. Recent research has used controlled welding studies, beam categorisation by wavelet transforms, weld quality assessment and statistical correlation to predict the weld quality from measured beam characteristics. It has also been found from users of TWI probing systems that characterisation of the beam profile by measuring above and below the focal position, provides a sensitive method of assessing the beam quality and predicting welding performance. It is anticipated that further research, working closely with users of the BeamAssure probe, will yield methods of beam characterisation that can predict successfully the weld quality and provide diagnostic indications where the beam quality is outside of working windows.

    This PhD will focus on the correlation of weld outcomes with measured electron beam characteristics. The BeamAssure tool is able to quantify the shape and power density of the welding beam, but relating this to the resulting weld performance requires in-depth study – a large number of beam measurements, weld assessment and analysis of the combined data is required. Extrapolation of the relationship between beam and weld quality for different materials and thicknesses will require significant research and analysis.

    This project forms part of a wider research programme in Digital Manufacturing aiming to develop intelligent manufacturing systems.

    During this project, the Student will develop skills and knowledge in:

    • Advanced joining
    • Instrumentation of hardware
    • Data capturing and analysis
    • Process modelling
    • Materials characterisation, testing and analysis

    About Industrial Sponsor

    The Lloyd’s Register Foundation funds the advancement of engineer-related education and research and supports work that enhances the safety of life at sea, on land and in the air, because life matters. Lloyd’s Register Foundation is partly funded by the profits of their trading arm Lloyd’s Register Group Limited, a global engineering, technical and business services organisation.

    About NSIRC

    NSIRC is a state-of-the-art postgraduate engineering facility established and managed by structural integrity specialist TWI, working closely with, top UK and International Universities and a number of leading industrial partners. NSIRC aims to deliver cutting-edge research and highly qualified personnel to its key industrial partners.

    About the University

    Lancaster University is a strong and dynamic university with a very highly regarded Engineering Department.  In the 2014 Research Excellence Framework, 91% of research quality and 100% of impact was assessed as being internationally excellent and world-leading. Lancaster’s approach to interdisciplinary collaboration means that it has the pre-eminent capacity and capability for the integration of Engineering with expertise in the areas of data science, autonomous and learning systems, intelligent automation, materials science and cyber security. The University is developing an ambitious growth plan for Engineering, including investment in staff, doctoral students, equipment and a new building focussed on research themes including Digital and Advanced Manufacturing.  Lancaster is the current Times and Sunday Times University of the Year.

    Candidate Requirements

    Candidates should have a relevant degree at 2.1 minimum or an equivalent overseas degree in:

    • Engineering (Mechanical, Controls, Manufacturing)
    • Materials science
    • Physics

    Candidates with suitable work experience and strong capacity in numerical modelling and experimental skills are particularly welcome to apply. Overseas applicants should also submit IELTS results (minimum 6.5), if applicable.

    This collaborative project will involve the majority of time spent at TWI in Cambridge, but there is an expectation that the Student will spend a proportion of their time at Lancaster University.

    Funding Notes

    This project is funded by Lloyds Register Foundation and TWI. The studentship will provide a successful Home/EU student with a stipend of £16k/year and will cover the cost of tuition fees. Non-EU students are also welcome to apply, and the studentship will provide a successful non-EU applicant with a maximum of £12k/year towards living costs and tuition fees.

    How to apply

    For further information, please contact Professor Andrew Kennedy.

    Applications should be made via the Postgraduate Admissions Portal. Once you have created an account you will be able to fill in your personal details, background and upload supporting documentation.

  • Fully funded PhD studentship for research into the control of robotic manipulators for nuclear decommissioning applications

    Project Description

    A fully funded PhD studentship for research into the control of robotic manipulators is available for an outstanding graduate in engineering. This is a Lancaster University funded studentship. For this position, a significant component of the research will be practically-orientated, involving laboratory robotic systems in the Engineering Department. Hence, an enthusiasm for both engineering analysis and practical experimental work, together with programming skills will be essential. The main objective is to develop control systems for applications such as autonomous pipe-cutting and material discrimination.

    Engineering research at Lancaster University has been rated as world leading in the 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF) and you will join a dedicated team of engineers working on a range of exciting topics in nuclear engineering, control and robotics.

    Mobile robots reduce the need for manned entry into radioactive environments e.g. areas of high beta/gamma mixed wastes, a widespread problem in the context of waste vaults at nuclear power plants. They provide an invaluable option for the safe retrieval and disposal of contaminated materials, whilst safeguarding the environment and minimising radiation exposure to operators. Increasing the autonomy of nuclear robots is one of the key factors to improve the decommissioning process, in which robots are required to interact with objects and the environment forcefully, by pushing, cutting, shearing and grinding, in addition to standard pick-and-place tasks.

    Hence, the project will help to deliver optimised, widely applicable intelligent control architectures for industry-specified decommissioning tasks. Our BROKK-based system, with dual seven degree-of-freedom manipulators and a flexible tool configuration, has already been used at the NNL’s Workington laboratory for successful material discrimination trials in relation to a Sellafield Ltd project. Additional newer robotic manipulators and other robotic systems will also be utilised for the research.

    Within this robotics context, there is some flexibility over the research direction, depending on the applicant’s expertise and interests. A detailed research plan will be drawn up by the successful applicant and supervisors. This can potentially focus on e.g. control systems, kinematics, human-machine software interface, force feedback, and so on.

    Funding Notes

    The full standard studentship consists of Home/EU tuition fees, together with a maintenance grant and research training support. The funding is for 3.5 years and will pay a stipend at the standard UKRC rate. To declare your interest and for further information, please send a copy of your CV and cover letter to Professor James Taylor. The formal application for PhD study can subsequently be made via the Lancaster University Postgraduate Admissions Portal.

  • PhD Studentship in Modelling and Design of Redox Flow Energy Storage Systems

    Details

    • Funding Type: Postgraduate Studentship
    • Type of Study: PhD 
    • Deadline for Applications: 30th June 2018

     

    Description

    Redox flow energy storage systems offer unique advantages over batteries and other devices because the charging and discharge processes are separated from the storage and even from each other. This flexibility in the design affords great opportunities for optimisation against a range of objectives such as, but not limited to, rapid opportunistic charging exploiting excess wind power to slow base load charging exploiting low demand nighttime periods. The configuration of the process equipment in conjunction with the electrochemistry leads to complex non-linear dynamics. In addition, start-up, shut-down and current reversal can impose chemical and physical stresses on components leading to excessive corrosion and failure.

    Working with the redox flow research team in Energy Lancaster the successful candidate will investigate and develop models to describe the electrochemical and flow processes at a range of scales from the molecular to the complete process system. The work will be informed by current empirical research in electrolyte systems being carried out by the group. It is envisaged that the outputs of this work will inform many aspects of redox flow energy storage systems from a selection of electrolytes and the design and novel fabrication of electrolysers through process systems to the integration of systems with complementary storage technologies and grids.

    Eligibility Criteria

    To be eligible for a studentship, the funding requirements are such that the candidate is either a UK citizen or an EU national. Applicants from outside UK/EU are welcome to apply, however, they will be required to demonstrate their ability to meet the difference between international and home tuition fees.

    Entry Requirements

    A first class or good 2:1 degree (or equivalent) in chemical engineering or a cognate discipline. Experience with computational modelling in one or more of the following fields is essential: Fluid flow, Process systems, chemical reactions, heat and mass transfer.

    Applications

    Formal applications should be made via the Lancaster University Postgraduate Admissions Portal. Once you have created an account you will be able to fill in your personal details, background and upload supporting documentation. The application should make clear that you are applying for this funded project and upload the project described above as the research proposal.

    For further information, please contact Professor Alastair Martin (a.martin1@lancaster.ac.uk).

  • PhD Studentship (Sponsored by Lloyds Register Foundation) - Readiness to manufacture with electron beam additive manufacture and beam probing (BeamAssure) technology

    Institution: National Structural Integrity Research Centre (NSIRC)
    PhD Supervisor: Prof Andrew Kennedy / Prof Chris Dungey
    Application Deadline: 30th Sept 18
    Funding Availability: Fully-funded for UK & EU students, partial funding for overseas students


    Background

    Electron beam additive manufacturing (AM) is a growing technology and is favoured for titanium parts over the more mature laser based AM processes – for every new EB welding machine there are two or three EB AM machines sold. A lengthy/labour intensive calibration procedure must be followed prior to each build to negate build-to-build geometry variations; this is arduous and avoided by users, resulting in undue costs. It should be noted that an EB AM build once started can last ~120 hours and if interrupted or incorrect generates only scrap. The intent is that BeamAssure technology could replace/automate this time consuming/labour intensive calibration, assuring consistent beam quality across the build area, taking only a few minutes to automatically assure build quality. This PhD will focus on the correlation between beam measurements and build performance, requiring many practical experiments and much data assessment. The first year will also include elements of prototype equipment refinement.


    Project Outline

    One of the challenges for manufacturers seeking to deploy electron beam powder bed additive manufacturing (AM) has been that the machine readiness for manufacture can only be assessed by building a test part; this is wasteful, time consuming and costly. TWI has developed a probe suitable for use at processing powers on any original equipment manufacturers system. The TWI system consists of an array of probe elements and hence characterises the beam at an array of positions across the powder bed. Correlating this information to produce an assessment of the production readiness of the piece of equipment will require data processing tools and analysis to determine tolerance to variation in measured characteristics. It is expected that this research will be carried out in close collaboration with EBAM machine producers and with their clients in or near production.

    This project forms part of a wider research programme in Digital Manufacturing aiming to develop intelligent manufacturing systems.

    During this project the Student will develop skills and knowledge in:
    • Advanced joining,
    • Instrumentation of hardware,
    • Data capturing and analysis,
    • Materials characterisation and analysis.


    About Industrial Sponsor
    The Lloyd’s Register Foundation funds the advancement of engineer-related education and research and supports work that enhances safety of life at sea, on land and in the air, because life matters. Lloyd’s Register Foundation is partly funded by the profits of their trading arm Lloyd’s Register Group Limited, a global engineering, technical and business services organisation.

    About NSIRC
    NSIRC is a state-of-the-art postgraduate engineering facility established and managed by structural integrity specialist TWI, working closely with, top UK and International Universities and a number of leading industrial partners. NSIRC aims to deliver cutting edge research and highly qualified personnel to its key industrial partners.

    About the University
    Lancaster University is a strong and dynamic university with a very highly regarded Engineering Department.  In the 2014 Research Excellence Framework, 91% of research quality and 100% of impact was assessed as being internationally excellent and world leading. Lancaster’s approach to interdisciplinary collaboration means that it has pre-eminent capacity and capability for the integration of Engineering with expertise in the areas of data science, autonomous and learning systems, intelligent automation, materials science and cyber security. The University is developing an ambitious growth plan for Engineering, including investment in staff, doctoral students, equipment and a new building focussed on research themes including Digital and Advanced Manufacturing.  Lancaster is the current Times and Sunday Times University of the Year.

    Candidate Requirements
    Candidates should have a relevant degree at 2.1 minimum, or an equivalent overseas degree in:

    • Engineering (Mechanical, Controls, Manufacturing)
    • Materials science
    • Physics

    Candidates with suitable work experience and strong capacity in numerical modelling and experimental skills are particularly welcome to apply. Overseas applicants should also submit IELTS results (minimum 6.5), if applicable.

    This collaborative project will involve the majority of time spent at TWI in Cambridge, but there is an expectation that the Student will spend a proportion of their time at Lancaster University.

    Funding Notes
    This project is funded by Lloyds Register Foundation and TWI. The studentship will provide a successful Home/EU student with a stipend of £16k/year and will cover the cost of tuition fees. Non-EU students are also welcome to apply, and the studentship will provide a successful non-EU applicant with a maximum of £12k/year towards living costs and tuition fees.

    How to apply

    For further information, please contact Professor Andrew Kennedy (a.kennedy3@lancaster.ac.uk).

    Applications should be made via the Postgraduate Admissions Portal. Once you have created an account you will be able to fill in your personal details, background and upload supporting documentation.

  • Fully Funded PhD studentship in design and fabrication of millimetre wave vacuum electronics devices for 5G wireless networks.

    Details

    • Type of Study: PhD
    • Supervisors: Professor Claudio Paoloni, Dr Rosa Letizia

    Description

    A fully funded PhD studentship is available for an outstanding graduate to undertake advanced applied research in the field of millimetre wave vacuum electron devices, for the design and fabrication of novel millimetre-wave Traveling Wave Tubes (TWT), to create new millimetre wave communication systems above 100 GHz, for high data rate. The PhD studentship is in the frame of the Horizon 2020 project ULTRAWAVE “Ultra capacity wireless layer beyond 100 GHz based on millimetre wave Traveling Wave Tubes” (www.ultrawave2020.eu).

    Your role will be to design state of the art Traveling Wave Tubes above 100 GHz, including the electron gun, the collector, the magnetic focusing and windows, by using the cutting edge art facilities at Engineering Department.

    You will have available a suite of advanced three-dimensional simulation tools (CST, MAGIC3D, HFSS) for a full characterization of the millimetre wave structures and large signal parameter simulation, starting from the initial design up to the full TWT structures.
The new 110 GHz Vector Network Analyser at Engineering Department will provide the measurement facility to test the samples fabricated by different techniques, as CNC milling or UV LIGA (a photolithographic technique of high aspect ratio proved up to 1 THz).

    You will perform three-dimensional simulations, you will have the opportunity to test novel slow wave structures, you will participate in the fabrication, assembly and test of novel TWTs for the new 5G networks.

    You will work with renowned experts in the field, in a stimulating international research environment.

    The PhD studentship is based at Lancaster University.

    The E-MIT (Engineering of Microwave, Terahertz and Light) group at the Engineering Department at Lancaster University is a leading group in the field of millimetre and THz vacuum electron devices and applications.

    Funding and eligibility

    You should have a Degree at 2.1 or above (or equivalent) in engineering science or physics and should demonstrate a genuine enthusiasm and motivation to explore novel research fields. Knowledge of electromagnetics, microfabrication processes, three-dimensional simulations could be advantageous, but not essential.

    The following financial support will be received:

    • Full funding of tuition fees for 3 years
    • A stipend of 14,296 (annual stipend per annum) in line with RCUK guidelines
    • Access to a Research Training Support Grant

    How to apply

    Informal enquiries can be made to Professor Claudio Paoloni or Dr Rosa Letizia.

    Applications should be made via the Postgraduate Admissions Portal. Once you have created an account you will be able to fill in your personal details, background and upload supporting documentation.

  • Fully Funded PhD Studentship: Advanced Control Systems for Intelligent Coordination of Manipulation and Grasping in Nuclear Robotics
    • Deadline 30th April 2018

    Supervisor

    Dr Allahyar Montazeri

    Description

    A fully funded PhD studentship is available for an outstanding graduate with specific interest on robotics, control as well as image processing techniques. The project is in close collaboration with the industry partner to develop a novel advanced control system for intelligent coordination of hand and eye in a hydraulic nuclear manipulator. The main objective is to develop a system that addresses the inherent uncertainty in the nuclear industry case study environments for applications such as welding, pipe cutting and material discrimination. Engineering research at Lancaster University has been rated as world-leading in the 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF) and you will join a dedicated team of scientists working on a range of exciting topics in robotics.

    Increasing the autonomy of nuclear robots is one of the key factors to improve the decommissioning performance and reduce the dependency of the remotely controlled system by the human operator. This is due to the complex manipulation capabilities that require the robot to interact with objects and environment forcefully by pushing, cutting, shearing, grinding in addition to easier pick-and-place tasks.

    In this project, we address the above-mentioned challenges by design and development an advanced control system which combines the information from the smart end-effector tool with the control system designed for the manipulator for a coordinated and intelligent grasping and manipulation.

    The system that will be developed in this research consists of two major subsystems. The end-effector subsystem which includes the hardware and algorithms designed to recognise the material of the object aimed for grasping and the manipulation subsystem which consists of a vision system combined with a novel multivariable control system resulting in a high precision visual-serving system.

    Although the size and shape of the object are identified by the camera in the manipulator subsystem, the material is recognized through the end-effector subsystem. The approach here is to propose a multi-modal sensing system by using various sensors in the end-effector tool. It is envisaged to achieve a fast and accurate classification rate for a range of materials by fusing these measurements using iterative machine learning algorithms. Combining this information with the vision system in the manipulation subsystem generates the desired force for interaction with the object. Furthermore, the vision system is used to identify the position of the end-effector and move the arm towards the object. This is carried out by further investigating the advanced control system developed for this purpose to improve its performance and combine it with the visual information provided by the camera in real-time.

    Application Details

    Potential candidates for this position are expected to have the following qualifications:

    • Should have or expect to achieve a first-class or upper second-class degree in Engineering at the level of MSc, MEng, etc or a lower second with a good Master's, (or overseas equivalents) in a relevant subject.

    • The fund is available for UK/EU students; however, international students could also apply under circumstances.

    • Sufficient background on control theory, image processing or a closely related discipline.

    • Practical experiences on implementation of the control algorithms.

    • Computer programming skills such as MATLAB are essential for the post.

    • You should have excellent interpersonal skills, work effectively in a team and have experience of the preparation of presentations, reports or journal papers to the highest levels of quality.

    Eligibility Criteria

    A full standard studentship consists of tuition fees, together with a maintenance grant and research training support. The funding is for 3.5 years and will pay a stipend that is £2K above the standard UKRC rate.

    To declare your interest and get further information about the application procedure, please send a copy of your CV along with the cover letter to Dr Allahyar Montazeri.

    The formal application should be made via the Lancaster University online portal once it is reviewed and considered for the position.

  • Fully Funded PhD Studentship: Mobile Sensor Network for Deployment and Characterisation of the Environment in Nuclear Sites
    • Deadline 30th April 2018

    Supervisor

    Dr Allahyar Montazeri

    Description

    A fully funded PhD studentship is available for an outstanding graduate with specific interest on robotics, control as well as signal processing techniques. The project is in close collaboration with the industry partner to develop an intelligent system that addresses the inherent uncertainty in the nuclear industry case study environments. The results will be used for condition monitoring of the available assets and waste storage sites. Engineering research at Lancaster University has been rated as world leading in the 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF) and you will join a dedicated team of scientists working on a range of exciting topics in robotics.

    Sensor networks has a great potential to develop innovative technologies in condition monitoring and inspection of the nuclear legacy. Compared to the fixed sensor network endowing mobility by using UAV, AUV, or wheel-based robots shows a superior performance in terms of its adaptability and high-resolution sampling capability. This is especially important in dynamic and hazardous environments which are inaccessible for measurements by human. 

    Achieving this aim, necessitates the study of distributed learning and control methodologies for autonomous vehicles. The intelligent system in this case consists of a collection of mobile sensing agents that are low-cost, low-power, multifunctional and communicate in short distances. The processing capability of each agent supports higher-level decision making and distributed coordination of mobile sensing agents to achieve a global goal. This involves various tasks of particular interest to the nuclear industries, such as detecting the spread of nuclear radiation, monitor the temperature and humidity distribution in the quiescent buildings, locate the leakage of the contaminant (gas, oil, etc) or hot spots such as drums in the storage sites.

    The algorithm consists of two stages. The first step is to estimate the uncertain scalar field of interest (temperature, humidity, gas pressure, etc) by collecting the spatio-temporal data collected by each mobile robot (agent) locally.

    The next step is to derive the control law for the mobile sensors by considering two measures. The multi robots should move in a way to maximize their sensory information relative to the current uncertainties in the environment model. Moreover, the multiagent system should move to find the sources in the environment.

    Application Details

    Potential candidates for this position are expected to have the following qualifications

    • Should have or expect to achieve a first-class or upper second-class degree in Engineering at the level of MSc, MEng, etc or a lower second with a good Master's, (or overseas equivalents) in a relevant subject.

    • The fund is available for UK/EU students; however, international students could also apply under circumstances.

    • Sufficient background on control and signal processing or closely related discipline.

    • Practical experiences on implementation of the control algorithms.

    • Computer programming skills such as MATLAB are essential for the post.

    • You should have excellent interpersonal skills, work effectively in a team and have experience of the preparation of presentations, reports or journal papers to the highest levels of quality.

    A full standard studentship consists of tuition fees, together with a maintenance grant and research training support. The funding is for 3.5 years and will pay a stipend that is £2K above the standard UKRC rate.

    To declare your interest and get further information about the application procedure, please send a copy of your CV along with the cover letter to Dr Allahyar Montazeri (a.montazeri@lancaster.ac.uk)

    The formal application should be made via the Lancaster University Postgraduate Admissions Portal once it is reviewed and considered for the position.

  • Full-funded PhD Studentship in Sub nano-Ohm resolution surface resistance measurements in a cryo-free environment

    Supervisors: P. Goudket (AsTec/STFC) & T. Junginger (Lancaster University/Cockcroft Institute)

    State of the art superconducting cavities made of niobium is reaching fundamental limitations in terms of maximum accelerating gradient and power dissipation. New materials such as Nb3Sn can potentially allow for multi-million-pound savings for large-scale projects due to lower power dissipation and enable new applications of SRF technology in research and industry such as security and wastewater treatment.


    AsTeC/STFC is developing an infrastructure to produce and test samples of such materials. It has the potential to be world leading if a high sample throughput can be achieved. Previous experience at several laboratories worldwide has shown that RF testing of superconducting samples is a task with challenging and often opposing requirements [1]. Sample test cavities are available at several laboratories worldwide; none has become the workhorse for systematic sample studies yet [1]. In order to assess the applicability to particle accelerators, sub-nano-Ohm resolution measurements are key. Up till now, this has only been proven to be successful using an instrument named the Quadrupole Resonator [2]. However, this device requires a complicated sample shape and operation in a liquid helium bath cryostat. Turn-around times for sample tests are therefore limited below the requirements for systematic studies. In order to overcome this limitation, AsTeC in collaboration with Lancaster University has designed a Choked Resonator to be operated in a cryo-free environment [3].


    The student´s first task is to commission the test cavity and develop a measurement system (calorimeter) which will allow for sub-nano-Ohm resolution surface resistance measurements. This includes a detailed study of the limits of surface resistance resolution and identifying and implementing methods for improvement. This will require to become familiar with cryogenic, radiofrequency and superconductivity techniques alike. The aim is to establish a test program which allows quick turnaround of samples to provide effective feedback to colleagues working on thin film deposition. The student will learn the basics of this field to allow for effective communication and decision making in a team effort. AsTeC/STFC is investigating several new materials and deposition techniques for superconducting cavities. Currently, the most promising one is High-power Impulse Magnetron Sputtering (HIPIMS) of Nb3Sn on copper substrates, which will be the focus of the investigations.


    [1] Goudket, Philippe, T. Junginger, and B. P. Xiao. "Devices for SRF material characterization." Superconductor Science and Technology 30.1 (2016): 013001.
    [2] Junginger, Tobias, Wolfgang Weingarten, and Carsten Welsch. "Extension of the measurement capabilities of the quadrupole resonator." Review of Scientific Instruments 83.6 (2012): 063902.
    [3] P. Goudket, L. Bizel-Bizellot, L. Gurran, O.B. Malyshev, S.M. Pattalwar, R. Valizadeh, G. Burt, L. Gurran, T. Junginger, L. Gurran. "Superconducting Thin Film RF Measurements" Proceedings of IPAC18 Pre-press

    The project is fully funded by the Science and Technology Facilities Council for 3.5 years. A full package of training and support will be provided and the student will take part in a vibrant accelerator research and education community of over 150 people. The project is fully funded by the STFC for years; the UK and other EU citizens are eligible to apply. The student will receive a standard stipend of around £14.5k/yr.

    More Information: Dr Tobias Junginger (tobias.junginger@lancaster.ac.uk), http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/engineering/.

    The formal application should be made via the Lancaster University online portal (https://www.postgraduate-applications.lancaster.ac.uk).

  • Fully Funded PhD Studentship in The Electrochemical Treatment of Nuclear Wastes

    Exploring new, effective, efficient and low cost electrochemical based methods, to treat problem waste streams contaminated with plutonium and actinides, from concept through to laboratory scale process demonstration.

    The Department of Engineering at Lancaster University is pleased to announce the availability of a fully funded PhD studentship in Nuclear Engineering.

    Legacy wastes, especially those whose condition is such that straightforward disposal is not a viable option, present an important challenge for the nuclear industry. These are hazardous and must be thoroughly decontaminated prior to further processing for disposal. Current decontamination techniques involve the use of significant amounts of costly reagents which can have limited efficiencies toward separation and require further treatment as part of a secondary waste stream.

    Electrochemical treatment of legacy wastes can yield a means to efficiently provide separation without the need for additional reagents.  This significantly reduces the mass, volume and cost associated with decontamination process and could allow a safe and timely method for their treatment. This project will explore the fundamental electrochemistry of the proposed decontamination schemes, design and simulate the core electrochemical reactors involved and demonstrate their performance on a small scale.  This will initially be with chemical analogues but there is an ambitious but achievable goal to use some active materials for direct demonstration of the process and reactor designs by the end of the project.  This will be under very carefully controlled conditions at an industrial partner’s site.

    To be eligible for the studentship, the funding requirements are that you must either be a U.K. citizen or a European Union national.  The stipend for eligible students would be £14,296 for 2016/17 and subject to national adjustments.

    Entry requirements:  First class or good 2:1 in Chemical / Mechanical / Nuclear Engineering, Chemistry, Materials Science or related discipline.

    For more information contact: Dr. Richard Dawson (r.dawson@lancaster.ac.uk) or Dr. Fabrice Andrieux (f.andrieux@lancaster.ac.uk)

    http://www.engineering.lancs.ac.uk/

    The formal application should be made via the Lancaster University online portal once it is reviewed and considered for the position.

  • Full-funded PhD Studentship in Development of end effectors for robots in industrial environments

    Robotic operations such as cutting and sorting present a significant challenge within modern industrial environments. Modern fully autonomous control of robots is often utilised within such sectors as the automotive industry, where as other fields such as medical require more tele-operational control where the movements required are more bespoke and thus a human in the loop is imperative. The trend in many sectors is towards semi-autonomous control, whereby a human operator makes high-level decisions while the robot makes local control decisions. However, physical cutting of components (such as pipework) with differing dimensions, orientations and properties is difficult to achieve semi-autonomously. It is not sufficient to simply attach a saw to a robot arm; such a strategy will lead to incorrect locations being cut and unsafe operation.

    This PhD post involves the design, development and integration of dedicated end effectors for semi-autonomous cutting operations. The student will design and develop these novel end effectors which will subsequently be integrated into robotic platforms. It is intended that the end effectors developed will primarily be used for cutting stainless steel pipes of various dimensions using rotary cutting tools. However, the same tools could be used for various important industrial operations such as hot tapping for pipe decontamination. These end effectors will use a self-monitoring system to ensure correct alignment and orientation of the blade.

    To summarise, the main objectives of this work are:

    • To build end effectors capable of cutting key features found whilst dismantling active facilities, e.g. pipes
    • To develop tool monitoring and alignment systems to enable safe and efficient automated cutting
    • To develop a robust control scheme facilitating the integration of the tool into a flexible robotic system and to implement semi-autonomous cutting strategies

    This PhD study will take place at the NNL’s Workington base in Cumbria, although the degree achieved will be through the University of Lancaster. The candidate must have an undergraduate degree in a field of Engineering or a similar technical subject (at least a 2:1) as well as an interest in robotics and design in general. The candidate must also be a UK national or European Union due to fee limitation’s. The post offers a stipend of £16,777 per year (tax free) which includes a top-up of £2,000 on top of the standard EPSRC stipend, and an opportunity to be part of a team of keen researchers located at Workington. The post is fully funded for 3.5 years.

    In the first case, to apply please send a covering letter and CV to s.monk@lancaster.ac.uk and d.cheneler@lancaster.ac.uk.

    Closing date: 12th October 2018

  • Fully funded PhD Studentship in Realising the next generation of terahertz optoelectronic devices

    The Department of Engineering at Lancaster University is pleased to announce the availability of a fully funded PhD studentship in Electronic Engineering, to commence in January 2019.

    This project will involve the theoretical design, simulation, fabrication and testing of optoelectronic devices such as frequency modulators, polarization modulators and beam steering devices based on metamaterials and graphene, operating in the terahertz (THz) frequency range. The THz range (1-10 THz corresponds to vacuum wavelengths between 30-300 mm) represents an exciting portion of the electromagnetic spectrum with unique applications in the field of communications, spectroscopy and imaging, where there is presently a lack of efficient optoelectronic devices. This research aims to overcome present limitations by providing an innovative class of active devices by engineering the interplay between resonant metamaterials and active materials such as graphene. The project is based on the expertise and collaborations developed in recent years in the topical areas of integrated modulators and detectors [1-4]. Graphene samples and expertise will be provided by the established collaboration with University of Cambridge. The PhD candidate will develop expertise in device fabrication using standard clean room techniques, as well as proficiency in device characterisation using facilities available in the Engineering Department. The candidate will also have the opportunity to visit the Cavendish Laboratory at University of Cambridge for the final device testing in a different experimental environment, e.g. with THz quantum cascade lasers.


    [1] S. J. Kindness et al Sci. Rep. 7(1), 7657 (2017)
    [2] R. Degl'Innocenti et al. ACS Photonics, 3, 1747–1753, (2016)
    [3] D. S. Jessop, et al, Appl. Phys Lett. 108, 171101 (2016)
    [4] R. Degl'Innocenti et al. ACS Photonics 3, 464-470, (2016)

    To be eligible for the studentship, the funding requirements are that you must either be a U.K. citizen or a European Union national.  The stipend for eligible students would be £14,777 for 2018/2019 and subject to national adjustments. 

    For more information contact: Dr.  Riccardo Degl’Innocenti (r.deglinnocenti@lancaster.ac.uk) or Dr. Hungyen Lin (h.lin2@lancaster.ac.uk).
    http://www.engineering.lancs.ac.uk/

    The formal application should be made via the Lancaster University online portal once it is reviewed and considered for the position.

  • Marie Curie Early Stage Research Associate in Energy Harvesting from Road Pavements (ESR 14)

    Ref: A2273
    Job URL: http://hr-jobs.lancs.ac.uk/Vacancy.aspx?ref=A2273
    Salary: Living allowance is fixed at €44,895.96 per annum plus allowances which will be paid in Sterling using an appropriate conversion rate.
    Contract: Temporary

    Deadline: 15th Sept 2018

    The Department of Engineering at Lancaster University, UK is seeking an outstanding and ambitious candidate for a position as a Marie Curie Early Stage Career Research Associate within the EU H2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Innovative Training Network Actions H2020-MSCA-ITN-SAFERUP (Sustainable, Accessible, Safe, Resilient and Smart Urban Pavements).  SAFERUP is led by the University of Bologna, Italy and includes participants from UK, France, Italy, Austria, Spain, Germany, Switzerland, USA, China and Australia.

    The research project (ESR 14) focuses on the development of low-cost and efficient engineering systems to harvest green energy through civil infrastructure surfaces (i.e. pavements and bridges).  You will employ a holistic approach to design and develop energy harvesting systems for roadway surfaces to convert ambient mechanical and thermal energies to electrical energy.  You will use coupled computational modelling and experimental approaches to optimise the energy harvesting systems for high power output. You will also study the compatibility of energy converter devices for storage.  As part of SAFERUP training programme, you will undertake a 4 months secondment with our academic partner University of Texas at San Antonio, USA as well as a 2 months industrial secondment with our industrial partner CLARET, USA.

    You will be expected to register as a PhD candidate student at Lancaster University on meeting the enrolment criteria of the PhD programme.  You will receive a financial package for the duration of the post consisting of a living allowance, a family allowance (where applicable) and a mobility allowance according to the rules for Early Stage Researchers (ESRs) set by the European Commission. 

    Applicants of any nationalities are eligible and must meet Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher (ESR) eligibility criteria.  In particular, you must not have resided in the UK for more than 12 months in the last 3 years immediately prior to commencing the ESR position.  You must have less than 4 years of full-time equivalent research experience and must not hold a doctoral degree at the selection time.

    You will have or expect to obtain a first or upper second-class MSc degree or equivalent in Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Physics, Materials Science or closely related fields.
    You must have excellent English skills.  An IELTS score of at least 6.5 is required.
    A background in multifunctional civil engineering materials, piezoelectricity, thermoelectricity, or multiscale modelling (from atom to macro scale) is desirable.
    You must have excellent interpersonal skills, work effectively in a team and have experience of the preparation of presentations, reports or journal papers to the highest levels of quality.

    For full consideration, applicants must complete the application form (the application form is available to download at https://site.unibo.it/saferup) and submit the form with a research proposal in line with the ESR 14 project topic, a motivation letter, CV, copies of BSc and MSc transcripts and certificates; and at least of 2 reference letters.
    Formal applications should be made via both Lancaster University HR (https://hr-jobs.lancs.ac.uk) and the Lancaster University Postgraduate Admissions on-line Portal*.

    Informal inquiries should be addressed to Prof. Mohamed Saafi (m.saafi@lancaster.ac.uk)

Other Opportunities

Next Generation Nuclear

The Next Generation Nuclear Centre for Doctoral Training (NGN CDT) provides fully-funded four-year PhD studentships, available across the partner universities and many of these will involve close collaboration with industry, including secondment into industrial nuclear research centres.

Next Generation Nuclear is a partnership between the Universities of Lancaster, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester and Sheffield. Its mission is to develop the next generation of research leaders to support the UK's present and future strategic nuclear programmes - cleaning up the nuclear legacy, building new nuclear power stations, and defence and security.

Coming soon

NGN will work with all the UK's major industrial and regulatory stakeholders, including Amec, Areva, EDF, the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority, the National Nuclear Laboratory, Rolls-Royce, and Sellafield Ltd, and with leading overseas institutions.

A list of the specific Next Generation Nuclear PhD projects will be available around November/December each year. We have one intake a year in September.

We run various open days across the partner institutions throughout the year so please keep an eye on the website for the latest information.

For more information please contact - ngn@manchester.ac.uk

 

Centre for Global Eco-Innovation 

Innovation to increase the head for hydropower applications 

Get paid to do a Masters with the Centre for Global Eco-Innovation at Lancaster University and Ocean Current Power Ltd.

Year Enterprise-led funded Masters by Research:

  • Get paid £15,000 tax-free
  • Reduce your tuition fees. Your partner company pays £2,000 towards your fees, meaning UK/EU students pay £2,260, and International students pay £15,945.
  • Be part of the multi-award winning Centre for Global Eco-Innovation with a cohort of 50 talented graduates working on exciting business-led R&D.
  • Finish in a strong position to enter a competitive job market in the UK and overseas.

The Project:

This one year Masters by Research project offers the opportunity to be involved in the design and optimisation of a new technology seeking to increase the head for hydropower applications. The successful candidate will use a specific case study to develop a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling capability, which can optimise the design and performance of this technology. You will work with Ocean Current Power Ltd to refine the product design before the company commercialises the product.

Applicants should have an engineering degree and an interest in renewable energy and/or product design would be beneficial. The successful candidate will work with Professor George Aggidis, leader of the energy group in the Department of Engineering at Lancaster University.

Enterprise and collaborative partners:

This Masters by Research is a collaborative research project between Lancaster University - with supervision from Prof George Aggidis - and Ocean Current Power Ltd (OCP). OCP is a start-up company exploring new methods of energy recovery from moving water sources such as rivers and ocean currents. The patent-pending technology is now being refined for efficiency and to increase electrical power output.

For more detailed information and how to apply visithttp://www.globalecoinnovation.org/researchers-2/ocean-current-power/

Application deadline:

Midnight Wednesday 18th July 2018
Start date: October 2018