Professor Angus WinchesterEmeritus
My research falls under two headings: landscape and environmental history, particularly of upland areas; and the local and regional identity in northern England, especially Cumbria. The focus of my work lies at the interface between past human societies and their environments at local and regional level, using Cumbria and elsewhere in northern England as the laboratory in which to explore questions and test hypotheses. My particular interests are the appropriation and exploitation of land in the medieval and early-modern periods and I am keen to offer a distinctive upland and northern perspective to balance the predominantly lowland, southern models of rural landscape history.
Much of my recent work has been on the history of resource management on common land and, in particular, the role of manor courts. My study of manor court byelaws and the management of common land, published as The Harvest of the Hills (2000),led on to further work on the records of manorial administration, including the Cumbrian Manorial Records Project and a sister project in Lancashire. My work on common land has also been developed further in the 'Contested Common Land' project, a major project in collaboration with Newcastle Law School, which formed part of the AHRC Landscape & Environment Programme. A successor project, the 'Building Common Knowledge' project, seeks to engage local commubnities in gathering evidence about the recent history of commons in England and Wales. I am also currently working on Village Byelaws, building a corpus of byelaws from medieval and early modern northern England in order to analyse environmental management strategies by local communities, and to enable comparisons with byelaws from elsewhere in Britain and continental Europe.
Another strand of my research focuses on the history of Cumbria. In particular, I have prepared scholarly editions of key archival sources for the history of the region. My edition of Thomas Denton's Perambulation of Cumberland, 1687-8 (published in 2003) has made accessible one of the most detailed 17th-century topographical descriptions of an English county, while my edition of John Denton's History of Cumberland (published in 2010) provides a modern scholarly edition of the earliest attempt at a history of the county, compiled c.1600. From 2010 to 2016 I directed the Victoria County History of Cumbria project, which works with volunteer local historians to research and write the history of every community in the county - one spin-off of the project has been the publication of Cumbria: an historical gazetteer (Lancaster University Regional Heritage4 Centrre, 2016). In November 2016 I took up a part-time position as Editor of the Victoria County Histories in the Institute of Historical Research at London University.
- Member of Victoria County History National Advisory Board, Institute of Historical Research, London University
- Member of The National Archives' Manorial Documents Advisory Panel
- Past President of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society.
- Vice-President and Joint General Editor, Surtees Society.
- Member of Editorial Board of Quaker Studies and of Advisory Panel, Centre for Postgraduate Quaker Studies, University of Birmingham
My research falls under two headings: landscape history, particularly of upland areas; and local and regional identity in northern England, especially Cumbria. Much of my recent work has been on the history of resource management on common land and, in particular, the role of manor courts. Current projects include building a corpus of manorial byelaws from northern England and Editorship of the Victoria County History.
Henry Hobhouse's Tour Through Cumbria in 1774
Donaldson, C.E., Dunning, R., Winchester, A.J.L. 9/01/2018 Tract Series ed. Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society.
Dry stone walls: history and heritage
Winchester, A.J.L. 15/12/2016 Stroud, Gloucestershire : Amberley Publishing. 96 p. ISBN: 9781445651484.
Cumbria: an historical gazetteer
Winchester, A.J.L. 11/2016 Lancaster : Regional Heritage Centre, Lancaster University. 339 p. ISBN: 9781862203303.
Ruling the commons: introducing a new methodology for the analysis of historical commons
de Moor, T., Laborda-Pemán, M., Lana-Berasain, J.M., van Weeren, R., Winchester, A.J.L. 18/10/2016 In: International Journal of the Commons. 10, 2, p. 529-588. 60 p.
Property rights, ‘good neighbourhood’ and sustainability: the management of common land in England and Wales, 1235-1965
Winchester, A. 2013 In: Rural societies and environments at risk . Turnhout : Brepols p. 301-329. 29 p.
The landscape encountered by the first tourists
Winchester, A. 2013 In: The making of a cultural landscape. Aldershot : Ashgate ISBN: 9781409423683.
‘Comons stories’ workshops: a toolkit for researching the history of Common Land in England Wales
Winchester, A.J.L., Straughton, E.A. 2012
Contested Common Land: Environmental Governance Past and Present
Rodgers, C.P., Straughton, E.A., Winchester, A.J.L., Pieraccini, M. 10/2011 London : Earthscan. 227 p. ISBN: 978-1-84971-094-7.
Personal names and local identities in early modern Cumbria
Winchester, A. 2011 In: Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society Transactions. 11, n/a, p. 29-49. 21 p.
Seasonal Settlement in Northern England: Shieling Place-names Revisited
Winchester, A. 2011 In: Life in Medieval Landscapes. Oxford : Windgather Press p. 125-149. 25 p.
Vaccaries and agistment : upland medieval forests as grazing grounds.
Winchester, A.J.L. 10/2010 In: Forests and Chases of Medieval England and Wales c.1000-c.1500. Oxford : St John's College Research Centre p. 109-124. 16 p. ISBN: 978-0-9544975-7-6.
Contested Common Land Project: Brancaster and Thornham Historical Briefing Paper
Winchester, A.J.L., Straughton, E.A. 2010
John Denton's History of Cumberland
Winchester, A.J.L. 2010 Boydell & Brewer. 240 p.
Stints and sustainability : managing stock levels on common land in England, c.1600-2006.
Winchester, A.J.L., Straughton, E.A. 2010 In: Agricultural History Review. 58, 1, p. 30-48. 19 p.
Contested Common Land Project: Elan Valley Historical Briefing Paper
Winchester, A.J.L., Straughton, E.A. 2009
Early estate structures in Cumbria and Lancashire
Winchester, A.J.L. 2008 In: Medieval Settlement Research Group. 23, p. 14-21. 8 p.
Sources in local history: finding and using manorial records.
Winchester, A.J.L., Straughton, E.A. 05/2007 In: Local Historian. 37, 2, p. 120-126. 7 p.
Baronial and manorial parks in medieval Cumbria.
Winchester, A.J.L. 2007 In: The Medieval Park : new perspectives.. Macclesfield : Windgather Press p. 165-184. 20 p. ISBN: 978-1-905119-16-5.
Contested Common Land Project: Eskdale (Cumbria) Historical Briefing Paper
Winchester, A.J.L., Straughton, E.A. 2007
Contested Common Land Project: Ingleton (North Yorkshire) Historical Briefing Paper
Winchester, A.J.L., Straughton, E.A. 2007
Contested Common Land Project: Ingleton Commons
Winchester, A.J.L., Straughton, E.A. 2007
'Common land in upland Britain: tragic unsustainability or utopian community resource?'.
Winchester, A.J.L. 2006 In: Umwelt und Geschichte in Deutschland und Grossbritannien / Environment and History in Britain and Germany. (Prinz Albert Studien Band 24). Munich: K. G. Sauer for Prince Albert Society 61 p. ISBN: 3-598-21424-3.
Cumbrian manorial records
Winchester, A.J.L., Straughton, E. 2006
England's landscape 8: the North West
Winchester, A., Crosby, A. 2006 London : Harper Collins. 256 p. ISBN: 9780007155774.
Village Byelaws and the Management of a Contested Common Resource: Bracken (Pteridium Aquilinum) in Highland Britain, 1500-1800
Winchester, A.J.L. 2006 In: Building the European Commons: From Open Fields to Open Source,. Digital Library of the Commons
Regional identity in the Lake Counties : land tenure and the Cumbrian landscape.
Winchester, A.J.L. 2005 In: Natural History. 42, 1, p. 29-48. 20 p.
Society, landscape and environment in upland Britain
Winchester, A., Whyte, I. 2005 Birmingham : Society for Landscape Studies. ISBN: 0953971112 .
Moorland forests of medieval England.
Winchester, A.J.L. 2004 In: Society, landscape and environmental in upland Britain. Birmingham : Society for Landscape Studies p. 21-34. 14 p. ISBN: 0953971112.
A lost source for the rising of 1536 in north-west England.
Hoyle, R.W., Winchester, A.J.L. 02/2003 In: English Historical Review. 118, 475, p. 120-129. 10 p.
A medieval coin hoard from Waverton.
Winchester, A.J.L. 2003 In: Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society Transactions. 3, p. 237-239. 3 p.
Demesne livestock farming in the Lake District : the vaccary at Gatesgarth, Buttermere, in the later thirteenth century
Winchester, A.J.L. 2003 In: Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society Transactions. 3, p. 109-118. 10 p.
Thomas Denton : A Perambulation of Cumberland 1687-8, including descriptions of Westmorland, the Isle of Man and Ireland.
Winchester, A.J.L., Wane, M. 2003
'Upland commons in northern England'.
Winchester, A.J.L. 2002 In: The Management of Common Land in North West Europe, c.1500-1850. (CORN [Comparative Rural History of the North Sea Area] publication series, 8). Turnhout: Brepols 33 p. ISBN: 2-503-51273-9.
The effects [of the 2001 foot and mouth disease epidemic] on rural communities in Cumbria.
Winchester, A.J.L. 2001 In: Landscapes. 2, 2, p. 5-9. 5 p.
Discovering parish boundaries.
Winchester, A.J.L. 2000 Princes Risborough : Shire Publications. 96 p.
Dividing lines in a moorland landscape : territorial boundaries in upland England.
Winchester, A.J.L. 2000 In: Landscapes. 1, 2, p. 16-32. 17 p.
Hill farming landscapes of medieval northern England.
Winchester, A.J.L. 2000 In: Landscape : the richest historical record. Society for Landscape Studies p. 75-84. 10 p.
The harvest of the hills : rural life in Northern England and the Scottish borders, 1400-1700.
Winchester, A.J.L. 2000 Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press. 194 p.
The diary of Isaac Fletcher of Underwood, Cumberland, 1756-1781
Winchester, A. 1994 Kendal : Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society. 518 p. ISBN: 9781873124208 .
Landscape and society in medieval Cumbria
Winchester, A. 1987 Edinburgh : John Donald. 178 p. ISBN: 9780859761796 .
Victoria County History 2012-14
01/10/2012 → 30/09/2014
Building Commons Knowledge
01/07/2012 → 31/08/2013
Common Rules: the regulation of institutions for collective action 1100-1800
01/09/2011 → 31/08/2014
Manorial Documents Register for Lancashire
06/06/2011 → 03/06/2012
Village Byelaws from Northern England
01/01/2009 → …
Understanding & Acting within Loweswater: A Community approach to Catchment Management
01/06/2007 → 31/12/2010