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Centre for Disability Research (CeDR), Lancaster University, UK
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My research focuses on better understanding the determinants of the health and social inequalities experienced by disabled people. We have a particular interest in estimating the influence of social determinants of health (e.g., poverty, social exclusion, discrimination) on the wellbeing of young people with disabilities and people with intellectual or developmental disabilities. One output of our work is the identification of potential approaches for reducing the health inequalities experienced by disabled people.

Current Research

Current projects I am involved with include:

  • ?Understanding the health inequalities of people with disabilities in the UK through secondary analysis of large-scale survey data' (in collaboration with Professor Chris Hatton, Dr Janet Robertson and Dr Suzanna Baines, Lancaster University)
  • ?Improving the mental health of adults with intellectual disability' (lead investigator: Dr Julian Troller, University of New South Wales, Australia)
  • ?An audit of disability research in Australia'(lead investigator: Professor Gywnnyth Llewellyn, University of Sydney, Australia)
  • ?Developing a questionnaire for a longitudinal study of disability in Australia' (lead investigator: Professor Anne Kavanagh, University of Melbourne, Australia)
  • ?Early intervention for behavioural disorders in children with intellectual disability' (lead investigator: Professor Stewart Einfeld, University of Sydney, Australia)

Research Interests

Most of my current research seeks to apply public health frameworks and concepts (especially those associated with the ?social determinants' of health) to understanding the health of disabled people. It is often assumed that the poorer health of disabled people is largely attributable to the effects of the health condition associated with their disability (e.g., their intellectual disability). Our work has increasingly focused on the secondary analysis of large scale survey and administrative data to explore an alternative idea; that the poorer health of disabled people is largely attributable to their poorer living conditions, their social exclusion and their exposure to a range of associated environmental adversities (e.g., bullying, harassment, victimisation).  

We have looked at such areas as: the mental health, emotional and behavioural difficulties of children (and the parents of disabled children); the self-rated health and wellbeing of adults; obesity; health behaviours (e.g., smoking, alcohol and drug use, nutrition, physical exercise); a range of specific heath conditions; bullying and hate crime; and inequalities in accessing heath care.  Usually, though not always, it appears that a significant proportion of the risk for poorer health among people with disabilities can be explained by differences in their living conditions, rather than their disability per se.

We are now working with Public Health England to ensure that this knowledge about the determinants of the health inequalities of people with intellectual disabilities is made available to the public and to those responsible for commissioning, providing and regulating public services.

Our research has been supported by funds from the Department of Health, the Department for Education, the Office for Disability Issues, the Disability Rights Commission, the National Institute for Health Research, the Economic and Social Research Council, the Social Care Institute for Excellence, Mencap, the Foundation for People with Learning Disabilities, RNIB, SENSE, The Wellcome Trust, the Nuffield Foundation, a number of Local Authorities and local health care organisation, the Australian Research Council, the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, the Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth, the Irish National Disability Agency and the World Health Organization.

 

Additional Information

I am an Emeritus (formally retired but still active) Professor of Disability and Health Research in the Division of Health Research. I am also Professor of Disability Population Health at the Centre for Disability Research and Policy, University of Sydney. I am Vice-President of IASSIDD, the global community of research centres and researchers working in the area of intellectual and developmental disability, with responsibility for managing their work programme with the World Health Organization. I have previously held appointments at the University of Manchester, University of Kent and in a range of health care organisations in the UK and Canada.

Selected Publications

Disablement and health

Emerson, E., Vick, B., Graham, H., Hatton, C., Llewellyn, G., Madden, R., Rechel, B. & Robertson, J. 2012 The Routledge handbook of disability studies. Watson, N., Roulstone, A. & Thomas, C. (eds.). New York: Routledge, p. 253-270 28 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Deprivation, ethnicity and the prevalence of intellectual and developmental disabilities

Emerson, E. 03/2012 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 66, 3, p. 218-224 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Challenging behaviour: analysis and intervention in people with intellectual disabilities

Emerson, E. & Einfeld, S. L. 2011 3rd ed. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 215 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

2014

Environmental risk factors associated with the persistence of conduct difficulties in children with intellectual disabilities and autistic spectrum disorders

Emerson, E., Blacher, J., Einfeld, S., Hatton, C., Robertson, J. & Stancliffe, R. J. 12/2014 In: Research in Developmental Disabilities. 35, 12, p. 3508-3517 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The impact of health checks for people with intellectual disabilities: an updated systematic review of evidence

Robertson, J., Hatton, C., Emerson, E. & Baines, S. 10/2014 In: Research in Developmental Disabilities. 35, 10, p. 2450-2462 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Obesity and health behaviours of British adults with self-reported intellectual impairments: cross sectional survey

Robertson, J., Emerson, E., Baines, S. & Hatton, C. 3/03/2014 In: BMC Public Health. 14, 1, 7 p.219

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Short break and respite services for disabled children in England: comparing children's and parents' perspectives of their impact on children

Welch, V., Collins, M., Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Wells, E. & Langer, S. 11/2014 In: Children and Society. 28, 6, p. 478-494 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The self-rated health of British adults with intellectual disability

Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Baines, S. & Hatton, C. 03/2014 In: Research in Developmental Disabilities. 35, 3, p. 591-596 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A break from caring for a disabled child: parent perceptions of the uses and benefits of short break provision in England

Collins, M., Langer, S., Welch, V., Wells, E., Hatton, C., Robertson, J. & Emerson, E. 07/2014 In: British Journal of Social Work. 44, 5, p. 1180-1196 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2013

Is there a bidirectional relationship between maternal well-being and child problem behaviors in autism spectrum disorders?: longitudinal analysis of a population-defined sample of young children

Totsika, V., Hastings, R., Emerson, E., Lancaster, G., Berridge, D. & Vagenas, D. 06/2013 In: Autism Research. 6, 3, p. 201-211 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Quality of life indicators for individuals with intellectual disabilities: extending current practice

Brown, I., Hatton, C. & Emerson, E. 10/2013 In: Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities. 51, 5, p. 316-332 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Estimating how many deaths of people with learning disabilities in England could be prevented by better medical care

Glover, G. & Emerson, E. 2013 In: Tizard Learning Disability Review. 18, 3, p. 146-149 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Screening for thyroid insufficiency in adults with Down’s Syndrome

Glover, G., Chauhan, U. & Emerson, E. 2013 In: Tizard Learning Disability Review. 18, 2, p. 98-103 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Disabled children are more likely to be exposed to violence than their non-disabled peers

Emerson, E. 2013 In: Evidence Based Medicine. 18, 4, p. 152-153 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalScientific review

Anti-social behaviour and police contact among 13-15 year English adolescents with and without mild/moderate intellectual disability

Emerson, E. & Halpin, S. 09/2013 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 26, 5, p. 362-369 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Childhood exposure to environmental adversity and the well-being of people with intellectual disabilities

Emerson, E. 07/2013 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 57, 7, p. 589-600 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Social and psychological factors as determinants of emotional and behavioral difficulties

Emerson, E. & Jahoda, A. J. 2013 Psychological Therapies for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities. Taylor, J. L., Lindsay, W. R., Hastings, R. P. & Hatton, C. (eds.). Chichester: Wiley, p. 15-30 16 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Towards the prevention of behavioural and psychiatric disorders in people with intellectual disabilities

Allen, D., Langthorne, P., Tonge, B., Emerson, E., McGill, P., Fletcher, R., Dosen, A. & Kennedy, C. 11/2013 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 26, 6, p. 501-514 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Exploring boundary attitude

Bates, P., Lymbery, M. & Emerson, E. 2013 In: The Journal of Adult Protection. 15, 1, p. 26-36 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The uptake of health checks for adults with learning disabilities in England: 2008/9-2011/12

Glover, G., Emerson, E. & Evison, F. 2013 Tizard Learning Disability Review, 18, 1, p. 45-49 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

Health inequalities and people with intellectual disabilities

Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 12/2013 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 176 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

2012

Public health approaches to intellectual disability

Emerson, E., Glover, G. & Hatton, C. 07/2012 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 56, 7-8, p. 749-749 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstract

Research on public health approaches to intellectual disability: current practice

Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 07/2012 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 56, 7-8, p. 749-749 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstract

Evaluating the impact of short breaks on families with a disabled child/young person: findings and questions

Hatton, C., Welch, V., Collins, M., Wells, E., Langer, S., Robertson, J. & Emerson, E. 07/2012 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 56, 7-8, p. 735-735 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstract

New directions in health care and disability: the need for a shared understanding of human functioning

Madden, R., Ferreira, M., Einfeld, S. L., Emerson, E., Manga, R., Refshauge, K. & Llewellyn, G. 2012 In: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. 36, 5, p. 458-461 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

British adults with chronic health conditions or impairments face significant barriers to accessing health services

Allerton, L. & Emerson, E. 2012 In: Public Health. 126, 11, p. 920-927 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Patterns of decline in numbers of learning disability nurses employed by the English National Health Service

Glover, G. & Emerson, E. 2012 Tizard Learning Disability Review, 17, 4, p. 194-198 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

The ‘transition cliff’ in the administrative prevalence of intellectual disability

Emerson, E. & Glover, G. 2012 Tizard Learning Disability Review, 17, 3, p. 139-143 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

Using direct payments to fund short breaks for families with a disabled child

Welch, V., Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Collins, M., Robertson, J., Langer, S. & Wells, E. 11/2012 In: Child: Care, Health and Development. 38, 6, p. 900-909 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Do short break and respite services for families with a disabled child in England make a difference to siblings?: a qualitative analysis of sibling and parent responses

Welch, V., Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Collins, M., Langer, S. & Wells, E. 02/2012 In: Children and youth services review. 34, 2, p. 451-459 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Scaling up support for children with developmental disabilities in low- and middle-income countries

Emerson, E., Yasamy, M. & Saxena, S. 03/2012 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 25, 2, p. 96-98 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Understanding disabled childhoods: What can we learn from population-based studies?

Emerson, E. 05/2012 In: Children and Society. 26, 3, p. 214-222 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Interventions provided by parents for children with intellectual disabilities in low and middle income countries

Einfeld, S. L., Stancliffe, R. J., Gray, K., Sofronoff, K., Rice, L. & Emerson, E. 03/2012 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 25, 2, p. 135-142 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

How much does intellectual disability really cost? First estimates for Australia

Doran, C. M., Einfeld, S. L., Madden, R., Otim, M., Horstead, S. K., Ellis, L. A. & Emerson, E. 03/2012 In: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability. 37, 1, p. 42-49 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Clinical Psychology and People with Intellectual Disabilities

Emerson, E., Hatton, C., Dickson, K., Gone, R., Caine, A. & Bromley, J. 2012 2nd ed. Chichester: Wiley. 424 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

The identification of children with, or at significant risk of, intellectual disabilities in low-and middle-income countries: a review

Robertson, J., Hatton, C., Emerson, E. & Yasamy, M. 03/2012 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 25, 2, p. 99-118 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The efficacy of community-based rehabilitation for children with or at significant risk of intellectual disabilities in low- and middle- income countries: A review

Robertson, J., Emerson, E., Hatton, C. & Yasamy, M. 03/2012 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 25, 2, p. 143-154 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Disablement and health

Emerson, E., Vick, B., Graham, H., Hatton, C., Llewellyn, G., Madden, R., Rechel, B. & Robertson, J. 2012 The Routledge handbook of disability studies. Watson, N., Roulstone, A. & Thomas, C. (eds.). New York: Routledge, p. 253-270 28 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Improving health and lives: The Learning Disabilities Public Health Observatory

Emerson, E., Glover, G., Turner, S., Greig, R., Hatton, C., Baines, S., Copeland, A., Evison, F., Roberts, H., Robertson, J. & Welch, V. 2012 Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, 6, 1, p. 26-33 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

Deprivation, ethnicity and the prevalence of intellectual and developmental disabilities

Emerson, E. 03/2012 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 66, 3, p. 218-224 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The lower well-being of young Australian adults with self-reported disability reflects their poorer living conditions rather than health issues

Emerson, E., Llewellyn, G., Honey, A. & Kariuki, M. 2012 In: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. 36, 2, p. 176-182 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2011

Health inequalities experienced by children and young people with intellectual disabilities: A review of literature from the United Kingdom

Allerton, L., Welch, V. & Emerson, E. 2011 In: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities. 15, 4, p. 269-278 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalScientific review

A report on themes emerging from qualitative research into the impact of short break provision on families with disabled children

Langer, S., Collins, M., Welch, V., Wells, E., Hatton, C., Robertson, J. & Emerson, E. 2011 Department for Children Schools and Families.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

The Impacts of short break provision on families with a disabled child: an international literature review.

Robertson, J., Hatton, C., Wells, E., Collins, M., Langer, S., Welch, V. & Emerson, E. 2011 In: Health and Social Care in the Community. 19, 4, p. 337-371

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A population-based investigation of behavioural and emotional problems and maternal mental health: associations with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability

Totsika, V., Hastings, R., Emerson, E., Lancaster, G. & Berridge, D. 01/2011 In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 52, 1, p. 91-99

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Mental health trajectories of young people after disability onset

Kariuki, M., Honey, A., Emerson, E. & Llewellyn, G. 04/2011 In: Disability and Health Journal. 4, 2, p. 91-101

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The mental health of young people with disabilities: impact of social conditions

Honey, A., Emerson, E. & Llewellyn, G. 01/2011 In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 46, 1, p. 1-10

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The health of disabled people and the social determinants of health

Emerson, E., Madden, R., Graham, H., Llewellyn, G., Hatton, C. & Robertson, J. 03/2011 In: Public Health. 125, 3, p. 145-147

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Health status and health risks of the ‘hidden majority’ of adults with intellectual disability

Emerson, E. 06/2011 In: Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities. 49, 3, p. 155-165

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Comorbidity of intellectual disability and mental disorder in children and adolescents: a systematic review

Einfeld, S. L., Ellis, L. & Emerson, E. 06/2011 In: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability. 36, 2, p. 137-143

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Behavior problems at 5 years of age and maternal mental health in autism and intellectual disability

Totsika, V., Hastings, R. P., Emerson, E., Berridge, D. & Lancaster, G. 2011 In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 39, 8, p. 1137-1147 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The impact of health checks for people with intellectual disabilities: a systematic review of evidence

Robertson, J., Roberts, H., Emerson, E., Turner, S. & Greig, R. 11/2011 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 55, 11, p. 1009-1019 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Child disability and the dynamics of family poverty, hardship and financial strain: evidence from the UK

Shahtahmasebi, S., Emerson, E., Berridge, D. & Lancaster, G. 11/2011 In: Journal of Social Policy. 40, 4, p. 653-673 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Predictors of the persistence of conduct difficulties in children with cognitive delay

Emerson, E., Einfeld, S. L. & R, S. 2011 In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 52, 11, p. 1184-1194 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Challenging behaviour: analysis and intervention in people with intellectual disabilities

Emerson, E. & Einfeld, S. L. 2011 3rd ed. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 215 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

2010

A longitudinal analysis of poverty among families supporting a child with disability

Shahtahmasebi, S., Emerson, E., Berridge, D. & Lancaster, G. 11/2010 In: International Journal on Disability and Human Development. 9, 1, p. 65-75 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Estimating the number of people with co-occurring vision and hearing impairments in the UK

Robertson, J. & Emerson, E. 2010 Lancaster: Centre for Disability Research, Lancaster University. 31 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

Health checks for people with learning disabilities: A systematic review of evidence

Robertson, J., Roberts, H. & Emerson, E. 2010 Durham: Improving Health & Lives: Learning Disabilities Observatory.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsOther report

The impacts of short break provision on disabled children and their families: an international review

Robertson, J., Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Wells, E., Collins, M., Langer, S. & Welch, V. 2010 Department for Children Schools and Families.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

The impacts of short break provision on families with a disabled child: report one of the quantitative phase

Welch, V., Hatton, C., Wells, E., Collins, M., Langer, S., Robertson, J. & Emerson, E. 2010 Department of Education.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

Supported Accommodation for People With Intellectual Disabilities and Quality of Life: An Overview

Walsh, P. N. W., Emerson, E., Lobb, C., Hatton, C., Bradley, V., Schalock, R. L. & Moseley, C. 06/2010 In: Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities. 7, 2, p. 137-142 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Using a Knowledge Translation Lens to Develop International Collaborations to Improve the Health of Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities

Ouellette-Kuntz, H., Brown, H. K., Baur, L., Davis, R., Emerson, E., Kerr, M., Meijer, M., O'Hara, D., Proulx, R., Perry, J., Small, J. & van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk, H. 2010 In: Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities. 7, 4, p. 278-282 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Development and Psychometric Properties of the Family Life Interview

Llewellyn, G., Bundy, A., Mayes, R., McConnell, D., Emerson, E. & Brentall, J. 2010 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 23, 1, p. 52-62 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Majority and Minority Ethnic Family Carers of Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Perceptions of challenging behaviour and family impact

Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Kirby, S., Kotwal, H., Baines, S., Hutchinson, C., Dobson, K. & Marks, B. 2010 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 23, 1, p. 63-74 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Changes in Family Composition and Marital Status in Families with a Young Child with Cognitive Delay

Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Graham, H., Blacher, J. & Llewellyn, G. 01/2010 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 23, 1, p. 14-26

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Characteristics, supports, and quality of life of Irish adults with intellectual disability in life-sharing residential communities

Fahey, A., Walsh, P. N. W., Emerson, E. & Geurin, S. 06/2010 In: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability. 35, 2, p. 66-76

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Poverty transitions among families supporting a child with intellectual disability

Emerson, E., Shahtahmasebi, S., Berridge, D. & Lancaster, G. 12/2010 In: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability. 35, 4, p. 224-234

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Socioeconomic circumstances and risk of psychiatric disorders among parents of children with early cognitive delay

Emerson, E., McCulloch, A., Graham, H., Blacher, J., Llwellyn, G. M. & Hatton, C. 01/2010 In: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. 115, 1, p. 30-42 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The mental health of young children with intellectual disabilities or borderline intellectual functioning

Emerson, E., Einfeld, S. L. & Stancliffe, R. J. 05/2010 In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 45, 5, p. 579-587

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Emotional and behavioural difficulties in young children with and without developmental delay: a bi-national perspective

Emerson, E. & Einfeld, S. L. 05/2010 In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 51, 5, p. 583-593

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Intellectual disability modifies gender effects on disruptive behaviors

Einfeld, S. L., Gray, K., Ellis, L., Taffe, J., Emerson, E., Tonge, B. & Horstead, S. K. 2010 In: Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 3, 4, p. 177-189

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Behaviour problems increase costs of care of children with intellectual disabilities

Einfeld, S. L., Ellis, L., Doran, C. M., Emerson, E., Horstead, S. K., Madden, R. & Tonge, B. 2010 In: Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 3, 4, p. 202-209

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The quality of life of disabled children

Emerson, E. 7/10/2010 Enhancing the quality of life of persons with disabilities: from theory to practice. Kober, R. (ed.). Springer, p. 223-240

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Participation in sports by people with intellectual disabilities in England.

Robertson, J. M. & Emerson, E. 11/2010 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 23, 6, p. 616-622 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Obesity in young children with intellectual disabilities or borderline intellectual functioning.

Emerson, E. & Robertson, J. 08/2010 In: International Journal of Pediatric Obesity. 5, 4, p. 320-326 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2009

Child disability, parental self-rated health and food security: a multivariate cross-sectional analysis

Shahtahmasebi, S., Emerson, E., Berridge, D. & Lancaster, G. 2009 In: International Journal on Disability and Human Development. 8, 4, p. 417-434 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Commissioning person-centred, cost effective local support for people with learning disabilities

Emerson, E., Robertson, J. & Whelton, B. 2009 In: Tizard Learning Disability Review. 14, 2, p. 49-51 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The social context of parenting 3-year-old children with developmental delay in the UK

Emerson, E., Graham, H., McCulloch, A., Blacher, J., Hatton, C. & Llewellyn, G. 01/2009 In: Child: Care, Health and Development. 35, 1, p. 63-70 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Does socioeconomic position moderate the impact of child behaviour problems on maternal health in South Asian families with a child with intellectual disabilities?

Hatton, C. & Emerson, E. 2009 In: Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability. 34, 1, p. 10-16 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

SOCIOECONOMIC POSITION, POVERTY, AND FAMILY RESEARCH

Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 2009 INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF RESEARCH IN MENTAL RETARDATION. SAN DIEGO: ELSEVIER ACADEMIC PRESS INC, Vol. 37, p. 97-129 33 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Intellectual and Physical Disability, Social Mobility, Social Inclusion & Health.

Emerson, E., Madden, R., Robertson, J., Graham, H., Hatton, C. & Llewellyn, G. 05/2009 Lancaster: Centre for Disability Research, Lancaster University, 28 p.

Research output: Working paper

Estimating Future Numbers of Adults with Profound Multiple Learning Disabilities in England: CeDR Research Report 2009(1).

Emerson, E. 03/2009 Lancaster: Centre for Disability Reserach, Lancaster University, 15 p.

Research output: Working paper

2008

Commissioning person-centred, cost effective, local support for people with learning disabilities

Emerson, E. & Robertson, J. 2008 London: Social Care Institute of Excellence.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

Self-reported well-being of women and men with intellectual disabilities in England

Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 03/2008 In: American Journal of Mental Retardation. 113, 2, p. 143-155 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

CEDR Research Report 2008(1): People with Learning Disabilities in England.

Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 05/2008 Lancaster: Lancaster University

Research output: Working paper

Reported goal setting and benefits of person centred planning for people with intellectual disabilities.

Wigham, S., Robertson, J. M., Emerson, E., Hatton, C., Elliot, J., McIntosh, B., Swift, P., Krinjen-Kemp, E., Towers, C., Romeo, R., Knapp, M., Sanderson, H., Routledge, M., Oakes, P. & Joyce, T. 06/2008 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 12, 2, p. 143-152 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Analisis longitudinal del impacto y coste de la planificacion centrada en la persona para personas con discapacidad intelectual en inglaterra.

Robertson, J. M., Emerson, E., Hatton, C., Elliot, J., McIntosh, B., Swift, P., Krinjen-Kemp, E., Towers, C., Romeo, R., Knapp, M., Sanderson, H., Routledge, M., Oakes, P. & Joyce, T. 2008 In: Siglo Cero. 39, p. 5-30 26 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Outcomes and costs of community living: semi-independent living and fully staffed group homes.

Felce, D., Perry, J., Romeo, R., Robertson, J. M., Meek, A., Emerson, E. & Knapp, M. 2008 In: American Journal of Mental Retardation. 113, 2, p. 87-101 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Estimating Future Need for Adult Social Care for People with Learning Disabilities in England.

Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 12/2008 Lancaster: Centre for Disability Reserach, Lancaster University

Research output: Working paper

2007

Contribution of socioeconomic position to health inequalities of British children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities

Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 03/2007 In: American Journal of Mental Retardation. 112, 2, p. 140-150 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Poverty, socio-economic position, social capital and the health of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities in Britain: a replication

Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 11/2007 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 51, p. 866-874 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The socio-economic circumstances of children at risk of disability in Britain

Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 2007 In: Disability and Society. 22, 6, p. 563-580 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Mental health of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities in Britain

Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 12/2007 In: British Journal of Psychiatry. 191, p. 493-499 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Reported barriers to the implementation of person-centred planning for people with intellectual disabilities in the UK.

Robertson, J. M., Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Elliott, J., McIntosh, B., Swift, P., Krinjen-Kemp, E., Towers, C., Romeo, R., Knapp, M., Sanderson, H., Routledge, M., Oakes, P. & Joyce, T. 07/2007 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 20, 4, p. 297-307 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The contribution of socio-economic position to the health status of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities in Britain.

Emerson, E. B. & Hatton, C. 03/2007 In: American Journal on Mental Retardation. 112, 2, p. 140-150 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Person-centred planning: factors associated with successful outcomes for people with intellectual disabilities.

Robertson, J. M., Emerson, E., Hatton, C., Elliot, J., McIntosh, B., Swift, P., Krinjen-Kemp, E., Towers, C., Romeo, R. & Knapp, M. 03/2007 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 51, 3, p. 232-243 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The impact of person centred planning for people with intellectual disabilities in England: a summary of findings.

Robertson, J. M., Emerson, E., Elliott, J., Hatton, C., McIntosh, B., Swift, P., Krinjen-Kemp, E., Towers, C., Romeo, R., Knapp, M., Sanderson, H., Routledge, M., Oakes, P. & Joyce, T. 2007 Lancaster: Lancaster University

Research output: Working paper

El impacto de la planificacion centrada en la persona en las personas con discapacidad intelectual en Inglaterra: un resumen de hallazgos.

Robertson, J. M., Emerson, E., Elliott, J. & Hatton, C. 2007 In: Siglo Cero. 38, p. 5-24 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A review of evaluative research on case management for people with intellectual disabilities.

Robertson, J. M. & Emerson, E. 2007 Issues in case management practice for people with intellectual disabilities: a handbook for practitioners. Bigby, C., Ozanne, E. & Fyffe, C. (eds.). London: Jessica Kingsley

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

The association between area-level indicators of social deprivation and the emotional and behavioural needs of black and south asian children with intellectual disabilities in a deprived urban environment.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J. M. & Wood, J. 09/2007 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 20, 5, p. 420-429 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2006

The measurement of poverty and socioeconomic position in research involving people with intellectual disability

Emerson, E., Graham, H. & Hatton, C. 2006 INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF RESEARCH IN MENTAL RETARDATION. SAN DIEGO: ELSEVIER ACADEMIC PRESS INC, Vol. 32, p. 77-108 32 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Review of models of supported accommodation for people with intellectual disabilities: recommendations for a national study in Ireland.

Emerson, E., Walsh, P. N., Lobb, C., Hatton, C., Bradley, V., Schalock, R. L. & Moseley, C. 2006 Dublin: Centre for Disability Studies, University College Dublin.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Evaluating the impact of valuing people: Appendix report to phase 2: consultation with professionals.

Hatton, C., Lobb, C. & Emerson, E. 2006 Lancaster: Lancaster University & Department for Health

Research output: Working paper

The measurement of poverty and socio-economic position in research involving people with intellectual disabilities.

Emerson, E., Graham, H. & Hatton, C. 2006 International review of research in mental retardation. Glidden, L. M. (ed.). New York: Academic Press, p. 77-108 32 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Household income and health status in children and adolescents in Britain

Emerson, E., Graham, H. & Hatton, C. 08/2006 In: European Journal of Public Health. 16, 4, p. 354-360 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The need for credible evidence: comments on 'on some recent claims for the efficacy of cognitive therapy for people with intellectual disabilities'.

Emerson, E. 03/2006 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 19, 1, p. 121-123 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A Longitudinal analysis of the impact and cost of person centred planning for people with intellectual disabilities in England.

Robertson, J. M., Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Elliott, J., McIntosh, B., Swift, P., Krinjen-Kemp, E., Towers, C., Romeo, R., Knapp, M., Sanderson, H., Routledge, M., Oakes, P. & Joyce, T. 1/11/2006 In: American Journal of Mental Retardation. 111, 6, p. 400-416 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Socio-economic position, household composition, health status and indicators of the well-being of mothers of children with and without intellectual disabilities

Emerson, E., Hatton, C., Llewellyn, G., Blacker, J. & Graham, H. 12/2006 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 50, 12, p. 862-873 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The quality and costs of fully staffed and partially staffed group homes.

Felce, D., Perry, J., Robertson, J. M., Romeo, R., Meek, A., Emerson, E. & Knapp, M. 09/2006 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 19, 3, p. 232-232 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2005

Self-reported anti-social behaviour: prevalence and risk factors amongst adolescents with and without intellectual disability

Dickson, K., Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 11/2005 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 49, p. 820-826 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Use of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire to assess the mental health needs of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities.

Emerson, E. 03/2005 In: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability. 30, 1, p. 14-23 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Self-reported smoking and alcohol use among adolescents with intellectual disabilities.

Emerson, E. & Turnbull, L. 03/2005 In: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities. 9, 1, p. 58-69 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Adults with Learning Difficulties in England 2003/4.

Emerson, E. B., Davies, I., Spencer, K. & Malam, S. 1/06/2005

Research output: Other contribution

Staff stress and morale in community-based settings for people with intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviour: a brief report.

Robertson, J. M., Hatton, C., Felce, D., Meek, A., Carr, D., Knapp, M., Hallam, A., Emerson, E., Pinkney, L., Caesar, E. & Lowe, K. 09/2005 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 18, 3, p. 271-277 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Treatment and management of challenging behaviours in congregate and noncongregate community-based supported accommodation.

Robertson, J. M., Emerson, E., Pinkney, L., Caesar, E., Felce, D., Meek, A., Carr, D., Lowe, K., Knapp, M. & Hallam, A. 01/2005 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 49, 1, p. 63-72 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Community-based residential supports for people with intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviour: the views of neighbours.

Robertson, J. M., Emerson, E., Pinkney, L., Caesar, E., Felce, D., Meek, A., Carr, D., Lowe, K., Knapp, M. & Hallam, A. 03/2005 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 18, 1, p. 85-92 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The impact of person centred planning.

Robertson, J. M., Emerson, E., Hatton, C., Elliott, J., McIntosh, B., Swift, P., Krinjen-Kemp, E., Towers, C., Romeo, R., Knapp, M., Sanderson, H., Routledge, M., Oakes, P. & Joyce, T. 2005 Lancaster: Lancaster University

Research output: Working paper

Emotional and behavioural needs of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities in an urban conurbation.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J. M. & Wood, J. 01/2005 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 49, 1, p. 16-24 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2004

Response to McGrother et al. (Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 46, 299-309) 'The prevalence of intellectual disability among South Asian communities in the UK'

Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 02/2004 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 48, p. 201-202 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

The relationship between life events and psychopathology amongst children with intellectual disabilities

Hatton, C. & Emerson, E. 06/2004 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 17, 2, p. 109-117 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Quality and costs of community-based residential supports for people with mental retardation and challenging behaviour.

Robertson, J. M., Emerson, E., Pinkney, L., Caesar, E., Felce, D., Meek, A., Carr, D., Lowe, K., Knapp, M. & Hallam, A. 07/2004 In: American Journal of Mental Retardation. 109, 4, p. 332-344 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The resident choice scale: a measure to assess opportunities for self-determination in residential settings.

Hatton, C. R., Emerson, E., Robertson, J. M., Gregory, N., Kessissoglou, S. & Walsh, P. N. 1/02/2004 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 48, 2, p. 103-113 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A good place to live: the quality of residential supports.

Walsh, P. N., Emerson, E. & Robertson, J. M. 2004 Lives and times: practice, policy and people with disability. Walsh, P. N. & Gash, H. (eds.). Dublin: Wordwell

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Treatment and management of challenging behaviours (CB) in congregate and non-congregate community accommadation.

Robertson, J. M., Emerson, E., Felce, D., Meek, A., Carr, D., Knapp, M. & Hallam, A. 06/2004 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 48, 4-5, p. 415-415 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Staff stress and morale in non-congregate and congregate community settings for people with challenging behaviour (CB).

Hatton, C., Robertson, J. M., Emerson, E., Felce, D., Meek, A., Carr, D., Knapp, M. & Hallam, A. 06/2004 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 48, 4-5, p. 415-415 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Levels of psychological distress experienced by family carers of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities in a multi-cultural urban conurbation.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J. M. & Wood, J. 06/2004 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 17, 2, p. 77-84 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Levels of psychological distress experienced by family carers of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities (ID) in a multi-cultural urban conurbation.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J. M. & Wood, J. 06/2004 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 48, 4-5, p. 368-368 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Quality & costs of community residential supports for people with intellectual disabilities (ID) and challenging behaviour (CB).

Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Felce, D., Meek, A., Carr, D., Knapp, M. & Hallam, A. 06/2004 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 48, 4-5, p. 415-415 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2003

The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents with and without intellectual disabilities.

Emerson, E. B. 01/2003 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 47, 1, p. 51-58 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Supporting South Asian families with a child with severe disabilities.

Hatton, C., Akram, Y., Shah, R., Robertson, J. M. & Emerson, E. 2003 Lancaster: University of Lancaster.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Quality and costs of community-based residential supports for people with learning disabilities and challenging behaviour: summary.

Robertson, J., Emerson, E., Pinkney, L., Hatton, C., Caeser, E., Felce, D., Meek, A., Carr, D., Lowe, K., Knapp, M. & Hallam, A. 2003 In: Clinical Psychology and People with Learning Disabilities. 1, p. 5-7 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Families with a person with intellectual disabilities: stress and impact.

Hatton, C. & Emerson, E. 09/2003 In: Current Opinion in Psychiatry. 16, 5, p. 497-501 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The disclosure process and its impact on South Asian families with a child with severe intellectual disabilities.

Hatton, C., Akram, Y., Robertson, J. M., Shah, R. & Emerson, E. 09/2003 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 16, 3, p. 177-188 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Mothers of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities: social and economic situation, mental health status and self-assessed social and psychological impacts of child's difficulties.

Emerson, E. 05/2003 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 47, 4-5, p. 385-399 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The health of people with learning disabilities in the UK: evidence and implications for the NHS.

Elliott, J., Hatton, C. & Emerson, E. 2003 In: Journal of Integrated Care. 11, 1, p. 9-17 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2002

Sedation effects on responsiveness: evaluating the reduction of antipsychotic medication in people with intellectual disability using a conditional probability approach.

Smith, C., Felce, D., Ahmed, Z., Fraser, W. I., Kerr, M., Kiernan, C., Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Allen, D., Baxter, H. & Thomas, J. 09/2002 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 46, 6, p. 464-471 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Quality and costs of community-based residential supports for people with learning disabilities and challenging behaviour.

Robertson, J., Emerson, E., Pinkney, L., Caesar, E., Felce, D., Meek, A., Carr, D., Lowe, K., Knapp, M. & Hallam, A. 2002 Lancaster: University of Lancaster. 24 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Costs of village community, residential campus and dispersed housing provision for people with intellectual disability.

Hallam, A., Knapp, M., Jarbrink, K., Netten, A., Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Gregory, N., Hatton, C., Kessissoglou, S. & Durkan, J. 06/2002 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 46, 5, p. 394-404 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Positive goals: interventions for people with learning disabilities whose behaviour challenges.

Fox, P. & Emerson, E. 2002 Brighton: Pavilion.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

2001

Factors associated with intended staff turnover and job search behaviour in services for people with intellectual disability

Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Rivers, M., Mason, H., Swarbrick, R., Mason, L., Kiernan, C., Reeves, D. & Alborz, A. 06/2001 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 45, 3, p. 258-270 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Family views of the quality of residential supports.

Walsh, P. N., Linehan, C., Hillery, J., Durkan, J., Emerson, E., Hatton, C., Robertson, J. M., Gregory, N., Kessissoglou, S., Hallam, A., Knapp, M., Jarbrink, K. & Netten, A. 08/2001 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 14, 3, p. 292-309 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Community living and people with intellectual disability: introduction to part II.

Stancliffe, R. J., Emerson, E. & Lakin, K. C. 03/2001 In: Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability. 26, 1, p. 5-14 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Environmental opportunities and supports for exercising self-determination in community-based residential settings.

Robertson, J., Emerson, E., Hatton, C., Gregory, N., Kessissoglou, S., Hallam, A. & Walsh, P. N. 11/2001 In: Research in Developmental Disabilities. 22, 6, p. 487-502 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Social networks of people with mental retardation in residential settings.

Robertson, J., Emerson, E., Gregory, N., Hatton, C., Kessissoglou, S., Hallam, A. & Linehan, C. 2001 In: Mental Retardation. 39, 3, p. 201-214 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Development and evaluation of innovative residential services for people with severe intellectual disability and serious challenging behaviour.

Mansell, J., McGill, P. & Emerson, E. 2001 International review of research in mental retardation. Glidden, L. M. (ed.). New York: Academic Press

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

The adaptive behavior scale-residential and community (part I): towards the development of a short form

Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Gregory, N., Kessissoglou, S., Perry, J., Felce, D., Lowe, K., Walsh, P. N., Linehan, C. & Hillery, J. 07/2001 In: Research in Developmental Disabilities. 22, 4, p. 273-288 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Factors associated with expressed satisfaction among people with intellectual disability receiving residential supports.

Gregory, N., Robertson, J., Kessissoglou, S., Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 08/2001 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 45, 4, p. 279-291 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Socially valid outcomes of intervention for people with mental retardation and challenging behaviour: a preliminary descrptive analysis of the views of different stakeholders.

Fox, P. & Emerson, E. 07/2001 In: Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions. 3, 3, p. 183-189 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Overview: community living.

Felce, D. & Emerson, E. 05/2001 In: Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews. 7, 2, p. 73-74 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Living with support in a home in the community: predictors of behavioural development and household and community activity.

Felce, D. & Emerson, E. 05/2001 In: Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews. 7, 2, p. 75-83 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The quality and costs of supported living residences and group homes in the United Kingdom.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Gregory, N., Hatton, C., Kessissoglou, S., Hallam, A., Jarbrink, K., Knapp, M., Netten, A. & Walsh, P. N. 2001 In: American Journal of Mental Retardation. 106, 5, p. 401-415 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The prevalence of challenging behaviours: a total population study.

Emerson, E., Kiernan, C., Alborz, A., Reeves, D., Mason, H., Swarbrick, R., Mason, L. & Hatton, C. 01/2001 In: Research in Developmental Disabilities. 22, 1, p. 77-93 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Learning disabilities: the fundamental facts.

Emerson, E., Hatton, C., Felce, D. & Murphy, G. 2001 London: The Foundation for People with Learning Disabilities.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Predicting the persistence of severe self-injurious behaviour.

Emerson, E., Kiernan, C., Alborz, A., Reeves, D., Mason, H., Swarbrick, R., Mason, L. & Hatton, C. 01/2001 In: Research in Developmental Disabilities. 22, 1, p. 67-75 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Utilisation of pyschological services and psychological interventions by people with learning disabilities and challenging behaviour.

Emerson, E. 12/2001 In: Clin. Psychol.8, p. 25-29 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Challenging behaviour: analysis and intervention in people with intellectual disabilities.

Emerson, E. 2001 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

The living circumstances of children and adults with mental retardation or developmental disabilities in the United States, Canada, England and Wales, and Australia.

Braddock, D., Emerson, E., Felce, D. & Stancliffe, R. J. 05/2001 In: Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews. 7, 2, p. 115-121 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2000

Family views of the quality of residential supports.

Walsh, P. N., Linehan, C., Hillery, J., Emerson, E., Robertson, J. M., Gregory, N., Hatton, C., Kessissoglou, S. & Hallam, A. 06/2000 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 44, 3-4, p. 508-508 1 p.1231

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

South Asian carers of a child with severe intellectual disabilities: support and outcomes.

Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Akram, Y., Robertson, J. M. & Shah, R. 06/2000 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 44, 3-4, p. 309-310 2 p.467

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Social networks of people with mental retardation in residential settings.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Gregory, N., Hatton, C., Kessissoglou, S., Hallam, A. & Linehan, C. 06/2000 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 44, 3-4, p. 275-275 1 p.333

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The quality and costs of village communities, residential campuses and community-based residential supports for people with learning disabilities.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Gregory, N., Hatton, C., Kessissoglou, S., Hallam, A., Knapp, M., Järbrink, K., Netten, A. & Walsh, P. N. 01/2000 In: Tizard Learning Disability Review. 5, p. 5-16 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Community living and people with intellectual disability: introduction to Part I.

Stancliffe, R., Emerson, E. & Lakin, C. 12/2000 In: Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability. 25, 4-5, p. i-v

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Lifestyle related risk factors for poor health in residential settings for people with intellectual disabilities.

Robertson, J., Emerson, E., Gregory, N., Hatton, C., Turner, S., Kessissoglou, S. & Hallam, A. 11/2000 In: Research in Developmental Disabilities. 21, 6, p. 469-486 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Receipt of psychotropic medication by people with intellectual disability in residential settings

Robertson, J., Emerson, E., Gregory, N., Hatton, C., Kessissoglou, S. & Hallam, A. 12/2000 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 44, 6, p. 666-676 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Psychiatric symptoms in adults with learning disability and challenging behaviour.

Moss, S., Emerson, E., Kiernan, C., Turner, S., Hatton, C. & Alborz, A. 11/2000 In: British Journal of Psychiatry. 177, 5, p. 452-456 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

NISW breifing 26: violence against social care workers: commentary.

Hatton, C. & Emerson, E. 2000 Lancaster: University of Lancaster

Research output: Working paper

Observational methods in the assessment of quality of life.

Felce, D. & Emerson, E. 2000 Behavioral observation: technology and applications in developmental disabilities. Thompson, T., Felce, D. & Symons, F. (eds.). Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

The effectiveness of staff support: evaluating active support training using a conditional probability approach.

Felce, D., Bowley, C., Baxter, H., Jones, E., Lowe, K. & Emerson, E. 07/2000 In: Research in Developmental Disabilities. 21, 4, p. 243-255 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Inclusive education and pupils with learning difficulties.

Farrell, P. & Emerson, E. 2000 In: Tizard Learning Disability Review. 5, p. 2-3 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Village communities, residential campuses and community-based residential supports.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Gregory, N., Kessissoglou, S., Hatton, C., Hallam, A., Knapp, M., Jarbrink, K., Walsh, P. N. & Netten, A. 2000 In: Tizard Learning Disability Review. 5, p. 5-16 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The quality and costs of community-based residential supports and residential campuses for people with severe and complex disabilities.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Gregory, N., Kessissoglou, S., Hatton, C., Hallam, A., Knapp, M., Jarbrink, K., Netten, A. & Linehan, C. 12/2000 In: Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability. 25, 4, p. 263-279 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The quality and costs of community-based residential supports, village communities and residential campuses in the United Kingdom.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Gregory, N., Hatton, C., Kessissoglou, S., Hallam, A., Knapp, M., Jarbrink, K., Walsh, P. N. & Netten, A. 2000 In: American Journal of Mental Retardation. 105, p. 81-102 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The treatment and management of challenging behaviours in residential settings.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Gregory, N., Hatton, C., Kessissoglou, S., Hallam, A. & Hillery, J. 12/2000 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 13, 4, p. 197-215 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Palm-top computer technologies for behavioural observation research.

Emerson, E., Reeves, D. & Felce, D. 2000 Behavioral observation: technology and applications in developmental disabilities. Thompson, T., Felce, D. & Symons, F. (eds.). Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Violence against social care workers supporting people with learning difficulties: a review.

Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 2000 Lancaster: University of Lancaster

Research output: Working paperOther

Residential supports for people with learning disabilities in 1997 in England.

Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 01/2000 In: Tizard Learning Disability Review. 5, 1, p. 41-44 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Behaviour analysis.

Emerson, E. 2000 Developmental disability and behaviour. Gillberg, C. & O'Brien, G. (eds.). London: MacKeith Press

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Reducing antipsychotic medication in people with a learning disability.

Ahmed, Z., Fraser, W. I., Kerr, M. P., Kiernan, C., Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Felce, D., Allen, D., Baxter, H. & Thomas, J. 01/2000 In: British Journal of Psychiatry. 176, 1, p. 42-46 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1999

Prescription of psychotropic medication to people with intellectual disabilities in primary health care settings.

Molyneux, P., Emerson, E. & Caine, A. 1999 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 12, p. 46-57 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Staff stressors and staff outcomes in services for people with intellectual disabilities.

Hatton, C., Rivers, M., Mason, H., Mason, L., Kiernan, C., Emerson, E., Alborz, A. & Reeves, D. 1999 In: Research in Developmental Disabilities. 20, p. 269-285 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Organisational culture and staff outcomes in services for people with intellectual disabilities.

Hatton, C., Rivers, M., Mason, L., Mason, E., Emerson, E., Kiernan, C., Reeves, D. & Alborz, A. 06/1999 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 43, 3, p. 206-218 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Staff characteristics, working conditions and outcomes amongst staff in services for people with intellectual disabilities: results of a staff survey.

Hatton, C., Rivers, M., Emerson, E., Kiernan, C., Reeves, D., Alborz, A., Mason, H. & Mason, L. 1999 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 12, p. 340-347 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Factors associated with staff stress and work satisfaction in services for people with intellectual disability

Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Rivers, M., Mason, H., Mason, L., Swarbrick, R., Kiernan, C., Reeves, D. & Alborz, A. 08/1999 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 43, 4, p. 253-267 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Commentary: towards equity in service provision.

Hatton, C. & Emerson, E. 1999 In: Tizard Learning Disability Review. 43, p. 16-19 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Costs of residential supports for people with learning disabilities.

Hallam, A. & Emerson, E. 1999 Unit costs of health and social care. Netten, A., Dennett, J. & Knight, J. (eds.). Canterbury: University of Kent, Personal Social Services Research Unit: University of Kent, Personal Social Services Research Unit

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Quality and costs of residential supports for people with learning disabilities: summary report.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Hatton, C., Gregory, N., Kessissoglou, S., Hallam, A., Knapp, M., Järbrink, K., Netten, A., Walsh, P. N., Linehan, C., Hillery, J. & Durkan, J. 1999 Manchester: Hester Adrian Research Centre, University of Manchester.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Quality and costs of residential supports for people with learning disabilities: predicting variation in quality and costs.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Hatton, C., Gregory, N., Kessissoglou, S., Hallam, A., Knapp, M., Järbrink, K., Netten, A., Walsh, P. N., Linehan, C., Hillery, J. & Durkan, J. 1999 Manchester: Hester Adrian Research Centre, University of Manchester.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Quality and costs of residential supports for people with learning disabilities: an observational study of supports provided to people with severe learning disabailities in residential campuses and dispersed housing schemes.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Gregory, N., Kessissoglou, S., Hatton, C., Hallam, A., Knapp, M., Järbrink, K. & Netten, A. 1999 Manchester: Hester Adrian Research Centre, University of Manchester.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Quality and costs of residential supports for people with learning disabilities: a comparative analysis of quality and costs in village communities, residential campuses and dispersed housing schemes.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Gregory, N., Hatton, C., Kessissoglou, S., Hallam, A., Knapp, M., Järbrink, K., Netten, A., Walsh, P. N., Linehan, C., Hillery, J. & Durkan, J. 1999 Manchester: Hester Adrian Research Centre, University of Manchester.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Quality and costs of residential supports for people with learning disabilities: a comparative analysis of quality and costs in group homes and supported living schemes.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Gregory, N., Hatton, C., Kessissoglou, S., Hallam, A., Knapp, M., Järbrink, K. & Netten, A. 1999 Manchester: Hester Adrian Research Centre, University of Manchester.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

A descriptive analysis of the relationships between social context, engagement and stereotypy in residential services for people with severe and complex disabilities.

Emerson, E., Hatton, C., Robertson, J., Henderson, D. & Cooper, J. 1999 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 12, p. 11-29 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The relationship between challenging behaviour and psychiatric disorder in people with severe developmental disabilities.

Emerson, E., Moss, S. & Kiernan, C. 1999 Psychiatric and behavioural disorders in developmental disabilities and mental retardation. Bouras, N. (ed.). Cambridge, U.K., New York, U.S.A.: Cambridge University Press, p. 38-48 11 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Future trends in the ethnic composition of British society and among British citizens with learning disabilities.

Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 1999 In: Tizard Learning Disability Review. 4, p. 28-32 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

South Asian carers of a child with severe learning difficulties: support issues.

Akram, Y., Hatton, C., Shah, R., Robertson, J. & Emerson, E. 1999 In: RNIB Eye Contact. 25, p. 18-20 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1998

Residential provision for people with intellectual disabilities in England, Wales and Scotland

Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 03/1998 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 11, 1, p. 1-14 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Brief report: Organisational predictors of actual staff turnover in a service for people with multiple disabilities

Hatton, C. & Emerson, E. 06/1998 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 11, 2, p. 166-171 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

An observational study to evaluate the impact of a specialist outreach team on the quality of care in nursing and residential homes

Proctor, R., Powell, K. S., Burns, A., Tarrier, N., Reeves, D., Emerson, E. & Hatton, C. 08/1998 In: Aging and Mental Health. 2, 3, p. 232-238 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Informal carers of adolescents and adults with learning difficulties from the south Asian communities: family circumstances, service support and carer stress

Hatton, C., Azmi, S., Caine, A. & Emerson, E. 12/1998 In: British Journal of Social Work. 28, 6, p. 821-837 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1997

Listening to adolescents and adults with intellectual disabilities from South Asian communities

Azmi, S., Hatton, C., Emerson, E. & Caine, A. 09/1997 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 10, 3, p. 250-263 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1996

Residential special education for children with severely challenging behaviours: the views of parents.

Robertson, J. M., Emerson, E., Fowler, S., Letchford, S., Mason, H., Mason, L. & Jones, M. 06/1996 In: British Journal of Special Education. 23, 2, p. 80-88 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Factors associated with staff support and resident lifestyle in services for people with multiple disabilities: a path analytic approach.

Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Robertson, J. M., Henderson, D. & Cooper, J. 10/1996 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 40, 5, p. 466-477 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Schedule-induced challenging behavior.

Emerson, E., Thompson, S., Robertson, J. M. & Henderson, D. 06/1996 In: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities. 8, 2, p. 89-103 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The long-term effects of behavioural residential special education on children with severely challenging behaviours: changes in behaviour and skills.

Emerson, E., Robertson, J., Fowler, S., Letchford, S. & Jones, M. 09/1996 In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 9, 3, p. 240-255 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Time-based lag sequential analysis and the functional assessment of challenging behaviour.

Emerson, E., Reeves, D., Thompson, S., Henderson, D., Robertson, J. & Howard, D. 06/1996 In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 40, 3, p. 260-274 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1995

People in institutions in Europe

HATTON, C., EMERSON, E. & KIEMAN, C. 04/1995 In: Mental Retardation. 33, 2, p. 132-132 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

Quality and costs in a residential education facility for people with dual sensory impairments

EMERSON, E., COOPER, J. & HATTON, C. 1995 In: Journal of visual impairment & blindness. 89, 5, p. 402-416 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Stressors, coping strategies and stress-related outcomes among direct care staff in staffed houses for people with learning disabilities

Hatton, C., Brown, R., Caine, A. & Emerson, E. 1995 In: Mental handicap research. 8, 4, p. 252-271 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The development of a shortened 'ways of coping' questionnaire for use with direct care staff in learning disability services

Hatton, C. & Emerson, E. 1995 In: Mental handicap research. 8, 4, p. 237-251 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Staff in services for people with learning disabilities: an overview of current issues

Hatton, C. & Emerson, E. 1995 In: Mental handicap research. 8, 4, p. 215-219 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The quality and costs of residential services for adults with multiple disabilities: a comparative evaluation.

Hatton, C., Emerson, E., Robertson, J. M., Henderson, D. & Cooper, J. 11/1995 In: Research in Developmental Disabilities. 16, 6, p. 439-460 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Descriptive analysis of multiple response topographies of challenging behavior across two settings.

Emerson, E., Thompson, S., Reeves, D., Henderson, D. & Robertson, J. M. 07/1995 In: Research in Developmental Disabilities. 16, 4, p. 301-329 29 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1993

Organizational predictors of staff stress, satisfaction, and intended turnover in a service for people with multiple disabilities

HATTON, C. & EMERSON, E. 12/1993 In: Mental Retardation. 31, 6, p. 388-395 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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