Professor Brian Francis

Professor

Research Overview

I am a social statistician with interests in preference models, latent class methods for longitudinal data, mixture models and categorical data problems. Applications are crucial to my work. I primarily research into quantitative criminology -both methodological and substantive problems - focusing on the criminal careers of offenders and social and developmental change. I am also interested in anaylsing administrative and survey data and am investigating issues related to violence and serious offending, including sexual offending, homicide, trafficking, organised and cyber-crime. Recent work has focused on high frequency victimisation and gender based violence. More broadly I am working on child developmental studies in psychology and in fetal development.

Changing patterns of sex offending convictions: disentangling age, year and generational effects over time
Francis, B., Hargreaves, C., Soothill, K. expected in 2015 In: Sex offenders. Chichester : Wiley ISBN: 9780470975459.
Chapter

Can the FIFA world cup football (soccer) tournament be associated with an increase in domestic abuse?
Kirby, S., Francis, B., O'Flahery, R. 08/2014 In: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 51, 3, p. 259-276. 18 p.
Journal article

Sexual and general offending trajectories of men referred for civil commitment
Francis, B., Harris, D., Wallace, S., Soothill, K., Knight, R. 08/2014 In: Sexual Abuse : A Journal of Research and Treatment. 26, 4, p. 311-329. 19 p.
Journal article

Statistical modelling of the group structure of social networks
Aitkin, M., Vu, D., Francis, B. 07/2014 In: Social Networks. 38, p. 74-87. 14 p.
Journal article

The development of anticipation in the fetus: a longitudinal account of human fetal mouth movements in reaction to and anticipation of touch
Reissland, N., Francis, B., Aydin, E., Mason, J., Schaal, B. 07/2014 In: Developmental Psychobiology. 56, 5, p. 955-963. 9 p.
Journal article

The long term recidivism risk of young sexual offenders in England and Wales - enduring risk or redemption?
Hargreaves, C., Francis, B. 03/2014 In: Journal of Criminal Justice. 42, 2, p. 164-172. 9 p.
Journal article

A mixture model for longitudinal partially ranked data
Francis, B., Dittrich, R., Hatzinger, R., Humphreys, L. 2014 In: Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods. 43, 4, p. 722–734. 13 p.
Journal article

Laterality of foetal self-touch in relation to maternal stress
Reissland, N., Aydin, E., Francis, B., Exley, K. 2014 In: Laterality. p. 1-13. 13 p.
Journal article

Sexual recidivism
Francis, B., Soothill, K. 11/2013 In: Encyclopedia of criminology and criminal justice. Springer 12 p.
Entry for encyclopedia/dictionary

Overview of the worldwide best practices for rape prevention and for assisting women victims of rape
Walby, S., Olive, P., Towers, J., Francis, B., Strid , S., Krizsán , A., Lombardo , E., May-Chahal, C., Franzway , S., Sugarman, D., Agarwal , B. 10/10/2013 European Parliament. 212 p.
Commissioned report

Understanding criminal careers in organised crime
Francis, B., Humphreys, L., Kirby, S., Soothill, K. 7/10/2013 Home Office. 120 p.
Commissioned report

Middle-class offenders as employees – assessing the risk: a 35-year follow-up
Soothill, K., Humphreys, L., Francis, B. 08/2013 In: Journal of Offender Rehabilitation. 52, 6, p. 407-420. 14 p.
Journal article

Can healthy fetuses show facial expressions of “pain” or “distress”?
Reissland, N., Francis, B., Mason, J. 5/06/2013 In: PLoS ONE. 8, 6, 7 p.
Journal article

Development of Fetal Yawn Compared with Non-Yawn Mouth Openings from 24-36 Weeks Gestation
Reissland, N., Francis, B., Mason, J. 22/11/2012 In: PLoS ONE. 7, 11
Journal article

Predicting reconviction: do some predictors fade with length of follow-up?
Francis, B., Soothill, K., Humphreys, L. 11/2012
Conference paper

Middle-Class Offenders: A 35-Year Follow-Up
Soothill, K., Humphreys, L., Francis, B. 07/2012 In: British Journal of Criminology. 52, 4, p. 765-786. 22 p.
Journal article

Latent class mixed effects models for partially ranked preferences: examining changes in postmaterialism over time.
Francis, B., Dittrich, R., Hatzinger, R. 05/2012 In: Quaderni di Statistica. 14, p. 109-112. 4 p.
Journal article

Missing observations in paired comparison data
Dittrich, R., Francis, B., Hatzinger, R., Katzenbeisser, W. 04/2012 In: Statistical Modelling: An International Journal. 12, 2, p. 117-143. 27 p.
Journal article

Homicide in England and Wales
Francis, B., Soothill, K. 01/2012 In: Handbook of European homicide research. Berlin : Springer p. 287-300. 14 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

A common scheme for cross-sensory correspondences across stimulus domains
Walker, L., Walker, P., Francis, B. 2012 In: Perception. 41, 10, p. 1186-1192. 7 p.
Journal article

A common scheme for cross-sensory correspondences across stimulus domains
Walker, L., Walker, P., Francis, B. 2012
Conference paper

A common scheme for cross-sensory correspondences across stimulus domains
Walker, L., Walker, P., Francis, B. 2012 In: Seeing and Perceiving. 25, Suppl. 1, p. 67-67. 1 p.
Journal article

Modeling Microgenetic Data
Towse, A., Lewis, C., Francis, B. 2012 In: Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. Springer 4 p.
Entry for encyclopedia/dictionary

Once a sex offender, always a sex offender?”
Hargreaves, C., Francis, B. 09/2011
Conference paper

Do facial expressions develop before birth?
Reissland, N., Francis, B., Mason, J., Lincoln, K. 31/08/2011 In: PLoS ONE. 6, 8, 7 p.
Journal article

Controls over nutrient dynamics in overland flows on slopes representative of agricultural land in North West Europe
Armstrong, A., Quinton, J.N., Francis, B., Heng, B.C.P., Sander, G.C. 15/08/2011 In: Geoderma. 164, 1-2, p. 2-10. 9 p.
Journal article

Disentangling the Age, Period and Cohort Effects on Convictions for Sexual Offending
Francis, B., Hargreaves, C., Soothill, K. 4/07/2011
Conference paper

A Longitudinal Study of Escalation in Crime Seriousness
Liu, J., Francis, B., Soothill, K. 06/2011 In: Journal of Quantitative Criminology. 27, 2, p. 175-196. 22 p.
Journal article

Conceptualising recidivism for prediction and risk
Francis, B. 05/2011 In: Recidivism and Reoffending in South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa : Open Society Foundation p. 16-21. 6 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Considering paradigms of crime reduction in different contexts
Soothill, K., Francis, B. 04/2011 In: National and international perspectives on crime and policing. Pretoria : Institute for Security Studies p. 1-17. 17 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

What is latent class analysis
Francis, B. 2011
Digital or Visual Products

The quality of fetal arm movements as indicators of fetal stress
Reissland, N., Francis, B. 12/2010 In: Early Human Development. 86, 12, p. 813-816. 4 p.
Journal article

Developing Statistical Consultancy Skills In Post-Graduate Students: a case study
Sharples, S.J., Yeend, E.N., Francis, B., Ridall, G., Booth, G. 07/2010 In: ICOTS 8 Proceedings. Auckland, New Zealand : International Association for Statistical Education 4 p.
Conference contribution

Resource Discovery For Teaching Datasets
Hoti - Llabjani, V., Francis, B., Lancaster, G. 07/2010 In: ICOTS 8 proceedings. Auckland, New Zealand : International Association for Statistical Education 4 p.
Conference contribution

Criminal Lifestyle Specialization: Female Offending in England and Wales
Francis, B., Liu, J., Soothill, K. 06/2010 In: International Criminal Justice Review. 20, 2, p. 188-204. 17 p.
Journal article

Exploring Paradigms of Crime Reduction
Soothill, K., Christoffersen, M.N., Hussain, M.A., Francis, B. 03/2010 In: British Journal of Criminology. 50, 2, p. 222-238. 17 p.
Journal article

The impact of peatland drain-blocking on dissolved organic carbon loss and discolouration of water : results from a national survey.
Armstrong, A., Holden, J., Kay, P., Francis, B., Foulger, M., Gledhill, S., McDonald, A., Walker, A. 5/02/2010 In: Journal of Hydrology. 381, 1-2, p. 112-120. 9 p.
Journal article

The importance of co-convictions in the prediction of dangerous recidivism: blackmail and kidnapping as a demonstration study
Soothill, K., Francis, B., Liu, J. 02/2010 In: Criminology and Criminal Justice. 10, 1, p. 23-36. 14 p.
Journal article

The debate rumbles on: The measurement tail is now wagging the dog
Soothill, K., Francis, B. 01/2010 In: New Law Journal. 7401, p. 94-95. 2 p.
Journal article

Blackmail, kidnapping and threats to kill: Chapter 21
Soothill, K., Francis, B. 2010 In: Handbook on Crime. Cullompton : Willan p. 393-414. 22 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Modeling heterogeneity in ranked responses by nonparametric maximum likelihood: How do Europeans get their scientific knowledge?
Francis, B., Dittrich, R., Hatzinger, R. 2010 In: Annals of Applied Statistics. 4, 4, p. 2181-2202. 22 p.
Journal article

SIMPLE: Helping to introduce statistics to social science students
Fritz, C., Francis, B., Morris, P., Peelo, M. 2010 In: Responding to the mathematics problem. Birmingham, UK : The Maths, Stats & OR Network p. 51-58. 8 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

The brightness-weight illusion: darker objects look heavier but feel lighter
Walker, P., Francis, B.J., Walker, L. 2010 In: Experimental Psychology. 57, 6, p. 462-469. 8 p.
Journal article

Keeping information on Police databases
Soothill, K., Francis, B. 09/2009 In: Criminal Law and Justice Weekly. 2 p.
Journal article

Lancaster Postgraduate Statistics Centre – creating enterprise and innovation in teaching statistics across disciplines.
Lancaster, G., Francis, B., Allen, R. 02/2009 In: MSOR Connections. 9, 1, p. 41-46. 6 p.
Journal article

Developing numeracy in criminology students through crime data.
Humphreys, L., Francis, B. 2009 In: CETL-MSOR Conference 2008 Lancaster University 8th – 9th September Conference Proceedings. Birmingham, U.K. : The Maths, Stats & OR Network p. 51-56. 6 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Keeping the DNA link
Soothill, K., Francis, B. 2009 In: New Law Journal. 159, p. 73-78. 6 p.
Journal article

OGRS 3: the revised Offender Group Reconviction Scale
Howard, P., Francis, B., Soothill, K., Humphreys, L. 2009 Ministry of Justice. 6 p.
Commissioned report

Statistical modelling in R
Aitkin, M., Francis, B., Hinde, J., Darnell, R. 2009 Oxford : Oxford University Press. 568 p. ISBN: 0199219133, 9780199219131.
Book

Tackling mixed messages: embedding advanced numeracy in graduate identities.
Peelo, M.T., Francis, B. 2009 In: MSOR Connections. 9, 4, p. 23-27. 5 p.
Journal article

Understanding criminal careers
Soothill, K., Fitzpatrick, C., Francis, B. 2009 Cullompton : Willan. 204 p. ISBN: 9781843925033.
Book

When do ex-offenders become like non-offenders?
Francis, B., Soothill, K. 2009 In: The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. 48, 4, p. 373-387. 15 p.
Journal article

Does serious offending lead to homicide?: exploring the interrelationships and sequencing of serious crime.
Soothill, K., Francis, B., Liu, J. 07/2008 In: British Journal of Criminology. 48, 4, p. 522-537. 16 p.
Journal article

Kidnapping offenders: their risk of escalation to repeat offending and other serious crime.
Liu, J., Francis, B., Soothill, K. 06/2008 In: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 19, 2, p. 164 - 179. 16 p.
Journal article

Risk factors for a first-time drink-driving conviction among young men: a birth cohort study of all men born in Denmark in 1966.
Christoffersen, M.N., Soothill, K., Francis, B. 06/2008 In: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 34, 4, p. 415 - 425. 11 p.
Journal article

Older People and Dissatisfaction with Wheelchair Services.
Stewart, J., Sapey, B., Humphreys, L., Francis, B., Donaldson, G. 03/2008 In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research. 10, 1, p. 17-28. 12 p.
Journal article

Changing patterns of offending behaviour among young adults.
Soothill, K., Francis, B., Ackerley, E., Humphreys, L. 01/2008 In: British Journal of Criminology. 48, 1, p. 75 - 95. 21 p.
Journal article

Criminal convictions among children and young adults: changes over time.
Soothill, K., Ackerley, E., Francis, B. 2008 In: Criminology and Criminal Justice. 8, 3, p. 297-315. 19 p.
Journal article

Experiences of peer review in an international context – the EUROCORES HumVIB programme
Francis, B. 2008
Conference paper

Killer instinct: can convictions for serious offences indicate who is more likely to kill?.
Soothill, K., Liu, J., Francis, B. 2008 In: Police Review. 116, p. 6004-6004. 1 p.
Journal article

Using the Offenders Index to investigate patterns of offending.
Francis, B., Liu, J., Soothill, K. 2008 In: Proceedings of the 13th Government Statistical Service methodology conference. London : Office of National Statistics, UK
Paper

Effects of finger markers on the kinematics of reaching movements in young children and adults.
Domellof, E., Hopkins, B., Francis, B., Ronnqvist, L. 11/2007 In: Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 23, 4, p. 315 - 321. 7 p.
Journal article

Using Cardinality to Compare Quantities: The Role of Social-Cognitive Conflict in Early Numeracy.
Lewis, C.N., Francis, B., Muldoon, K. 09/2007 In: Developmental Science. 10, 5, p. 694-711. 18 p.
Journal article

Introducing the Lancaster Postgraduate Statistics Centre – a Centre of Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL).
Abram, B., Francis, B. 07/2007 In: MSOR Connections. 7, 2, p. 11-15. 5 p.
Journal article

A paired comparison approach for the analysis of sets of Likert-scale responses.
Dittrich, R., Francis, B., Hatzinger, R., Katzenbeisser, W. 04/2007 In: Statistical Modelling. 7, 1, p. 3 - 28.
Journal article

Discussion on the paper by Handcock, Raftery and Tantrum.
Snijders, T.A.B., Robinson, T., Atkinson, A.C., Riani, M., Gormley, I.C., Murphy, T.B., Sweeting, T., Leslie, D.S., Longford, N.T., Kent, J.T., Lawrance, T., Airoldi, E.M., Besag, J., Blei, D., Fienberg, S.E., Breiger, R., Butts, C.T., Doreian, P., Batagelj, V., Ferligoj, A., Draper, D., Van Duijn, M.A.J., Faust, K., Petrescu-Prahova, M., Forster, J.J., Gelman, A., Goodreau, S.M., Greenwood, P.E., Gruenberg, K.T., Francis, B.J., Hennig, C., Hoff, P.D., Hunter, D.R., Husmeier, D., Glasbey, C., Krackhardt, D., Kuha, J., Skrondal, A., Lawson, A., Liao, T.F., Mendes, B., Draper, D., Reinert, G., Richardson, S., Lewin, A., Titterington, D.M., Wasserman, S., Werhli, A.V., Ghazal, P. 03/2007 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society). 170, 2
Comment/debate

Modelling Change: New Opportunities in the Analysis of Microgenetic Data.
Cheshire, A., Muldoon, K.P., Francis, B., Lewis, C.N., Ball, L.J. 02/2007 In: Infant and Child Development. 16, 1, p. 119-134. 16 p.
Journal article

A latent Markov model for detecting patterns of criminal activity.
Francis, B.J., Bartolucci, F., Pennoni, F. 01/2007 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society). 170, 1, p. 115-132. 18 p.
Journal article

Estimation issues and generational changes in modelling criminal career length
Francis, B.J., Piquero, A.R., Soothill, K. 01/2007 In: Crime & Delinquency. 53, 1, p. 84-105. 22 p.
Journal article

Kidnapping: a criminal profile of persons convicted 1979-2001.
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J., Ackerley, E. 01/2007 In: Behavioral Sciences and the Law. 25, 1, p. 69 - 84. 16 p.
Journal article

Development of a reoffending measure using the Police National Computer database.
Francis, B., Soothill, K., Humphreys, L. 2007 , 45 p.
Working paper

On the treatment of missing observations in paired comparisons experiments
Dittrich, R., Francis, B., Hatzinger, R., Katzenbeisser, W. 2007 In: Proceedings of the 22nd International Workshop on Statistical Modelling. Barcelona, 2-6 July 2007 . Barcelona : l'Institut d'Estadistica de Catalunya p. 215-220. 6 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

The Lancaster Postgraduate Statistics Centre CETL: building trust and statistical skills across disciplines
Francis, B., Abram, B., Peelo, M. 2007 In: CETL-MSOR Conference 2006 Loughborough University 11th – 12th September Conference Proceedings. Birmingham, UK : The Maths, Stats & OR Network
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Violent Life Events and Social Disadvantage: A Systematic Study of the Social Background of Various Kinds of Lethal Violence, Other Violent Crime, Suicide, and Suicide Attempts
Christoffersen, M.N., Soothill, K., Francis, B. 2007 In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention. 8, 2, p. 157-184. 28 p.
Journal article

Socioeconomic gradients in smoking among young women : a British survey.
Harman, J., Graham, H., Francis, B., Inskip, H.M. 1/12/2006 In: Social Science & Medicine. 63, 11, p. 2791-2800. 10 p.
Journal article

Modelling dependency in multivariate paired comparisons: a log-linear approach.
Dittrich, R., Francis, B., Hatzinger, R., Katzenbeisser, W. 09/2006 In: Mathematical Social Sciences. 52, 2, p. 197-209. 13 p.
Journal article

Pathways of disadvantage and smoking careers : evidence and policy implications.
Graham, H., Inskip, H.M., Francis, B., Harman, J. 09/2006 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 60, Supple 2, p. ii7-ii12.
Journal article

Socioeconomic lifecourse influences on women's smoking status in early adulthood.
Graham, H., Francis, B., Inskip, H.M., Harman, J. 1/03/2006 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 60, 3, p. 228-233. 6 p.
Journal article

Socioeconomic lifecourse influences on women's smoking status in early adulthood.
Graham, H., Francis, B., Inskip, H.M., Harman, J. 03/2006 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 60, 3, p. 228-233. 6 p.
Journal article

Identifying future repeat danger from sexual offenders against children: a focus on those convicted and those strongly suspected of such crime.
Soothill, K., Harman, J., Francis, B., Kirby, S. 1/06/2005 In: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 16, 2, p. 225-247. 23 p.
Journal article

Who is most at risk of becoming a convicted rapist?: the likelihood of a rape conviction among the 1966 birth cohort in Denmark
Christofferson, M.N., Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J. 06/2005 In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention. 61, 1, p. 39-56. 18 p.
Journal article

Statistical modelling in GLIM4
Aitkin, M., Francis, B.J., Hinde, J. 05/2005 2nd ed. ed. Oxford : Oxford University Press. 572 p. ISBN: 9780198524137.
Book

Developing Measures of Severity and Frequency of Reconviction
Francis, B., Soothill, K., Humphreys, L., Cutajar Bezzina, A. 2005 , 86 p.
Working paper

Explaining changing patterns of crime: a focus on burglary and age-period-cohort models
Francis, B., Soothill, K.J. 2005 In: Questioning crime and criminology. Cullompton : Willan p. 102-119. 18 p. ISBN: 1843921278.
Chapter

Grouping cancer patients by psychosocial needs.
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J., Awwad, F., Morris, S.M., Thomas, C., McIllmurrary, M. 2005 In: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology. 22, 2, p. 90-109. 20 p.
Journal article

Predicting Reconviction Rates in Northern Ireland
Francis, B., Harman, J., Humphreys, L. 2005 Northern Ireland Office. 16 p.
Commissioned report

What is the future repeat danger from sexual offenders against children?: implications for policing
Soothill, K.J., Harman, J., Francis, B.J., Kirby, S. 2005 In: Police Journal. 78, 1, p. 37-45. 9 p.
Journal article

Fewer convicted but more imprisoned.
Soothill, K., Francis, B.J. 05/2004 In: Magistrate. 60, 5, p. 144-145. 2 p.
Journal article

Multiple cohort data, delinquent generations and criminal careers.
Francis, B.J., Ackerley, E., Soothill, K. 05/2004 In: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice. 20, 2, p. 103-126. 24 p.
Journal article

Profiles of crime recruitment: changing patterns over time.
Ackerley, E., Francis, B., Soothill, K. 8/04/2004 In: British Journal of Criminology. 44, 3, p. 401-418. 18 p.
Journal article

Extending the Cochran rule for the comparison of word frequencies between corpora
Rayson, P., Berridge, D., Francis, B. 03/2004
Conference paper

Newspaper reporting and the public construction of homicide.
Peelo, M., Francis, B., Pearson, J., Soothill, K., Ackerley, E. 03/2004 In: British Journal of Criminology. 44, 2, p. 256-275. 20 p.
Journal article

The criminal careers of arsonists
Soothill, K., Ackerley, E., Francis, B.J. 01/2004 In: Medicine, Science and the Law. 44, 1, p. 27-40. 14 p.
Journal article

The reporting trajectories of top homicide cases in the media: a case study of The Times.
Soothill, K., Peelo, M.T., Pearson, J., Francis, B. 01/2004 In: The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. 43, 1, p. 1-14. 14 p.
Journal article

Fitting paired comparison models in R.
Hatzinger, R., Francis, B. 2004 Vienna : Department of Statistics and Mathematics, WU Wien
Working paper

Gay homicide victims in England and Wales: helping the police with their enquiries.
Leahy, S., Francis, B.J., Miller, N. 2004 Home Office, 33 p.
Discussion paper

Identifying patterns of offending behaviour: a new approach to typologies of crime.
Francis, B.J., Fligelstone, R., Soothill, K. 2004 In: European Journal of Criminology. 1, 1, p. 48-87. 40 p.
Journal article

Perjury and false statements: a criminal profile of persons convicted, 1979-2001.
Soothill, K., Francis, B.J. 2004 In: Criminal Law Review. p. 926-935. 10 p.
Journal article

Using homicide data to assist murder investigations.
Francis, B., Barry, J., Bowater, R., Miller, N., Soothill, K., Ackerley, E. 2004 London : Home Office, 58 p.
Working paper

The persistent offenders debate: a focus on temporal changes.
Soothill, K.L., Ackerley, E., Francis, B.J. 1/11/2003 In: Criminal Justice. 3, 4, p. 389-412. 24 p.
Journal article

Place of death : analysis of cancer deaths in part of North West England.
Gatrell, A.C., Harman, J.C., Francis, B.J., Thomas, C., Morris, S.M., McIllmurray, M. 03/2003 In: Journal of Public Health Medicine. 25, 1, p. 53-58. 6 p.
Journal article

Psychosocial needs in cancer patients related to religious belief.
McIllmurray, M.B., Francis, B.J., Harman, J.C., Morris, S.M., Soothill, K.L., Thomas, C. 1/01/2003 In: Palliative Medicine. 17, 1, p. 49-54. 6 p.
Journal article

An upbringing to violence?: identifying the likelihood of violent crime among the 1966 birth cohort in Denmark.
Christoffersen, M.N., Francis, B., Soothill, K. 2003 In: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 14, 2, p. 367-381. 15 p.
Journal article

Measuring accessibility for remote rural populations.
Kelly, M., Flowerdew, R., Francis, B.J., Harman, J.C. 2003 In: Socio-economic applications of geographical information science.. London : Taylor and Francis p. 199-222. 24 p.
Chapter

Modelling repeated paired comparisons: an example from the British Household Panel Study
Dittrich, R., Francis, B., Katzenbeisser, W. 2003 In: Proceedings of the 18th International Workshop on Statistical Modelling, Leuven, Belgium. Leuven : Katholieke Universiteit Leuven p. 119-124. 6 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

The universal, situational, and personal needs of cancer patients and their main carers.
Soothill, K.L., Morris, S.M., Thomas, C., Harman, J.C., Francis, B., McIllmurray, M.B. 2003 In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing. 7, 1, p. 5-13. 9 p.
Journal article

Homicide and the media: identifying the top cases in The Times.
Ackerley, E., Peelo, M.T., Francis, B.J., Soothill, K., Pearson, J. 1/12/2002 In: The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. 41, 5, p. 401-421. 21 p.
Journal article

Cancer and faith: does it make a difference among cancer patients and their informal carers?
Soothill, K.L., Morris, S., Harman, J., Thomas, C., Francis, B.J., McIllmurray, M.B. 09/2002 In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. 16, 3, p. 256-263. 8 p.
Journal article

Analysing partial ranks by using smoothed paired comparison methods: an investigation of value orientation in Europe.
Francis, B., Dittrich, R., Hatzinger, R., Penn, R.D. 1/07/2002 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics). 51, 3, p. 319-336. 18 p.
Journal article

Gender, ethics and social work : An international study of students' perceptions at entry into social work education
D'Cruz, H., Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J., Christie, A. 04/2002 In: International Social Work. 45, 2, p. 149-165. 17 p.
Journal article

Place of final care and death : patterns and preferences among cancer patients in the Morecambe Bay health authority.
Morris, S.M., Harman, J.C., Gatrell, A.C., Francis, B.J., Thomas, C. 04/2002 In: Proceedings of the palliative care congress. Sheffield
Chapter

Moral panics and the aftermath: a study of incest
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J. 02/2002 In: Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law. 24, 1, p. 1-17. 17 p.
Journal article

Murder and serious sexual assault: what criminal histories can reveal about future serious offending.
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B., Ackerley, E., Fligelstone, R. 1/01/2002
Other contribution

Exploring the relationship between homicide and level of violence in Great Britain
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J., Ackerley, E. 2002 In: Security Journal. 15, 3, p. 256-263. 8 p.
Journal article

Murder and serious sexual assault: what criminal histories can reveal about future serious offending. : Supplementary tables
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J., Ackerley, E., Fligelstone, R., Ranalli, G. 2002 In: Murder and serious sexual assault . London : Home Office
Chapter

Patterns of offending behaviour: a new approach (Full report)
Soothill, K., Francis, B., Fligelstone, R. 2002 Home Office. 105 p.
Monograph

The Police National Computer and the Offenders Index: can they be combined for research purposes? Full Report
Francis, B., Crosland, P. 2002 Home Office. 92 p.
Commissioned report

The Police National Computer and the Offenders Index: can they be combined for research purposes?
Francis, B., Crosland, P., Harman, J. 2002 Home Office. 4 p.
Commissioned report

The psychosocial needs of cancer patients : findings from an observational study.
McIllmurray, M.B., Thomas, C., Francis, B.J., Morris, S., Soothill, K.L., Al-Hamad, A. 12/2001 In: European Journal of Cancer Care. 10, 4, p. 261-269. 9 p.
Journal article

Informal carers of cancer patients : what are their unmet psychosocial needs?
Soothill, K.L., Morris, S., Harman, J., Francis, B.J., Thomas, C., McIllmurray, M.B. 11/2001 In: Health and Social Care in the Community. 9, 6, p. 464-475. 12 p.
Journal article

The significant unmet needs of cancer patients: probing psychosocial concerns.
Soothill, K.L., Morris, S., Harman, J., Francis, B.J., Thomas, C., McIllmurray, M.B. 11/2001 In: Supportive Care in Cancer. 9, 8, p. 597-605. 9 p.
Journal article

A new approach for ranking crime seriousness : the use of paired comparison methodology.
Francis, B.J., Soothill, K.L., Dittrich, R. 2001 In: British Journal of Criminology. 41, 4, p. 726-737. 12 p.
Journal article

The psychosocial needs of cancer patients and their main carers.
Thomas, C., Morris, S., McIllmurray, M.B., Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J., Harman, J.C. 2001
Other contribution

Competing risks, persistence and desistance in analyzing recidivism.
Escarela, G., Francis, B.J., Soothill, K.L. 12/2000 In: Journal of Quantitative Criminology. 16, 4, p. 385-414. 30 p.
Journal article

The psychosocial needs in cancer: a patient survey.
McIllmurray, M., Morris, S.M., Thomas, C., Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J. 10/2000 In: Proceedings of the 25th ESMO congress. Hamburg
Chapter

Does sex offending lead to homicide?
Francis, B.J., Soothill, K.L. 04/2000 In: Journal of Forensic Psychology. 11, 1, p. 49-61. 13 p.
Journal article

The geography of survival from colo-rectal cancer.
Kim, Y., Gatrell, A.C., Francis, B.J. 04/2000 In: Social Science and Medicine. 50, 7-8, p. 1099-1107. 9 p.
Journal article

Visualization of criminal careers
Francis, B., Pritchard, J. 28/02/2000 In: Visual Data Exploration and Analysis VII. SPIE p. 96-105. 10 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Judgement of conviction?
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J. 2000 In: Police Review. p. 22-23. 2 p.
Journal article

Psychological needs in cancer: a patient survey.
McIllmurray, M.B., Morris, S., Thomas, C., Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J. 2000 In: Annals of Oncology. 11, Supple, p. 678. 1 p.
Journal article

Random effects models for ranked data: an example from a survey of student social workers
Francis, B., Dittrich, R. 2000 In: Social science methodology in the new millennium . Cologne : German Social Science Infrastructure Services (GESIS)
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Sex offenders : specialists, generalists - or both?
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J., Sanderson, B., Ackerley, E. 2000 In: British Journal of Criminology. 40, 1, p. 56-67. 12 p.
Journal article

The psychosocial needs of cancer patients and their main carers.
Thomas, C., Morris, S.M., McIllmurray, M.B., Soothill, K.L., Ledwith, F., Francis, B.J., Al-Hamad, A. 09/1999 In: Proceedings of the Lancaster University industry conference. Lancaster : University of Lancaster
Chapter

What are the 'needs' of cancer patients and their main carers?
Thomas, C., Morris, S., McIllmurray, M.B., Soothill, K.L., Ledwith, F., Francis, B.J. 09/1999 In: Proceedings of the ECCO European Cancer Conference. Vienna
Chapter

Homicide in Britain: a comparative study of rates in Scotland and England and Wales.
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J., Ackerley, E., Collett, S. 1999 In: Crime and Criminal Justice Research Findings. 36
Journal article

Homicide in Britain: a comparative study of rates in Scotland and England and Wales.
Soothill, K., Francis, B.J., Ackerley, E., Collett, S. 1999 Edinburgh : Scottish Executive Central Research Unit. 121 p. ISBN: 0748090444.
Book

Reviewing the pantheon of sexual offending.
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J. 1999 In: Amicus Curiae. 17, p. 4-8. 5 p.
Journal article

TRAMSS website: teaching resources and materials for social scientists
Wiggins, D., Beedham, H., Francis, B., Goldstein, H., Hanavy, M., Harman, J., Leyland, A., Rasbash, J., Smith, F. 1999
Web publication/site

The taxonomic status of Tilia Dasystyla in Crimea, Ukraine.
Pigott, C.D., Francis, B.J. 1999 In: Edinburgh Journal of Botany. 56, 2, p. 161-174. 14 p.
Journal article

What are the 'needs' of cancer patients and their main carers?
Thomas, C., Morris, S., McIllmurray, M.B., Soothill, K.L., Ledwith, F., Francis, B.J. 1999 In: European Journal of Cancer. 35, Supplement 4, p. s21-s22.
Journal article

What are the ‘needs’ of cancer patients and their main carers? [Poster]
Thomas, C., Morris, S., McIllmurray, M.B., Soothill, K., Ledwith, F., Francis, B., Al-Hamad, A. 1999
Poster

White-collars and black sheep: a twenty-year criminological follow-up of white-collar ex-offenders.
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J., Escarela, G. 1999 In: Australia and New Zealand Journal of Criminology. 32, 3, p. 303-314. 12 p.
Journal article

Poisoned chalice or just deserts? (The Sex Offenders Act 1997).
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J. 09/1998 In: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 9, 2, p. 281-293. 13 p.
Journal article

The responses of Briza media and Koeleria manrantha to drought and re-watering.
Milnes, K.J., Davies, W.J., Rodwell, J.S., Francis, B.J. 08/1998 In: Functional Ecology. 12, 4, p. 665-672. 8 p.
Journal article

Bertin, Lexis and the graphical representation of event histories.
Francis, B., Pritchard, J. 06/1998 In: Bulletin du Comite Francais de Cartographie. 156, p. 80-88. 9 p.
Journal article

Paedophilia and paedophiles.
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J., Ackerley, E. 1998 In: New Law Journal. 148, 6844, p. 882-892. 11 p.
Journal article

The use of visualisation in the examination of categorical event histories.
Francis, B., Fuller, M., Pritchard, J. 1998 In: Visualisation of Categorical Data. New York : Academic Press
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Visualisation of historical events using Lexis pencils: a case study
Francis, B., Pritchard, J. 1998 In: Case studies of visualisation in the social sciences. Bristol : JISC Advisory group on Computer Graphics 14 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

When do sex offenders stop offending?
Ackerley, E., Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J. 1998 In: Home Office Research Bulletin. 39, p. 51-58. 8 p.
Journal article

Neural tube defects 1974-96: down but not out.
Bound, J.P., Francis, B.J., Harvey, P.W. 05/1997 In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 76, 3, p. F214.
Journal article

Involvement of deprivation and environmental lead in neural tube defects: a matched case-control study.
Bound, J.P., Harvey, P.W., Francis, B.J., Awwad, F., Gatrell, T. 02/1997 In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 76, 2, p. 107-112. 6 p.
Journal article

A cautionary tale: the sex offenders act 1997, the police and cautions.
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J., Sanderson, B. 1997 In: Criminal Law Review. p. 482-490. 9 p.
Journal article

Sexual reconvictions and the Sex Offenders Act 1997 part 1
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J. 1997 In: New Law Journal. 147, 6806, p. 1285-1286. 2 p.
Journal article

Sexual reconvictions and the Sex Offenders Act 1997 part 2
Soothill, K., Francis, B. 1997 In: New Law Journal. 147, 6807, p. 1324-1325. 2 p.
Journal article

The odds in favour of the genitive: a study of gradience in English
Leech, G., Francis, B., Xu, X. 1997 In: The Locus of meaning. Tokyo : Kuroshi
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

The use of visualisation in the examination of work and life histories
Francis, B. 1997 In: Visualization and modelling. New York : Academic Press
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

The value of finding employment for white-collar ex-offenders: a twenty-year criminological follow-up.
Soothill, K.L., Francis, B.J., Ackerley, E. 1997 In: British Journal of Criminology. 37, 4, p. 582-592. 11 p.
Journal article

A strong case for sharing conviction.
Soothill, K.L., Ackerley, E., Francis, B.J. 1996 In: People Management. 2, 13, p. 36-38. 3 p.
Journal article

Gassing during the growth of bacteriological infection.
Whittaker, J.C., Francis, B.J., Whittaker, J. 1996 In: Student. 1, 3, p. 211-214. 4 p.
Journal article

NHS nursing: vocation, career or just a job? An application of latent class analysis.
Francis, B., Peelo, M., Soothill, K. 1996 In: Themes and Perspectives in Nursing. London : Chapman and Hall p. 56-75.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Visualisation of event histories.
Francis, B.J., Fuller, M. 1996 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society). 159, 2, p. 301-308. 8 p.
Journal article

Non-parametric hazard versus non-parametric frailty distribution in modelling recurrence of breast-cancer.
dos Santos, D.M., Davies, R.B., Francis, B.J. 1/10/1995 In: Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference. 47, 1-2, p. 111-127. 17 p.
Journal article

Downs-Syndrome - prevalence and ionizing-radiation in an area of north-west England, 1957-1991.
Bound, J.P., Francis, B.J., Harvey, P.W. 04/1995 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 49, 2, p. 164-170. 7 p.
Journal article

Fitting bilinear models in GLIM.
de Falguerolles, A., Francis, B.J. 1995 In: GLIM Newsletter. 25, p. 9-20. 12 p.
Journal article

Fitting overdispersed generalized linear models by non-parametric maximum likelihood.
Aitkin, M., Francis, B.J. 1995 In: GLIM Newsletter. 25, p. 37-45. 9 p.
Journal article

Statistical modelling: Proceedings of the 10th International Workshop on Statistical Modelling. Innsbruck, Austria, 10-14 July, 1995
Seeber, G., Francis, B., Hatzinger, R., Steckel-Berger, G. 1995 Springer Verlag. 344 p.
Anthology

Algorithmic approaches to fitting bilinear models for two-way contingency tables.
de Falguerolles, A., Francis, B. 1994 In: New Approaches in Classification and Data Analysis. Berlin : Springer Verlag p. 518-524. 7 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Fitting power models to two-way contingency tables.
de Falguerolles, A., Francis, B. 1994 In: Compstat 1994. Heidelberg : Physica Verlag p. 470-475. 6 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Software for routine record linkage in public health.
Stott, D., Francis, B., Wain, R. 1994 In: Current Perspectives in Healthcare Computing 1994. Weybridge : British Journal of Healthcare Computing, p. 681-686.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

The standard spending assessment as a measure of spending needs in a non-metropolitan district.
Flowerdew, R., Francis, B.J., Lucas, S. 1994 In: Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy. 12, 1, p. 1-13. 13 p.
Journal article

The use of computer corpora in the textual demonstrability of gradience in linguistic categories.
Leech, G., Francis, B., Xu, X. 1994 In: Continuity in Linguistic Semantics. John Benjamins Publishing Company p. 57-76. 20 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Towards a phenomenology of skill.
Penn, R., Francis, B. 1994 In: Skill and occupational change. Oxford : Oxford University Press p. 223-243. 21 p. ISBN: 0198279280.
Chapter

Generalised additive models in GLIM4.
Stasinopoulos, D.M., Francis, B.J. 1993 In: GLIM Newsletter. 22, p. 30-36. 7 p.
Journal article

Geographic influences on the uptake of infant immunisations: 1: concepts, models and aggregate analyses.
Senior, M.L., New, S.J., Gatrell, T., Francis, B.J. 1993 In: Environment and Planning A. 25, 3, p. 425-436. 12 p.
Journal article

Geographic influences on the uptake of infant immunisations: 2: disaggregate analyses.
Senior, M.L., New, S.J., Gatrell, T., Francis, B.J. 1993 In: Environment and Planning A. 25, 4, p. 467-479. 13 p.
Journal article

Statistical modelling of university conditional offer requirements.
Francis, B.J., Barry, J., Fulton, O. 1993 In: Studies in Higher Education. 18, 1, p. 27-42. 16 p.
Journal article

The GLIM System: Release 4 Manual
Francis, B., Green, M., Payne, C. 1993 Oxford : Clarendon Press. 840 p. ISBN: 978-0198522317.
Book

The research performance of UK universities: a statistical analysis of the results of the 1989 research Selectivity Exercise
Johnes, J., Taylor, J., Francis, B. 1993 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society). 156, 2, p. 271-286. 16 p.
Journal article

Fitting the Multinomial model with continuous covariates in GLIM.
Aitkin, M., Francis, B. 06/1992 In: Computational Statistics and Data Analysis. 14, 1, p. 89-97. 9 p.
Journal article

Advances in GLIM and Statistical Modelling: Proceedings of the GLIM92 Conference and the 7th International Workshop on Statistical Modelling
Fahrmeir, L., Francis, B., Gilchrist, R., Tutz, G. 1992 Berlin : Springer Verlag. 225 p. ISBN: 978-0387978734.
Book

Algorithmic approaches for fitting bilinear models.
de Falguerolles, A., Francis, B. 1992 In: Computational Statistics Vol. 1:. Heidelberg : Physica Verlag
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Medical applications in GLIM4
Swan, T., Francis, B. 1992 In: Advances in GLIM and Statistical Modelling.. Berlin : Springer Verlag
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Model fitting applications in GLIM4
Francis, B., Green, M., Clarke, M. 1992 In: Advances in GLIM and Statistical Modelling. Berlin : Springer Verlag
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Statistical modelling: a selection of papers from the 6. International Workshop on Statistical Modelling, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 15-19 July, 1991
Van Der Heijden, P., Jansen, W., Francis, B., Seeber, G. 1992 Amsterdam : Elsevier. 354 p. ISBN: 0444893997 9780444893994.
Book

Neural tube defects, maternal cohorts and age: a pointer to etiology.
Bound, J.P., Francis, B., Harvey, P.W. 10/1991 In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 66, 10, p. 1223–1226. 4 p.
Journal article

Factors influencing herbivory by insects on oak trees in pure stands and paired mixtures.
Moore, R., Francis, B. 04/1991 In: Journal of Applied Ecology. 28, 1, p. 305-317. 13 p.
Journal article

Effects of over-winter fumigation with sulfur and nitrogen dioxides on biochemical parameters and spring growth in red spruce
Wolfenden, J., Pearson, M., Francis, B. 01/1991 In: Plant, Cell and Environment. 14, 1, p. 35-45. 11 p.
Journal article

A remark on algorithm AS121 - The Trigamma Function,
Francis, B. 1991 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics). 40, 3, p. 514-515. 2 p.
Journal article

NHS nursing: Vocation, career or just a job? An application of latent class analysis.
Francis, B., Peelo, M., Soothill, K. 1991 In: Themes and Perspectives in Nursing. London : Chapman and Hall p. 56-75. 20 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Progress towards the early diagnosis of forest decline.
Wolfenden, J., Cape, J.N., Francis, B., Melhorn, H., Wellburn, A. 1991 In: Acid Depositions in Europe. Stockholm : Stockholm Environment Institute p. 59-79. 21 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

GLIM4 - developments in model fitting
Francis, B., Green, M., Bradley, M. 1990 In: COMPSTAT90. Heidelberg : Physica Verlag p. 323-326. 4 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Graphical representation of work histories
Francis, B., Barry, J., Walby, S. 1990 In: Quaderni di Statistica e Matematica Applicata alle scienze Economico-Sociali. 12, 1, p. 66-74. 9 p.
Journal article

Software for logistic-normal mixture models
Francis, B., Barry, J. 1990 In: COMPSTAT90. Heidelberg : Physica Verlag p. 39-40. 2 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Nursing the statistics: a demonstration study of nurse turnover and retention
Barry, J., Soothill, K., Francis, B. 07/1989 In: Journal of Advanced Nursing. 14, 7, p. 528-535. 8 p.
Journal article

GLIM4: structure and development
Francis, B., Green, M., Bradley, M. 1989 In: Statistical Modelling. Berlin : Springer-Verlag
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

SABRE 2.0: software for the analysis of binary recurrent events.
Barry, J., Francis, B., Davies, R. 1989 In: Statistical modelling. Berlin : Springer-Verlag
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Seasonal prevalence of major congenital malformations in the Fylde of Lancaster 1957-1981
Bound, J.P., Harvey, P.W., Francis, B. 1989 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 43, 4, p. 330-342. 13 p.
Journal article

Statistical modelling: proceedings of GLIM 89 and the 4th Internat. Workshop on Statist. Modelling held in Trento, Italy, July 17-21, 1989
Francis, B., Decarli, A., Gilchrist, R., Seeber, G. 1989 Berlin : Springer Verlag. 343 p. ISBN: 978-0387970974.
Book

Prediction of the probability of forest decline damage to Norway spruce using three simple site-independent diagnostic parameters
Mehlhorn, H., Francis, B., Wellburn, A. 12/1988 In: New Phytologist. 110, 4, p. 525-534. 10 p.
Journal article

Use of carotenoid ratios, ethylene emissions and buffer capacities for the early diagnosis of forest decline.
Wolfenden, J., Robinson, D.C., Cape, J.N., Paterson, I., Francis, B., Mehlhorn, H., Wellburn, A. 05/1988 In: New Phytologist. 109, 1, p. 85-95. 11 p.
Journal article

Growth responses and delayed winter hardening in Sitka Spruce following summer exposure to ozone.
Lucas, P., Cottam, D.A., Sheppard, L.J., Francis, B. 04/1988 In: New Phytologist. 108, 4, p. 495-504. 10 p.
Journal article

Statistical Modelling in GLIM
Aitkin, M., Anderson, D., Francis, B., Hinde, J. 1988 Oxford : Clarendon Press. 374 p. ISBN: 0-19-852204-5.
Book

GLIM3.77 Macro Library Handbook. Software and documentation.: Release 1.1 of Library
Francis, B. 1987 Oxford : Numerical Algorithms Group (NAG). ISBN: 1-85206-042-5.
Book

Une étude comparative d'analyses des correspondances ou de classifications et des modèles de variables latentes ou de classes latentes
Aitkin, M., Francis, B., Raynal, N. 1987 In: Revue de Statistique Appliquée. 35, 3, p. 53-82. 30 p.
Journal article

Fitting correspondence analysis models in GLIM.
Francis, B., Saint Pierre, J. 1986 In: COMPSTAT 86 . Heidelberg : Physica Verlag p. 255-256. 2 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Teaching computational statistics on workstations
Francis, B., Whittaker, J. 1986 In: COMPSTAT 86 . Heidelberg : Physica Verlag p. 477-482. 6 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

GLIM 3.77 User Guide
Baker, R., Clarke, M., Francis, B., Green, M., Nelder, J., Payne, C., Webb, J. 1985 Oxford : Numerical Algorithms Group (NAG). ISBN: 1-85206-1-8.
Book

Generalised linear models: proceedings of the second international conference on Generalised Linear Models
Gilchrist, R., Francis, B., Whittaker, J. 1985 Berlin : Springer Verlag. 178 p. ISBN: 3-540-96224-7.
Book

The use of computerised records in a university student counselling service
Corless, C., Francis, B., Rogers, R. 1984 In: Journal of the British Association for Counselling. 49, p. 7-12. 6 p.
Journal article

A reanalysis of the Stanford heart transplant data
Aitkin, M., Laird, N., Francis, B. 06/1983 In: Journal of the American Statistical Association. 78, 382, p. 264-274. 11 p.
Journal article

A reanalysis of the Stanford heart transplant data: a rejoinder
Aitkin, M., Laird, N., Francis, B. 06/1983 In: Journal of the American Statistical Association. 78, 382, p. 291-292. 2 p.
Journal article

Interactive regression modelling
Aitkin, M., Francis, B. 06/1982 In: Biometrics. 38, 2, p. 511-513. 3 p.
Journal article

GLIM: a developing system
Francis, B., Hinde, J., Slater, M. 1982 In: Computer Science and Statistics. New York : Springer Verlag p. 190-201. 12 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Health and education expenditure in the United Kingdom: what priority?
Forster, D.P., Francis, B., Frost, C.E., Heath, P. 03/1981 In: Health Policy and Education. 2, 1, p. 77-84. 8 p.
Journal article

A study of domiciliary physiotherapy in general practice
Forster, D.P., Francis, B., Frost, C.E., Armstrong, W. 1981 In: Community Medicine. 3, p. 14-24. 11 p.
Journal article

Clinical decision making: a study of general surgery within Trent RHA
Frost, C.E., Francis, B. 1979 In: Social Science and Medicine. 13, 2A, p. 193-198. 6 p.
Journal article

Comparison of plasma steroid and gonadotrophin profiles in spontaneous cycles in which conception did and did not occur
Sobowale, O., Lenton, E., Francis, B., Cooke, I. 06/1978 In: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 85, 6, p. 460-467. 8 p.
Journal article

Physiotherapist's careers
Ward, A., Davison, C., Francis, B. 1977 In: Physiotherapy. 63, p. 314-315. 2 p.
Journal article

Physiotherapists who trained at Sheffield and St. Thomas' Hospital 1952-1970: Centre eight paper
Ward, A., Davison, C., Francis, B. 1977 In: Health and Social Services Journal. 87, 4567, p. F17-F24. 8 p.
Journal article