Professor Tony GatrellProfessor
I am a geographer by training and my research interests lie in the geography of health and ‘medical geography’. In brief, this means looking at the connections between space, place and health. More specifically, I have interests in: the geographical dimensions of health inequalities; spatial epidemiology; and the geography of health care provision. More recently I have become interested in the links between movement and health, including walking and well-being. Some of this work has been summarised in my latest book, on ‘Mobilities and Health’ (Ashgate, 2011). I have been pleased to collaborate with many health professionals in the past, including those working in: palliative care; public health; neurology; cardiology; and paediatrics.
I have been interested for some time in ‘mobilities’ and health; in essence the relationships between different forms of movement and health and wellbeing. This covers, for example, different modes of travel (whether on foot, by cycle, car, train or air) and migration and health. Such flows can have positive and negative consequences for health. For example, walking can be therapeutic but this depends on the context of the walk. Journeys by train can be very enjoyable and thereby contribute to wellbeing, but not if the train is crowded or seriously delayed. Migration might find people living in a healthier environment, but not if the relocation is forced on them by other circumstances. Yet ‘mobilities’ includes other forms of movement; for example, the spread (diffusion) of infections and disease, and the delivery of health care on the move and in virtual environments.
I have also undertaken research recently on the geographical dimensions of palliative care provision, working with a former research student, Justin Wood, on the provision of specialist adult hospices in England. This has used Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to map and analyse access to services and to relate this to spatial variation in service provision.
I remain interested in geographical aspects of health inequalities and in the socio-spatial theorising underlying these. I continue to be fascinated by the work of Pierre Bourdieu in this regard.
My methodological interests are quite broad. While I have undertaken research using GIS and spatial data analysis I am sympathetic to a range of approaches to the geography of health. As ever, the research problem or questions dictate the methods!
Currently I am supervising two students on the Doctorate in Public Health. I give a lecture at the Summer Academy on Geographical Information Systems and health applications.
I am currently (and until July 2014) Dean of the Faculty of Health & Medicine (FHM) at Lancaster University. Prior to my appointment as Dean of FHM I was Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (2005-08). I am also Professor of the Geography of Health at Lancaster University, and was for eight years Director of the Institute for Health Research (IHR).
As Dean I am a member of the University’s senior management team (University Management Advisory Group: UMAG). Externally, I am a Board member of the North West Coast Academic Health Science Network (AHSN) and represent the University on the Northern Health Science Alliance (NHSA).
I hold a First Class Honours degree in Geography from Bristol University and a PhD from Pennsylvania State University, where I was awarded a Fulbright graduate student Fellowship. I am the author of ‘Geographies of Health: an Introduction’ (second edition, 2009, published by John Wiley, third edition in progress, with Susan Elliott) and author or editor of four other books: Mobilities & Health; GIS and Health; Interactive Spatial Data Analysis; and Distance and Space. I was presented with the Murchison Award from the Royal Geographical Society in 2008 for my contributions to the geography of health.
PhD Supervision Interests
Geography of health, including:
environmental change and health
mobility and health
“We don't snack”: attitudes and perceptions about eating in-between meals amongst caregivers of young children
Jacquier, E., Gatrell, A.C., Bingley, A.F. 01/2017 In: Appetite. 108, p. 483-490. 8 p.
Choices, choices, choices: the use of dietary rules and routines in the feeding of toddlers and preschoolers
Jacquier, E., Gatrell, A.C. 07/2016
“We Don’t Snack”: the routine behavior of feeding children and 10 o’clock and 4 o’clock
Jacquier, E., Gatrell, A.C. 07/2016
Geographies of health: an introduction
Gatrell, A., Elliott, S. 2015 3rd ed. John Wiley. ISBN: 9780470672877.
Therapeutic mobilities: walking and 'steps' to wellbeing and health
Gatrell, A.C. 07/2013 In: Health and Place. 22, p. 98-106. 9 p.
Variation in geographic access to specialist inpatient hospices in England and Wales
Gatrell, A.C., Wood, D.J. 07/2012 In: Health and Place. 18, 4, p. 832-840. 9 p.
Mobilities and health
Gatrell, A. 2011 Farnham : Ashgate. 229 p. ISBN: 9781409419921. Electronic ISBN: 9781409419938.
Place and space: geographic perspectives on death and dying
Gatrell, A., Payne, S. 2011 In: Death, dying, and social differences. Oxford : Oxford University Press p. 32-44. 13 p. ISBN: 9780199599295.
Digging deep: Using diary techniques to explore the place of health and well-being amongst older people
Milligan, C., Bingley, A., Gatrell, A. 11/2005 In: Social Science and Medicine. 61, 9, p. 1882-1892. 11 p.
Complexity theory and geographies of health: a critical assessment.
Gatrell, A.C. 06/2005 In: Social Science and Medicine. 60, 12, p. 2661-2671. 11 p.
Healing and Feeling: the place of emotions for older people
Milligan, C., Bingley, A., Gatrell, A. 2005 In: Emotional Geographies. Aldershot : Ashgate Publishing p. 49-62. 13 p. ISBN: 978-0-7546-7107-7.
Equity of access to adult hospice inpatient care within north-west England.
Wood, D.J., Clark, D., Gatrell, A.C. 09/2004 In: Palliative Medicine. 18, 6, p. 543-549. 7 p.
Mapping the determinants of health inequalities in social space: can Bourdieu help us?
Gatrell, A.C., Popay, J., Thomas, C. 09/2004 In: Health and Place. 10, 3, p. 245-257. 13 p.
'Cultivating health' : therapeutic landscapes and older people in northern England.
Milligan, C., Gatrell, A., Bingley, A. 05/2004 In: Social Science and Medicine. 58, 9, p. 1781-1793. 13 p.
Cultivating health and mental well-being among older people
Milligan, C., Bingley, A., Gatrell, T. 2004 In: Growth Point. March 2004
GIS and Spatial Analysis in Veterinary Science
Durr, P., Gatrell, T. 2004 Wallingford : CABI. 336 p. ISBN: 9780851996349.
Historical data for health inequalities research: a research note.
Mallinson, S.L., Popay, J.M., Elliott, E., Bennett, S., Bostock, L., Gatrell, A.C., Thomas, C., Williams, G. 11/2003 In: Sociology. 37, 4, p. 771-780. 10 p.
A proper place to live: health inequalities, agency and the normative dimensions of space.
Popay, J.M., Thomas, C., Williams, G., Bennett, S., Gatrell, A.C., Bostock, L. 1/07/2003 In: Social Science and Medicine. 57, 1, p. 55-69. 15 p.
Spatial clustering of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in Finland at place of birth and place of death.
Sabel, C.E., Boyle, P.J., Löytönen, M., Gatrell, A.C., Jokelainen, M., Flowerdew, R., Maasilta, P. 05/2003 In: American Journal of Epidemiology. 157, 10, p. 898-905. 8 p.
Contacting your GP when the surgery is closed: issues of location and access.
Pooley, C., Briggs, J., Gatrell, T., Mansfield, T., Cummings, D., Deft, J. 03/2003 In: Health and Place. 9, 1, p. 23-32. 10 p.
Place of death : analysis of cancer deaths in part of North West England.
Gatrell, A.C., Harman, J.C., Francis, B.J., Thomas, C., Morris, S.M., McIllmurray, M. 03/2003 In: Journal of Public Health Medicine. 25, 1, p. 53-58. 6 p.
Beyond "beer, fags, egg and chips"? : exploring lay understandings of social inequalities in health.
Popay, J., Bennett, S., Thomas, C., Williams, G., Gatrell, A.C., Bostock, L. 01/2003 In: Sociology of Health and Illness. 25, 1, p. 1-23. 23 p.
Place of death in the Morecambe Bay area : patterns and preferences for place of final care and death among terminally ill cancer patients and their carers.
Thomas, C., Morris, S.M., Gatrell, A.C. 2003 Lancaster : University of Lancaster.
Theorising inequalities in health : the place of lay knowledge.
Popay, J., Williams, G., Thomas, C., Gatrell, A.C. 2003 In: Health and Social Justice : politics, ideology, and inequality in the distribution of disease. San Francisco : Jossey-Bass/Wiley p. 385-409. 25 p.
The relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and dental health knowledge and attitudes of parents with young children.
Williams, N.J., Whittle, J.G., Gatrell, A.C. 12/2002 In: British Dental Journal. 193, 11, p. 651-654. 4 p.
Variations in use of tertiary cardiac services in part of North-West England
Gatrell, A., Lancaster, G., Chapple, A., Horsley, S., Smith, M. 09/2002 In: Health and Place. 8, 3, p. 147-153. 7 p.
Can physical trauma cause breast cancer?
Morris, J.A., Rigby, J., Stewart, M., Lavelle, J., Gatrell, A.C. 2002 In: European Journal of Cancer Prevention. 11, p. 7-11. 5 p.
Geographies of health : an introduction.
Gatrell, A.C. 2002 Oxford : Blackwell.
Impact of community neonatal services : a multicentre survey.
Langley, D., Hollis, S., Friede, T., MacGregor, D., Gatrell, A.C. 2002 In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 87, p. 204-208. 5 p.
Mortality from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in Finland, 1986-1995.
Maasilta, P., Jokelainen, M., Loytonen, M., Sabel, C.E., Gatrell, A.C. 10/2001 In: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. 104, 4, p. 232-235. 4 p.
Do area-level population change, deprivation and variations in deprivation affect individual-level self-reported limiting long-term illness?
Boyle, P.J., Gatrell, A.C., Duke-Williams, O. 09/2001 In: Social Science and Medicine. 53, 6, p. 795-799. 5 p.
Geographies of primary health-care : perspective and introduction.
Gatrell, A.C. 09/2001 In: Health and Social Care in the Community. 9, 5, p. 263-265. 3 p.
Modelling exposure opportunities : estimating relative risk for motor neurone disease in Finland.
Sabel, C.E., Gatrell, A.C., Löytönen, M., Maasilta, P., Jokelainen, M. 04/2000 In: Social Science and Medicine. 50, 7-8, p. 1121-1137. 17 p.
The geography of survival from colo-rectal cancer.
Kim, Y., Gatrell, A.C., Francis, B.J. 04/2000 In: Social Science and Medicine. 50, 7-8, p. 1099-1107. 9 p.
Spatial patterns in breast cancer incidence in north-west Lancashire.
Rigby, J.E., Gatrell, A.C. 03/2000 In: Area. 32, 1, p. 71-78. 8 p.
Understanding health inequalities: Locating people in geographical and social spaces
Gatrell, A.C., Thomas, C., Bennett, S., Bostock, L., Popay, J., Williams, G., Shahtahmasebi, S. 2000 In: Understanding health inequalities. Buckingham : Open University Press p. 156-169. 14 p.
GIS and health : from spatial analysis to spatial decision support.
Gatrell, A.C. 1999 In: Geographic information research : trans-Atlantic perspectives. London; Bristol, Pennsylvania : Taylor and Francis p. 143-158. 16 p. ISBN: 0748408010.
Health and healthcare applications.
Gatrell, A.C., Senior, M.L. 1999 In: Geographical information systems : principles and applications. New York : John Wiley p. 925 -938. ISBN: 0471321826.
Location, Health and Deprivation: The Geography of Inequalities.
Gatrell, A., Bennett, S., Bostock, L., Popay, J., Thomas, C., Williams G., G. 1999
Multi-level modelling, Multi-level explanations.
Popay, J., Gatrell, A., Thomas, C., Williams, G., Bostock, L., Bennett, S. 1999
Public Health in Social and Geographical Context: The Place of Lay Knowledge
Bostock, L., Bennett, S., Gatrell, A., Popay, J., Thomas, C., Williams, G. 1999
The place is all right, it’s just the people that I can’t stand. (Dis)associating with people and place.
Bostock, L., Bennett, S., Gatrell, A., Popay, J., Thomas, C., Williams, G. 1999
Understanding Health Inequalities: People, place and time
Gatrell, T., Thomas, C. 1999
What's the point? Assessing disease risk using data on residential mobility.
Gatrell, A.C., Sabel, C.E., Mitchell, J.D. 1999 In: Statistics for the environment 4 : health and the environment. Chichester; New York : John Wiley p. 175-192. 18 p. ISBN: 0471976458.
The geographical epidemiology of residence of motor neurone disease patients in Lancashire and South Cumbria.
Mitchell, J.D., Gatrell, A.C., Al-Hamad, A., Davies, R.B., Batterby, G. 12/1998 In: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. 65, p. 842-847. 6 p.
Placing the people’s health in the context of social and geographical spaces.
Bostock, L., Bennett, S., Gatrell, A., Popay, J., Thomas, C., Williams, G. 1998
Theorising Inequalities in Health: The Place of Lay Knowledge
Popay, J., Williams, G., Thomas, C., Gatrell, T. 1998 In: Sociology of Health and Illness. 20, 5, p. 619-644. 26 p.
Theorising inequalities in health: the place of lay knowledge.
Popay, J., Williams, G., Thomas, C., Gatrell, A. 1998 In: The sociology of health inequalities. Oxford : Blackwell p. 59-83. 25 p. ISBN: 0631209298.
Understanding health inequalities: Mapping health and ‘risk’ within and between differing localities
Bennett, S., Bostock, L., Gatrell, A., Popay, J., Thomas, C., Williams, G. 1998
Universities and health in the twenty-first century.
Abercrombie, N., Gatrell, A., Thomas, C. 1998 In: Health promoting universities : concept, experience and framework for action. Copenhagen : World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe p. 29-34. 6 p. ISBN: 9289012854.
Involvement of deprivation and environmental lead in neural tube defects: a matched case-control study.
Bound, J.P., Harvey, P.W., Francis, B.J., Awwad, F., Gatrell, T. 02/1997 In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 76, 2, p. 107-112. 6 p.
MND risk factors: an epidemiological study in the north west of England.
Mitchell, J.D., Davies, R.B., Al-Hamad, A., Gatrell, A.C., Batterby, G. 03/1995 In: Journal of the Neurological Sciences. 129, Supple, p. 61-64. 4 p.
Spatial point process modelling in a GIS environment.
Gatrell, A., Rowlingson, B. 1994 In: Spatial Analysis and GIS. Taylor and Francis ISBN: 0748401032.
Geographic influences on the uptake of infant immunisations: 1: concepts, models and aggregate analyses.
Senior, M.L., New, S.J., Gatrell, T., Francis, B.J. 1993 In: Environment and Planning A. 25, 3, p. 425-436. 12 p.
Geographic influences on the uptake of infant immunisations: 2: disaggregate analyses.
Senior, M.L., New, S.J., Gatrell, T., Francis, B.J. 1993 In: Environment and Planning A. 25, 4, p. 467-479. 13 p.
Cultivating Health and Mental Well-being Among Older People in Northern England
01/01/2002 → 01/01/2004