Dr Jennie Gilbert FGS

Senior Lecturer

Research Overview

My research focuses on (1) transport of volcanic ash in the atmosphere and (2) the interaction between volcanoes and glaciers. With respect to (1), I am interested in mechanisms of particle aggregation, the causes of volcanic plume-induced electric fields, and the impact of volcanic plumes on aviation. I couple field observations with laboratory experiments to advance understanding in this area. My work on (2) involves deriving information on past climates via geologic mapping, geochemical analysis and interpretation of data from volcanoes, mainly in Chile and Iceland, that are either currently ice-capped or have been in the last few hundred thousand years.

Glaciovolcanism at Volcán Sollipulli, southern Chile: lithofacies analysis and interpretation
Lachowycz, S.M., Pyle, D., Gilbert, J.S., Mather, T., Mee, K., Naranjo, J.A., Hobbs, L. 15/09/2015 In: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 303, p. 59-78. 20 p.
Journal article

Ice-melt rates in liquid-filled cavities during explosive subglacial eruptions
Woodcock, D., Lane, S., Gilbert, J. 24/03/2014 In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 119, 3, p. 1803-1817. 15 p.
Journal article

Magma-cryosphere interactions on Mars: an experimental investigation of physical processes
Tyson, S., Lane, S., Wilson, L., Gilbert, J. 2014 In: 45th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, held 17-21 March, 2014 at The Woodlands, Texas. Houston TX : Lunar and Planetary Institute p. 1124-1125. 2 p.
Paper

Particle-water heat transfer during explosive volcanic eruptions
Woodcock, D.C., Gilbert, J., Lane, S.J. 11/10/2012 In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 117, B10, 15 p.
Journal article

Distal deposition of tephra from the Eyjafjallajokull 2010 summit eruption
Stevenson, J.A., Loughlin, S., Rae, C., Thordarson, T., Milodowski, A.E., Gilbert, J.S., Harangi, S., Lukacs, R., Hojgaard, B., Arting, U., Pyne-O'Donnell, S., MacLeod, A., Whitney, B., Cassidy, M. 09/2012 In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 117, B9, 10 p.
Journal article

Variations in hydration within perlitised rhyolitic lavas - evidence from Torfajökull, Iceland
Denton, J., Tuffen, H., Gilbert, J. 04/2012 In: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 223-224, 1, p. 64-73. 10 p.
Journal article

Magma-cryosphere interactions on Mars: VMSG 2012, Durham UK
Airey, M., Tyson, S., Lane, S., Gilbert, J., Wilson, L. 01/2012
Poster

Particle-water heat transfer during subglacial explosive eruptions: VMSG 2012, Durham UK
Woodcock, D., Lane, S., Gilbert, J. 01/2012
Poster

The role of cold volcanic debris in glacier ablation. AGU Fall Meeting EP51B-0846.
Hobbs, L., Gilbert, J., Lane, S. 12/2011
Abstract

The role of electrostatics in ash transport and deposition: AGU Fall Meeting 2011 V53H-05
Lane, S., Gilbert, J., James, M. 12/2011
Abstract

Electrostatic phenomena in volcanic eruptions: IoP 13th International Conference on Electrostatics
Lane, S., James, M., Gilbert, J. 04/2011
Conference paper

Explosive rhyolite tuya formation: classic examples from Kerlingarfjoll, Iceland
Stevenson, J.A., Gilbert, J., McGarvie, D.W., Smellie, J.L. 01/2011 In: Quaternary Science Reviews. 30, 1-2, p. 192-209. 17 p.
Journal article

Mechanisms of Particle Aggregation In Volcanic Plumes and Resultant Morphologies of Aggregates.: (Invited) IUGG 2011 V09-2952
Gilbert, J., Lane, S., James, M., Stevenson, J., Hoskuldsson, Á., Thordarson, T., Loughlin, S., Milodowski, A. 2011
Abstract

The significance of volcanic ash fall for Earth’s glaciers
Hobbs, L., Gilbert, J., Lane, S. 2011 In: Volcanic and Magmatic Studies Group conference.
Conference contribution

The initial responses of hot liquid water released under low atmospheric pressures: experimental insights
Bargery, A.S., Lane, S.J., Barrett, A., Wilson, L., Gilbert, J.S. 11/2010 In: Icarus. 210, 1, p. 488-506. 19 p.
Journal article

Palaeoenvironment reconstruction, volcanic evolution and geochronology of the Cerro Blanco subcomplex, Nevados de Chillán Volcanic Complex, central Chile.
Mee, K., Gilbert, J.S., McGarvie, D.W., Naranjo, J.A., Pringle, M. 10/2009 In: Bulletin of Volcanology. 71, 8, p. 933-952. 20 p.
Journal article

Subglacial intermediate volcanism at Kerlingarfjöll, Iceland: magma-water interactions beneath thick ice
Stevenson, J.A., Smellie, J.L., McGarvie, D.W., Gilbert, J.S., Cameron, B.I. 10/09/2009 In: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 185, 4, p. 337-351. 15 p.
Journal article

The hydration and alteration of perlite and rhyolite
Denton, J.S., Tuffen, H., Gilbert, J.S., Odling, N. 09/2009 In: Journal of the Geological Society. 166, 5, p. 895-904. 10 p.
Journal article

A new mechanism for caldera formation resulting from interactions between magmatic heat and cryospheric ice.
Tyson, S., Wilson, L., Gilbert, J., Lane, S. 2009
Conference paper

Hecates Tholus: defrosting a volcano: 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference
Tyson, S., Wilson, L., Lane, S., Gilbert, J. 2009
Conference paper

Fluid Motions in Volcanic Conduits : A Source of Seismic and Acoustic Signals.
Lane, S.J., Gilbert, J.S. 7/11/2008 London : Geological Society of London. 252 p. ISBN: 978-1-86239-262-5.
Book

The consequences of fluid motion in volcanic conduits.
Gilbert, J.S., Lane, S. 15/10/2008 In: Fluid Motions in Volcanic Conduits: A Source of Seismic and Acoustic Signals.. London : Geological Society p. 1-10. 10 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Electrical charging of volcanic plumes
James, M.R., Wilson, L., Lane, S., Gilbert, J.S., Mather, T.A., Harrison, R.G., Martin, R.S. 06/2008 In: Space Science Reviews. 137, 1-4, p. 399-418. 20 p.
Journal article

An explosive-intrusive subglacial rhyolite eruption at Dalakvisl, Torfajokull, Iceland
Tuffen, H., McGarvie, D.W., Pinkerton, H., Gilbert, J., Brooker, R.A. 05/2008 In: Bulletin of Volcanology. 70, 7, p. 841-860. 20 p.
Journal article

Geología del complejo volcánico Nevados de Chillán, Région del Biobío. Servicio Nacional Geología y Minería, Carta Geológía de Chile, Serie Geología Básica, mapa escala 1:50,000, Santiago.
Naranjo, J.A., Gilbert, J.S., Sparks, R.S.J.S. 2008
Other contribution

Laboratory simulation of the release of subsurface water and brine on to the surface of Mars and icy satellites.
Bargery, A., Lane, S., Wilson, L., Gilbert, J. 2008
Conference paper

The physics of fluid oscillations in volcanic systems
Lane, S., Gilbert, J.S. 2007 In: EOS, Transactions American Geophysical Union. 88, 3, p. 29-30. 2 p.
Journal article

Will subglacial rhyolite eruptions be explosive or intrusive? Some insights from analytical models
Tuffen, H., McGarvie, D.W., Gilbert, J. 2007 In: Papers from the International Symposium on Earth and Planetary Ice-Volcano Interactions held in Reykjavík, Iceland, on 19-23 June 2006 . Cambridge : International Glaciological Society p. 87-94. 8 p. ISBN: 9780946417407.
Chapter

Subglacial and ice-contact volcanism at Vatnafjöll, Öraefajökull, Iceland.
Stevenson, J.A., McGarvie, D.W., Smellie, J.L., Gilbert, J.S. 06/2006 In: Bulletin of Volcanology. 68, 7-8, p. 737-752. 16 p.
Journal article

Snow-contact volcanic facies and their use in determining past eruptive environments at Nevados de Chillán volcano, Chile
Mee, K., Tuffen, H., Gilbert, J. 02/2006 In: Bulletin of Volcanology. 68, 4, p. 363-376. 14 p.
Journal article

Pressure changes associated with the ascent and bursting of gas slugs in liquid-filled vertical and inclined conduits.
James, M.R., Lane, S., Chouet, B., Gilbert, J.S. 15/01/2004 In: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 129, 1-3, p. 61-82. 22 p.
Journal article

The density, construction and drag coefficient of electrostatic volcanic ash aggregates.
James, M.R., Lane, S.J., Gilbert, J.S. 17/09/2003 In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 108, p. 2435.
Journal article

Melting of the glacier base during a small-volume subglacial rhyolite eruption: evidence from Blahnukur, Iceland.
Tuffen, H., Pinkerton, H., Gilbert, J., McGarvie, D. 15/05/2002 In: Sedimentary Geology. 149, 1-3, p. 183-198. 16 p.
Journal article

A model for large-scale volcanic plumes on Io: Implications for eruption rates and interactions between magmas and near-surface volatiles.
Cataldo, E., Wilson, L., Lane, S., Gilbert, J. 2002 In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. 107, E11, p. 5109.
Journal article

Experimental investigation of volcanic particle aggregation in the absence of a liquid phase.
James, M.R., Gilbert, J.S., Lane, S.J. 2002 In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 107, B9, 13 p.
Journal article

Physical volcanology of a subglacial-to-emergent rhyolitic tuya at Rauðufossafjöll, Torfajökull, Iceland.
Tuffen, H., McGarvie, D.W., Gilbert, J.S., Pinkerton, H. 2002 In: Geological Society Special Publications. 202, p. 213-236. 24 p.
Journal article

Products of an effusive subglacial rhyolite eruption: Blahnukur, Torfajokull, Iceland.
Tuffen, H., Gilbert, J.S., McGarvie, D.W. 07/2001 In: Bulletin of Volcanology. 63, 2-3, p. 179-190. 12 p.
Journal article

Phreatoplinian eruptions
Houghton, B., Wilson, C., Smith, R., Gilbert, J. 2000 In: Encyclopedia of Volcanoes. San Diego : Academic Press p. 513-525. 12 p.
Paper

Volcanic plume electrification: experimental investigation of a fracture-charging mechanism.
James, M., Lane, S., Gilbert, J.S. 2000 In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 105, B7, p. 16641-16649. 9 p.
Journal article

The evolution of Volcan Nevados de Chillan, Chile.
Dixon, H.J., Murphy, M.D., Sparks, R.S.J., Chaves, R., Naranjo, J.A., Dunkley, P.N., Young, S.R., Gilbert, J.S., Pringle, M.R. 12/1999 In: Revista Geologica de Chile. 26, 2, p. 227-253. 27 p.
Journal article

Future research directions on the physics of explosive volcanic eruptions
Gilbert, J., Sparks, R. 1998 In: The physics of explosive volcanic eruptions. London : Geological Society p. 1-7. 7 p.
Paper

The Physics of Explosive Eruptions
Gilbert, J., Sparks, R. 1998 Geological Society of London. 186 p. ISBN: 1862390207.
Book

The geology of Nevados de Chillan Volcano, Chile (Technical Report WC/98/84)
Dixon, H., Sparks, R., Chavez, R., Naranjo, J., Dunkley, P., Young, S., Gilbert, J. 1998 British Geological Survey. 54 p.
Commissioned report

Volcanic hazards at Volcan Nevados de Chillan, Chile (Technical Report WC/98/14)
Gilbert, J., Sparks, R., Young, S. 1998 Technical Report WC/98/14, Overseas Geology Series ed. British Geological Survey. 41 p.
Commissioned report

Volcanic plume monitoring using atmospheric electric potential gradients.
James, M.R., Lane, S., Gilbert, J. 1998 In: Journal of the Geological Society. 155, 4, p. 587-590. 4 p.
Journal article

Volcanic Plumes
Sparks, R., Bursik, M., Carey, S., Gilbert, J., Glaze, L., Sigurdsson, H., Woods, A. 1997 Chichester : Wiley. 574 p. ISBN: 0471939013, 9780471939016.
Book

Non-explosive, constructional evolution of the ice-filled caldera at Volcan Sollipulli, Chile.
Gilbert, J.S., Stasiuk, M.V., Lane, S., Adam, C.R., Murphy, M.D., Sparks, R.S.J., Naranjo, J.A. 09/1996 In: Bulletin of Volcanology. 58, 1, p. 67-83. 17 p.
Journal article

Hazards at Nevados de Chillán Volcano, Chile.
Chavez, R., Dixon, H.J., Dunkley, P.N., Gilbert, J.S., Naranjo, J.A., Sparks, R.S.J., Young, S.R. 1996 In: Appl. Geosci. Meet. Abstr.. 99
Journal article

The origin of Pyrenean Hercynian volcanic rocks (France-Spain): REE and Sm---Nd isotope constraints — Reply.
Gilbert, J.S., Bickle, M.J., Chapman, H.J. 5/04/1995 In: Chemical Geology. 121, 1-4, p. 298-300. 3 p.
Journal article

Electrical and chemical properties of eruption plumes at Sakurajima volcano, Japan
Lane, S., Gilbert, J., Kemp, A. 1995 In: 8th Report of Geophysical and Geochemical Observations at Sakurajima Volcano, Sakurajima Volcanological Observatory, Kyoto University. Kyoto p. 105-127. 23 p.
Chapter

Ice-melt collapse pits and associated features in the 1991 lahar deposits of Volcán Hudson, Chile: criteria to distinguish eruption-induced glacier melt.
Branney, M.J., Gilbert, J.S. 1995 In: Bulletin of Volcanology. 57, 5, p. 293-302. 10 p.
Journal article

The origin of accretionary lapilli.
Gilbert, J.S., Lane, S. 11/1994 In: Bulletin of Volcanology. 56, 5, p. 398-411. 14 p.
Journal article

The origin of Pyrenean Hercynian volcanic rocks (France-Spain): REE and Sm-Nd isotope constraints.
Gilbert, J.S., Bickle, M.J., Chapman, H.J. 5/01/1994 In: Chemical Geology. 111, 1-4, p. 207-226. 20 p.
Journal article

Electrical phenomena in volcanic plumes. Proceedings of the first international symposium on volcanic ash and aviation safety.
Gilbert, J.S., Lane, S.J. 1994 In: US Geological Survey Bulletin. 2047, p. 31-38. 8 p.
Journal article

Experimental and theoretical modelling of volcanic processes.
Gilbert, J.S. 1994 In: Geoscientist. 4, p. 12-14. 3 p.
Journal article

Nuevos antecedentes sobre la evolución cuaternaria del complejo Volcánico Nevados de Chillán
Naranjo, J., Chavez, R., Sparks, R., Gilbert, J., Dunkley, P. 1994 In: Proceedings volume of the 7th Chilean Geological Congress, Concepcion, Chile. p. 342-345. 4 p.
Conference contribution

The concentration of ash in volcanic plumes, inferred from dispersal data: proceedings volume of the first international symposium on volcanic ash and aviation safety.
Bursik, M.I., Sparks, R.S.J., Carey, S.N., Gilbert, J.S. 1994 In: US Geological Survey Bulletin. 2047, p. 19-29. 11 p.
Journal article

The controls of eruption-column dynamics on the injection and mass loading of ash into the atmosphere.
Sparks, R.S.J., Bursik, M.I., Carey, S.N., Woods, A.W., Gilbert, J.S. 1994 In: US Geological Survey Bulletin. 2047, p. 81-86. 6 p.
Journal article

The aerodynamic behaviour of volcanic aggregates
Lane, S., Gilbert, J., HILTON, M. 1/09/1993 In: Bulletin of Volcanology. 55, 7, p. 481-488. 8 p.
Journal article

Electric potential gradient changes during explosive activity at Sakurajima volcano, Japan
Lane, S., Gilbert, J. 1/09/1992 In: Bulletin of Volcanology. 54, 7, p. 590-594. 5 p.
Journal article

Sedimentation of tephra by volcanic plumes, I, Theory and its comparison with a study of Fogo A plinian deposit, Sao Miguel (Azores)
BURSIK, M.I., SPARKS, R.S.J., CAREY, S.N., Gilbert, J. 04/1992 In: Bulletin of Volcanology. 54, 4, p. 329-344. 16 p.
Journal article

The stratigraphy of a proximal late hercynian pyroclastic sequence - the vilancos region of the pyrenees
Gilbert, J. 03/1991 In: Geological Magazine. 128, 2, p. 111-128. 18 p.
Journal article

Charge measurements on particle fallout from a volcanic plume
Gilbert, J., Lane, S., SPARKS, R., KOYAGUCHI, T. 14/02/1991 In: Nature. 349, 6310, p. 598-600. 3 p.
Journal article

The significance of garnet in the Permo-Carboniferous volcanic rocks of the Pyrenees
Gilbert, J., ROGERS, N.W. 05/1989 In: Journal of the Geological Society. 146, p. 477-490. 14 p.
Journal article