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CeMoRe Seminar - Lorenza Mondada
Date: 26 February 2008 Time: 4.15 pm
Organizing co-present and distant actions in surgery (operating and demonstrating the operation)
Lorenza Mondada, ICAR research lab (CNRS) and University of Lyon
Tuesday 26 February - 4.15pm - IAS Building Meeting Room 2
The aim of this paper is to explore one key dimension of social interaction as it can be described in its situated multimodal complexity: multi-activity, or the very fact that parallel courses of action can be simultaneously organized and attended to by participants. This feature of social interaction is made observable by contemporary video technologies allowing to document activity settings in their complexity: this has important consequences especially for the study of workplace practices, although the issue can possibly be extended to other familiar everyday activities.
Thus, the paper aims at tackling both theoretical implications of the use of video recorded data and of the analytical focus on multimodality - claiming that the study of multimodal resources does not just deepen our understanding of the interactional order, but modifies our very conception of what interaction is, as well as the role of language and grammar within social action - and methodological implications for the constitution of data collections and for their transcription.
More particularly, the focus on multi-activity raises questions about the relationship between a) the sequential and temporal order of actions as it is locally accomplished by participants and b) the organization of various streams of simultaneous, parallel although intertwined actions - taking into account the very fact that the finely tuned coordination of multimodal resources in interaction does not only manifest consequential implicativeness and sequential relationships but also more complex arrangements of actions in space and time. The very conception of temporality (both in the sense of successivity relations and of simultaneity relations), which is fundamental for the study of the interactional order, is therefore here at stake.
These questions will be discussed through an empirical analysis based on video data recorded during surgical procedures in the operating room of a big french hospital. The activity involved here is multiple in the sense that the operation is not only accomplished by the surgical team, but also demonstrated and explained by the chief surgeon to a distant videoconnected audience. The surgeon faces the pratical problem of how to sequentially organize and embed practices related to the operation (such as instructions to the co-present team) and practices related to its demonstration (such as anatomy descriptions, addressed to a distant audience). The analysis reveals how different geographies of action are coordinated within the organization of the surgical action.
Who can attend: Anyone
Keywords: Film, Language, Science, technology and society, Sociology, Surgery, Video
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