Gender and Violence Research Day 2014
Date: 3 June 2014 Time: 10.30am
Venue: Lancaster University Bowland North SR2
We are holding a 'Gender and Violence' Research Day on Tuesday 3 June 2014. The aim of the Research Day is to bring together contributions from researchers in Lancaster, and others associated with it, to exchange views and learn about the wide range of research that is taking place in Lancaster on 'Gender and Violence'.
If you would like to be in the audience for this exciting new event then pleaseregister with Pennie Drinkall (firstname.lastname@example.org) .
Sylvia Walby, UNESCO Chair in Gender Research, Distinguished Professor of Sociology, Associate Director, Security Lancaster
'Gender and Violence' Research Day
3 June 2014
Seminar Room 2, Ground Floor, Bowland North,
The aim of the Research Day is to bring together contributions from researchers in Lancaster, and others associated with it, to exchange views and learn about the wide range of research that is taking place in Lancaster on 'Gender and Violence', and to discuss possible future developments.
10.30 Coffee on arrival
10.50 Introduction to the day - Sylvia Walby
2 minutes each: who we are; research interests in gender and violence (past, current and future; broadly defined).
11.20 Papers: 15 minutes each plus 5 minutes discussion
11.20 Sylvia Walby, Distinguished Professor of Sociology and UNESCO Chair of Gender Research, Associate Director of Security Lancaster, Lancaster University
A research agenda on gendered violence
This presentation maps out my research agenda on 'gender and violence', within a theoretical and methodological framework that is linked to theories of gender regimes and theories of violence. This includes: identification, naming and conceptualising violence (where are the boundaries); developing the measurement of violence using surveys and official statistics (making visible the gender dimension); explaining variations in violence (the significance of changing political and economic inequalities, state and civil societal interventions).
11.40 Claire Hardaker, Lecturer in Corpus Linguistics, Lancaster
Twitter rape threats and the discourse of online misogyny (doom project)
In July 2013, Caroline Criado-Perez successfully campaigned to have a woman appear on an English banknote, and was subsequently inundated with misogynistic Twitter abuse. Over the following days, this escalated, and more prominent women were sent death and bomb threats. Whilst legislative bodies came under intense pressure to handle the issue, there is a lack of research into such behaviour, making evidence-based solutions difficult. With this in mind, I applied for an ESRC grant* to investigate the rape threat "trolls", why they behave this way, and what else they do online. This paper outlines the project and tentative early findings.
12.00 Jude Towers (with Sylvia Walby and Brian Francis), Department of Sociology and Department of Maths and Statistics, Lancaster
The Gendered Nature of Violence: Challenging the conventional analysis of violent crime
Reporting on recent research using the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) we present a new analysis of the gendered nature of violent crime which challenges the conventional picture that criminal violence consists of male stranger violence perpetrated against men. By investigating the statistical practice of 'capping' to remove high frequency 'outliers' and instead re-analysing the raw data from the CSEW which takes full account of the individual frequency of violent offences we find there to be: almost as much violent crime perpetrated against women as against men; we find that violent crime is predominately perpetrated by those known to the victim and not by strangers; and we discuss the relationship on severity for female and male victims.
12.20 Amanda Holt, Senior Lecturer in Criminology, Lancaster Law School
Adolescent-to-parent abuse: Conceptual challenges, practice dilemmas
This paper discusses the emerging social problem of adolescent violence and/or abuse towards parents, and highlights key issues raised in the author's recently published book (Holt, A (2013) Adolescent-to-parent abuse: Current understandings in research, policy and practice Bristol:Policy Press). Violence towards parents within the family home disproportionately targets mothers, but although criminal justice data suggests that young males are more likely to behave abusively, other data collection methods suggest that young females are also involved. This topic raises important questions about how we should theorise 'domestic violence' when it does not conform to normative constructions of women and children as victims of male violence.
12.40 Lunch (free) Vegetarian sandwiches; fruit
1. 20 Siobhan Weare, Lecturer in Law, Lancaster
Male and Female Rape Convictions: Gender Discourse And Agency
In 2011/12, 14,767 cases of female rape were reported compared to 1,274 cases of male rape. Despite significantly fewer instances of male rape, the conviction rate in 2011 was over 13% higher than for females. This paper critically engages with gender discourse, arguing this higher conviction rate for males is unexpected and suggesting one explanation is the relationship between rape and agency. More specifically, it suggests that within the justice system male rape victims have agency, unlike female victims, meaning the recognition of women's ability to refuse to consent is questioned.
1.40 Philippa Olive, Department of Sociology, Lancaster
Gender dimensions of domestic violence diagnosis in ED consultations
This paper presents research findings that reveal important gender dimensions to the classification of and response to 'domestic' violence in emergency department (ED) consultations. These findings point to discriminatory, and perhaps unintended, consequences at the interface between health, social care, and legal systems. The research findings of this study expose diagnostic practices in ED consultations in which women subjected to 'domestic' violence are disproportionately the subjects of safeguarding children interventions. This study was undertaken in response to earlier research that had indicated a seemingly ad hoc, almost random, quality to the recognition of, and response to, 'domestic' violence in emergency department (ED) consultations. The aim of this research was to better comprehend the construction of 'domestic' violence in ED consultations. The research employed a mixed-method research design involving interviews with women victim/survivors of intimate partner violence and health practitioners, and a review of emergency department attendance records. Analysis was framed by Jutel's (2011) sociology of diagnosis, through which a 'diagnosis' is conceptualised in terms of its category, processes, and consequences.
2.00 Susie Balderston, Law School and Centre for Disability Research, Lancaster
Surviving Disablist Hate Rape: Patterns, Barriers and Intersectionalities
This paper highlights the different shape, extent and barriers in services for disabled or Deaf women after rape. Data are drawn from focus group research conducted with 82 victims and Survivors in the North East of England. New findings are offered concerning sexual extortion against disabled women, rape used as a weapon of control in new institutions, audist rape against Deaf women and hate crime involving rape against LGB&T or pregnant disabled women. The paper problematizes barriers in existing provision and makes recommendations for intersectional improvements in legislation, policy and services.
2.20 Corinne May-Chahal, Professor of Applied Social Science, Dept of Sociology, Associate Director of Security Lancaster, Lancaster University
Violent resilience to gender based violence
A three year ESRC funded study aimed to explore vulnerability and resilience to gambling harm across a sample of men and women in prison. Part of the data collection involved longitudinal qualitative narrative interviews at three time points; the first whilst they were in prison, the second shortly after their release into the community and the third six months later. Narratives of gendered violence feature strongly for many of the women, woven through their lives in complex ways. In contrast to psychologically informed studies of resilience, these accounts provide a rich source for understanding how resilience to violence can take many different forms that include; obliterating the present, self-harm, edgework and murder.
2.40 Brian Francis, Professor of Social Statistics, Lancaster
How many have experienced domestic violence over their lifetime?
There is a widely used statistic that one quarter of women have experienced domestic violence over their lifetime. Where did this figure come from? Is this too high or too low? Using innovative statistical techniques and data from the Crime Survey for England and Wales, a new, more accurate and reliable estimate is produced.
3.00 Jane Kilby, Senior Lecturer in English and Cultural Studies, School of Arts and Media, University of Salford
Critiquing sexual violence: why not fiction?
In a recent article Carol Smart argues for the importance of doing sociology differently. This paper will endorse her demand for new methodologies (an argument it will be shown in keeping with a range of other attempts to reconceptualise feminist analysis/critique/engagement), making clear also why this is significant for the feminist study of sexual violence. In opposition, though, this paper will challenge her outright dismissal of the value of fiction for a feminist sociology. In conclusion, the paper will make clear why and how fiction is important to a feminist critique/sociology/politics of sexual violence.
3.20 tea (and chocolate brownies)
Open discussion: identifying points of overlap; shared interests; future research agendas; future possibilities.
Who can attend: Internal
Organising departments and research centres: English and Creative Writing, History, Human Rights Forum, Law, Linguistics and English Language, Politics and International Relations, Politics, Philosophy and Religion PPR, Research in Language, Gender and Sexuality, Security Lancaster, Sociology, UNESCO Chair in Gender Research Group
Keywords: Gender, Gender and criminal justice, Gender and education, Gender and health, Gender and the law, Gender, sexuality and the law, Violations of human rights, Violence
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