Dr Martin McAinsh

Reader

Research Overview

Martin is a plant cell biologist with an interest in the fundamental mechanisms by which plants respond to changes in the environment including drought, elevated carbon dioxide, high rhizospheric calcium and ozone stress. In particular, he is interested in understanding the cellular/molecular basis of how plants tolerate these environmental stresses and how this relates to agricultural sustainability and food security, and the maintenance of biodiversity in vulnerable plant communities.

Published research

Martin’s work includes over 65 published papers (see link above) many addressing the signalling pathways by which plant cells perceive and respond to environmental and developmental stimuli. These include highly cited papers in both Nature and the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA focusing on the role of calcium ions in the response of plants to global change and the resultant stresses to which crops and natural plant communities are exposed.

Martin has received funding for his research from a range of organizations including:

  • National Environmental Research Council (NERC),
  • Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)
  • The Royal Society, UK
  • Horticultural Development Council (HDC)
  • European Union (EU)

Current research

Martin is currently working on a range of fundamental and applied research strands including:

  • Exploiting vertical growing strategies for sustainable crop production (funded by the BBSRC)
  • Enhancing crop quality and diminishing water use in bedding plants (in partnership with Arden Lea)
  • Optimising nutrient use efficiency in crop production using biospectroscopy as a novel plant monitoring system(in partnership with Plant Impact)
  • Sensor-based pre-symptomatic detection of pests and pathogens for precision scheduling of crop protection products (in partnership with Barfoots Ltd)
  • Annexin1-mediated calcium signalling controls plant responses to ozone (funded by the BBSRC)
  • The influence of heavy metals on stomatal development in plants(funded by the China Scholarship Council)

Roles

Martin is senior admissions tutor for Biology-related undergraduate programmes.

Martin is currently:

Teaching

Martin contributes modules to BSc and MSci level undergraduate programmes in both the Lancaster Environment Centre and Biomedical and Life Sciences Divisionat Lancaster University. These include:

  • First, second and third year modules on plant responses to environmental change
  • First and second year Biochemistry modules
  • Second and third year Cell Biology modules

He also supervises undergraduate and masters dissertation topics focusing on plant responses to environmental change at the whole-plant, cellular and molecular levels.

Calcium dependence of Eugenol tolerance and toxicity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Roberts, S., McAinsh, M., Cantopher, H., Sandison, S. 18/07/2014 In: PLoS ONE. 9, 7, 8 p.
Journal article

Calcium imaging of the cyclic nucleotide response
McAinsh, M., Roberts, S., Dubovskaya, L. 2013 In: Cyclic nucleotide signalling in plants. New York : Humana Press p. 107-119. 13 p. ISBN: 9781627034401. Electronic ISBN: 9781627034418.
Chapter

Measurement of cytosolic-free Ca2+ in plant tissue
McAinsh, M., Ng, C.K. 2013 In: Calcium signalling protocols. USA : Humana Press p. 327-341. 15 p. ISBN: 978-1-58829-442-5.
Chapter

Cch1p mediates Ca2+ influx to protect Saccharomyces cerevisiae against eugenol toxicity
Roberts, S., McAinsh, M., Widdicks, L. 13/09/2012 In: PLoS ONE. 7, 9, 7 p.
Journal article

A stress-specific calcium signature regulating an ozone-responsive gene expression network in Arabidopsis
McAinsh, M., Short, E., North, K., Roberts, M., Shirras, A., Hetherington, A. 2012 In: Plant Journal. 71, 6, p. 948–961. 14 p.
Journal article

cGMP-dependent ABA-induced stomatal closure in the ABA-insensitive Arabidopsis mutant abi1-1
Dubovskaya, L.V., Bakakina, Y.S., Kolesneva, E.V., Sodel, D.L., McAinsh, M.R., Hetherington, A.M., Volotovski, I.D. 07/2011 In: New Phytologist. 191, 1, p. 57-69. 13 p.
Journal article

Crosstalk in Ca2+ signaling pathways.
McAinsh, M.R., Schroeder, J.I. 08/2009 In: Signal crosstalk in plant stress responses. Ames, Iowa : Wiley-Blackwell 224 p. ISBN: 978-0-8138-1963-1.
Chapter

Shaping the calcium signature.
McAinsh, M.R., Pittman, J.K. 01/2009 In: New Phytologist. 181, 2, p. 275-294. 20 p.
Journal article

Ca2+ signals co-ordinate zygotic polarization and cell cycle progression in the brown alga, Fucus serratus.
Bothwell, J.H.F., Kisielewska, J., Genner, M.J., McAinsh, M.R., Brownlee, C. 15/06/2008 In: Development. 135, 12, p. 2173-2181. 9 p.
Journal article

Calcium oscillations in guard cell adaptive responses to environment.
McAinsh, M. 2007 In: Rhythms in plants. Berlin : Springer Verlag
Chapter

Bioloistic delivery of Ca2+ dyes into plant and algal cells.
Bothwell, J.H.F., Brownlee, C., Hetherington, A.M., Ng, C.K., Wheeler, G.L., McAinsh, M. 04/2006 In: Plant Journal. 46, 2, p. 327-335. 9 p.
Journal article

Effect of hight rhizospheric calcium on root growth and structure in Arabidopsis.
Cherukuri, S., McAinsh, M., Shirras, A. 04/2006 In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 143, 4 Supp, p. S178.
Journal article

Identification of Arabidopsis guard cell CO2 signalling mutants using infrared thermography.
Hetherington, A., Davies, W.J., Holroyd, G., McAinsh, M., Tagliavia, C. 04/2006 In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 143, 4 Supp, p. S142.
Journal article

Polarised development in the brown algae : common mechanisms and unique features.
Brownlee, C., Bothwell, J.H.F., McAinsh, M., Hetherington, A.M., Coelho, S. 04/2006 In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 143, 4 Supp, p. S100.
Journal article

Species-dependent changes in stomal sensitivity to abscisic acid mediated by external pH.
Prokic, L., Jovanovic, Z., McAinsh, M., Vucinic, Z., Stikic, R. 02/2006 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 57, 3, p. 675-683. 9 p.
Journal article

Environmental genomics of calcicole-calcifuge physiology.
Abram, B., Cherukuri, C., Pritchard, S.C., Rodwell, J.S., Shirras, A.D., McAinsh, M. 07/2005 In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 141, 3 Supp, p. S276-S277.
Journal article

Functional genomics of ozone stress in Arabidopsis.
Short, E., Shirras, A.D., McAinsh, M. 07/2005 In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 141, 3 Supp, p. S273-S274.
Journal article

Species-dependent changes in stomatal sensitivity to abscisic acid mediated by external pH
McAinsh, M., Stikic, R., Vucinic, Z., Prokic, L., Jovanovic, Z. 07/2005 In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 141, 3 Supp, p. S283. 1 p.
Journal article

Using infrared thermography to study the CO2 signalling pathway in Arabidopsis.
Tagliavia, C.P.P., Holroyd, G.H., Davies, W.J., McAinsh, M.R., Hetherington, A. 07/2005 In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 141, p. S274.
Journal article

ROS percetion in Arabidopsis thaliana : the ozone-induced calcium response.
Evans, N.H., McAinsh, M., Hetherington, A.M., Knight, M.R. 02/2005 In: Plant Journal. 41, 4, p. 615-626. 12 p.
Journal article

Signalling crosstalk in plants: emerging issues
Taylor, J., McAinsh, M. 01/2005 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 55, 395, p. 147-149. 3 p.
Journal article

Measurement of cytosolic-free Ca2+ in plant tissue.
McAinsh, M., Ng, C.K. 2005 In: Methods in molecular biology. Humana Press p. 289-302. 14 p.
Chapter

Molecular dissection of the ozone stress responses.
Short, E., McAinsh, M., Shirras, A.D. 03/2004 In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 137, 3 Supp, p. S202.
Journal article

Mitochondria provide the main source of cytosolic ATP for activation of outward-rectifying K+ channels in mesophyll protoplast of chlorophyll-deficient mutant rice (OsCHLH) seedlings.
Goh, C., Jung, K., Roberts, S.K., McAinsh, M., Hetherington, A.M., Park, Y.I., Suh, K.H. 20/02/2004 In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 279, 8, p. 6874-6882. 9 p.
Journal article

The effects of manipulating phospholipase C on guard cell ABA-signalling.
Mills, L.N., Hunt, L., Leckie, C.P., Aitken, F.L., Wentworth, M., McAinsh, M., Gray, J.E., Hetherington, A.M. 01/2004 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 55, 395, p. 199-204. 6 p.
Journal article

Encoding specificity in calcium signals in plants : hot spotting the ups and downs and waves.
Ng, C.K., McAinsh, M. 10/2003 In: Annals of Botany. 92, 4, p. 477-485. 9 p.
Journal article

Crosstalk in guard cell signalling.
Worrall, D., Fletcher, S., Mills, L., McAinsh, M., Hunt, L., Gray, J.E., Hetherington, A.M. 04/2003 In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 134, Supple, p. S132.
Journal article

Phospholiphase C is required for the control of stomatal aperture by ABA.
Hunt, L., Mills, L.N., Pical, C., Leckie, C.P., Aitken, F.L., Kopka, J., Mueller-Roeber, B., McAinsh, M., Hetherington, A.M., Gray, J.E. 04/2003 In: Plant Journal. 34, 1, p. 47-55. 9 p.
Journal article

ABA-signalling in guard cells.
Hunt, L., Gray, J.E., Mills, L.N., McAinsh, M., Hetherington, A.M. 02/2003 In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 134, 1, p. S136.
Journal article

A pharmacological and mutagenic approach to dissecting the response of Arabidopsis thaliana to ozone
North, K.A., Knight, M.R., Hetherington, A., McAinsh, M. 2003
Abstract

A pharmacological and mutagenic approach to dissecting the response of Arabidopsis thaliana to ozone.
North, K., Evans, N.H., Hetherington, A.M., McAinsh, M., Knight, M.R. 2003 In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 134, Supple, p. S137.
Journal article

Dissecting the early molecular events of Arabidopsis thaliana in response to ozone
North, K.A., Evans, N., Knight, M.R., Hetherington, A., McAinsh, M. 2003
Abstract

Functional genomics of ozone stress in Arabidopsis
Short, E., McAinsh, M., Shirras, A., Huckerby, T. 2003
Abstract

Functional genomics of ozone stress in Arabidopsis.
Short, E., McAinsh, M., Shirras, A., Huckerby, T.N. 2003 In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 134, Supple, p. S137.
Journal article

Water relations of plants : stomata.
McAinsh, M. 2003 In: Plant encyclopedia of applied plant sciences.. London : Academic Press p. 1459-1466. 8 p.
Chapter

Stomatal responses to gaseous pollutants.
McAinsh, M., Evans, N.H., Mongomery, L.T., North, K.A. 03/2002 In: New Phytologist. 153, 3, p. 441-448. 8 p.
Journal article

Changes in stomatal behaviour in the calcicole Leontodon hispidus due to the disruption by ozone of the regulation of apoplastic Ca2+ by trichomes.
de Silva, D.L.R., Mansfield, T.A., McAinsh, M. 11/2001 In: Planta. 214, 1, p. 158-162. 5 p.
Journal article

Calcium oscillations in higher plants.
Evans, N.H., McAinsh, M., Hetherington, A.M. 1/10/2001 In: Current Opinion in Plant Biology. 4, 5, p. 415-420. 6 p.
Journal article

Calcium based signalling in guard cells.
Ng, C.K., McAinsh, M., Gray, J.E., Hunt, L., Leckie, C.P., Mills, L., Hetherington, A.M. 07/2001 In: New Phytologist. 151, 1, p. 109-120. 12 p.
Journal article

Drought-induced guard cell signal transduction involves sphingosine-1-phosphate.
Ng, C.K., Carr, K., McAinsh, M., Powell, B., Hetherington, A.M. 29/03/2001 In: Nature. 410, 6828, p. 596-599. 4 p.
Journal article

Calcium signalling in stomatal cell guards.
McAinsh, M., Gray, J.E., Hetherington, A.M., Leckie, C.P., Ng, C.K. 08/2000 In: Biochemical Society Transactions. 28, 4, p. 476-481. 6 p.
Journal article

Calcium oscillations in guard cells.
McAinsh, M., Leckie, C.P., Hetherington, A.M. 2000 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 51, Supple, p. S32.
Journal article

Calcium signalling in stomatal guard cells.
McAinsh, M. 2000 In: Biochemical Society Transactions. 28, 3, p. A57.
Journal article

The role of phospholipase C in guard cell signal transduction.
Hunt, L., Aitken, F.L., Gray, J.E., Mills, L., McAinsh, M., Hetherington, A.M. 2000 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 51, Supple, p. S55.
Journal article

The role of the phospholipase C/inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate-mediated calcium-mobilising pathway in guard cell signal transduction.
McAinsh, M., Aitken, F.L., Gray, J.E., Hetherington, A.M., Hunt, L., Leckie, C.P., Mills, L., Ng, C.K. 2000 In: Plant Physiology. 123, Supple, p. S35-S36.
Journal article

The role of the phospholipase C/inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-mediated calcium-mobilizing pathway in guard cell signal transduction
McAinsh, M., Hetherington, A., Leckie, C.P., Mills, L., Ng, C.K., Aitken, F.L., Gray, J.E., Hunt, L. 2000
Abstract

Trichomes as regulators of apoplastic calcium.
de Silva, D.L.R., Mansfield, T.A., McAinsh, M. 2000 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 51, Supple, p. S68.
Journal article

Dissection of the ozone-induced calcium signature.
Clayton, H., Knight, M.R., Knight, H., McAinsh, M., Hetherington, A.M. 03/1999 In: Plant Journal. 17, 5, p. 575-579. 5 p.
Journal article

Abscisic acid induces oscillations in guard-cell cytosolic free calcium that involve phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C.
Staxen, I., Pical, C., Montgomery, L.T., Gray, J.E., Hetherington, A.M., McAinsh, M. 16/02/1999 In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 96, 4, p. 1779-1784. 6 p.
Journal article

Calcium ions as common intermediates in guard cell signal transduction.
Hetherington, A.M., McAinsh, M., Leckie, C.P., Webb, A.A.R., Gray, J.E. 1999 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 50, Supple, p. S71.
Journal article

Measurement of cytolsolic-free Ca2+ in plant tissue.
McAinsh, M., Staxen, I. 1999 In: Methods in molecular biology. Humana Press p. 307-321. 15 p.
Chapter

Signal redundancy in the response of guard cells to abscisic acid.
Leckie, C.P., McAinsh, M., Hetherington, A.M., Sanders, D. 1999 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 50, Supple, p. S73.
Journal article

The role of PI-PLC in the generation of Ca2+ signatures in stomatal guard cells.
McAinsh, M., Hetherington, A.M., Montgomery, L.T., Gray, J.E., Pical, C., Staxen, I. 1999 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 50, Supple, p. S74.
Journal article

Abscisic acid-mediates stomatal closure mediated by cyclic ADP-ribose.
Leckie, C.P., McAinsh, M.R., Allen, G.J., Sanders, D., Hetherington, A.M. 22/12/1998 In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 95, 26, p. 15837-15842. 6 p.
Journal article

The control of specificity in guard cell signal transduction.
Hetherington, A.M., Gray, J.E., Leckie, C., McAinsh, M.R., Ng, C., Pical, C., Priestly, A.J., Staxén, I., Webb, A.A.R. 09/1998 In: Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences. 353, 1374, p. 1489-1494. 6 p.
Journal article

Second messengers in guard cells.
Leckie, C.P., McAinsh, M.R., Montgomery, L.T., Priestly, A.J., Staxén, I., Webb, A.A.R., Hetherington, A.M. 03/1998 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 49, Specia, p. 339-349. 11 p.
Journal article

Encoding specificity in Ca2+ signalling systems.
McAinsh, M.R., Hetherington, A.M. 01/1998 In: Trends in Plant Science. 3, 1, p. 32-36. 5 p.
Journal article

Calcium ions as second messengers in guard cell signal transduction.
McAinsh, M.R., Brownlee, C., Hetherington, A.M. 05/1997 In: Physiologia Plantarum. 100, 1, p. 16-29. 14 p.
Journal article

Effects of ozone on cytosolic calcium in Arabidopsis and tobacco seedlings.
Clayton, H., McAinsh, M.R., Mansfield, T.A., Hetherington, A.M., Knight, M. 05/1996 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 47, Supple, p. 3-3. 1 p.
Journal article

Carbon dioxide induces increases in guard cell cytosolic free calcium.
Webb, A.A.R., McAinsh, M.R., Mansfield, T.A., Hetherington, A.M. 03/1996 In: The Plant Journal. 9, 3, p. 297-304. 8 p.
Journal article

Ca2+ oscillations in guard cells.[CPI.28]
Staxén, I., Montgomery, L.T., McAinsh, M.R. 1996 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 47, Supple, p. 5-5. 1 p.
Journal article

Calcium Ions as Intracellular Second Messengers in Higher Plants.
Webb, A.A.R., McAinsh, M.R., Taylor, J.E., Hetherington, A.M. 1996 In: Advances in Botanical Research. 22, p. 45-96. 52 p.
Journal article

Calcium as a second messenger in stomatal guard cells.
Taylor, J., Webb, A.A.R., Montgomery, L.T., Mansfield, T.A., McAinsh, M.R., Hetherington, A.M. 1996 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 47, Suppl, p. 2-2. 1 p.
Journal article

Changes in Stomatal Behavior and Guard Cell Cytosolic Free Calcium in Response to Oxidative Stress.
McAinsh, M.R., Clayton, H., Mansfield, T.A., Hetherington, A.M. 1996 In: Plant Physiology. 111, 4, p. 1031-1042. 12 p.
Journal article

Do oscillations in cytoplasmic free calcium encode the ABA signal in stomatal guard cells?
Staxén, I., Montgomery, L.T., McAinsh, M.R. 1996 In: Plant Physiology. 111, Supple, p. 151-151. 1 p.
Journal article

ABA-regulated promoter activity in stomatal guard cells.
Taylor, J.E., Renwick, K.F., Webb, A.A.R., McAinsh, M.R., Furini, A., Bartels, D., Quatrano, R.S., Marcotte, W.R., Hetherington, D.M. 1995 In: The Plant Journal. 7, 1, p. 129-134. 6 p.
Journal article

Hormones as regulators of water balance.
Mansfield, T.A., McAinsh, M.R. 1995 In: Plant Hormones: Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Netherlands : Kluwer Academic Publishers p. 598-616. 19 p. ISBN: 0-7923-2985-6.
Chapter

Signal transduction in stomatal guard cells.
Webb, A.A.R., McAinsh, M.R., Mansfield, T.A., Hetherington, A.M. 1995 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 46, Supple, p. 58-58. 1 p.
Journal article

Stimulus-Induced Oscillations in Guard Cell Cytosolic Free Calcium.
McAinsh, M.R., Webb, A.A.R., Taylor, J.E., Hetherington, A.M. 1995 In: Plant Cell. 7, 8, p. 1207-1219. 13 p.
Journal article

Stimulus-induced oscillations in guard cell cytosolic free Ca2+
McAinsh, M.R., Webb, A.A.R., Staxen, I., Taylor, J., Hetherington, A.M. 1995 In: Plant Physiology. 108, Supp, p. 100.
Journal article

The role of calcium ions in the response of stomatal guard cells to abscisic acid.
McAinsh, M.R. 1995 In: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. New Delhi : Panima Publishing Corporation p. 141-152. 12 p. ISBN: 81-86535-02-0.
Chapter

Effects of oxidative stress on stomatal behaviour and guard cell cytosolic free Ca2+.
McAinsh, M.R. 1994 In: Plant Physiology. S105, p. 531-531. 1 p.
Journal article

Effects of oxidative stress on stomatal responses and guard cell calcium homeostasis.
McAinsh, M.R. 1994 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 45, Supple, p. P.8.10.
Journal article

Modulation of stimulus-induced oscillations in guard cell cytosolic free CA2+.
McAinsh, M.R., Webb, A.A.R., Taylor, J.E., Hetherington, A.M. 1994 In: Plant Physiology. S105, p. 632-632. 1 p.
Journal article

Modulation of stimulus-induced oscillations in guard cell cytosolic free Ca2+
McAinsh, M.R., Webb, A.A.R., Taylor, J.E., Hetherington, A.M. 1994 In: Plant Physiology. 105, Supp, p. 118.
Journal article

Stimulus-induced oscillations in guard cell cytosolic free Ca2+
McAinsh, M., Webb, A.A.R., Taylor, J., Hetherington, A.M. 1994 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 45, Supp, p. 57.
Journal article

Stimulus-induced oscillations in guard cell cytosolic free calcium.
McAinsh, M.R., Webb, A.A.R., Taylor, J.E., Hetherington, A.M. 1994 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 45, Supple , p. 57 (P8.11). 1 p.
Journal article

The use of transgenesis to investigate signal transduction pathways.
Taylor, J.E., McAinsh, M.R., Montgomery, L., Renwick, K.F., Webb, A.A.R., Hetherington, A.M. 1994 In: Biochemical Society Transactions. 22, 4, p. 949-952. 4 p.
Journal article

Effects of gaseous pollutants on stomatal function.
McAinsh, M.R., Pearson, M., Mansfield, T.A. 1993 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 44, Supple, p. P1.2.
Journal article

ABA-stimulated increases in guard cell [Ca2]cyt-.
McAinsh, M.R., Read, N.D., Trewavas, A.J., Brownlee, C., Hetherington, A.M. 1992 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 43, Supple, p. P4.16.
Journal article

Visualising changes in cytosolic-free Ca2 during the response of stomatal guard cells to abscisic acid.
McAinsh, M.R., Brownlee, C., Hetherington, A.M. 1992 In: Plant Cell. 4, 9, p. 1113-1122. 10 p.
Journal article

The effects of infection by powdery mildew (Erysiphe Graminis f.sp. hordei) and low temperature on the respiratory activity of winter barley.
McAinsh, M.R., Ayres, P.G., Hetherington, A.M. 07/1991 In: Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology. 39, 1, p. 13-23. 11 p.
Journal article

Partial inhibition of ABA-induced stomatal closure by calcium-channel blockers.
McAinsh, M.R., Brownlee, C., Hetherington, A.M. 22/03/1991 In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 243, 1308, p. 195-201. 7 p.
Journal article

Involvement of second messengers in the action of ABA.
McAinsh, M.R., Brownlee, C., Sarsag, M., Webb, A.A.R., Hetherington, A.M. 1991 In: Abscisic Acid: Physiology and Biochemistry. Oxford : BIOS Scientific Publishers p. 137-152. 16 p. ISBN: 1-872-748-65-1.
Chapter

The effect of brown rust and phosphate on cold acclimation in winter barley.
McAinsh, M.R., Ayres, P.G., Hetherington, A.M. 07/1990 In: Annals of Botany. 66, 1, p. 101-110. 10 p.
Journal article

The effect of soil phosphate on injury to winter barley caused by mildew infection (Erysiphe graminis f.sp. hordei).
McAinsh, M.R., Ayres, P.G., Hetherington, A.M. 04/1990 In: Annals of Botany. 65, 4, p. 417-423. 7 p.
Journal article

Abscisic acid-induced elevation of guard cell cytosolic Ca2+ precedes stomatal closure.
McAinsh, M.R., Brownlee, C., Hetherington, A.M. 11/01/1990 In: Nature. 343, 6254, p. 186-188. 3 p.
Journal article

Early cellular events in the response of guard cells to ABA.
McAinsh, M.R., Brownlee, C., Hetherington, A.M. 1990 In: Importance of Root to Shoot Communication in the Response to Environmental Stress. Monographs 21. Bristol : BSPGR p. 1-11. 11 p.
Chapter

Interactions of calcium with abscisic acid in the control of stomatal aperture.
Atkinson, C.J., Mansfield, T.A., McAinsh, M.R., Brownlee, C., Hetherington, A.M. 1990 In: Biochemie und Physiologie der Pflanzen. 186, p. 333-339. 7 p.
Journal article

The respiration of protoplasts from leaves of barley infected by powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis f.sp. hordei).
McAinsh, M.R., Ayres, P.G., Hetherington, A.M. 1989 In: Plant Science. 64, 2, p. 221-230. 10 p.
Journal article