Professor Christine MilliganProfessor
I am Director of the Lancaster University Centre for Ageing Research. My main area of expertise is around health and geographical perspectives on ageing. More specifically my research focuses on voluntary and community interventions to support active and healthy ageing; informal (family) care-giving – including male care-giving and the gendered nature of care; the role of technology in supporting older people; and the changing nature of home and community. A second key strand of my work focuses around the therapeutic landscape. This concept embraces the notion that certain environments promote health and wellbeing and is based on understanding how environmental, societal and individual factors work together to preserve health and wellbeing.
Currently research includes:
- Understanding the resource implications of male care-giving for ageing family members (funded by charitable donation);
- Technological Innovation for Sustainable Living: creating virtuous cycles of wellbeing through older age (funded by N8 this is a collaboration with Alison McKay, University of Leeds; Kate Bennett, University of Liverpool, and others – including industrial partners.
- Improving the health and wellbeing of older men through gender-based activity intervention (funded by NIHR in collaboration with Chris Dowrick, University of Liverpool, Sheila Payne, Lancaster University, Barbara Hanratty, University of York and Age UK.
- Evaluation of the Age UK – End of Life ‘Supporting Older Carers’ pilot programme.
My current and recently completed research includes three core strands of work. The first strand comprises three research projects that focus around the needs and well-being of different groups of family care-givers caring for older and dying people and the importance of home in the care-giving experience. This work has been funded by Age UK, the Marie Curie caner Care and by charitable donations. This work has looked at: Understanding the resource implications of male care-giving for ageing family members; Evaluating an End of Life ‘Supporting Older Carers’ pilot programme; and work focused around ‘Unpacking the home’: family carers reflections on dying at home.
A second strand of work focuses on the role of gendered activity interventions for older men. This strand also builds on a theme in one of the carers’ projects around the needs and wellbeing of older men, but extends to addressing social isolation amongst the growing numbers of lonely and lone-dwelling older men. Work here has engaged with innovative interventions such as the Men in Sheds programmes. This work has been funded by Age UK and by NIHR.
A third strand of work focuses on technology innovation to support independence and self-reliance amongst older people. This work has involved EU partners looking at the development of ethical and normative frameworks to underpin the development of telecare and telehealth developments (a framework that has been subsequently taken up by Age UK). Current work involves looking and the development of new technologies to support wound care for older people and those with dementia to in the home work. This work is being undertaken in collaboration with the Universities of Leeds and Liverpool Universities and includes practice-based and industrial partners. Phases 1 and 2 have been funded through the N8 whilst a bid to develop Phase 3 has been submitted for funding through a Leverhulme Programme Grant.
Though primarily a qualitative researcher with interests in using innovative and participatory methodologies, I work across disciplines and hence most research I engage with invovles some aspect of mixed methodologies.
I am the Associate Dean for Postgraduate Studies in the Faculty with responsibility for the strategic development and oversight of the Faculty’s postgraduate taught and research programmes. I co-chair the Faculty’s Teaching Committee and sit on the University’s Academic Standards and Quality Committee, the Dean of Graduate School Advisory Group and the University Fees and Target Setting Committee.
Currently I teach and convene on:
- DHR 511: Theory & Debate in Health and Medicine
- BIOL143: Introduction to epidemiology: global health and disease
- Special Study Modules for Medical Students on:
- Health and Ageing
- Rural Health
- Health and Place
- I also contribute to the DHR Distance Learning Doctoral Programme Summer School and Autumn Academies.
PhD Supervision Interests
Supervisory Areas I am interested in supervising postgraduate research students who want to do (largely but not exclusively) qualitative research in the following areas: � Voluntary activity and activism in health and social welfare � Informal care-giving (particularly in relation to older people) � Care and the changing nature of home � Therapeutic landscapes � Place, health and well-being of older people
Dementia Disability Rights and Disablism: understanding the social position of people living with dementia
Thomas, C.J., Milligan, C. 12/09/2017 In: Disability and Society.
Interpreting therapeutic landscape experiences through rural stroke survivors’ biographies of disruption and flow
Meijering, L., Lettinga, A.T., Nanninga, C.S., Milligan, C. 04/2017 In: Journal of Rural Studies. 51, p. 275-283. 9 p.
Care, coping and identity: older men’s experiences of spousal care-giving
Milligan, C., Morbey, H. 08/2016 In: Journal of Aging Studies. 38, p. 105-114. 10 p.
Dementia and the social model of disability: does responsibility to adjust lie with society rather than people with dementia?
Milligan, C., Thomas, C.J. 16/05/2016 In: Signpost. 21, 3, p. 5-16. 12 p.
Caring for a dying spouse at the end of life: “It’s one of the things you volunteer for when you get married”: a qualitative study of the oldest carers’ experiences
Turner, J.M., King, C., Milligan, C., Thomas, C., Brearley, S.G., Seamark, D., Wang, X., Blake, S., Payne, S.A. 05/2016 In: Age and Ageing. 45, 3, p. 421-426. 6 p.
Older men and social activity: a scoping review of Men’s Sheds and other gendered interventions
Milligan, C., Neary, D., Payne, S., Hanratty, B., Irwin, P., Dowrick, C. 05/2016 In: Ageing and Society. 36, 5, p. 895-923. 29 p.
Unpacking the impact of older adults' home death on family care-givers' experiences of home
Milligan, C., Turner, J.M., Blake, S., Brearley, S.G., Seamark, D., Thomas, C.J., Wang, X., Payne, S.A. 03/2016 In: Health and Place. 38, p. 103-111. 9 p.
A grounded theory approach to physical activity and advanced cancer: a qualitative study protocol
Lowe, S.S., Milligan, C., Watanabe, S.M., Brearley, S.G. 8/12/2015 In: International Journal of Qualitative Methods. 14, 5, 10 p.
Place and informal care in an ageing society: reviewing the state of the art in geographical gerontology
Milligan, C., Liu, Y. 12/2015 In: Progress in Geography. 34, 12, p. 1558-1576. 18 p.
What is diary method
Bartlett, R., Milligan, C. 19/11/2015 London : Bloomsbury Academic. 144 p. Electronic ISBN: 9781472572561 .
Plugging the gaps?: voluntary sector innovation for supporting healthy rural ageing
Milligan, C. 16/09/2015 In: Ageing resource communities. London : Taylor and Francis Inc. p. 149-163. 15 p. ISBN: 9781138845268. Electronic ISBN: 9781317542216.
Gardens and gardening in later life
Milligan, C., Bingley, A. 12/06/2015 In: Routledge Handbook of Cultural Gerontology. Taylor and Francis Inc. p. 321-328. 8 p. ISBN: 9780415631143. Electronic ISBN: 9781136221026.
How can and should UK society adjust to dementia?
Thomas, C., Milligan, C. 06/2015 Joseph Rowntree Viewpoint 24 p.
Managing end of life medications at home-accounts of bereaved family carers: a qualitative interview study
Payne, S., Turner, M., Seamark, D., Thomas, C., Brearley, S., Wang, X., Blake, S., Milligan, C. 06/2015 In: BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care. 5, 2, p. 181-188. 8 p.
Evaluation of an app to support older adults with wounds
Bennett, K., Grasso, F., Lowers, V., McKay, A., Milligan, C. 18/05/2015 In: DH '15 Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Digital Health 2015. New York : ACM p. 35-36. 2 p.
A patient-led approach to product innovation in patient education and wound management
McNicol, E., McKay, A., Milligan, C., Bennett, K., Hulme, R., Joy, H. 04/2015 In: European Wound Management Association Journal. 15, 1, p. 47-51. 5 p.
Place and wellbeing: shedding light on activity interventions for older men
Milligan, C., Payne, S., Bingley, A., Cockshott, Z. 01/2015 In: Ageing and Society. 35, 1, p. 124-149. 26 p.
Beyond ‘the paradox of our own complicity’: the place of activism and identity in 'voluntary sector' stories from Manchester and Auckland
Kyle, R., Kearns, R., Milligan, C. 2015 In: Social and Cultural Geography. 16, 3, p. 315-331. 17 p.
Dying at home: a qualitative study of family carers' views of support provided by GPs community staff
Seamark, D., Blake, S., Brearley, S.G., Milligan, C., Thomas, C., Turner, M., Wang, X., Payne, S. 1/12/2014 In: British Journal of General Practice. 64, 629, p. e796-803. 8 p.
Deliberative panels: developing recommendations for supporting stakeholder and user involvement
Brearley, S.G., Blake, S., Milligan, C., Seamark, D., Thomas, C., Turner, M., Wang, X., Payne, S.A. 06/2014
How does the environment of a UK hospice impact on the social wellbeing of older inpatients?: an ethnographic study
Rigby, J., Milligan, C., Payne, S. 06/2014
Geographies of care and care-giving
Milligan, C. 21/02/2014 In: The Wiley-Blackwell encyclopedia of health, illness, behavior and society. Wiley-Blackwell
Entry for encyclopedia/dictionary
Improving inpatient hospice environments for older people in England: a documentary analysis
Rigby, J., Milligan, C., Payne, S. 2014 In: Progress in Palliative Care. 22, 4, p. 187-194. 8 p.
Men in sheds
Milligan, C. 2014 In: Improving later life. London : Age UK p. 64-68. 5 p. ISBN: 9780956873163.
Older men who care: understanding their support and support needs
Milligan, C., Morbey, H. 23/12/2013 Lancaster : Lancaster University Centre for Ageing Research . 38 p.
Age UK: Supporting Older Carers of Those Nearing the End of Life: Lancaster University Evaluation of Six Pilot Projects
Morbey, H., Payne, S., Froggatt, K., Milligan, C., Turner, M. 09/2013 Lancaster University. 69 p.
Family carers' delivery of medications for the person dying at home: preliminary findings from the 'unpacking the home' study
Turner, M., Seamark, D., Milligan, C., Thomas, C., Brearley, S.G., Wang, X., Blake, S., Payne, S. 03/2013
Care work and new technologies of care for older people living at home
Roberts, C., Mort, M., Milligan, C. 2013 In: The Sage handbook of ageing, work and society. London : Sage Publications p. 157-169. 12 p. ISBN: 9781446207286.
The perspectives of bereaved family carers on dying at home: the study protocol of 'unpacking the home: family carers' reflections on dying at home
Payne, S., Brearley, S., Milligan, C., Seamark, D., Thomas, C., Wang, X., Blake, S., Turner, M. 22/11/2012 In: BMC Palliative Care. 11, 5 p.
'Unpacking the home' - a social science approach to researching dying at home
Turner, M., Seamark, D., Milligan, C., Brearley, S., Wang, X., Blake, S., Payne, S. 1/06/2012
Calling for Care: ‘Disembodied’ Work, Teleoperators and Older People Living at Home
Roberts, C., Mort, M., Milligan, C. 06/2012 In: Sociology. 46, 3, p. 490-506. 17 p.
Improving Hospice Environments for Older People in England: A Documentary Analysis
Rigby, J., Payne, S., Milligan, C. 2012
The Tertiary Turn: locating ‘the academy’ in autobiographical accounts of activism in Manchester, UK and Auckland, Aotearoa New Zealand
Kyle, R., Milligan, C., Bondi, L., Fyfe, N., Kearns, R., Larner, W. 09/2011 In: Antipode. 43, 4, p. 1181-1214. 34 p.
Unpacking stored and storied knowledge: elicited biographies of activism in mental health
Milligan, C., Kearns, R., Kyle, R. 01/2011 In: Health and Place. 17, 1, p. 7-16. 9 p.
Ageing and the use of the internet – current engagement and future needs: state-of-the-art report
Milligan, C., Passey, D. 2011 Nominet Trust.
Telecare and older people – re-ordering social relations
Mort, M., Roberts, C., Milligan, C. 2011 In: Towards Responsible Research and Innovation in the Information and Communication Technologies and Security Technologies Fields: a report for the European Commission Services. Brussels : European Commission Bookshop p. 149-164. 15 p.
Telecare and older people: who cares where?
Milligan, C., Roberts, C., Mort, M. 2011 In: Social Science and Medicine. 72, 3, p. 347-354. 8 p.
Landscapes of Care
Milligan, C., Wiles, J. 12/2010 In: Progress in Human Geography. 34, 6, p. 736-754. 19 p.
Cracks in the door? technology and the shifting topology of care
Milligan, C., Mort, M., Roberts, C. 2010 In: New technologies and emerging spaces of care dwelling. Aldershot : Ashgate Publishing p. 19-38. 20 p. ISBN: 978-0-7546-7864-9.
Geography and Gerontology: mapping a disciplinary intersection
Andrews, G., Milligan, C., Phillips, D., Skinner, M. 09/2009 In: Geography Compass. 3, 5, p. 1641-1659. 18 p.
Ageing, Technology and Home: a critical project, Ageing’, in Technology & the Home: researching new care configurations
Mort, M., Roberts, C., Milligan, C. 04/2009 In: Alter: European Journal of Disability Research / Alter: Journal Européen de Recherche sur le Handicap. 3, 2, 5 p.
Sandplay, Clay and Sticks: Multi-Sensory Research Methods to Explore the Long-Term Mental Health Effects of Childhood Play Experience
Bingley, A., Milligan, C. 2009 In: Doing Children’s Geographies: Methodological Issues in Research with Young People. London : Taylor & Francis p. 57-70. 13 p. ISBN: 978-0-415-44820-8.
The Changing Geography of Care
Milligan, C., Power, A. 2009 In: A Companion to Health and Medical Geography. London : Blackwell Publishing p. 567-585. 19 p. ISBN: 9781405170031.
There’s no place like home : place and care in an ageing society
Milligan, C. 2009 1st ed. Farnham : Ashgate. 176 p. ISBN: 978 0 7546 7423 8. Electronic ISBN: 978 0 7546 9048 1.
Milligan, C. 2009 In: International Encyclopedia of Human Geography. Elsevier 6 p.
Entry for encyclopedia/dictionary
Ageing, Technology and Home Care: New Actors, New Responsibilities
Mort, M., Roberts, C., Milligan, C. 2008 1 ed. Paris : Presses de l'Ecole des mines. 124 p.
Restorative places or scary spaces? The impact of woodland on the mental well-being of young adults
Milligan, C., Bingley, A. 12/2007 In: Health and Place. 13, 4, p. 799-811. 12 p.
Sandplay, clay and sticks:multi-sensory research methods to explore the long-term influence of childhood play experience on mental well-being.
Bingley, A.F., Milligan, C. 1/08/2007 In: Children's Geographies. 5, 3, p. 283-296. 14 p.
Geographies of Care – a critical commentary
Milligan, C., Atkinson, S., Skinner, M., Wiles, J. 08/2007 In: New Zealand Geographer. 63, 2, p. 135-140. 6 p.
Geographies of Voluntarism: mapping the terrain
Milligan, C. 03/2007 In: Geography Compass. 1, 2, p. 183-199. 16 p.
Restoration or risk? Exploring the place of the common place
Milligan, C. 2007 In: Therapeutic Landscapes: Advances and Applications. Aldershot : Ashgate Publishing p. 255-272. 17 p. ISBN: 9780754670995.
Caring for older people in the 21st century: notes from a small island.
Milligan, C. 09/2006 In: Health and Place. 12, 3, p. 320-331. 12 p.
Contemporary landscapes of welfare: the ‘voluntary turn’?
Milligan, C., Conradson, D. 2006 In: Landscapes of voluntarism. Bristol : Policy Press p. 1-14. 14 p. ISBN: 9781861346322.
Landscapes of voluntarism: new spaces of health, welfare and governance
Milligan, C., Conradson, D. 2006 Bristol : Policy Press. 304 p. ISBN: 9781861346322.
Reflections on landscapes of voluntarism
Conradson, D., Milligan, C. 2006 In: Landscapes of voluntarism. Bristol : Policy Press p. 285-293. 9 p. ISBN: 9781861346322.
Renewal or relocation?: social welfare, voluntarism and the city
Milligan, C., Fyfe, N.R. 2006 In: Landscapes of voluntarism. Bristol : Policy Press p. 33-52. 20 p. ISBN: 9781861346322.
Spaces of welfare : the 'voluntary turn'?
Milligan, C., Conradson, D. 2006 In: Landscapes of voluntarism : new spaces of health, welfare and governance.. Bristol : Policy Press 304 p. ISBN: 1861346328.
Thematic healthy living centres : an evaluation.
Attree, P., Milligan, C., Roen, K. 2006 Age Concern North West
Placing narrative correspondence in the geographer’s toolbox: insights from care research in New Zealand
Milligan, C. 12/2005 In: New Zealand Geographer. 61, 3, p. 213-224. 12 p.
Digging deep: Using diary techniques to explore the place of health and well-being amongst older people
Milligan, C., Bingley, A., Gatrell, A. 11/2005 In: Social Science and Medicine. 61, 9, p. 1882-1892. 11 p.
Making Space for Volunteers: exploring the links between voluntary organizations, volunteering and citizenship
Milligan, C., Fyfe, N. 03/2005 In: Urban Studies. 42, 3, p. 417-434. 18 p.
From home to ‘home’: Situating emotions within the care-giving experience
Milligan, C. 2005 In: Environment and Planning A. 37, 12, p. 2105-2120. 16 p.
Healing and Feeling: the place of emotions for older people
Milligan, C., Bingley, A., Gatrell, A. 2005 In: Emotional Geographies. Aldershot : Ashgate Publishing p. 49-62. 13 p. ISBN: 978-0-7546-7107-7.
'Cultivating health' : therapeutic landscapes and older people in northern England.
Milligan, C., Gatrell, A., Bingley, A. 05/2004 In: Social Science and Medicine. 58, 9, p. 1781-1793. 13 p.
Putting the voluntary sector in its place : geographical perspectives on voluntary activity and social welfare in Glasgow.
Milligan, C., Fyfe, N.R. 01/2004 In: Journal of Social Policy. 33, 1, p. 73-93. 21 p.
Cultivating health and mental well-being among older people
Milligan, C., Bingley, A., Gatrell, T. 2004 In: Growth Point. March 2004
Embodying Emotion, Sensing Space: introducing emotional geographies
Davidson, J., Milligan, C. 2004 In: Social and Cultural Geography. 5, 4, p. 523-532. 10 p.
Out of the shadows: exploring contemporary geographies of the welfare voluntary sector
Fyfe, N., Milligan, C. 08/2003 In: Progress in Human Geography. 27, 4, p. 397-413. 17 p.
Exploring Therapeutic Landscapes: Footsteps to Praxis: 3
Milligan, C. 2003 In: Journal for Healthcare Design and Development. Spet 2003, p. 15-16. 2 p.
Location or Dis-Location: from community to long term care – the caring experience
Milligan, C. 2003 In: Social and Cultural Geography. 4, 4, p. 455-470. 16 p.
Space, citizenship and the ‘shadow state’: Exploring the voluntary welfare sector in Glasgow
Fyfe, N., Milligan, C. 2003 In: Environment and Planning A. 35, 11, p. 2069-2086. 18 p.
Celtic Geographies: old culture, new times
Harvey, D., Jones, R., McInroy, N., Milligan, C. 2001 London : Routledge. 274 p. ISBN: 978-0415223973.
Geographies of Care: space and the voluntary sector.
Milligan, C. 2001 Aldershot : Ashgate. ISBN: 0 7546 1624 X.
Mapping the voluntary sector : difference and diversity in Glasgow.
Milligan, C., Fyfe, N. 2001 In: Proceedings of the 7th researching the voluntary sector conference. London : NCVO
Breaking out of the Asylum : the impact of the informal sector in a restructured mental health environment
Milligan, C. 1/09/2000 In: Health and Place. 6, 3, p. 189-200. 12 p.
Bearing the Burden: towards a restructured geography of caring
Milligan, C. 03/2000 In: Area. 32, 1, p. 49-58. 10 p.
Taking up the challenge: new directions in the geographies of health and impairment
Cummins, S., Milligan, C. 2000 In: Area. 32, 1, p. 7-10. 4 p.
Without these walls : a geography of mental ill-health in a rural environment.
Milligan, C. 1999 In: Mind and body spaces : geographies of illness, impairment and disability. London : Routledge p. 221-239. 19 p. ISBN: 0415179033.
Pathways of dependency : the impact of helath and social care restructuring : the volunatary experience.
Milligan, C. 1998 In: Social Science and Medicine. 46, 6, p. 743-753. 11 p.
Service dependent ghetto formation : a transferable concept?
Milligan, C. 1996 In: Health and Place. 2, 4, p. 199-211. 13 p.
The spatial and social dynamics of public of public inclusion for people with dementia
01/10/2014 → …
Unpacking The Home
01/06/2011 → …
01/03/2008 → …
Healthcare at home? New technologies and responsibilities across diverse EU systems and cultures
01/02/2006 → 30/09/2009
ITEMS - Identifying Trends in European Medical Space
01/06/2003 → 30/09/2006
Cultivating Health and Mental Well-being Among Older People in Northern England
01/01/2002 → 01/01/2004
Grant Advisory Board Member
Contribution to the work of national or international committees and working groups
Member of the International Science Advisory Panel for the New Zealand National Science Challenge for Ageing Well.
Membership of peer review panel or committee
Member of the Health Service Executive of S. Ireland International Panel of Experts (ageing)
Membership of peer review panel or committee
Scientific Advisory Committee Member
Membership of external research organisation
The Geography Journal
Health and Well-Being Pathway lead
Membership of peer review panel or committee
International Journal of Smart Homecare Technology and TeleHealth.
Health and Place