Welcome to the Journal of Experimental Botany editorial page!
JXB aims to publish high quality manuscripts that provide substantial new insights of broad interest in plant biology. We welcome manuscripts that identify fundamental mechanisms including those underpinning the improvements of plant for the sustainable production of food, fuel, and renewable materials. Our emphasis is on molecular physiology, molecular genetics, and environmental physiology, and we also encourage integrative approaches employing cutting-edge technologies, systems biology, and synthetic biology.
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Transposable elements, a treasure trove to decipher epigenetic variation: insights from Arabidopsis and crop epigenomes Mirouze and Vitte
We discuss the similarities and differences existing between Arabidopsis and crops epigenomes. We explore the relationship between TEs and epigenomes, and provide insights onto the challenges towards using epigenetic diversity in plant breeding programs.
Arguments in the evo-devo debate: say it with flowers! Della Pina, Souer and Koes
Plants, display an astonishing morphological diversity, which evolved relatively quickly. The review addresses the genetic alterations underlying the evolution of this diversity and how that altered development.
Connections between circadian clocks and carbon metabolism reveal species-specific effects on growth control Muller, von Korff and Davis
This review discusses the reciprocal regulatory interaction between the circadian clock and carbon metabolism and its impact on stress signaling and water use.
Bundle sheath suberization in grass leaves: multiple barriers to characterization Mertz and Brutnell
Synthetic biology approaches to engineering the nitrogen symbiosis in cereals Rogers and Oldroyd
Facultative CAM plants: powerful tools for unravelling the functional elements of CAM photosynthesis Winter and JAM Holtum
Symplastic intercellular transport from a developmental perspective Y Benitez-Alfonso
Communication between neighbouring cells is essential for coordinated development of multicellular organisms. This manuscript reviews new knowledge on plasmodesmata (structures mediating cytoplasm-to-cytoplasm transport between plant cells) composition, their regulation and their importance during embryonic and post-embryonic organ development.
Improvement of crop yield in dry environments: benchmarks, levels of organisation and the role of nitrogen Sadras & Richards
Naive methods, rather than yield complexity, constrain the improvement of crop adaptation to drought; predicting how traits scale to crop level and a dual perspective on water and nitrogen are advocated
The Human Mind as a common denominator in plant domestication Abbo, Lev-Yadun and Gopher
Recent experiments demonstrated that deep sowing was not a general unconscious selection pressure underlying the increased seed size of domesticated legumes. We suggest the permanent need for human decision-making as a general factor
Autophagy, plant senescence and nutrient recycling Avila-Ospina et al.
This review aims to give an overview of leaf senescence associated processes from the physiological point of view and to discuss relationships between nutrient recycling, proteolysis and autophagy. The dual role of autophagy as a pro-survival or pro-death process is discussed.
Nitrate transport and signalling in Arabidopsis Krapp et al.
A large number of nitrate transporters ensure uptake and distribution of this main nutrient. Nitrate acts also as a signal and first elements of the signalling pathway have been identified.
Life and death processes during somatic embryogenesis Smertenko and Bozhkov
Early embryos consist of two domains with distinct fates. The apical domain gives rise to the mature embryo, while the basal domain is gradually eliminated by programmed cell death. Here we review molecular pathways regulating development of each domain
Special Issues & Focus Collections 2014
Special Issues, Focus Collections & Reviews 2013
Advance Access: Review papers
The efforts to harness transpiration efficiency (TE); that is, the genetic component of water-use efficiency are reviewed and discussed.
The stay-green trait Thomas and Ougham
The biologically and agriculturally important stay-green trait results from altered expression of senescence genes. This paper reviews the physiological basis of different kinds of stay-green in crop and model species.
C1A cysteine protease-cystatin intercation in leaf senescence Diaz-Mendoza et al.
This overview article is focussed on barley, as the unique species where the whole gene family members of C1A cysteine proteases and cystatins have been analysed
Alternative splicing plays an important role in regulating gene functions and enhancing the diversity of the proteome in plants. Most of the genes are interrupted by introns in Arabidopsis. More than one half of the intron-split genes involved in multiple biological processes including the circadian clock are alternatively spliced
Modelling transcriptional networks in leaf senescence Penfold & Buchanan-Wollaston
The process of leaf senescence is induced by an extensive range of developmental and environmental signals and controlled by multiple, cross linking pathways, many of which overlap with plant stress response signals. A variety of modelling methods applicable to the analysis of current and future senescence data are reviewed and discussed.
Overview of the long-term improvement of maize yield for the US corn-belt that has been achieved by the Pioneer breeding effort, emphasizing the role of drought and genetic improvements in drought tolerance, and discuss key results that have enabled the delivery of the AQUAmax® suite of maize hybrids with improved yield performance under drought conditions
Chemical inducers of systemic immunity in plants Kachroo, Gao and Kachroo
This review mainly discusses organized signaling from two such chemical, glycerol-3-phoshphate and azeilic acid, and the role of basal salicylic acid levels in G3P conferred SAR.
Synthetic metabolons for metabolic engineering Singleton, Howard and Smirnoff
For over a century, structural proteins in sieve tubes have presented a conundrum since they presumably increase the hydraulic resistance of the tubes while no potential function other than sieve tube or wound sealing in case of injury has been suggested. Here we summarize and critically evaluate current speculations regarding the roles of these proteins.
Interaction of light and temperature signalling Franklin et al.
This review examines the latest developments in light and temperature signal integration, and discusses the implications of signal convergence for plant growth and development
This paper reviews the current status and future perspective of crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) synthetic biology that integrates computational modelling and experimental technology for multigene pathway engineering, with a goal of transferring CAM into C3 plants to improve photosynthetic performance and water-use efficiency.
miRNAs in the crosstalk between phytohormone signalling pathways Curaba, Singh, Bhalla
We review some of the recent knowledge on the molecular connections of miRNAs involved in multiple hormonal responses and discuss their potential implication as mediators of hormonal crosstalk in specific developmental processes.
This paper examines the significance of the relation between QTL expression and crop management using the example of fruit load management, a common practice in the cultivation of many different annual and perennial species producing fruits.
NEW: Our Open Access articles are distributed under the Creative Commoms Atribution Licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Video talks from UK PlantSci 2013 meeting are available to watch now! Watch Charles Godfray, David Baulcombe, Richard Bargett, Beverly Glover, Cath Kidner, Mikhail Semenov, Paul Birch, David Atkinson, Phill Smith, Anne Osterrieder, Mary Williams, Toby Pennington, Mark Watson, Gary Foster, Robert Edwards, Nigel Kerby
Food security: some issues impacting on future food availability. 'This volume provides a stimulating synopsis of many current thoughts and issues, largely beyond the limitations of industrial, patentable solutions'. ... 'As well as highlighting the variety of research work in food security, the volume does convey the importance of researchers and strategists working together.' D Skydmore. Full review
NEW! Interested in flowering research? we invite you to subscribe to Flowering Highlights, a new development of the Flowering Newsletter. With Flowering Highlights we hope to bring you interesting news, papers, reports, and updates in all aspects of flowering research
After thirty years working with the JXB as Tecnical Editor, Pam Rogers, has retired. We thank Pam for all her contribution and wish her a very happy retirement
Watch the UK PlantSci 2012 meeting Video talks: Sir J Beddington, J Hibberd, I Donison, A Smith, G Bryan, R Summers, B Davies, C Paton, G Oldroyd, N Ostle, C Mcclellan, P Wigge, S Kendall, P Borril, M Chase, J Hulsmans, R Mott, S Knapp, M Williams, G Page & C Knight
Press release March 13, 2012: Wheat Protein has Biotechnology Potential. Read the article: Characterization of the wheat gene encoding a grain-specific lipid transfer protein TdPR61, and promoter activity in wheat, barley and rice
GARNet 2011 Video Lectures in colaboration with JXB: David Baulcombe, Caroline Dean, Vincent Colot, Jong-Myong Kim, Matthew Jones, Malcolm Bennett, Katherine Denby, Jan Traas, John Runions, Richard Morris, Jiri Friml, Jesper Grønlund, and Claire Grierson
CBE for 'more crop per drop' scientist: JXB Former Associate Editor & Editor in Chief, Bill Davies, has been awarded a CBE for service to science
A plant's Eye View: researchers study the effects of shade avoidance in crops. Read the full article: A novel high throughput in vivo molecular screen for shade avoidance mutants identifies a novel phyA mutationSee More
Darwin review: Present and future of folate biofortification of crop plants Blancquaert et al.
APUM23, a PUF family protein, functions in leaf development and organ polarity in Arabidopsis Huang, Kerstetter, Irish
The Society for Experimental Biology is pleased to announce that the 2014 Annual Main Meeting will be hosted in the city of Manchester, UK. The meeting will take place in July 2014.
Topics of the Plant Sessions will be posted here soon. For more information please go to SEB 2014 Annual Meeting