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Taught LLM, MA, MSc Degrees and Diploma
Please note that the availability of modules varies from year to year. The ones offered will depend both on the availability of staff (which is normally known by May for the following October), as well as the numbers of students enrolling for the programme and for each module (which often is not definite until the beginning of the academic year, in October). Please visit our PhD/MPhil pages if you are looking for LLM by Research.
This module is comusory to students on the MA/LLM in bioethics and Medical Law. It introduces students to legal concepts such as tort and crime as they relate to medical law, and to the ethical principles associated with medical law, including autonomy and rights. These will be expanded upon in subsequent modules. Students will begin to develop skills in various methods of legal research, writing and presentation which are vital to the degree programme as a whole. Substantive topics through which these concepts and skills will be introduced include:
This module is compulsory to students on the LLM/MA in Bioethics and Medical Law itcovers topics related to the beginning and end of life, , including
This module critically discusses a range of ethical and legal issues applicable to global health, threats to global health and international markets in organs/tissues: expresses an understanding of legal and philosophical definitions of health rights and how they are related; apply their understanding of abstract theoretical issues to ‘real life’ examples: critically discusses the various and current governance debates about commodification of tissues treatment, health tourism, the adjudication of health care rights and the reconceptualization of public health; reflect in a rigours way upon the advantages and limitation of plural systems of norm and law production at an international level legislation.
Intellectual Property. Intellectual property basically examines the legal protection of the expression of ideas. The study of intellectual property is increasingly important in an age in which creative and technical innovation is fundamental to economic development. This course provides an introduction to the key legal principles and political issues underpinning intellectual property protection.
This module provides an introductory but in-depth coverage of the main areas of English law and practice relating to Corporate Governance against the background of company law theory, the "stakeholder debate", comparative corporate law, regulation, globalisation and human rights. Comparative reference will be made where appropriate to relevant parts of the law in Continental Europe, the USA, Australia, Canada, China and New Zealand. The significance of the European Convention on Human Rights and international law will also be considered. By the end of the course students should have a sound grasp through the seminars and readings of the major legal regimes governing corporate governance and the central questions and debates arising from corporate governance.
An introduction to the basic law and institutions of the EU and the Single Market. It covers the principles of EU law and its relation to national law and the nature of EU and EU institutions; the freedom of movement of goods, persons, services and capital; the principle of mutual recognition and the basis of EU regulation of business; EU competition law covering restrictive agreements and mergers/acquisitions and its relation to national laws.
This module examines contemporary competition law. Beginning with an examination of EC competition law, as it is the leading model for the development of competition regimes at a global level, but also discussing parallel developments in the US and UK. Issues to be examined include the antitrust prohibitions, which control market power and cartels, and merger control. This is another fast-moving and unpredictable area where the details of material covered will change from year to year in order to keep up to date.
The module provides an introduction to the character and basic issues of international law, and to some current international legal topics. It covers the nature and sources of international law, its relationship to national and transnational law, statehood, self-determination and independence, sovereignty and jurisdiction and some selected topics, such as law of the sea, international environmental law. The module is aimed at providing the sufficient background for students to be able to study specific areas of international law in depth.
This focuses on the international legal and institutional framework for the regulation of transnational business, and analyse the nature of legal and regulatory arrangements as they operate in the international business environment. National laws affecting international investment and their regulation under international law. Forms of international law affecting transnational business (bilateral and miltlateral treaties, codes of conduct, decisions of international organisations.) The basic principles of GATT, and the structure and role of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and its relationship to other areas of global regulation affecting business, especially health and environmental protection, and product standards. International aspects of intellectual property rights. Regulatory aspects of the internationalisation of services, especially financial services.
This module aims to study the development of international environmental concerns and the "greening" of International Law; International legal responses towards the preservation of the species and eco-systems, the conservation of energy and environmentally sustainable industrial process; International Conventions and Protocols in relation to the environment; the relationship of International Law and European Union law concerning the environment and its future development.
The students will in this module be introduced to various theories of human rights, including those of Natural law, positivism, universalism and cultural relativism. Further, this module provides an overview of the various rights protected through international instruments, as well as giving a general introduction to the regional and universal systems for human rights promotion. The course gives special emphasis to the UN human rights system and to the European Convention on Human Rights. The issues will be addressed in a manner which will be accessible to students with a law background or a social science background, although all will be expected to have some knowledge of international law.
The main objectives of this module are to present the fundamental concepts, theories, and background information pertaining to terrorism, as well as the international community's and national responses through legal instruments. The module seeks to examine the contemporary challenges of terrorism that confront the international community. To achieve this, the course is designed as a survey of relevant issues with the aim to present a complete coverage as possible. Case studies will be selected to demonstrate certain trends and global developments with respect to terrorism. The module will adopt a cross-disciplinary approach, and undertake a general examination of the legal, socio-economic, political, and cultural structures of global society. The course seeks to strike a balance between these general and specific approaches.
This module will provide LLM candidates with the opportunity to study the fundamentals of insolvency law in the UK: this subject is rarely taught at undergraduate level in this country but is of growing social importance with the massive increase in insolvency in society. Both corporate and personal insolvency will be covered. A critical appraisal of the current UK insolvency institutions will be at the heart of the course. Students should be able to appraise critically UK insolvency law and be in a position to recommend reforms. The coverage of the EC regulation on insolvency proceedings will serve to raise awareness of a range of current EC commercial policies.
This module will provide LLM candidates with the opportunity of being introduced to notions of corporate law as set against the context of a globalised economy. It will enable them to consider the view that national corporate is merely a service which international business can access if attractive to their needs. The pros and cons of such a perspective will be discussed. As part of the analysis candidates will be given the opportunity to examine the strengths and weaknesses of UK corporate law when measured against international standards.
The course seeks to familiarise students with peoples’ rights in international law and the concept of nationhood that lies behind this. It will look at the elements in a national identity. It will consider the legal position of different peoples, including whether groups within states can secede and whether they can do so more easily when oppressed. It will also cover the position of national minorities and indigenous peoples. In addition, the module will include case studies of contemporary national and ethnic conflicts.
The module seeks to familiarise the student with the concept of the international organisation and its rights and obligations under international law. The course will also examine the structure of international organisations, in terms of their organs, and the systems developed by different institutions.
This module covers an important aspect of contracts in the business/commercial context, namely contracts and companies. The course will cover an introductory theoretical overview of the relationship of companies and contract and then explore the central issues relating to the constitution of companies and contracts. The core of the module deals with the legal and policy aspects of contracting by and with companies which is an essential element of a master's course on contract law.
The module will enable students to develop their independent research skills in preparation for the dissertation module and will provide students the opportunity to study an area of law which is currently unavailable within the optional modules.
This module provides an important element in the study of international business law and covers the legal system applicable to disputes over international contracts, assets or the nationality of a corporation.
The module provides an introduction to substantive international criminal law. It introduces students to international crimes. In addition to this, it addresses the role of international courts and tribunals, mixed and hybrid courts and tribunals, as well as developments in national courts. The module also considers key case law, and presents stimulating examples of prosecution and punishment, which are central to the subject. The module examines the merits of international criminal justice and the main challenges that present themselves in this area.
The right to adequate food is one of the fundamental human rights and this module will have its foundation in international human rights law, but will go beyond the legal framework and address the right to adequate food as part of broadly defined food security. The module will also address this right, from a political, social and environmental perspective.
This module will examine the way in which the sources and principles of English and European environmental law have developed, and will investigate the efficacy and effect of environmental law. In particular, students will study the sources, history and wider context of English and European environmental law. The module builds upon this study to explain how the aqueous, atmospheric and terraneous environments are protected by these laws.
In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the 'internationalisation' of family law and the consequent study and practice of family law has become increasingly globalized. Cross border families experience problems which extend beyond national boundaries, often involving the laws of one or more States, and where the parties reside in, or are citizens of, different states. The issues include international adoption, child abduction, divorce, custody and cross boarder maintenance.
This module will complement the International Business Law and Institutions (WTO) module, with its specific analysis of international investment law and international economic law.
This module seeks to examine law in its social and cultural context, focusing specifically on its gendered context. It is socio-legal in emphasis. In other words, the module examines laws less for their own sake than for what they reveal about the role of law, and its operation in practice. In so doing, the module offers both theoretical and practical engagements with the law and assesses the contribution a feminist perspective can offer to understand socio-legal relations. The module will look, for example, at law’s theoretical underpinnings and its assumptions about the individual. The module will explore various areas of both public and private law and examine law’s role in challenging, creating or reproducing gender relations and the ways in which the law is used to reward and punish different forms of gendered and sexual conduct and identity.
The overall aim of this module is to introduce students to the area of law known as transitional justice and to provide an overview of the prevailing themes, issues and challenges faced within the field. The module will allow the students to examine and critically assess the development and efficacy of various institutions and processes designed to deal with grave and systematic human rights violations in countries which are in transition from conflict tor repression to peace
This is a distance learning version of LLM 205. The module provides an introduction to the character and basic issues of international law, and to some current international legal topics. It covers the nature and sources of international law, its relationship to national and transnational law, statehood, self-determination and independence, sovereignty and jurisdiction and some selected topics, such as law of the sea, international environmental law. The module is aimed at providing the sufficient background for students to be able to study specific areas of international law in depth.
This is a distance learning version of LLM 213. The students will in this module be introduced to various theories of human rights, including those of Natural law, positivism, universalism and cultural relativism. Further, this module provides an overview of the various rights protected through international instruments, as well as giving a general introduction to the regional and universal systems for human rights promotion. The course gives special emphasis to the UN human rights system and to the European Convention on Human Rights. The issues will be addressed in a manner which will be accessible to students with a law background or a social science background, although all will be expected to have some knowledge of international law.
This is a distance learning version of LLM 221. The module seeks to familiarise the student with the concept of the international organisation and its rights and obligations under international law. The course will also examine the structure of international organisations, in terms of their organs, and the systems developed by different institutions.
The dissertation is a compulsory component for the LLM degrees and comprises of 80 credits (45%) of the degree weighting. The taught section of the course is considered a foundation for the research and writing of a 20,000 worded dissertation.
The dissertation involves supervised research on a topic of the student's choice, this topic must be approved by the Director of your Degree Programme and be in keeping with the registered LLM degree. Please note that topics can only be approved if the University has sufficient sources for the research and the necessary staff expertise for supervision. To peruse a list of past dissertation titles please access the following link: Dissertation titles.
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