Professor Jonathan Culpeper

Professor

Research Interests

Pragmatics

Most of my current work belongs to the field of pragmatics. Within present-day pragmatics, I have a particular research interest in linguistic politeness, focusing on the social dynamics of interaction. My work has concentrated on the opposite of politeness: impoliteness. My article Towards an Anatomy of Impoliteness (1996, Journal of Pragmatics), outlining a framework for analyzing highly confrontational interaction, is my most cited publication to-date. A three-year ESRC Fellowship, designed to push forward this research, resulted in my monograph, Impoliteness: Using Language to Cause Offence (2011, CUP). Glimpses of my work can be seen in my impoliteness website. I am pursuing various avenues of research that are impoliteness-related. A major future area will relate to 'hate speech', as this is the subproject I am engaged in under the auspices of the CASS research centre.

Following on from the last mentioned item, one important strand of my research is centred on historical pragmatics, an area which seeks to apply the theories of pragmatics to historical texts and language change. My main output in this area is the monograph Early Modern English dialogues: Spoken interaction as writing (with Prof. Merja Kytö, Uppsala University ) (2010; CUP). This book investigates historical 'spoken' face-to-face interaction, as recorded in speech-related material (e.g. trial proceedings). It is based on a large corpus of historical dialogues which I developed with Prof. Merja Kytö (see details below). Topic areas include: pragmatic markers, interjections, lexical repetitions, certain grammatical aspects (e.g. the conjunction 'and'), and certain sociolinguistic areas (e.g. gender). I also have an active interest in historical (im)politeness. I recently collaborated with Daniel Kádár, and we co-edited Historical (Im)Politeness Research (2010;Peter Lang).

My most recent major project in the area of pragmatics is on the pragmatics of English. I collaborated with Michael Haugh to produce Pragmatics and the English Language (2014, Palgrave). This book is innovative in at least two respects: (1) it develops what we call ‘integrative pragmatics’, that is, it shows how there is a rich pathway to be followed between micro and macro approaches to pragmatic, and (2) instead of assuming a universal pragmatics whilst actually only writing about English, it is a pragmatics of English.

Stylistics

My particular interest here has been cognitive stylistics, one of the most distinctive and most recent developments in stylistics, combining insights from linguistics and cognitive psychology. My research in this area has culminated in Language and Characterisation: People in Plays and other Texts (2001; Longman), a book which attempts to describe how readers understand characters in fictional texts. The main focus of this book on play-texts (particularly Shakespeare) reflects another research interest in stylistics: the language of drama. I have co-edited (with Mick Short and Peter Verdonk) a collection of papers on the language of drama, Studying Drama: From Text to Context (1998; Routledge), and(with Elena Semino) a collection, Cognitive Stylistics: Language and Cognition in Text Analysis (2002; John Benjamins), which was designed to define the field of cognitive stylistics. Recently, I have returned to my Shakespearean interests and edited (with Mireille Ravassat) Stylistics and Shakespeare: Transdisciplinary Approaches (2011; Continuum). I am planning further work on Shakespeare, deploying the corpus-based methodology.

My most recent major project in this area was a collaboration with David Hoover and Kieran O’Halloran to produce (2014) Digital Literary Studies: Corpus Approaches to Poetry, Prose, and Drama (2014; Routledge

History of English

I have published numerous papers in the area of historical corpus linguistics, often with a historical pragmatics slant. Corpus Linguistics has had a dramatic impact on the nature of historical language studies in the 1990s. Many corpora of historical texts have been constructed, but these have focussed on literary or scholarly texts, which is a peculiar situation given the acknowledged importance of spoken interaction in language change. With grants from the British Academy and the AHRB, I collaborated with Prof. Merja Kytö in the construction of a corpus of speech-related Early Modern English texts.The Corpus of English Dialogues 1560-1760 stands at approximately 1.2 million words and contains the following text-types (drawn with reliable sources): trial proceedings, witness depositions, play-texts, dialogue in prose fiction, didactic dialogues (including language teaching textbooks).The corpus is available to the academic community for free (via the Oxford Text Archive or the ICAME disk). This corpus is the basis of the monograph on Early Modern English dialogues referred to above.

I have produced the second edition of my textbook History of English (2nd edn., 2005; Routledge). The first edition was successful, so Routledge tells me. However, I am much happier with the second edition. Here I am deeply indebted to all those around the world who took the trouble to provide feedback on the first edition. I am contemplating a third edition.

Other

I maintain interests in a variety of other areas, especially areas relating to the study of the English Language. I led the team that produced the huge (718 paged!) textbook English Language: Description, Variation and Context (with P. Kerswill, R. Wodak, F. Katamba and T. McEnery) (2008; Palgrave). It contains 39 chapters, covering structural, sociolinguistic, functional, interactional, contextual, etc. aspects of the English language. A distinctive feature of the book is that all contributors and editors are (or in two cases were) based here in Lancaster.

My CV can be found here.

Linguistic impoliteness and religiously aggravated hate crime in England and Wales
Culpeper, J.V., Iganski, P.S., Sweiry, A.B. 16/04/2016 In: Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict.
Journal article

The influence of Italian manners on politeness in England, 1550-1620
Culpeper, J. 14/04/2016 In: Journal of Historical Pragmatics.
Journal article

A question of faith?: prosecuting religiously aggravated offences in England and Wales
Iganski, P.S., Sweiry, A.B., Culpeper, J.V. 04/2016 In: Criminal Law Review. 2016, 5, p. 334-348. 15 p.
Journal article

Impoliteness
Hardaker, C., Culpeper, J.V. 2016 In: Handbook of Linguistic (Im)Politeness. London : Palgrave
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Impoliteness strategies
Culpeper, J. 08/2015 In: Interdisciplinary studies in pragmatics, culture and society. Springer p. 421-445. 25 p. ISBN: 9783319126159. Electronic ISBN: 9783319126166.
Chapter

Keywords
Demmen, J.E., Culpeper, J.V. 08/2015 In: The Cambridge Handbook of English Corpus Linguistics. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press p. 90-105. 16 p. ISBN: 9781107037380.
Chapter

Digital literary studies: corpus approaches to poetry, prose, and drama
Hoover, D., Culpeper, J., O'Halloran, K. 2014 New York : Routledge. 202 p. ISBN: 9780415352307.
Book

Impoliteness and emotions in a cross-cultural perspective
Culpeper, J., Schauer, G., Marti, L., Mei, M., Nevala, M. 2014 In: SPELL: Swiss Papers in English Language and Literature. 30, p. 67-88. 22 p.
Journal article

Pragmatics and the English language
Culpeper, J., Haugh, M. 2014 Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan. 316 p. ISBN: 9780230551732.
Book

(Im)politeness: three issues
Culpeper, J. 07/2012 In: Journal of Pragmatics. 44, 9, p. 1128-1133. 6 p.
Journal article

Sociocultural processes and the history of English
Culpeper, J. 2012 In: The Oxford handbook of the history of English. Oxford : Oxford University Press p. 365-391. 27 p. ISBN: 9780199922765.
Chapter

The dialogue of plays and their contexts from the Early Modern period to the Present-day
Culpeper, J. 2012 In: Historical perspectives on forms of English dialogue . Milan : FrancoAngeli p. 21-39. 19 p. ISBN: 9788820413842.
Chapter

Historical sociopragmatics
Culpeper, J. 2011 Amsterdam : John Benjamins. 135 p. ISBN: 9789027202505.
Book

Impoliteness : using language to cause offence.
Culpeper, J. 2011 Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. 292 p. ISBN: 9780521689779.
Book

Nineteenth-century English politeness: Negative politeness, conventional indirect requests and the rise of the individual self
Culpeper, J., Demmen, J. 2011 In: Journal of Historical Pragmatics. 12, 1-2, p. 49-81. 33 p.
Journal article

Politeness and impoliteness
Culpeper, J. 2011 In: Pragmatics of society. Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter p. 391-436. 46 p. ISBN: 9783110214413.
Chapter

Stylistics and Shakespeare: transdisciplinary approaches
Ravassat, M., Culpeper, J. 2011 London : Bloomsbury. 288 p. ISBN: 9781441171726.
Book

The development of play-texts: from manuscript to print
Culpeper, J., Demmen, J. 2011 In: Communicating early English manuscripts. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press p. 162-177. 16 p. ISBN: 9780521193290.
Chapter

“It’s not what you said, it’s how you said it!”: prosody and impoliteness
Culpeper, J. 2011 In: Discursive approaches to politeness. Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter p. 57-83. 27 p. ISBN: 9783110238679.
Chapter

Conventionalized impoliteness formulae
Culpeper, J. 12/2010 In: Journal of Pragmatics. 42, 12, p. 3232-3245. 14 p.
Journal article

Activity types and characterisation in dramatic discourse.
Culpeper, J., McIntyre, D. 10/2010 In: Characters in Fictional Worlds : Understanding Imaginary Beings in Literature, Film, and Other Media. Walter De Gruyter 590 p. ISBN: 978-3110232417.
Chapter

Cross-cultural variation in the perception of impoliteness: a study of impoliteness events reported by students in England, China, Finland, Germany and Turkey.
Culpeper, J., Marti, L., Mei, M., Nevala, M., Schauer, G. 10/2010 In: Intercultural Pragmatics. 7, 4, p. 597-624. 28 p.
Journal article

Historical sociopragmatics.
Culpeper, J. 09/2010 In: Historical Pragmatics. Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter ISBN: 978-3-11-021427-7.
Chapter

"Wanting to be wanted": a comparative study of incidence and severity in indirect complaint on the part of French and English language teaching assistants
Crawshaw, R., Culpeper, J., Harrison, J. 1/03/2010 In: Journal of French Language Studies. 20, 1, p. 75-87. 13 p.
Journal article

Activity types, incongruity and humour in dramatic discourse
McIntyre, D., Culpeper, J. 2010 In: Language and style. Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan p. 204-222. 19 p. ISBN: 9780230231566.
Chapter

Early modern English dialogues : spoken interaction as writing.
Culpeper, J., Kyto, M. 2010 Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. 504 p. ISBN: 978-0-521-83541-1.
Book

Historical (im)politeness research.
Culpeper, J., Kádár, D.Z. 2010 Bern : Peter Lang. 300 p. ISBN: 978-3-03911-496-2.
Book

Historical pragmatics.
Culpeper, J. 2010 In: The Pragmatics Encyclopedia. London : Routledge p. 188-192. 5 p. ISBN: 9780415430968.
Chapter

Pragmatics.
Culpeper, J., Schauer, G. 29/05/2009 In: English Language. Basingstoke : Palgrave 500 p. ISBN: 9781403945891.
Chapter

English language: description, variation and context.
Culpeper, J., Katamba, F., Kerswill, P., Wodak, R., McEnery, T. 05/2009 Basingstoke : Palgrave. 718 p. ISBN: 978-1403945907.
Book

Historical sociopragmatics.
Culpeper, J. 2009 In: Journal of Historical Pragmatics. 10, 2, p. 179-186. 8 p.
Journal article

Identifying key sociophilological usage in plays and trial proceedings (1640-1760): an empirical approach via corpus annotation.
Archer, D., Culpeper, J. 2009 In: Journal of Historical Pragmatics. 10, 2, p. 286-309. 24 p.
Journal article

Keyness : words, parts-of-speech and semantic categories in the character-talk of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet.
Culpeper, J. 2009 In: International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 14, 1, p. 29-59. 31 p.
Journal article

Love - 'A familiar of a devil'? An exploration of key domains in Shakespeare's comedies and tragedies.
Culpeper, J., Archer, D., Rayson, P. 2009 In: What's in a word-list? Investigating word frequency and keyword extraction. Farnham : Ashgate p. 136-157. 22 p. ISBN: 9780754672401.
Chapter

Politeness in interaction.
Culpeper, J. 2009 In: English Language and Linguistics. Basingstoke : Palgrave p. 523-535. 13 p. ISBN: 9781403945891.
Chapter

Reflections on a cognitive stylistic approach to characterisation.
Culpeper, J. 2009 In: Cognitive poetics : goals, gains and gaps. Mouton de Gruyter p. 125-159. 35 p. ISBN: 9783110205602.
Chapter

Standard English and standardization.
Culpeper, J., Kerswill, P. 2009 In: English Language and Linguistics. Basingstoke : Palgrave p. 223-243. 21 p. ISBN: 9781403945891.
Chapter

Studying the English language : reflections.
Culpeper, J., Alderson, J.C. 2009 In: English language : description, variation and context. Basingstoke : Palgrave p. 659-666. 8 p. ISBN: 9781403945891.
Chapter

Studying the English language.
Culpeper, J., Katamba, F., Kerswill, P., McEnery, T., Wodak, R. 2009 In: English language : description, variation and context. Basingstoke : Palgrave p. 3-7. 5 p. ISBN: 9781403945891.
Chapter

The history of English spelling
Culpeper, J., Archer, D. 2009 In: English language. Basingstoke : Palgrave p. 244-258. 15 p. ISBN: 9781403945891.
Chapter

The metalanguage of IMPOLITENESS : explorations in the Oxford English Corpus.
Culpeper, J. 2009 In: Contemporary Corpus Linguistics. London : Continuum p. 64-86. 23 p. ISBN: 9780826496102.
Chapter

Activity types and discourse types : mediating advice in interactions between foreign language assistants and their supervisors in schools in France and England.
Culpeper, J., Crawshaw, R., Harrison, J. 12/2008 In: Multilingua. 27, 4, p. 297-324. 28 p.
Journal article

Impoliteness.
Bousfield, D., Culpeper, J. 07/2008 In: Journal of Politeness Research. 4, 2, p. 161-337. 177 p.
Journal article

Love - a familiar or a devil? An exploration of key domains in Shakespeare Comedies and Tragedies
Archer, D., Culpeper, J., Rayson, P. 2008 In: What's in a word-list? Investigating word frequency and keyword extraction. Ashgate
Chapter

Pragmatic annotation.
Culpeper, J., Archer, D., Davies, M. 2008 In: Corpus Linguistics : An International Handbook. Mouton de Gruyter p. 613-642. 30 p. ISBN: 978-3110180435.
Chapter

Reflections on impoliteness, relational work and power.
Culpeper, J. 2008 In: Impoliteness in Language. Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter p. 17-44. 28 p. ISBN: 978-3110202670.
Chapter

Requests and directness in Early Modern English trial proceedings and play-texts, 1640-1760.
Culpeper, J., Archer, D. 2008 In: Speech Acts in the History of English. Amsterdam/Philadelphia : John Benjamins p. 45-84. 40 p. ISBN: 9789027254207.
Chapter

A new kind of dictionary for Shakespeare's plays : an immodest proposal.
Culpeper, J. 2007 In: SEDERI (Yearbook of the Spanish and Portuguese Society for English Renaissance Studies. 17, p. 47-73. 27 p.
Journal article

Tagging the Bard: Evaluating the Accuracy of a Modern POS Tagger on Early Modern English Corpora
Rayson, P., Archer, D., Baron, A., Culpeper, J., Smith, N. 2007 In: Proceedings of the Corpus Linguistics Conference. UCREL 14 p.
Paper

Drama : stylistic aspects.
Culpeper, J., McIntyre, D. 2006 In: Text Analysis and Stylistics. Oxford : Elsevier p. 772-784. 13 p.
Chapter

Narrative skill in Bilgewater's prologue
Short, M.H., Semino, E., Culpeper, J. 2006 In: The Art of English. Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan p. 407-413. 7 p. ISBN: 140398560X (pbk.).
Chapter

‘Good, good indeed, the best that ere I heard’: exploring lexical repetitions in the corpus of English dialogues, 1560–1760
Culpeper, J., Kyto, M. 2006 In: Dialogic language use/dimensions du dialogisme/Dialogischer Sprachgebrauch. Helsinki : Mémoires de la Société Néophilologique de Helsinki p. 69-85. 17 p.
Chapter

Love - a familiar or a devil? An exploration of key domains in Shakespeare's Comedies and Tragedies
Archer, D., Culpeper, J., Rayson, P. 06/2005
Conference paper

Impoliteness and entertainment in the television quiz show: ‘The Weakest Link’.
Culpeper, J. 01/2005 In: Journal of Politeness Research. 1, 1, p. 35-72. 38 p.
Journal article

History of English.
Culpeper, J. 2005 London : Routledge. 134 p. ISBN: 0415341841 (pbk.).
Book

Impoliteness revisited: with special reference to dynamic and prosodic aspects.
Culpeper, J., Boufield, D., Wichmann, A. 10/2003 In: Journal of Pragmatics. 35, 10-11, p. 1545-1579. 35 p.
Journal article

From ‘politically correct councillors’ to ‘Blairite nonsense’: discourses of ‘political correctness’ in three British newspapers.
Johnson, S., Culpeper, J., Suhr, S. 01/2003 In: Discourse and Society. 14, 1, p. 29-47. 19 p.
Journal article

Language of drama.
Culpeper, J. 2003 In: International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Oxford : Oxford University Press
Chapter

Sociopragmatic annotation: new directions and possibilities in historical corpus linguistics.
Archer, D., Culpeper, J. 2003 In: Corpus linguistics by the Lune: a festschrift for Geoffrey Leech. Frankfurt am Main : Peter Lang p. 37-58. 22 p. ISBN: 3631509522.
Chapter

A cognitive stylistic approach to characterization.
Culpeper, J. 2002 In: Cognitive stylistics : language and cognition in text analysis. Amsterdam : John Benjamins p. 251-277. 27 p. ISBN: 9027233322.
Chapter

Cognitive stylistics: language and cognition in text analysis.
Semino, E., Culpeper, J. 2002 John Benjamins. 333 p.
Anthology

Computers, language and characterisation : an analysis of six characters in Romeo and Juliet.
Culpeper, J. 2002 In: Conversation in Life and in Literature: Papers from the ASLA Symposium. Uppsala : Association Suedoise de Linguistique Appliquee p. 11-30. 20 p.
Chapter

Lexical bundles in early modern English: a window into the speech-related language of the past:.
Culpeper, J., Kyto, M. 2002 In: Sounds, words, texts, change. Selected papers from the 11th international conference on English historical linguistics (11 ICEHL): current issues in linguistic theory. Amsterdam : John Benjamins p. 45-63. 19 p.
Chapter

Language and characterisation: people in plays and other texts.
Culpeper, J. 2001 Harlow : Longman. 328 p. ISBN: 0582357535.
Book

An approach to characterisation: the case of Katherina in Shakespeare’s ‘The Taming of the Shrew’.
Culpeper, J. 11/2000 In: Language and Literature. 9, 4, p. 291-316. 26 p.
Journal article

Constructing witches and spells: speech acts and activity types in early modern England.
Culpeper, J., Semino, E. 2000 In: Journal of Historical Pragmatics. 1, 1, p. 97-116. 20 p.
Journal article

Data in historical pragmatics: spoken interaction (re)cast as writing. J. Hist. Pragmatics, 1(2), 2000, 175-99.
Culpeper, J., Kyto, M. 2000 In: Journal of Historical Pragmatics. 1, 2, p. 175-199. 25 p.
Journal article

Gender voices in the spoken interaction of the past: a pilot study based on early modern English trial proceedings.
Culpeper, J., Kyto, M. 2000 In: The history of English in a social context. Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter p. 53-89. 37 p. ISBN: 3110167077.
Chapter

Language and context(s): Jane Gardam’s ‘Bilgewater’.
Short, M.H., Semino, E., Culpeper, J. 2000 In: Contextualised stylistics. Amsterdam : Rodopi p. 131-151. 21 p.
Chapter

The conjunction and in early modern English: frequencies and uses in speech-related writing and other texts.
Culpeper, J., Kyto, M. 2000 In: Generative theory and corpus studies: a dialogue from 10ICEHL. Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter p. 299-326. 28 p. ISBN: 3110166879.
Chapter

Investigating non-standard language in a corpus of early modern English dialogues: methodological considerations and problems.
Culpeper, J., Kyto, M. 1999 In: Writing in non-standard English. Amsterdam : John Benjamins p. 171-187. 17 p. ISBN: 1556199457.
Chapter

Modifying pragmatic force: hedges in a corpus of early modern English dialogues.
Culpeper, J., Kyto, M. 1999 In: Historical dialogue analysis. Amsterdam : John Benjamins p. 293-312. 20 p. ISBN: 1556199449.
Chapter

(Im)politeness in drama
Culpeper, J. 1998 In: Exploring the Language of Drama : From Text to Context. London : Routledge p. 83-95. 13 p. ISBN: 978-0415137959.
Chapter

Exploring the language of drama : from text to context.
Culpeper, J., Short, M., Verdonk, P., Culpeper, J., Short, M., Verdonk, P. 1998 London : Routledge. 181 p. ISBN: 0415137942.
Book

History of English.
Culpeper, J. 1997 London : Routledge. 103 p. ISBN: 0415145910.
Book

The comparison of adjectives in recent British English.
Culpeper, J., Leech, G.N. 1997 In: To Explain the Present: Studies in the Changing English Language in Honour of Matti Rissanen. Helsinki : Memoires de la Societe Neophilologique de Helsinki p. 353-373. 21 p. ISBN: 9519603069.
Chapter

Towards a corpus of dialogues, 1550-1750.
Culpeper, J., Kytö, M. 1997 In: Language in Time and Space : Studies in Honour of Wolfgang Viereck on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Stuttgart : Franz Steiner Verlag p. 60-73. 14 p.
Chapter

Using a corpus to test a model of speech and thought presentation.
Semino, E., Short, M., Culpeper, J. 1997 In: Poetics. 25, 1, p. 17-43. 27 p.
Journal article

Inferring character from text : attribution theory and foregrounding theory.
Culpeper, J. 04/1996 In: Poetics. 23, 5, p. 335-361. 27 p.
Journal article

Towards an anatomy of impoliteness.
Culpeper, J. 03/1996 In: Journal of Pragmatics. 25, 3, p. 349-367. 19 p.
Journal article

The borrowing of Classical and Romance words into English : a study based on the electronic Oxford English Dictionary.
Culpeper, J., Clapham, P. 1996 In: International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 1, 2, p. 199-218. 20 p.
Journal article

Using a corpus for stylistics research : speech presentation.
Short, M., Semino, E., Culpeper, J. 1996 In: Using Corpora in Language Research. Harlow : Longman p. 110-131. 22 p.
Chapter

English language.
Culpeper, J. 1995 In: Bloomsbury Guide to English Literature. London : Bloomsbury 1101 p. ISBN: 0747522677.
Chapter

Stylistics.
Culpeper, J., Semino, E. 1995 In: Handbook of Pragmatics. Amsterdam : John Benjamins p. 513-520. 8 p. ISBN: 9027250812.
Chapter

Why relevance theory does not explain "The relevance of reformulations".
Culpeper, J. 02/1994 In: Language and Literature. 3, 1, p. 43-48. 6 p.
Journal article