Dr Gillian Lancaster

Senior Lecturer

Research Interests

I am a medical statistician with interests in epidemiology and child health. I am particularly interested in the development of Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) for use in clinical trials and patient management (eg. Alder Hey Triage Pain score, EARLI, MDAT, ADNAT, Synacthen test, CLCF). Related methodological interests include latent variable analysis and structural equation modelling. I am also interested in the analysis of social survey and census data, including the multilevel modelling of clustered binary events, a focus of several of my PhD students, and reducing ecological bias in aggregate level analyses. More broadly, I enjoy working with colleagues on a wide range of multi-disciplinary applications in health and medicine, and have a keen interest in the use of pilot and feasibility studies in preparation for complex interventions, and in statistics education more generally.

Two-year outcomes for infants with low cord pH at birth
Kayani, S.I., Joo Tan, M., Shaw, N.J., Dewhurst, C., Titman, A., Lancaster, G., Alfirevic, Z. 07/2014 In: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine . 27, 10, p. 1010-1014. 5 p.
Journal article

Early morning salivary cortisol and cortisone, and adrenal responses to a simplified low dose short Synacthen test in children with asthma
Blair, J.C., Lancaster, G., Titman, A., Peak, M., Newland, P., Collingwood, C., Chesters, C., Moorcroft, T., Wallin, N., Hawcutt, D., Gardner, C., Didi, M., Lacy, D., Couriel, J. 03/2014 In: Clinical Endocrinology. 80, 3, p. 376-383. 8 p.
Journal article

Development and psychometric testing of the online Adolescent Diabetes Needs Assessment Tool (ADNAT)
Cooper, H., Spencer, J., Lancaster, G.A., Titman, A., Johnson, M., Wheeler, S.L., Lwin, R. 02/2014 In: Journal of Advanced Nursing. 70, 2, p. 454-468. 15 p.
Journal article

Item response theory and Structural Equation Modelling for ordinal data: describing the relationship between KIDSCREEN and Life-H
Titman, A., Lancaster, G., Colver, A. 2014 In: Statistical Methods in Medical Research.
Journal article

Is there a bidirectional relationship between maternal well-being and child problem behaviors in autism spectrum disorders?: longitudinal analysis of a population-defined sample of young children
Totsika, V., Hastings, R., Emerson, E., Lancaster, G., Berridge, D., Vagenas, D. 06/2013 In: Autism Research. 6, 3, p. 201-211. 11 p.
Journal article

Robotic-assisted laparoscopic vs abdominal and laparoscopic myomectomy: systematic review and meta-analysis
Pundir, J., Pundir, V., Walavalkar, R., Omanwa, K., Lancaster, G., Kayani, S. 05/2013 In: Journal of minimally invasive gynecology. 20, 3, p. 335-345. 11 p.
Journal article

Longitudinal trends in using physical interventions to manage aggression and self-harm in mental health services
Whittington, R., Leitner, M., Barr, W., Lancaster, G., McGuire, J. 2012 In: Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.). 63, 5, p. 488-492. 5 p.
Journal article

Perceptions of the clinical usefulness of the Adolescent Diabetes Needs Assessment Tool.
Cooper, H., Spencer, J., Lancaster, G., Johnson, M., Lwin, R. 2012 In: Diabetes Care for Children and Young People . 1, 2, p. 55-61. 7 p.
Journal article

Statistical education in the 21st century: a review of challenges, teaching innovations and strategies for reform
Tishkovskaya, S., Lancaster, G. 2012 In: Journal of Statistics Education. 20, 2, 56 p.
Journal article

Using evidence from quantitative studies
Lancaster, G., Titman, A. 2012 In: Evidence-based practice manual for nurses. Edinburgh : Elsevier Churchill Livingstone p. 145-186. 42 p. ISBN: 9780702041938.
Chapter

Child disability and the dynamics of family poverty, hardship and financial strain: evidence from the UK
Shahtahmasebi, S., Emerson, E., Berridge, D., Lancaster, G. 11/2011 In: Journal of Social Policy. 40, 4, p. 653-673. 21 p.
Journal article

Accounting for bias due to a non-ignorable tracing mechanism in a retrospective breast cancer cohort study.
Titman, A.C., Lancaster, G.A., Carmichael, K., Scutt, D. 20/02/2011 In: Statistics in Medicine. 30, 4, p. 324-334. 11 p.
Journal article

A population-based investigation of behavioural and emotional problems and maternal mental health: associations with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability
Totsika, V., Hastings, R., Emerson, E., Lancaster, G., Berridge, D. 01/2011 In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 52, 1, p. 91-99.
Journal article

Behavior problems at 5 years of age and maternal mental health in autism and intellectual disability
Totsika, V., Hastings, R.P., Emerson, E., Berridge, D., Lancaster, G. 2011 In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 39, 8, p. 1137-1147. 11 p.
Journal article

How statistical literacy, official statistics and self-directed learning shaped social enquiry in the 19th and early 20th century
Lancaster, G. 2011 In: Statistical Journal of the International Association for Official Statistics. 27, 3-4, p. 99-111. 13 p.
Journal article

Personal response systems for teaching postgraduate statistics to small groups
Titman, A., Lancaster, G. 2011 In: Journal of Statistics Education. 19, 2, 20 p.
Journal article

Poverty transitions among families supporting a child with intellectual disability
Emerson, E., Shahtahmasebi, S., Berridge, D., Lancaster, G. 12/2010 In: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability. 35, 4, p. 224-234.
Journal article

A longitudinal analysis of poverty among families supporting a child with disability
Shahtahmasebi, S., Emerson, E., Berridge, D., Lancaster, G. 11/2010 In: International Journal on Disability and Human Development. 9, 1, p. 65-75. 11 p.
Journal article

Trials in primary care: statistical issues in the design, conduct and evaluation of complex interventions
Lancaster, G.A., Campbell, M.J., Eldridge, S., Farrin, A., Marchant, M., Muller, S., Perera, R., Peters, T.J., Prevost, A.T., Rait, G. 08/2010 In: Statistical Methods in Medical Research. 19, 4, p. 349-377. 29 p.
Journal article

What is a pilot or feasibility study?: a review of current practice and editorial policy
Arain, M., Campbell, M.J., Cooper, C.L., Lancaster, G. 16/07/2010 In: BMC Medical Research Methodology. 10, p. 67.
Journal article

Communicating the value of statistical thinking in research
Lancaster, G. 07/2010 In: ICOTS 8 proceedings. Auckland, New Zealand : International Association for Statistical Education 6 p.
Conference contribution

Personal Response Systems for teaching postgraduate statistics to small groups
Titman, A., Lancaster, G. 07/2010 In: ICOTS 8 proceedings. Auckland : International Association for Statistical Education 4 p.
Conference contribution

Resource Discovery For Teaching Datasets
Hoti - Llabjani, V., Francis, B., Lancaster, G. 07/2010 In: ICOTS 8 proceedings. Auckland, New Zealand : International Association for Statistical Education 4 p.
Conference contribution

Statistics for the biological and environmental sciences: improving service teaching for postgraduates
Allen, R., Folkard, A., Lancaster, G., Abram, B. 07/2010 In: ICOTS 8 proceedings. Auckland : International Association for Statistical Education 6 p.
Conference contribution

Teaching strategies to promote statistical literacy: review and implementation
Tishkovskaya, S., Lancaster, G. 07/2010 In: ICOTS 8 proceedings. Auckland, New Zealand : International Association for Statistical Education 4 p.
Conference contribution

Perspectives of normal child development in rural Malawi – a qualitative analysis to create a more culturally appropriate developmental assessment tool.
Gladstone, M., Lancaster, G., Umar, E., Nyirenda, M., Kayira, E., Van den Broek, N., Smyth, R.L. 05/2010 In: Child: Care, Health and Development. 36, 3, p. 346-353. 8 p.
Journal article

The Malawi Developmental Assessment Tool (MDAT): creation, validation, and reliability of a tool to assess child development in rural African settings
Gladstone, M., Lancaster, G.A., Umar, E., Nyirenda, M., Kayira, E., Van Den Broek, N., Smyth R.L., R.L. 05/2010 In: PLoS Medicine. 7, 5, 14 p.
Journal article

The effect of antisocial behavior in boys aged 5 to 7 years old: a structural equation modelling approach.
Fakis, A., Lancaster, G., Hill, J. 2010 LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing . 62 p. ISBN: 978-3843368568.
Book

Statistical issues in the assessment of health outcomes in children : methodological review.
Lancaster, G. 10/2009 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society - Series A: Statistics in Society. 172, 4, p. 707-727. 21 p.
Journal article

Adult attachment in bipolar 1 disorder.
Morriss, R.M., van der Gucht, E., Lancaster, G., Bentall, R.P. 09/2009 In: Psychology and Psychotherapy : Theory, Research and Practice. 82, 3, p. 267-277. 11 p.
Journal article

Lancaster Postgraduate Statistics Centre – creating enterprise and innovation in teaching statistics across disciplines.
Lancaster, G., Francis, B., Allen, R. 02/2009 In: MSOR Connections. 9, 1, p. 41-46. 6 p.
Journal article

Psychological processes in bipolar affective disorder : negative cognitive style and reward processing.
van der Gucht, E., Morriss, R., Lancaster, G.A., Kinderman, P.K., Bentall, R.P. 02/2009 In: British Journal of Psychiatry. 194, 2, p. 146-151. 6 p.
Journal article

Child disability, parental self-rated health and food security: a multivariate cross-sectional analysis
Shahtahmasebi, S., Emerson, E., Berridge, D., Lancaster, G. 2009 In: International Journal on Disability and Human Development. 8, 4, p. 417-434. 17 p.
Journal article

Does the position of restraint of disturbed psychiatric patients have any association with staff and patient injuries?
Lancaster, G.A., Whittington, R., Lane, S., Riley, D., Meehan, C. 05/2008 In: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. 15, 4, p. 306-312. 7 p.
Journal article

Can western developmental screening tools be modified for use in a rural Malawian setting?
Gladstone, M.J., Lancaster, G.A., Jones, A.P., Maleta, K., Mtitimila, E., Ashorn, P., Smyth, R.L. 1/01/2008 In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 93, 1, p. 23-29. 7 p.
Journal article

Aggression and intentionality in narrative responses to conflict and distress story stems : an investigation of boys with disruptive behaviour problems.
Hill, J., Fonagy, P., Lancaster, G.A., Broyden, N. 09/2007 In: Attachment and Human Development. 9, 3, p. 223-237. 15 p.
Journal article

The measurement of a major childhood risk for depression : comparision of the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) 'parental care' and the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse (CECA) 'parental neglect'.
Lancaster, G.A., Rollinson, L., Hill, J. 08/2007 In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 101, 1-3, p. 263-267. 5 p.
Journal article

Design of a clustered observational study to predict emergency admissions in the elderly : statistical reasoning in clinical practice.
Lancaster, G.A., Chellaswamy, H., Taylor, S., Lyon, D., Dowrick, C. 04/2007 In: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 13, 2, p. 169-178. 10 p.
Journal article

Prediciting the likelihood of emergency admission to hospital of older people: development and validation of the Emergency Admission Risk Likelihood Index (EARLI)
Lyon , D., Lancaster, G.A., Taylor, S., Dowrick, C., Chellaswamy, H. 04/2007 In: Family Practice. 24, 2, p. 158-167. 10 p.
Journal article

Parental depression following the early diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis : a matched, prospective study.
Glasscoe, C.A., Lancaster, G.A., Smyth, R.L., Hill, J. 02/2007 In: The Journal of Pediatrics. 150, 2, p. 185-191. 7 p.
Journal article

Peutz-Jeghers syndrome and screening for pancreatic cancer
Latchford, A., Greenhalf, W., Vitone, L.J., Neoptolemos, J.P., Lancaster, G., Phillips, R.K.S. 12/2006 In: The British journal of surgery. 93, 12, p. 1446-1455. 10 p.
Journal article

Reducing bias in ecological studies: an evaluation of different methodolgies.
Lancaster, G., Green, M., Lane, S. 1/10/2006 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society - Series A: Statistics in Society. 169, 4, p. 681-700. 20 p.
Journal article

Physical restraint of patients in acute mental health care settings : patient, staff, and enviromental factors associated with the use of a horizontal restraint position.
Whittington, R., Lancaster, G.A., Meehan, C., Lane, S., Riley, D. 06/2006 In: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 17, 2, p. 253-265. 13 p.
Journal article

Breast asymmetry and predisposition to breast cancer
Scutt, D., Lancaster, G., Manning, J.T. 20/03/2006 In: Breast Cancer Research . 8, 2, 7 p.
Journal article

In a systematic review, infrared ear thermometry for fever diagnosis in children finds poor sensitivity
Dodd, S.R., Lancaster, G.A., Craig, J.V., Smyth, R.L., Williamson, P.R. 2006 In: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 59, 4, p. 354-357. 4 p.
Journal article

Linkage of survey data with district-level lung cancer registrations: a method of bias reduction in ecological studies
Lancaster, G.A., Green, M., Lane, S. 2006 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 60, 12, p. 1093-1098. 6 p.
Journal article

Patient restraint positions in a psychiatric inpatient service
Riley, D., Meehan, C., Whittington, R., Lancaster, G., Lane, S. 2006 In: Nursing Times. 102, 3, p. 42-45. 4 p.
Journal article

Molecular analysis to detect pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in high-risk groups
Yan, L., McFaul, C., Howes, N., Leslie, J., Lancaster, G., Wong, T., Threadgold, J., Evans, J., Gilmore, I., Smart, H., Lombard, M., Neoptolemos, J., Greenhalf, W. 06/2005 In: Gastroenterology. 128, 7, p. 2124-2130. 7 p.
Journal article

Design and analysis of pilot studies: recommendations for good practice
Lancaster, G., Dodd, S., Williamson, P.R. 05/2004 In: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 10, 2, p. 307-312. 6 p.
Journal article

Nutritional impairment in juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Cleary, A.G., Lancaster, G., Annan, F., Sills, J.A., Davidson, J.E. 2004 In: Rheumatology. 43, 12, p. 1569-1573. 5 p.
Journal article

Statistical education for PhD students in UK medical schools
Williamson, P., Lancaster, G. 2004 In: Statistics Education Research Journal. 3, 1, p. 72-79. 8 p.
Journal article

Validation of the Alder Hey Triage Pain Score
Stewart, B., Lancaster, G., Lawson, J., Williams, K., Daly, J. 2004 In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 89, 7, p. 625-630. 6 p.
Journal article

Validity and reliability of acoustic analysis of respiratory sounds in infants
Elphick, H.E., Lancaster, G., Solis, A., Majumdar, A., Gupta, R., Smyth, R.L. 2004 In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 89, 11, p. 1059-1063. 5 p.
Journal article

Variations in use of tertiary cardiac services in part of North-West England
Gatrell, A., Lancaster, G., Chapple, A., Horsley, S., Smith, M. 09/2002 In: Health and Place. 8, 3, p. 147-153. 7 p.
Journal article

Infrared ear thermometry compared with rectal thermometry in children: a systemic review.
Craig, J.V., Lancaster, G.A., Williamson, P.R., Smyth, R.L. 24/08/2002 In: The Lancet. 360, 9333, p. 603-609. 7 p.
Journal article

Meta-analysis of method comparison studies.
Williamson, P.R., Lancaster, G.A., Craig, J.V., Smyth, R.L. 30/07/2002 In: Statistics in Medicine. 21, 14, p. 2013-2025. 13 p.
Journal article

Deprivation, ill-health and ecological fallacy.
Lancaster, G.A., Green, M. 1/06/2002 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society - Series A: Statistics in Society. 165, 2, p. 263-278. 16 p.
Journal article

A method comparison study to assess the reliability of urine collection pads as a means of obtaining urine specimens from non-toilet-trained children for microbiological examination
Farrell, M., Devine, K., Lancaster, G., Judd, B. 02/2002 In: Journal of Advanced Nursing. 37, 4, p. 387-393. 7 p.
Journal article

Latent variable models for categorical data
Lancaster, G., Green, M. 2002 In: Statistics and Computing. 12, 2, p. 153-161. 9 p.
Journal article

Temperature measured at the axilla compared with rectum in children and young people: systematic review
Craig, J.V., Lancaster, G., Williamson, P.R., Smyth, R.L. 29/04/2000 In: BMJ. 320, 7243, p. 1174-1178. 5 p.
Journal article

Towards achieving the Health of the Nation target for cervical cancer: accuracy of cancer registration
Lancaster, G.A., Moran, T., Woodman, C. 03/1994 In: Journal of Public Health Medicine. 16, 1, p. 50-52. 3 p.
Journal article

Computer aided diagnosis of abdominal pain: implementation difficulties in the North Western Region
Clyma, J.A., Lancaster, G.A. 1993 In: Archives of Emergency Medicine. 10, 4, p. 314-320. 7 p.
Journal article

Does the offer of cervical screening with breast screening encourage older women to have a cervical smear test?
Lancaster, G.A., Elton, P. 10/1992 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 46, 5, p. 523-527. 5 p.
Journal article

Made to measure survey
Eardley, A., Elkind, A., Lancaster, G. 1990 In: The Health Service Journal. 100, 5229, p. 1773.
Journal article