Special Issues

Oxidative Stress & Cell Death

Nutrient Sensing & Signalling

Peptide Signalling

Special Issues

Plant Biomechanics & Mechanobiology

Techniques in Ecophysiology
& Evolution of Physiological Processes

Improving Photosynthesis

Special Issues Archive

Top 100 Journals

JXB named one of the top 100 most influential journals in Biology and Medicine over the last 100 years (view full article at DBIO100)


Welcome to the Journal of Experimental Botany editorial page!
JXB aims to publish high quality manuscripts that provide substantial new insights of broad interest in plant biology. We welcome manuscripts that identify fundamental mechanisms including those underpinning the improvements of plant for the sustainable production of food, fuel, and renewable materials. Our emphasis is on molecular physiology, molecular genetics, and environmental physiology, and we also encourage integrative approaches employing cutting-edge technologies, systems biology, and synthetic biology.

  • Impact Factor 2012: 5.24
  • No page charges
  • Free colour in print for members of the Society of Experimental Biology
  • Free Open Access publication for corresponding authors of primary papers whose institution has a full subscription to JXB


Coming soon:

Historical gains in soybean (Glycine max Merr.) seed yield are driven by linear increases in light interception, energy conversion, and partitioning efficiencies Koester et al.

Linear increases in light interception, energy conversion, and partitioning efficiencies have driven past yield gains in soybean. In modern cultivars, canopy light interception and harvest index are reaching theoretical maximum values

Transcriptional responses indicate maintenance of photosynthetic proteins as key to the exceptional chilling tolerance of C4 photosynthesis in Miscanthus×giganteus

C4 photosynthesis is impaired typically by chilling, but not in Miscanthus×giganteus. Global transcript profiling reveals that expression of many key photosynthetic genes is maintained or up-regulated during chilling in Miscanthus×giganteus in contrast to maize, suggesting a basis for chilling-tolerant C4 photosynthesis

Deconstructing Kranz anatomy to understand C4 evolution Lundgren, Osborne, Christin

In this review, we use a quantitative dataset for grasses (Poaceae) and examples from other groups to isolate the changes in anatomical characters that generate these functional properties, including changes in the size, number and distribution of different cell types

Linking chlorophyll-a fluorescence to photosynthesis for remote sensing applications: mechanisms and challenges Porcar-Castell et al.

We revisit the theory connecting chlorophyll-a fluorescence to photosynthesis in the spatiotemporal context of remote sensing. Physical, physiological and methodological factors are discussed and a roadmap to future research presented

From proto-Kranz to C4 Kranz: building the bridge to C4 photosynthesis Sage, Khoshravesh, Sage

Here we present a structure-function analysis addressing how Kranz anatomy may have evolved by describing the conceptual models of C4 evolution. The importance of photorespiration is also discussed and a case that Kranz anatomy originated as a structure to enable the trapping and recycling of photorespired CO2 is presented

Increasing tomato fruit quality by enhancing fruit chloroplast function. A double-edged sword Cocaliadis et al.

Chloroplast contribution to fruit development and ripening is reviewed in the light of recent results that fruit may have recruited transcription factors enhancing chloroplast development to improve fruit organoleptic properties

Leaf senescence and nitrogen use efficiency in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) Avice and Etienne

Bundle sheath leakiness in C4 photosynthesis: a careful balancing act between CO2 concentration and assimilation Kromdijk et al.

This paper reviews improvements in methodology to estimate leakiness, synthesize reports on bundle sheath leakiness, discuss different interpretations, and highlight areas where future research is necessary

Light to liquid fuel: theoretical and realized energy conversion efficiency of Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM) in arid conditions Davis, LeBauer and Long

Theoretical energy yields from CAM plants in dry climates are greater than theoretical energy yields from C4 and C3 plants cultivated in wet climates.

Life and death under salt stress: same players, different timing? Ismail, Nick and Takeda

The molecular nature of the signals evoked after onset of salt stress seems to be general, and should not be suited to confer specificity per se. The focus of the current review is therefore shifted to the temporal patterns of signals conveyed by molecules such as Ca2+, H+, ROS, ABA, and JA.

Root anatomical phenes associated with water acquisition from drying soil: targets for crop improvement Lynch, Chimungu and Brown

This review discusses anatomical traits that can improve water acquisition from drying soils, followed by anatomical traits that influence radial and axial water transport. We then consider traits that improve root penetration of hard, drying soil.

The fruit, the whole fruit and everything about the fruit Kourmpetli and Drea

Review on the genetic regulation of fruit development from initiation through harvesting with a focus on two very different fruit types; the opium poppy capsule and the grain of cereals

Carbon isotope discrimination as a tool to explore C4 photosynthesis von Caemmerer et al.

The theory of C4 photosynthetic carbon isotope discrimination is reviewed highlighting gaps in our understanding and how it can be used to probe the coordination and diversity of C4 photosynthesis

Transposable elements, a treasure trove to decipher epigenetic variation: insights from Arabidopsis and crop epigenomes Mirouze and Vitte

We discuss the similarities and differences existing between Arabidopsis and crops epigenomes. We explore the relationship between TEs and epigenomes, and provide insights onto the challenges towards using epigenetic diversity in plant breeding programs.

Connections between circadian clocks and carbon metabolism reveal species-specific effects on growth control Muller, von Korff and Davis

This review discusses the reciprocal regulatory interaction between the circadian clock and carbon metabolism and its impact on stress signaling and water use.


Special Issues & Focus Collections 2014














Special Issues, Focus Collections & Reviews 2013











Collections 2012


GM CROPS: from basic research to application




Advance Access: Review papers

Epigenetic control of plant senescence and linked processes Ay, Janack, Humbeck

Evidence is increasing that leaf senescence is regulated via epigenetic mechanisms. This epigenetic control level interconnects senescence pathways and other regulatory networks of stress responses and development

The expanded tomato fruit volatile landscape Rambla et al.

A tomato fruit volatile review is presented which addresses updated biosynthesis pathways, control of emission by conjugation and hydrolisis, and discussion about the difficulties and opportunities for breeding better-tasting tomatoes

Synthetic biology approaches to engineering the nitrogen symbiosis in cereals Rogers and Oldroyd

Autophagy, plant senescence and nutrient recycling Avila-Ospina et al.

In plants, as in other eukaryotes, autophagy is associated with cell longevity and nutrient recycling. Relationships between leaf senescence, cell death, nitrogen management, and autophagy are discussed

Genomic analyses of the CAM plant pineapple Zhang, Liu, Ming

Bundle sheath suberization in grass leaves: multiple barriers to characterization Mertz and Brutnell

Arguments in the evo-devo debate: say it with flowers! Della Pina, Souer and Koes

Plants, display an astonishing morphological diversity, which evolved relatively quickly. The review addresses the genetic alterations underlying the evolution of this diversity and how that altered development.

Improvement of crop yield in dry environments: benchmarks, levels of organisation and the role of nitrogen Sadras & Richards

Naive methods, rather than yield complexity, constrain the improvement of crop adaptation to drought; predicting how traits scale to crop level and a dual perspective on water and nitrogen are advocated

Facultative CAM plants: powerful tools for unravelling the functional elements of CAM photosynthesis Winter and JAM Holtum

Chronologies of the shifts between photosynthetic modes are provided for a range of facultative CAM species. Combined with new sequencing technologies, facultative systems will contribute towards understanding the principles of CAM.

The Human Mind as a common denominator in plant domestication Abbo, Lev-Yadun and Gopher

Recent experiments demonstrated that deep sowing was not a general unconscious selection pressure underlying the increased seed size of domesticated legumes. We suggest the permanent need for human decision-making as a general factor

Symplastic intercellular transport from a developmental perspective Y Benitez-Alfonso

Communication between neighbouring cells is essential for the co-ordinated development of multicellular organisms. New knowledge on plasmodesmata composition, their regulation, and their importance during embryonic and post-embryonic organ development is reviewed

Somatic embryogenesis: life and death processes during apical–basal patterning Smertenko and Bozhkov

Early embryos consist of the apical domain which gives rise to the mature embryo and the basal domain which is gradually eliminated by PCD. Molecular pathways regulating development of each domain are reviewed.

Transpiration efficiency: new insight into an old story Vadez et al.

The efforts to harness transpiration efficiency (TE); that is, the genetic component of water-use efficiency are reviewed and discussed.

The stay-green trait Thomas and Ougham

The biologically and agriculturally important stay-green trait results from altered expression of senescence genes. This paper reviews the physiological basis of different kinds of stay-green in crop and model species.

C1A cysteine protease-cystatin intercation in leaf senescence Diaz-Mendoza et al.

This overview article is focussed on barley, as the unique species where the whole gene family members of C1A cysteine proteases and cystatins have been analysed

Regulation of the circadian clock through pre-mRNA splicing in Arabidopsis Cui, Xu and Wang

Alternative splicing plays an important role in regulating gene functions and enhancing the diversity of the proteome in plants. Most of the genes are interrupted by introns in Arabidopsis. More than one half of the intron-split genes involved in multiple biological processes including the circadian clock are alternatively spliced

Breeding drought tolerant maize hybrids for the US corn-belt: discovery to product Cooper et al.

Overview of the long-term improvement of maize yield for the US corn-belt that has been achieved by the Pioneer breeding effort, emphasizing the role of drought and genetic improvements in drought tolerance, and discuss key results that have enabled the delivery of the AQUAmax® suite of maize hybrids with improved yield performance under drought conditions

miRNAs in the crosstalk between phytohormone signalling pathways Curaba, Singh, Bhalla

We review some of the recent knowledge on the molecular connections of miRNAs involved in multiple hormonal responses and discuss their potential implication as mediators of hormonal crosstalk in specific developmental processes.

Crop management impacts the efficiency of QTL detection and use - case study of fruit load x QTL interactions Kromdijk et al.

This paper examines the significance of the relation between QTL expression and crop management using the example of fruit load management, a common practice in the cultivation of many different annual and perennial species producing fruits.


NEW: Our Open Access articles are distributed under the Creative Commoms Atribution Licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Video talks from UK PlantSci 2013 meeting are available to watch now! Watch Charles Godfray, David Baulcombe, Richard Bargett, Beverly Glover, Cath Kidner, Mikhail Semenov, Paul Birch, David Atkinson, Phill Smith, Anne Osterrieder, Mary Williams, Toby Pennington, Mark Watson, Gary Foster, Robert Edwards, Nigel Kerby

Food security: some issues impacting on future food availability. 'This volume provides a stimulating synopsis of many current thoughts and issues, largely beyond the limitations of industrial, patentable solutions'. ... 'As well as highlighting the variety of research work in food security, the volume does convey the importance of researchers and strategists working together.' D Skydmore. Full review

NEW! Interested in flowering research? we invite you to subscribe to Flowering Highlights, a new development of the Flowering Newsletter. With Flowering Highlights we hope to bring you interesting news, papers, reports, and updates in all aspects of flowering research

After thirty years working with the JXB as Tecnical Editor, Pam Rogers, has retired. We thank Pam for all her contribution and wish her a very happy retirement

Watch the UK PlantSci 2012 meeting Video talks: Sir J Beddington, J Hibberd, I Donison, A Smith, G Bryan, R Summers, B Davies, C Paton, G Oldroyd, N Ostle, C Mcclellan, P Wigge, S Kendall, P Borril, M Chase, J Hulsmans, R Mott, S Knapp, M Williams, G Page & C Knight

Press release March 13, 2012: Wheat Protein has Biotechnology Potential. Read the article: Characterization of the wheat gene encoding a grain-specific lipid transfer protein TdPR61, and promoter activity in wheat, barley and rice

GARNet 2011 Video Lectures in colaboration with JXB: David Baulcombe, Caroline Dean, Vincent Colot, Jong-Myong Kim, Matthew Jones, Malcolm Bennett, Katherine Denby, Jan Traas, John Runions, Richard Morris, Jiri Friml, Jesper Grønlund, and Claire Grierson

CBE for 'more crop per drop' scientist: JXB Former Associate Editor & Editor in Chief, Bill Davies, has been awarded a CBE for service to science

A plant's Eye View: researchers study the effects of shade avoidance in crops. Read the full article: A novel high throughput in vivo molecular screen for shade avoidance mutants identifies a novel phyA mutation

See More
current issue

Vol 65.7:Plant Vacular Trafficking

Phloem imaging E Truernit

Understanding and manipulating sucrose phloem loading, unloading, metabolism, and signalling to enhance crop yield and food security Braun DM, Wang L, Ruan Y-L

Phloem transport and drought S Sevanto

Spread the news: systemic dissemination and local impact of Ca2+ signals along the phloem pathway van Bell et al.

The angiosperm phloem sieve tube system: a role in mediating traits important to modern agriculture Ham B-K, Lucas WJ

Chemical inducers of systemic immunity in plants Kachroo P, Gao Q-m, Kachroo A

Transporters involved in source to sink partitioning of amino acids and ureides: opportunities for crop improvement M Tegeder

Investigating water transport through the xylem network in vascular plants Kim HK, Park J, Hwang I

View Full Table of Contents

SEB Meeting @ Manchester (UK) 2014

The Society for Experimental Biology is pleased to announce that the 2014 Annual Main Meeting will be hosted in the city of Manchester, UK. The meeting will take place in July 2014.

We are sponsoring the following sessions and will publish a Special Issue in 2015:

  • Plant Nuclear Envelope, Nuclear Structure & Nucleoskeleton. Organised by K Graumann
  • Roots for Global Food Security -A tribute to Bill Davies. Organised by M Bennett & M Gilford
  • Mechanisms of Plant-Insect Interactions. Organised by J Hancock, S Hogenhout, & C Foyer
  • The Hows & Whys of Protein-Membrane Interactions in Plants. Organised by P Hemsley
  • Optimising Photosynthesis in Fluctuating Environments. Organised by G Johnson, E Murchie, T Lawson & C Raines

For more information please go to SEB 2014 Annual Meeting

SEB 2014