Lancashire and The Lake District
Lancashire is a historic county in the North West of England. It takes its name from the city of Lancaster and is thought to have been founded in the 12th century.
Lancaster, the city's name, first recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086 as Loncastre, where "Lon" refers to the River Lune, and castre, from the Old English cæster and Latin castrum for "fort", refers to the Roman fort which stood at the sit. With its history based on its port and canal, Lancaster is an ancient settlement, dominated by Lancaster Castle. Lancaster has several unique ties to the British monarchy; the House of Lancaster was a branch of the English royal family, whilst the Duchy of Lancaster holds large estates on behalf of Elizabeth II, who herself is also the Duke of Lancaster. Lancaster was granted city status in 1937. Lancaster, as a historic city, offers an unusual level of contemporary cultural activity. The city is fortunate to have retained many fine examples of Georgian architecture. Lancaster Castle, the Priory Church of St. Mary and the Edwardian Ashton Memorial are among many sites of historical importance. Lancaster also offers numerous museums, including Lancaster City Museum, Maritime Museum and Judges' Lodgings Museum. Today, Lancashire is a popular tourist destination with attractions including the Arnside and Silverdale Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty, both of which have received a gold award for green tourism.
The Lake District, is a mountainous region to the north of Lancashire. A popular holiday destination, it is famous not only for its lakes, forests and mountains (or fells), but also for its associations with the early 19th century poetry and writings of William Wordsworth and the other Lake Poets of the romantic movement. It contains the highest mountain in England also the deepest and longest lakes in England, Wastwater and Windermere, respectively. For visitors, it offers everything from gentle strolls and cosy tea rooms to rugged hills and testing climbs. The Lake District was also home to famous children’s writer Beatrix Potter. Lake district is easily reachable from Lancaster via rail, taxis and several buses.