Ling 131: Language & Style
|Politeness and impoliteness|
|Top Girls revisited - with politeness in mind|
|Politeness and characterisation|
|Topic 12 "tool" summary|
What will we learn in Session B?
In this session we will continue to explore the 'meaning between the lines', or what the famous 20th century Russian director Stanislawski called the 'sub-text' of plays. This time we will explore Politeness Theory. Politeness (and also impoliteness) is something which is often not made explicit, but, like conversational implicature, can be inferred in conversational exchanges.
We will discover that politeness in conversation is an important part of the 'social glue' which binds us together, and that we have two main ways of being polite to one another:
Looking at patterns of politeness and impoliteness in dramatic (and novelistic) conversations can help us to understand the relations between the characters who are interacting with one another.