Centre for Law and Society
Centre for Law and Society, Law School, Bowland North, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YN, UK
Tel: 44 (0) 1524 592476 Fax: 44 (0) 1524 592461 E-mail: e.jones@lancaster.ac.uk
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Professor Brian Francis

Professor Brian Francis

Professor

Fylde College
Lancaster University
Bailrigg
Lancaster
United Kingdom
LA1 4YF


Tel: +44 1524 593061
Location: B38
Web: http://www.maths.lancs.ac.uk/~asabjf/

Affiliations

Mathematics and Statistics
Statistical Methods in Health and Social Science
Security Lancaster
STOR-i Centre for Doctoral Training

I am a social statistician with interests in preference models, latent class methods for longitudinal data, mixture modelsand categorical data problems. Applications are crucial to my work. I primarily research into quantitative criminology -both methodological and substantive problems - focusing on the criminal careers of offenders and social and developmental change. I am also interested in anaylsing administrative and survey data and am investigating issues related to violence and serious offending, including sexual offending, homicide, trafficking, organised and cyber-crime. Recent work has focused on high frequency victimisation and gender based violence. More broadly I am working on child developmental studies in psychology and in fetal development.

Selected Publications

Missing observations in paired comparison data

Dittrich, R., Francis, B., Hatzinger, R. & Katzenbeisser, W. 04/2012 In: Statistical Modelling: An International Journal. 12, 2, p. 117-143 27 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A Longitudinal Study of Escalation in Crime Seriousness

Liu, J., Francis, B. & Soothill, K. 06/2011 In: Journal of Quantitative Criminology. 27, 2, p. 175-196 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Do facial expressions develop before birth?

Reissland, N., Francis, B., Mason, J. & Lincoln, K. 31/08/2011 In: PLoS ONE. 6, 8, 7 p.e24081

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Criminal Lifestyle Specialization: Female Offending in England and Wales

Francis, B., Liu, J. & Soothill, K. 06/2010 In: International Criminal Justice Review. 20, 2, p. 188-204 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Modeling heterogeneity in ranked responses by nonparametric maximum likelihood: How do Europeans get their scientific knowledge?

Francis, B., Dittrich, R. & Hatzinger, R. 2010 In: Annals of Applied Statistics. 4, 4, p. 2181-2202 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Statistical modelling in R

Aitkin, M., Francis, B., Hinde, J. & Darnell, R. 2009 Oxford: Oxford University Press. 568 p. (Oxford Statistical Science Series)

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Does serious offending lead to homicide?: exploring the interrelationships and sequencing of serious crime.

Soothill, K., Francis, B. & Liu, J. 07/2008 In: British Journal of Criminology. 48, 4, p. 522-537 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A latent Markov model for detecting patterns of criminal activity.

Francis, B. J., Bartolucci, F. & Pennoni, F. 01/2007 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society). 170, 1, p. 115-132 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Identifying patterns of offending behaviour: a new approach to typologies of crime.

Francis, B. J., Fligelstone, R. & Soothill, K. 2004 In: European Journal of Criminology. 1, 1, p. 48-87 40 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Analysing partial ranks by using smoothed paired comparison methods: an investigation of value orientation in Europe.

Francis, B., Dittrich, R., Hatzinger, R. & Penn, R. D. 1/07/2002 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics). 51, 3, p. 319-336 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A new approach for ranking crime seriousness: the use of paired comparison methodology.

Francis, B. J., Soothill, K. L. & Dittrich, R. 2001 In: British Journal of Criminology. 41, 4, p. 726-737 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

In Press

Changing patterns of sex offending convictions: disentangling age, year and generational effects over time

Francis, B., Hargreaves, C. & Soothill, K. expected on 3/04/2015 Sex offenders: a criminal career approach. Blokland, A. & Lussier, P. (eds.). Chichester: Wiley

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

2015

Markov models of dependence in longitudinal paired comparisons: an application to course design

Grand, A., Dittrich, R. & Francis, B. expected in 2015 In: AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis. 23 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Laterality of foetal self-touch in relation to maternal stress

Reissland, N., Aydin, E., Francis, B. & Exley, K. expected in 2015 In: Laterality. 20, 1, p. 82-94 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2014

Statistical modelling of the group structure of social networks

Aitkin, M., Vu, D. & Francis, B. 07/2014 In: Social Networks. 38, p. 74-87 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The development of anticipation in the fetus: a longitudinal account of human fetal mouth movements in reaction to and anticipation of touch

Reissland, N., Francis, B., Aydin, E., Mason, J. & Schaal, B. 07/2014 In: Developmental Psychobiology. 56, 5, p. 955-963 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Sexual and general offending trajectories of men referred for civil commitment

Francis, B., Harris, D., Wallace, S., Soothill, K. & Knight, R. 08/2014 In: Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment. 26, 4, p. 311-329 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A mixture model for longitudinal partially ranked data

Francis, B., Dittrich, R., Hatzinger, R. & Humphreys, L. 2014 In: Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods. 43, 4, p. 722–734 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Can the FIFA world cup football (soccer) tournament be associated with an increase in domestic abuse?

Kirby, S., Francis, B. & O'Flahery, R. 08/2014 In: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 51, 3, p. 259-276 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The long term recidivism risk of young sexual offenders in England and Wales - enduring risk or redemption?

Hargreaves, C. & Francis, B. 03/2014 In: Journal of Criminal Justice. 42, 2, p. 164-172 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2013

Sexual recidivism

Francis, B. & Soothill, K. 11/2013 Encyclopedia of criminology and criminal justice. Bruinsma, G. & Weisburd, D. (eds.). New York: Springer, p. 4798-4809 12 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

Overview of the worldwide best practices for rape prevention and for assisting women victims of rape

Walby, S., Olive, P., Towers, J., Francis, B., Strid, S., Krizsán, A., Lombardo, E., May-Chahal, C., Franzway, S., Sugarman, D. & Agarwal, B. 10/10/2013 European Parliament. 212 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

Understanding criminal careers in organised crime

Francis, B., Humphreys, L., Kirby, S. & Soothill, K. 7/10/2013 London: Home Office. 120 p. (Crime research and analysis; no. 74)

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

Middle-class offenders as employees – assessing the risk: a 35-year follow-up

Soothill, K., Humphreys, L. & Francis, B. 08/2013 In: Journal of Offender Rehabilitation. 52, 6, p. 407-420 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Can healthy fetuses show facial expressions of “pain” or “distress”?

Reissland, N., Francis, B. & Mason, J. 5/06/2013 In: PLoS ONE. 8, 6, 7 p.e65530

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2012

A common scheme for cross-sensory correspondences across stimulus domains

Walker, L., Walker, P. & Francis, B. 2012 In: Seeing and Perceiving. 25, Suppl. 1, p. 67-67 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Predicting reconviction: do some predictors fade with length of follow-up?

Francis, B., Soothill, K. & Humphreys, L. 11/2012 p. 1-18 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paper

Development of Fetal Yawn Compared with Non-Yawn Mouth Openings from 24-36 Weeks Gestation

Reissland, N., Francis, B. & Mason, J. 22/11/2012 In: PLoS ONE. 7, 11, e50569

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Modeling Microgenetic Data

Towse, A., Lewis, C. & Francis, B. 2012 Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. Seel, N. (ed.). Berlin: Springer, p. 2317-2320 4 p. (Springer Reference)

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

A common scheme for cross-sensory correspondences across stimulus domains

Walker, L., Walker, P. & Francis, B. 2012 p. 67-67 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paper

A common scheme for cross-sensory correspondences across stimulus domains

Walker, L., Walker, P. & Francis, B. 2012 In: Perception. 41, 10, p. 1186-1192 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Middle-Class Offenders: A 35-Year Follow-Up

Soothill, K., Humphreys, L. & Francis, B. 07/2012 In: British Journal of Criminology. 52, 4, p. 765-786 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Latent class mixed effects models for partially ranked preferences: examining changes in postmaterialism over time.

Francis, B., Dittrich, R. & Hatzinger, R. 05/2012 In: Quaderni di Statistica. 14, p. 109-112 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Missing observations in paired comparison data

Dittrich, R., Francis, B., Hatzinger, R. & Katzenbeisser, W. 04/2012 In: Statistical Modelling: An International Journal. 12, 2, p. 117-143 27 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Homicide in England and Wales

Francis, B. & Soothill, K. 01/2012 Handbook of European homicide research: patterns, explanations, and country studies. Liem, M. & Pridemore, W. (eds.). Berlin: Springer, p. 287-300 14 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

2011

What is latent class analysis

Francis, B. 2011

Research output: Non-textual formDigital or Visual Products

Once a sex offender, always a sex offender?”

Hargreaves, C. & Francis, B. 09/2011

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paper

Conceptualising recidivism for prediction and risk

Francis, B. 05/2011 Recidivism and Reoffending in South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Open Society Foundation, p. 16-21 6 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Considering paradigms of crime reduction in different contexts

Soothill, K. & Francis, B. 04/2011 National and international perspectives on crime and policing: Towards a coherent strategy for crime reduction in South Africa beyond 2010. Gould, C. (ed.). Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies, p. 1-17 17 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

A Longitudinal Study of Escalation in Crime Seriousness

Liu, J., Francis, B. & Soothill, K. 06/2011 In: Journal of Quantitative Criminology. 27, 2, p. 175-196 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Controls over nutrient dynamics in overland flows on slopes representative of agricultural land in North West Europe

Armstrong, A., Quinton, J. N., Francis, B., Heng, B. C. P. & Sander, G. C. 15/08/2011 In: Geoderma. 164, 1-2, p. 2-10 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Do facial expressions develop before birth?

Reissland, N., Francis, B., Mason, J. & Lincoln, K. 31/08/2011 In: PLoS ONE. 6, 8, 7 p.e24081

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2010

SIMPLE: Helping to introduce statistics to social science students

Fritz, C., Francis, B., Morris, P. & Peelo, M. 2010 Responding to the mathematics problem: The implementation of institutional support mechanisms. Marr, C. M. & Grove, M. J. (eds.). Birmingham, UK: The Maths, Stats & OR Network, p. 51-58 8 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

The debate rumbles on: The measurement tail is now wagging the dog

Soothill, K. & Francis, B. 01/2010 In: New Law Journal. 7401, p. 94-95 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Blackmail, kidnapping and threats to kill: Chapter 21

Soothill, K. & Francis, B. 2010 Handbook on Crime. Brookman, F., Maguire, M., Pierpoint, H. & Bennett, T. (eds.). Cullompton: Willan, p. 393-414 22 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Developing Statistical Consultancy Skills In Post-Graduate Students: a case study

Sharples, S. J., Yeend, E. N., Francis, B., Ridall, G. & Booth, G. 07/2010 ICOTS 8 Proceedings: International conference on Teaching Statistics, Ljubljana, Slovenia. Reading, C. (ed.). Auckland, New Zealand: International Association for Statistical Education, 4 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsConference contribution

Resource Discovery For Teaching Datasets

Hoti - Llabjani, V., Francis, B. & Lancaster, G. 07/2010 ICOTS 8 proceedings: International Conference on Teaching Statistics 2010 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Reading, C. (ed.). Auckland, New Zealand: International Association for Statistical Education, 4 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsConference contribution

Criminal Lifestyle Specialization: Female Offending in England and Wales

Francis, B., Liu, J. & Soothill, K. 06/2010 In: International Criminal Justice Review. 20, 2, p. 188-204 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Exploring Paradigms of Crime Reduction

Soothill, K., Christoffersen, M. N., Hussain, M. A. & Francis, B. 03/2010 In: British Journal of Criminology. 50, 2, p. 222-238 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The importance of co-convictions in the prediction of dangerous recidivism: blackmail and kidnapping as a demonstration study

Soothill, K., Francis, B. & Liu, J. 02/2010 In: Criminology and Criminal Justice. 10, 1, p. 23-36 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The brightness-weight illusion: darker objects look heavier but feel lighter

Walker, P., Francis, B. J. & Walker, L. 2010 In: Experimental Psychology. 57, 6, p. 462-469 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The quality of fetal arm movements as indicators of fetal stress

Reissland, N. & Francis, B. 12/2010 In: Early Human Development. 86, 12, p. 813-816 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Modeling heterogeneity in ranked responses by nonparametric maximum likelihood: How do Europeans get their scientific knowledge?

Francis, B., Dittrich, R. & Hatzinger, R. 2010 In: Annals of Applied Statistics. 4, 4, p. 2181-2202 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The impact of peatland drain-blocking on dissolved organic carbon loss and discolouration of water: results from a national survey.

Armstrong, A., Holden, J., Kay, P., Francis, B., Foulger, M., Gledhill, S., McDonald, A. & Walker, A. 5/02/2010 In: Journal of Hydrology. 381, 1-2, p. 112-120 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2009

OGRS 3: the revised Offender Group Reconviction Scale

Howard, P., Francis, B., Soothill, K. & Humphreys, L. 2009 London: Ministry of Justice. 6 p. (Research Summary)

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

Developing numeracy in criminology students through crime data.

Humphreys, L. & Francis, B. 2009 CETL-MSOR Conference 2008 Lancaster University 8th – 9th September Conference Proceedings. Green, D. (ed.). Birmingham, U.K.: The Maths, Stats & OR Network, p. 51-56 6 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Tackling mixed messages: embedding advanced numeracy in graduate identities.

Peelo, M. T. & Francis, B. 2009 In: MSOR Connections. 9, 4, p. 23-27 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

When do ex-offenders become like non-offenders?

Francis, B. & Soothill, K. 2009 In: The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. 48, 4, p. 373-387 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Keeping the DNA link

Soothill, K. & Francis, B. 2009 In: New Law Journal. 159, p. 73-78 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Keeping information on Police databases

Soothill, K. & Francis, B. 09/2009 In: Criminal Law and Justice Weekly. 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Statistical modelling in R

Aitkin, M., Francis, B., Hinde, J. & Darnell, R. 2009 Oxford: Oxford University Press. 568 p. (Oxford Statistical Science Series)

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Understanding criminal careers

Soothill, K., Fitzpatrick, C. & Francis, B. 2009 Cullompton: Willan. 204 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Lancaster Postgraduate Statistics Centre – creating enterprise and innovation in teaching statistics across disciplines.

Lancaster, G., Francis, B. & Allen, R. 02/2009 In: MSOR Connections. 9, 1, p. 41-46 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2008

Experiences of peer review in an international context – the EUROCORES HumVIB programme

Francis, B. 2008 0 p.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paper

Criminal convictions among children and young adults: changes over time.

Soothill, K., Ackerley, E. & Francis, B. 2008 In: Criminology and Criminal Justice. 8, 3, p. 297-315 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Killer instinct: can convictions for serious offences indicate who is more likely to kill?.

Soothill, K., Liu, J. & Francis, B. 2008 In: Police Review. 116, p. 6004-6004 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Using the Offenders Index to investigate patterns of offending.

Francis, B., Liu, J. & Soothill, K. 2008 Proceedings of the 13th Government Statistical Service methodology conference. London: Office of National Statistics, UK

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsPaper

Does serious offending lead to homicide?: exploring the interrelationships and sequencing of serious crime.

Soothill, K., Francis, B. & Liu, J. 07/2008 In: British Journal of Criminology. 48, 4, p. 522-537 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Older People and Dissatisfaction with Wheelchair Services.

Stewart, J., Sapey, B., Humphreys, L., Francis, B. & Donaldson, G. 03/2008 In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research. 10, 1, p. 17-28 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Kidnapping offenders: their risk of escalation to repeat offending and other serious crime.

Liu, J., Francis, B. & Soothill, K. 06/2008 In: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 19, 2, p. 164 - 179 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Risk factors for a first-time drink-driving conviction among young men: a birth cohort study of all men born in Denmark in 1966.

Christoffersen, M. N., Soothill, K. & Francis, B. 06/2008 In: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 34, 4, p. 415 - 425 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Changing patterns of offending behaviour among young adults.

Soothill, K., Francis, B., Ackerley, E. & Humphreys, L. 01/2008 In: British Journal of Criminology. 48, 1, p. 75 - 95 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2007

On the treatment of missing observations in paired comparisons experiments

Dittrich, R., Francis, B., Hatzinger, R. & Katzenbeisser, W. 2007 Proceedings of the 22nd International Workshop on Statistical Modelling. Barcelona, 2-6 July 2007. del Castillo, J., Espinal, A. & Puig, P. (eds.). Barcelona: l'Institut d'Estadistica de Catalunya, p. 215-220 6 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Violent Life Events and Social Disadvantage: A Systematic Study of the Social Background of Various Kinds of Lethal Violence, Other Violent Crime, Suicide, and Suicide Attempts

Christoffersen, M. N., Soothill, K. & Francis, B. 2007 In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention. 8, 2, p. 157-184 28 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The Lancaster Postgraduate Statistics Centre CETL: building trust and statistical skills across disciplines

Francis, B., Abram, B. & Peelo, M. 2007 CETL-MSOR Conference 2006 Loughborough University 11th – 12th September Conference Proceedings. Green, D. (ed.). Birmingham, UK: The Maths, Stats & OR Network

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Introducing the Lancaster Postgraduate Statistics Centre – a Centre of Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL).

Abram, B. & Francis, B. 07/2007 In: MSOR Connections. 7, 2, p. 11-15 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Using Cardinality to Compare Quantities: The Role of Social-Cognitive Conflict in Early Numeracy.

Lewis, C. N., Francis, B. & Muldoon, K. 09/2007 In: Developmental Science. 10, 5, p. 694-711 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Kidnapping: a criminal profile of persons convicted 1979-2001.

Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J. & Ackerley, E. 01/2007 In: Behavioral Sciences and the Law. 25, 1, p. 69 - 84 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Discussion on the paper by Handcock, Raftery and Tantrum.

Greenwood, P. E., Francis, B. J. & 47 others Snijders, T. A. B., Robinson, T., Atkinson, A. C., Riani, M., Gormley, I. C., Murphy, T. B., Sweeting, T., Leslie, D. S., Longford, N. T., Kent, J. T., Lawrance, T., Airoldi, E. M., Besag, J., Blei, D., Fienberg, S. E., Breiger, R., Butts, C. T., Doreian, P., Batagelj, V., Ferligoj, A., Draper, D., Van Duijn, M. A. J., Faust, K., Petrescu-Prahova, M., Forster, J. J., Gelman, A., Goodreau, S. M., Gruenberg, K. T., Hennig, C., Hoff, P. D., Hunter, D. R., Husmeier, D., Glasbey, C., Krackhardt, D., Kuha, J., Skrondal, A., Lawson, A., Liao, T. F., Mendes, B., Draper, D., Reinert, G., Richardson, S., Lewin, A., Titterington, D. M., Wasserman, S., Werhli, A. V. & Ghazal, P. 03/2007 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society). 170, 2, p. 322-354

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Effects of finger markers on the kinematics of reaching movements in young children and adults.

Domellof, E., Hopkins, B., Francis, B. & Ronnqvist, L. 11/2007 In: Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 23, 4, p. 315 - 321 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A paired comparison approach for the analysis of sets of Likert-scale responses.

Dittrich, R., Francis, B., Hatzinger, R. & Katzenbeisser, W. 04/2007 In: Statistical Modelling. 7, 1, p. 3 - 28

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Estimation issues and generational changes in modelling criminal career length

Francis, B. J., Piquero, A. R. & Soothill, K. 01/2007 In: Crime & Delinquency. 53, 1, p. 84-105 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A latent Markov model for detecting patterns of criminal activity.

Francis, B. J., Bartolucci, F. & Pennoni, F. 01/2007 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society). 170, 1, p. 115-132 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Modelling Change: New Opportunities in the Analysis of Microgenetic Data.

Cheshire, A., Muldoon, K. P., Francis, B., Lewis, C. N. & Ball, L. J. 02/2007 In: Infant and Child Development. 16, 1, p. 119-134 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2006

Modelling dependency in multivariate paired comparisons: a log-linear approach.

Dittrich, R., Francis, B., Hatzinger, R. & Katzenbeisser, W. 09/2006 In: Mathematical Social Sciences. 52, 2, p. 197-209 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Socioeconomic lifecourse influences on women's smoking status in early adulthood.

Graham, H., Francis, B., Inskip, H. M. & Harman, J. 03/2006 In: Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 60, 3, p. 228-233 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Pathways of disadvantage and smoking careers: evidence and policy implications.

Graham, H., Inskip, H. M., Francis, B. & Harman, J. 09/2006 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 60, Supple 2, p. ii7-ii12

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Socioeconomic gradients in smoking among young women: a British survey.

Harman, J., Graham, H., Francis, B., Inskip, H. M. & Southampton Women Study Group 1/12/2006 In: Social Science & Medicine. 63, 11, p. 2791-2800 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Socioeconomic lifecourse influences on women's smoking status in early adulthood.

Graham, H., Francis, B., Inskip, H. M., Harman, J. & Southampton Women Study Group 1/03/2006 In: Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 60, 3, p. 228-233 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2005

Developing Measures of Severity and Frequency of Reconviction

Francis, B., Soothill, K., Humphreys, L. & Cutajar Bezzina, A. 2005 86 p.

Research output: Working paper

Predicting Reconviction Rates in Northern Ireland

Francis, B., Harman, J. & Humphreys, L. 2005 Belfast: Northern Ireland Office. 16 p. (Research and Statistical Bulletin; vol. 2005, no. 7/2005)

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

Identifying future repeat danger from sexual offenders against children: a focus on those convicted and those strongly suspected of such crime.

Soothill, K., Harman, J., Francis, B. & Kirby, S. 1/06/2005 In: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 16, 2, p. 225-247 23 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Statistical modelling in GLIM4

Aitkin, M., Francis, B. J. & Hinde, J. 05/2005 2nd ed. ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 572 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Grouping cancer patients by psychosocial needs.

Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J., Awwad, F., Morris, S. M., Thomas, C. & McIllmurrary, M. 2005 In: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology. 22, 2, p. 90-109 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

What is the future repeat danger from sexual offenders against children?: implications for policing

Soothill, K. J., Harman, J., Francis, B. J. & Kirby, S. 2005 In: Police Journal. 78, 1, p. 37-45 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Explaining changing patterns of crime: a focus on burglary and age-period-cohort models

Francis, B. & Soothill, K. J. 2005 Questioning crime and criminology. Peelo, M. & Soothill, K. (eds.). Cullompton: Willan, p. 102-119 18 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Who is most at risk of becoming a convicted rapist?: the likelihood of a rape conviction among the 1966 birth cohort in Denmark

Christofferson, M. N., Soothill, K. L. & Francis, B. J. 06/2005 In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention. 61, 1, p. 39-56 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2004

Fitting paired comparison models in R.

Hatzinger, R. & Francis, B. 2004 Vienna: Department of Statistics and Mathematics, WU Wien

Research output: Working paper

Perjury and false statements: a criminal profile of persons convicted, 1979-2001.

Soothill, K. & Francis, B. J. 2004 In: Criminal Law Review. p. 926-935 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Fewer convicted but more imprisoned.

Soothill, K. & Francis, B. J. 05/2004 In: Magistrate. 60, 5, p. 144-145 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Gay homicide victims in England and Wales: helping the police with their enquiries.

Leahy, S., Francis, B. J. & Miller, N. 2004 London: Home Office, 33 p.(Home Office Special Interest Series; vol. 17)

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

Using homicide data to assist murder investigations.

Francis, B., Barry, J., Bowater, R., Miller, N., Soothill, K. & Ackerley, E. 2004 London: Home Office, 58 p.(Home Office Online Report; vol. 26/04)

Research output: Working paper

Newspaper reporting and the public construction of homicide.

Peelo, M., Francis, B., Pearson, J., Soothill, K. & Ackerley, E. 03/2004 In: British Journal of Criminology. 44, 2, p. 256-275 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The reporting trajectories of top homicide cases in the media: a case study of The Times.

Soothill, K., Peelo, M. T., Pearson, J. & Francis, B. 01/2004 In: The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. 43, 1, p. 1-14 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Multiple cohort data, delinquent generations and criminal careers.

Francis, B. J., Ackerley, E. & Soothill, K. 05/2004 In: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice. 20, 2, p. 103-126 24 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Identifying patterns of offending behaviour: a new approach to typologies of crime.

Francis, B. J., Fligelstone, R. & Soothill, K. 2004 In: European Journal of Criminology. 1, 1, p. 48-87 40 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Profiles of crime recruitment: changing patterns over time.

Ackerley, E., Francis, B. & Soothill, K. 8/04/2004 In: British Journal of Criminology. 44, 3, p. 401-418 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The criminal careers of arsonists

Soothill, K., Ackerley, E. & Francis, B. J. 01/2004 In: Medicine, Science and the Law. 44, 1, p. 27-40 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Extending the Cochran rule for the comparison of word frequencies between corpora

Rayson, P., Berridge, D. & Francis, B. 03/2004 p. 926-936 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paper

2003

Modelling repeated paired comparisons: an example from the British Household Panel Study

Dittrich, R., Francis, B. & Katzenbeisser, W. 2003 Proceedings of the 18th International Workshop on Statistical Modelling, Leuven, Belgium. Verbeke, G., Molenberghs, G., Aerts, M. & Fieuws, S. (eds.). Leuven: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, p. 119-124 6 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Place of death: analysis of cancer deaths in part of North West England.

Gatrell, A. C., Harman, J. C., Francis, B. J., Thomas, C., Morris, S. M. & McIllmurray, M. 03/2003 In: Journal of Public Health Medicine. 25, 1, p. 53-58 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The persistent offenders debate: a focus on temporal changes.

Soothill, K. L., Ackerley, E. & Francis, B. J. 1/11/2003 In: Criminal Justice. 3, 4, p. 389-412 24 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Psychosocial needs in cancer patients related to religious belief.

McIllmurray, M. B., Francis, B. J., Harman, J. C., Morris, S. M., Soothill, K. L. & Thomas, C. 1/01/2003 In: Palliative Medicine. 17, 1, p. 49-54 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Measuring accessibility for remote rural populations.

Kelly, M., Flowerdew, R., Francis, B. J. & Harman, J. C. 2003 Socio-economic applications of geographical information science.. Kidner, D. B., Higgs, G. & White, S. D. (eds.). London: Taylor and Francis, p. 199-222 24 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

The universal, situational, and personal needs of cancer patients and their main carers.

Soothill, K. L., Morris, S. M., Thomas, C., Harman, J. C., Francis, B. & McIllmurray, M. B. 2003 In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing. 7, 1, p. 5-13 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

An upbringing to violence?: identifying the likelihood of violent crime among the 1966 birth cohort in Denmark.

Christoffersen, M. N., Francis, B. & Soothill, K. 2003 In: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 14, 2, p. 367-381 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2002

The Police National Computer and the Offenders Index: can they be combined for research purposes?

Francis, B., Crosland, P. & Harman, J. 2002 Home Office. 4 p. (Home Office Research Findings; no. 170)

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

The Police National Computer and the Offenders Index: can they be combined for research purposes? Full Report

Francis, B. & Crosland, P. 2002 London: Home Office. 92 p. (Home Office Online Report; vol. 04/02)

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

Analysing partial ranks by using smoothed paired comparison methods: an investigation of value orientation in Europe.

Francis, B., Dittrich, R., Hatzinger, R. & Penn, R. D. 1/07/2002 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics). 51, 3, p. 319-336 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Homicide and the media: identifying the top cases in The Times

Ackerley, E., Peelo, M. T., Francis, B. J., Soothill, K. & Pearson, J. 1/12/2002 In: The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. 41, 5, p. 401-421 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Place of final care and death: patterns and preferences among cancer patients in the Morecambe Bay health authority.

Morris, S. M., Harman, J. C., Gatrell, A. C., Francis, B. J. & Thomas, C. 04/2002 Proceedings of the palliative care congress. Sheffield

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Patterns of offending behaviour: a new approach (Full report)

Soothill, K., Francis, B. & Fligelstone, R. 2002 London: Home Office. 105 p. (Home Office Research Findings; vol. 171)

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsMonograph

Murder and serious sexual assault: what criminal histories can reveal about future serious offending.: Supplementary tables

Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J., Ackerley, E., Fligelstone, R. & Ranalli, G. 2002 Murder and serious sexual assault: what criminal histories can reveal about future serious offending. 144 ed. London: Home Office, (Police research series paper)

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Cancer and faith: does it make a difference among cancer patients and their informal carers?

Soothill, K. L., Morris, S., Harman, J., Thomas, C., Francis, B. J. & McIllmurray, M. B. 09/2002 In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. 16, 3, p. 256-263 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Exploring the relationship between homicide and level of violence in Great Britain

Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J. & Ackerley, E. 2002 In: Security Journal. 15, 3, p. 256-263 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Moral panics and the aftermath: a study of incest

Soothill, K. L. & Francis, B. J. 02/2002 In: Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law. 24, 1, p. 1-17 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Gender, ethics and social work: An international study of students' perceptions at entry into social work education

D'Cruz, H., Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J. & Christie, A. 04/2002 In: International Social Work. 45, 2, p. 149-165 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2001

The psychosocial needs of cancer patients and their main carers.

Thomas, C., Morris, S., McIllmurray, M. B., Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J. & Harman, J. C. 2001 Lancaster: University of Lancaster

Research output: Other contribution

A new approach for ranking crime seriousness: the use of paired comparison methodology.

Francis, B. J., Soothill, K. L. & Dittrich, R. 2001 In: British Journal of Criminology. 41, 4, p. 726-737 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The significant unmet needs of cancer patients: probing psychosocial concerns.

Soothill, K. L., Morris, S., Harman, J., Francis, B. J., Thomas, C. & McIllmurray, M. B. 11/2001 In: Supportive Care in Cancer. 9, 8, p. 597-605 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Informal carers of cancer patients: what are their unmet psychosocial needs?

Soothill, K. L., Morris, S., Harman, J., Francis, B. J., Thomas, C. & McIllmurray, M. B. 11/2001 In: Health and Social Care in the Community. 9, 6, p. 464-475 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The psychosocial needs of cancer patients: findings from an observational study.

McIllmurray, M. B., Thomas, C., Francis, B. J., Morris, S., Soothill, K. L. & Al-Hamad, A. 12/2001 In: European Journal of Cancer Care. 10, 4, p. 261-269 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2000

Visualization of criminal careers

Francis, B. & Pritchard, J. 28/02/2000 Visual Data Exploration and Analysis VII. Erbacher, R. F., Chen, P. C., Roberts, J. C. & Wittenbrink, C. M. (eds.). SPIE, Vol. 3960, p. 96-105 10 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Random effects models for ranked data: an example from a survey of student social workers

Francis, B. & Dittrich, R. 2000 Social science methodology in the new millennium: proceedings of the fifth international conference on logic and methodology [CDROM]. Blasius, J. (ed.). Cologne: German Social Science Infrastructure Services (GESIS)

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

The psychosocial needs in cancer: a patient survey.

McIllmurray, M., Morris, S. M., Thomas, C., Soothill, K. L. & Francis, B. J. 10/2000 Proceedings of the 25th ESMO congress. Hamburg

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

The geography of survival from colo-rectal cancer.

Kim, Y-E., Gatrell, A. C. & Francis, B. J. 04/2000 In: Social Science and Medicine. 50, 7-8, p. 1099-1107 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Sex offenders: specialists, generalists - or both?

Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J., Sanderson, B. & Ackerley, E. 2000 In: British Journal of Criminology. 40, 1, p. 56-67 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Judgement of conviction?

Soothill, K. L. & Francis, B. J. 2000 In: Police Review. p. 22-23 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Psychological needs in cancer: a patient survey.

McIllmurray, M. B., Morris, S., Thomas, C., Soothill, K. L. & Francis, B. J. 2000 In: Annals of Oncology. 11, Supple, p. 678 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Does sex offending lead to homicide?

Francis, B. J. & Soothill, K. L. 04/2000 In: Journal of Forensic Psychology. 11, 1, p. 49-61 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Competing risks, persistence and desistance in analyzing recidivism.

Escarela, G., Francis, B. J. & Soothill, K. L. 12/2000 In: Journal of Quantitative Criminology. 16, 4, p. 385-414 30 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1999

TRAMSS website: teaching resources and materials for social scientists

Wiggins, D., Beedham, H., Francis, B., Goldstein, H., Hanavy, M., Harman, J., Leyland, A., Rasbash, J. & Smith, F. 1999

Research output: Non-textual formWeb publication/site

What are the ‘needs’ of cancer patients and their main carers? [Poster]

Thomas, C., Morris, S., McIllmurray, M. B., Soothill, K., Ledwith, F., Francis, B. & Al-Hamad, A. 1999

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Homicide in Britain: a comparative study of rates in Scotland and England and Wales.

Soothill, K., Francis, B. J., Ackerley, E. & Collett, S. 1999 Edinburgh: Scottish Executive Central Research Unit. 121 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

White-collars and black sheep: a twenty-year criminological follow-up of white-collar ex-offenders.

Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J. & Escarela, G. 1999 In: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology. 32, 3, p. 303-314 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Homicide in Britain: a comparative study of rates in Scotland and England and Wales.

Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J., Ackerley, E. & Collett, S. 1999 In: Crime and Criminal Justice Research Findings. 36

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Reviewing the pantheon of sexual offending.

Soothill, K. L. & Francis, B. J. 1999 In: Amicus Curiae. 17, p. 4-8 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The taxonomic status of Tilia Dasystyla in Crimea, Ukraine.

Pigott, C. D. & Francis, B. J. 1999 In: Edinburgh Journal of Botany. 56, 2, p. 161-174 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The psychosocial needs of cancer patients and their main carers.

Thomas, C., Morris, S. M., McIllmurray, M. B., Soothill, K. L., Ledwith, F., Francis, B. J. & Al-Hamad, A. 09/1999 Proceedings of the Lancaster University industry conference. Lancaster: University of Lancaster

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

What are the 'needs' of cancer patients and their main carers?

Thomas, C., Morris, S., McIllmurray, M. B., Soothill, K. L., Ledwith, F. & Francis, B. J. 09/1999 Proceedings of the ECCO European Cancer Conference. Vienna

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

What are the 'needs' of cancer patients and their main carers?

Thomas, C., Morris, S., McIllmurray, M. B., Soothill, K. L., Ledwith, F. & Francis, B. J. 1999 In: European Journal of Cancer. 35, Supplement 4, p. s21-s22

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1998

The use of visualisation in the examination of categorical event histories.

Francis, B., Fuller, M. & Pritchard, J. 1998 Visualisation of Categorical Data. Blasius, J. & Greenacre, M. (eds.). New York: Academic Press

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Visualisation of historical events using Lexis pencils: a case study

Francis, B. & Pritchard, J. 1998 Case studies of visualisation in the social sciences: technical report. Unwin, D. & Fisher, P. (eds.). Bristol: JISC Advisory group on Computer Graphics, 14 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Bertin, Lexis and the graphical representation of event histories.

Francis, B. & Pritchard, J. 06/1998 In: Bulletin du Comite Francais de Cartographie. 156, p. 80-88 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The responses of Briza media and Koeleria manrantha to drought and re-watering.

Milnes, K. J., Davies, W. J., Rodwell, J. S. & Francis, B. J. 08/1998 In: Functional Ecology. 12, 4, p. 665-672 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Poisoned chalice or just deserts? (The Sex Offenders Act 1997).

Soothill, K. L. & Francis, B. J. 09/1998 In: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 9, 2, p. 281-293 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Paedophilia and paedophiles.

Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J. & Ackerley, E. 1998 In: New Law Journal. 148, 6844, p. 882-892 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

When do sex offenders stop offending?

Ackerley, E., Soothill, K. L. & Francis, B. J. 1998 In: Home Office Research Bulletin. 39, p. 51-58 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1997

Sexual reconvictions and the Sex Offenders Act 1997 part 2

Soothill, K. & Francis, B. 1997 In: New Law Journal. 147, 6807, p. 1324-1325 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The odds in favour of the genitive: a study of gradience in English

Leech, G., Francis, B. & Xu, X. 1997 The Locus of meaning: papers in honour of Yoshihiko Ikeganu. Yamanaka, K. & Ohori, T. (eds.). Tokyo: Kuroshi

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

The use of visualisation in the examination of work and life histories

Francis, B. 1997 Visualization and modelling. Earnshaw, R., Vince, J. & Jones, H. (eds.). New York: Academic Press

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

A cautionary tale: the sex offenders act 1997, the police and cautions.

Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J. & Sanderson, B. 1997 In: Criminal Law Review. p. 482-490 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The value of finding employment for white-collar ex-offenders: a twenty-year criminological follow-up.

Soothill, K. L., Francis, B. J. & Ackerley, E. 1997 In: British Journal of Criminology. 37, 4, p. 582-592 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Sexual reconvictions and the Sex Offenders Act 1997 part 1

Soothill, K. L. & Francis, B. J. 1997 In: New Law Journal. 147, 6806, p. 1285-1286 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Involvement of deprivation and environmental lead in neural tube defects: a matched case-control study.

Bound, J. P., Harvey, P. W., Francis, B. J., Awwad, F. & Gatrell, T. 02/1997 In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 76, 2, p. 107-112 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Neural tube defects 1974-96: down but not out.

Bound, J. P., Francis, B. J. & Harvey, P. W. 05/1997 In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 76, 3, p. F214

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1996

NHS nursing: vocation, career or just a job? An application of latent class analysis.

Francis, B., Peelo, M. & Soothill, K. 1996 Themes and Perspectives in Nursing. Soothill, K., Hendry, C. & Kendrick, K. (eds.). 2nd ed. ed. London: Chapman and Hall, p. 56-75

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

A strong case for sharing conviction.

Soothill, K. L., Ackerley, E. & Francis, B. J. 1996 In: People Management. 2, 13, p. 36-38 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Visualisation of event histories.

Francis, B. J. & Fuller, M. 1996 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society). 159, 2, p. 301-308 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Gassing during the growth of bacteriological infection.

Whittaker, J. C., Francis, B. J. & Whittaker, J. 1996 In: Student. 1, 3, p. 211-214 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1995

Statistical modelling: Proceedings of the 10th International Workshop on Statistical Modelling. Innsbruck, Austria, 10-14 July, 1995

Seeber, G. (ed.), Francis, B. (ed.), Hatzinger, R. (ed.) & Steckel-Berger, G. (ed.) 1995 Berlin: Springer Verlag. 344 p. (Lecture Notes in Statistics; vol. 104)

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsAnthology

Non-parametric hazard versus non-parametric frailty distribution in modelling recurrence of breast-cancer.

dos Santos, D. M., Davies, R. B. & Francis, B. J. 1/10/1995 In: Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference. 47, 1-2, p. 111-127 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Fitting bilinear models in GLIM.

de Falguerolles, A. & Francis, B. J. 1995 In: GLIM Newsletter. 25, p. 9-20 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Downs-Syndrome - prevalence and ionizing-radiation in an area of north-west England, 1957-1991.

Bound, J. P., Francis, B. J. & Harvey, P. W. 04/1995 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 49, 2, p. 164-170 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Fitting overdispersed generalized linear models by non-parametric maximum likelihood.

Aitkin, M. & Francis, B. J. 1995 In: GLIM Newsletter. 25, p. 37-45 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1994

Fitting power models to two-way contingency tables.

de Falguerolles, A. & Francis, B. 1994 Compstat 1994: Proceedings in Computational Statistics: 11th Symposium held in Vienna, Austria, 1994. Dutter, R. & Grossman, W. (eds.). Heidelberg: Physica Verlag, p. 470-475 6 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Algorithmic approaches to fitting bilinear models for two-way contingency tables.

de Falguerolles, A. & Francis, B. 1994 New Approaches in Classification and Data Analysis: Studies in Classification, Data Analysis, and Knowledge Organization. Diday, E., Lechevallier, Y., Schader, M., Bertrand, P. & Burtschy, B. (eds.). Berlin: Springer Verlag, p. 518-524 7 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Software for routine record linkage in public health.

Stott, D., Francis, B. & Wain, R. 1994 Current Perspectives in Healthcare Computing 1994: Conference proceedings.. Weybridge: British Journal of Healthcare Computing, p. 681-686

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

The use of computer corpora in the textual demonstrability of gradience in linguistic categories.

Leech, G., Francis, B. & Xu, X. 1994 Continuity in Linguistic Semantics. Fuchs, C. & Victorri, B. (eds.). John Benjamins Publishing Company, p. 57-76 20 p. (Lingvisticæ Investigationes Supplementa; vol. 19)

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Towards a phenomenology of skill.

Penn, R. & Francis, B. 1994 Skill and occupational change. Penn, R., Rose, M. & Rubery, J. (eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 223-243 21 p. (Social change and economic life initiative)

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

The standard spending assessment as a measure of spending needs in a non-metropolitan district.

Flowerdew, R., Francis, B. J. & Lucas, S. 1994 In: Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy. 12, 1, p. 1-13 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1993

The GLIM System: Release 4 Manual

Francis, B., Green, M. & Payne, C. 1993 Oxford: Clarendon Press. 840 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

The research performance of UK universities: a statistical analysis of the results of the 1989 research Selectivity Exercise

Johnes, J., Taylor, J. & Francis, B. 1993 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society). 156, 2, p. 271-286 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Generalised additive models in GLIM4.

Stasinopoulos, D. M. & Francis, B. J. 1993 In: GLIM Newsletter. 22, p. 30-36 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Geographic influences on the uptake of infant immunisations: 2: disaggregate analyses.

Senior, M. L., New, S. J., Gatrell, T. & Francis, B. J. 1993 In: Environment and Planning A. 25, 4, p. 467-479 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Geographic influences on the uptake of infant immunisations: 1: concepts, models and aggregate analyses.

Senior, M. L., New, S. J., Gatrell, T. & Francis, B. J. 1993 In: Environment and Planning A. 25, 3, p. 425-436 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Statistical modelling of university conditional offer requirements.

Francis, B. J., Barry, J. & Fulton, O. 1993 In: Studies in Higher Education. 18, 1, p. 27-42 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1992

Medical applications in GLIM4

Swan, T. & Francis, B. 1992 Advances in GLIM and Statistical Modelling.. Fahrmeir, L., Francis, B., Gilchrist, R. & Tutz, G. (eds.). Berlin: Springer Verlag

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Model fitting applications in GLIM4

Francis, B., Green, M. & Clarke, M. 1992 Advances in GLIM and Statistical Modelling. Fahrmeir, L., Francis, B., Gilchrist, R. & Tutz, G. (eds.). Berlin: Springer Verlag

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Advances in GLIM and Statistical Modelling: Proceedings of the GLIM92 Conference and the 7th International Workshop on Statistical Modelling

Fahrmeir, L., Francis, B., Gilchrist, R. & Tutz, G. 1992 Berlin: Springer Verlag. 225 p. (Lecture Notes in Statistics; vol. 78)

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Statistical modelling: a selection of papers from the 6. International Workshop on Statistical Modelling, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 15-19 July, 1991

Van Der Heijden, P., Jansen, W., Francis, B. & Seeber, G. 1992 Amsterdam: Elsevier. 354 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Fitting the Multinomial model with continuous covariates in GLIM.

Aitkin, M. & Francis, B. 06/1992 In: Computational Statistics and Data Analysis. 14, 1, p. 89-97 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Algorithmic approaches for fitting bilinear models.

de Falguerolles, A. & Francis, B. 1992 Computational Statistics Vol. 1: COMPSTAT Proceedings of the 10th Symposium on Computational Statistics, Neuchatel, Switzerland, August 199. Dodge, Y. & Whittaker, J. (eds.). Heidelberg: Physica Verlag

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

1991

Progress towards the early diagnosis of forest decline.

Wolfenden, J., Cape, J. N., Francis, B., Melhorn, H. & Wellburn, A. 1991 Acid Depositions in Europe: Environmental Effects, Strategies and Policy Options. Chadwick, M. J. & Hutton, M. (eds.). Stockholm: Stockholm Environment Institute, p. 59-79 21 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Neural tube defects, maternal cohorts and age: a pointer to etiology.

Bound, J. P., Francis, B. & Harvey, P. W. 10/1991 In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 66, 10, p. 1223–1226 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Factors influencing herbivory by insects on oak trees in pure stands and paired mixtures.

Moore, R. & Francis, B. 04/1991 In: Journal of Applied Ecology. 28, 1, p. 305-317 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Effects of over-winter fumigation with sulfur and nitrogen dioxides on biochemical parameters and spring growth in red spruce

Wolfenden, J., Pearson, M. & Francis, B. 01/1991 In: Plant, Cell and Environment. 14, 1, p. 35-45 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A remark on algorithm AS121 - The Trigamma Function,

Francis, B. 1991 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics). 40, 3, p. 514-515 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

NHS nursing: Vocation, career or just a job? An application of latent class analysis.

Francis, B., Peelo, M. & Soothill, K. 1991 Themes and Perspectives in Nursing. Soothill, K., Hendry, C. & Kendrick, K. (eds.). London: Chapman and Hall, p. 56-75 20 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

1990

GLIM4 - developments in model fitting

Francis, B., Green, M. & Bradley, M. 1990 COMPSTAT90: Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Computational Statistics. Momirovic, K. & Mildner, V. (eds.). Heidelberg: Physica Verlag, p. 323-326 4 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Software for logistic-normal mixture models

Francis, B. & Barry, J. 1990 COMPSTAT90: Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Computational Statistics. Momirovic, K. & Mildner, V. (eds.). Heidelberg: Physica Verlag, p. 39-40 2 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Graphical representation of work histories

Francis, B., Barry, J. & Walby, S. 1990 In: Quaderni di Statistica e Matematica Applicata alle scienze Economico-Sociali. 12, 1, p. 66-74 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1989

Nursing the statistics: a demonstration study of nurse turnover and retention

Barry, J., Soothill, K. & Francis, B. 07/1989 In: Journal of Advanced Nursing. 14, 7, p. 528-535 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

GLIM4: structure and development

Francis, B., Green, M. & Bradley, M. 1989 Statistical Modelling: Proceedings of GLIM 89 and the 4th International Workshop on Statistical Modelling. Decarli, A., Francis, B., Gilchrist, R. & Seeber, G. (eds.). Berlin: Springer-Verlag, (Lecture Notes in Statistics; vol. 57)

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

SABRE 2.0: software for the analysis of binary recurrent events.

Barry, J., Francis, B. & Davies, R. 1989 Statistical modelling: proceedings of GLIM 89 and the 4th International Workshop on Statistical Modelling. Decarli, A., Francis, B., Gilchrist, R. & Seeber, G. (eds.). Berlin: Springer-Verlag, (Lecture Notes in Statistics; vol. 57)

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Statistical modelling: proceedings of GLIM 89 and the 4th Internat. Workshop on Statist. Modelling held in Trento, Italy, July 17-21, 1989

Francis, B., Decarli, A., Gilchrist, R. & Seeber, G. 1989 Berlin: Springer Verlag. 343 p. (Lecture Notes in Statistics; vol. 57)

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Seasonal prevalence of major congenital malformations in the Fylde of Lancaster 1957-1981

Bound, J. P., Harvey, P. W. & Francis, B. 1989 In: Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 43, 4, p. 330-342 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1988

Statistical Modelling in GLIM

Aitkin, M., Anderson, D., Francis, B. & Hinde, J. 1988 Oxford: Clarendon Press. 374 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Use of carotenoid ratios, ethylene emissions and buffer capacities for the early diagnosis of forest decline.

Wolfenden, J., Robinson, D. C., Cape, J. N., Paterson, I. S., Francis, B., Mehlhorn, H. & Wellburn, A. 05/1988 In: New Phytologist. 109, 1, p. 85-95 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Growth responses and delayed winter hardening in Sitka Spruce following summer exposure to ozone.

Lucas, P., Cottam, D. A., Sheppard, L. J. & Francis, B. 04/1988 In: New Phytologist. 108, 4, p. 495-504 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Prediction of the probability of forest decline damage to Norway spruce using three simple site-independent diagnostic parameters

Mehlhorn, H., Francis, B. & Wellburn, A. 12/1988 In: New Phytologist. 110, 4, p. 525-534 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1987

Une étude comparative d'analyses des correspondances ou de classifications et des modèles de variables latentes ou de classes latentes

Aitkin, M., Francis, B. & Raynal, N. 1987 In: Revue de Statistique Appliquée. 35, 3, p. 53-82 30 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

GLIM3.77 Macro Library Handbook. Software and documentation.: Release 1.1 of Library

Francis, B. 1987 Oxford: Numerical Algorithms Group (NAG).

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

1986

Fitting correspondence analysis models in GLIM.

Francis, B. & Saint Pierre, J. 1986 COMPSTAT 86: Proceedings in Computational Statistics, Seventh Symposium. Rizzi, A. & Vichi, M. (eds.). Heidelberg: Physica Verlag, p. 255-256 2 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Teaching computational statistics on workstations

Francis, B. & Whittaker, J. 1986 COMPSTAT 86: Proceedings in Computational Statistics, Seventh Symposium. Rizzi, A. & Vichi, M. (eds.). Heidelberg: Physica Verlag, p. 477-482 6 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

1985

GLIM 3.77 User Guide

Baker, R., Clarke, M., Francis, B., Green, M., Nelder, J., Payne, C. & Webb, J. 1985 Oxford: Numerical Algorithms Group (NAG).

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Generalised linear models: proceedings of the second international conference on Generalised Linear Models

Gilchrist, R., Francis, B. & Whittaker, J. 1985 Berlin: Springer Verlag. 178 p. (Lecture Notes in Statistics; vol. 32)

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

1984

The use of computerised records in a university student counselling service

Corless, C., Francis, B. & Rogers, R. 1984 In: Journal of the British Association for Counselling. 49, p. 7-12 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1983

A reanalysis of the Stanford heart transplant data: a rejoinder

Aitkin, M., Laird, N. & Francis, B. 06/1983 In: Journal of the American Statistical Association. 78, 382, p. 291-292 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A reanalysis of the Stanford heart transplant data

Aitkin, M., Laird, N. & Francis, B. 06/1983 In: Journal of the American Statistical Association. 78, 382, p. 264-274 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1982

Interactive regression modelling

Aitkin, M. & Francis, B. 06/1982 In: Biometrics. 38, 2, p. 511-513 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

GLIM: a developing system

Francis, B., Hinde, J. & Slater, M. 1982 Computer Science and Statistics: proceedings of the 14th Symposium on the Interface. Heiner, K., Sacher, R. & Wilkinson, J. (eds.). New York: Springer Verlag, p. 190-201 12 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

1981

A study of domiciliary physiotherapy in general practice

Forster, D. P., Francis, B., Frost, C. E. B. & Armstrong, W. D. 1981 In: Community Medicine. 3, p. 14-24 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Health and education expenditure in the United Kingdom: what priority?

Forster, D. P., Francis, B., Frost, C. E. B. & Heath, P. J. 03/1981 In: Health Policy and Education. 2, 1, p. 77-84 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1979

Clinical decision making: a study of general surgery within Trent RHA

Frost, C. E. B. & Francis, B. 1979 In: Social Science and Medicine. 13, 2A, p. 193-198 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1978

Comparison of plasma steroid and gonadotrophin profiles in spontaneous cycles in which conception did and did not occur

Sobowale, O., Lenton, E. A., Francis, B. & Cooke, I. D. 06/1978 In: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 85, 6, p. 460-467 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1977

Physiotherapist's careers

Ward, A. W. M., Davison, C. & Francis, B. 1977 In: Physiotherapy. 63, p. 314-315 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Physiotherapists who trained at Sheffield and St. Thomas' Hospital 1952-1970: Centre eight paper

Ward, A. W. M., Davison, C. & Francis, B. 1977 In: Health and Social Services Journal. 87, 4567, p. F17-F24 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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