Dr Bela Bonita ChatterjeeSenior Lecturer
Senior Lecturer in Law
Director of LLB Degree and Curriculum Development
Dr Chatterjee’s work interrogates interdisciplinary aspects of cyberlaw. She has interests in cybercrime, international law/international humanitarian law, conflict/war, security, gender/sexuality.
Dr Chatterjee's current research investigates the place of child sex dolls and robots in the child protection framework.
B. Chatterjee (2004) '"Off the Map":Gender, Sexuality, Cartography and Law'
AHRC Centre for Law, Gender and Sexuality Colloquium, 'Text and Terrain: Legal Studies in Gender and Sexuality', University of Kent, Canterbury
Conferences and Seminar Papers
B. Chatterjee (2017) Closing speech (Invited) Iredell PG Conference, 'Beyond the Horizon' Lancaster University
B. Chatterjee (2017) Gender and Cyberwarfare, FORGE (Forensic Linguistics Research Group) Lancaster University
B. Chatterjee (2016) Academic Smart Start Programme, for students with ASD/Aspergers, Lancaster University http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/sbs/disabilities/SmartStart.htm
B. Chatterjee (2016) 'The Sorcerer's Apprentice: Encouraging undergraduates into academia'; Sharing Practice Day 2016: Where next? Transition into further study and employment, Organisation and Educational Development, Lancaster University http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/hr/OED/spevent/
B. Chatterjee (2016) (invited delegate/attendee) Oxford University Press, Inaugral Seminar on Celebrating Excellence in Law Teaching, Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford
B. Chatterjee (2016) 'Curriculum Review and Development: Insight from the 2016 revalidation in Law' Issues of Curriculum Design and Development - Sharing ideas and practices, Organisation and Educational Development, Lancaster University
B. Chatterjee (2016) 'The future of stem cell patenting: Considering the import of the recent CJEU decision in the International Stem Cell Corporation Case (2015) Case C-264/13' Social and Legal Studies Conference, Lancaster University
B. Chatterjee (2016) 'PETS (Pretty Excellent Teachers) Win Prizes : A Masterclass on developing and evidencing teaching excellence, applying for and winning teaching prizes'. Organisation and Educational Development, Lancaster University
B. Chatterjee (2015) Academic Smart Start Programme, for students with ASD/Aspergers, Lancaster University http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/sbs/disabilities/SmartStart.htm
B. Chatterjee (2015) 'Bela's Bibliography Boot Camp: Referencing for Rookies' Transition in Year 1 Opportunities and Challenges, Sharing Practice Day, Lancaster University https://modules.lancaster.ac.uk/mod/book/view.php?id=251861&chapterid=2865
B. Chatterjee (2015) 'Ephemeral Media, domestic violence and coercive control' University of Leicester Cybercrime Conference, University of Leicester Information Technology Law Society (Invited speaker)
B. Chatterjee (2014) 'The ENIGMA Project: Learning through decryption' Paper given at the Lancaster Sharing Practice Day #LUSPDAY f/SharingPractice2014 twitter @oedLancs g+http://tinyurl.com/SPDGP
B. Chatterjee (2014) 'Ephemeral Media - What are the legal problems?' Paper given at the Centre for Crime Law and Justice Launch Event, Lancaster University
B. Chatterjee (2014) 'Response to Christiane Wilke's Paper, The Optics of Bombing: International Law and the Visibility of Civilians' Invited respondent, Security by Remote Control, Lancaster 23 May http://wp.lancs.ac.uk/securitybyremotecontrol/programme/
B. Chatterjee (2014) 'James Bond and the New Q: Gendering Cyberwarfare' speaker at 'Feminism and the Digital - researching spaces, communities and the media' Dukes Cinema, Lancaster January 2014 (Centre for Gender and Women's Studies, Lancaster University)(Invited Seminar Paper)
B. Chatterjee (2014) 'Digital Defusion: Cyber-Peacekeeping in a pre-war State?' CILHR Seminar Series, Lancaster University
B. Chatterjee and A. Macculloch (2013) 'How Very Dare You! Should we regulate offensive speech?' Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences Sixth Form Conference, Lancaster University
B. Chatterjee (2013) Project MAYHEM: Re-envisioning peer support for Law students, a paper given at the Role of Technology in Teaching and Learning Conference/Sharing Practice Day, Organisation and Educational Development, Lancaster University (see Projects).
B. Chatterjee (2013) 'Eyeballing Alcock', a paper/performance for Law and the Senses, University of Westminster, The Pavillion, London (see Projects).
B. Chatterjee (2012) 'Cyberwarfare: Challenges for International Law' International Law Group, Lancaster University (see Projects).
B. Chatterjee (2011) 'Briefing on Contemporary Encryption law and policy' (Invited Academic Speaker) #CSC2011 Cyber Security Conference 2011, School of Computing and Communications/Infolab 21/ICT KTN (Invited Seminar Paper)
B. Chatterjee (2011) 'Encryption and Child Protection: A 21st Century Dilemma' 9th International Cyberspace Conference, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.
B. Chatterjee (2011) 'RIPA Remixed: The Curious Morphology of Encryption Provisions' Faculty of Science and Technology, Lancaster University
B. Chatterjee (2011) 'More Makeovers than a 90s Boy Band: The ongoing transformation of RIPA encryption provisions' Lancaster University Law School Work in Progress Series, Lancaster University
B. Chatterjee (2011) 'Unlocking Contemporary UK Encryption Law and Policy' BILETA Conference, Manchester Metropolitain University.
B. Chatterjee (2010) 'Sadomasochism, Law, Technology', Paper for the Centre for Gender and Womens' Studies Research Day, Lancaster University.
B. Chatterjee (2010) 'Sadomasochism, Law, Space and Technology', Socio-Legal Studies Association Annual Conference, Bristol UWE
B. Chatterjee (2008) 's. 6 Criminal Justice and Immigration Bill (Extreme Pornography) : A discussion', Lancaster University Law School Work in Progress Series, Lancaster University
B. Chatterjee (2006) '(Gay) Pride and Prejudice: Sexuality and the law of Defamation' Instutite for Women's Studies, Lancaster University (Invited Seminar Paper)
B. Chatterjee (2006) 'Take a Letter, Miss Jones' - Gender, Sexuality and Virtual Learning Environments, Paper presented at Centre for Gender, Sexuality and Law, University of Kent
B. Chatterjee (2005) 'Ph.D students and Mental Health Issues' SLSA Postgraduate Conference, Lancaster University
B. Chatterjee (2005) 'Law and the Cybercity', University of Westminster (Invited Seminar Paper)
B. Chatterjee (2004) 'Sisters in Crime: A comparative analysis of Anglo-Canadian obscenity law' Anglo-Canadian Perspectives on Gender, Sexuality and Law Conference, British Association of Canadian Studies, Legal Studies Group, Canada House, London
B. Chatterjee (2003) 'Back(s)lash: Politicising Cyberlaw', Lancaster University (Invited Seminar Paper)
B. Chatterjee (2002) 'Obscene/Online - policing adult obscenity', Colloquium on Cybercrime, University of Leeds (Invited Seminar Paper)
B. Chatterjee (2002) 'In cyberspace nobody knows I'm a feminist', Gender, Sexuality and Law II Conference, Keele University
B. Chatterjee (2001) 'The League of Gentlemen: Thoughts on Feminism and Cyberlaw', Institute for Women's Studies, Lancaster University (Invited Seminar Paper)
B. Chatterjee & H. Quirk (2001) 'Motivation'- Socio-Legal Studies Annual Postgraduate Conference, Birkbeck (Invited Seminar Paper)
B. Chatterjee (2000) 'Excess Baggage? A response to Nina Wakeford's lecture Handbag.com and other sites of 'real' queerness on the Net' , Performing Virtualities Conference, Windsor (Invited Seminar Paper)
B. Chatterjee (2000) 'Uneasy Tensions: Critical Race theory and Female Genital Mutilation',Colloquium on religion, spirituality, corporeal change and the legal order, Oxford Brookes University (Invited Seminar Paper)
B. Chatterjee (2000) 'Razorgirls and Cyberdykes - Tracing Cyberfeminism' Socio-Legal Studies Association Annual Conference, Queen's University Belfast
B. Chatterjee (1999) 'Future Flesh: Misshapen things to come' Socio-Legal Studies Association Annual Conference, Loughborough University
B. Chatterjee (1999) 'Tertium Non Datur - Missing Thirds and the Alchemy of Utopias' Critical Legal Conference, Birkbeck,
Conference Administration and Visiting Fellowships
(2016) Social and Legal Studies Association Annual Conference, Lancaster, Conference Committee
(2016) Social and Legal Studies Association Stream Convenor, Trans*/Law
(2009) Co-organiser, British Association for Canadian Studies Legal Studies Group annual conference, Oxford University (in association with BACS and BACS LSG executive committee, funded by a grant of $(Can) 20,000, following an initial application for $(Can)25,000. This successful grant bid was a consortium bid put together by Dr Chatterjee in her capacity as Chair of the BACS/LSG in association, along with Ms Jodie Robson and Dr Susan Hodgett, Secretary and Chair of BACS.).
(2006) Visiting Fellow, Centre for Gender, Sexuality and Law, University of Kent
(2005) Conference Convenor (with Dr. Ann-Maree Farrell) Socio-Legal Studies Association Annual Postgraduate Conference, Lancaster University
(2004) Conference Convenor (with BACS/LSG) British Association for Canadian Studies, Legal Studies Group, Annual Conference, Anglo-Canadian perspectives on Gender, Sexuality and Law, Canada House
(2001) Stream Convenor, Cyberlaw Stream, Socio-Legal Studies Association Annual Conference, Bristol University
Esteem Indicators//Academic Review//Associations
- EPSRC Fellowship Advisory Board, Lancaster University School of Computing and Communications (from 2014)
- Registered Expert for the European Commission's eContentplus and SaferInternet Plus Programmes (to 2009)
- Former chair and webmistress of the British Association for Canadian Studies, Legal Studies Association (to 2009)
- Former member of the Council of the British Association of Canadian Studies 2003-6.
- Member of the management board of the Centre for Law and Society at Lancaster University
- Interviewed as an expert for R. Attwood (2007) 'Taboos stymie a frank look at porn' Times Higher Education Supplement March 201th Issue 1, 787, pp1, 8-9.
Academic Review and Editorial Service:
Dr Chatterjee has been an ESRC and AHRC Peer Reviewer for proposals up to £1 Million. She is on the editorial board of the Canadian Peer Reviewed Journal Frontiers of Legal Research, Gender and Womens Studies and the Dutch Journal for Women's Studies (to 2020). She has peer-reviewed articles for the following journals:
Journal of Cultural Research
Discrimination and the Law
Law and Society
Modern Law Review
Information, Communication and Society
Environment and Planning D: Society and Space
European Journal of Information Technology
Web Journal of Current Legal Issues
Feminist Legal Studies
International Journal of Law, Computers and Technology
Law and Society Review
Legal Education Research Network ('LERN')
Lancaster Lawyer's Aware Project (Advisor)
Lancaster Moot Team Essex Court Competition (Advisor)
Periodic Quality Review
Engineering, Lancaster (2016)
LEC, Lancaster (2009)
PhD Supervisions Completed
Submitted: PhD: 04095684
Project title: Consumer Software Agents in the Online Buying Process: Risks, Issues and the EU Legal Response
1/01/05 → 3/11/11
External Examiner at Manchester Metropolitan University, School of Law
Internal Examiner at Lancaster University, School of Law
At Undergraduate level, Dr Chatterjee currently convenes Law 264 Lawyers and Society (2nd year quasi foundational course), and contributes to Law 330 Crime and Criminal Justice (final year optional course). She is the double marker for Law 307 Courts Law and Politics in Comparative Perspective, Law 310 Human Rights and Civil Liberties.
At postgraduate level she convenes LLM 5230 Introduction to English Legal System and Method (core subject on the MSc Cyber Security Degree).
Her convenorship of the Law of Torts 103r from 2007 to 2014 formed the mainstay of her shortlisting to the OUP Law Teacher of the Year Awards 2013, nomination to the LawTeacher.Net Law Lecturer of the Year Awards 2013 and her institutional nomination for the HEA NTFS Scheme 2014 and 2016.
During her time at Lancaster she has also contributed to a wide range of courses, including:
LLB Law 103 Common Law
LLB Law 208 Jurisprudence
LLB Law 209 Legal Issues in Cybercrime
LLB Law 212 Dissertation
LLB Law 222 Film and Law
LLB Law 231 Business Law 1 (Convenor)
LLB Law 302 Sexualities (Convenor)
LLB Law 313 Intellectual Property
LLB Law 317 Legal Issues in Business
LLB Law 350 Gender and Law
IWS 101 Women's Studies
LLM 119 Intellectual Property
SOCL 491 Cybercrime (MSc/MA)
Former LLB Dissertation Supervision includes:
Occupiers' Liability in Tort; Privacy and Tort; Comparative/Colonial legal perspectives on African LBGTQ laws; Privacy and Tort; Superinjunctions; Children who kill; Internet law and Piracy; Civil Partnership & Marriage; Gender and Law; Asbestos litigation; Stalking Law
Former LLM/MSc Dissertation Supervision includes:
Cyberbullying; Harrassment and SNS; Cyberterrorism and hacking//electronic evidence; Cyberpornography
(1997) LL.B (Hons), Leicester University (First Class)
(1998) LL.M Brunel University (Child Law and Policy)
(2002) Ph.D Brunel University (Cyberpornography, Cyberidentity and Law)
Chatterjee, B. (2001) 'Screwing with Technology': A Thesis on Cyberpornography, Cyberidentity and Law. A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy
This thesis is concerned with legal approaches to cyberspace and questions of identity. Whereas current legal approaches to cyberspace have been those of 'black-letter law', where cyberspace is conceived of as a 'neutral' tool, this thesis turns to the methodologies and approaches of the social sciences, where cyberspace is seen as an arena for social construction, and where questions of identity, particularly gender and sexual identity, are at the fore. Considering the question of how the cyberidentity might differ from the legal subject, this thesis draws on elements of various theories such as post/feminism, cyberfeminism and queer theory in order to expose the nature of the cyberidentity as postmodern, plural and fragmented. Such an approach highlights questions of identity and draws attention to the possible tensions between the potentially destabilising effects of the postmodern cyberidentity, and the legal subject as the modernist, binary subject.
In order to more cleary illustrate the tension between the cyberidentity and the legal subject, this thesis looks to adult cyberpornography and obscenity law as an example of this tension. The area of obscenity and pornography lends istelf as an ideal example not only of an area of discrete legal practice/regulation, but also as an area where cyberspace, identity politics and critical theories can be seen to intersect and coalesce. Having arranged the various theoretical perspectives and turned them to the study of cyberspace and cyberidentity in the context of obscenity law, this thesis moves to conclude that there may be major tensions between identities in cyberspace and identities under the law, potentially resulting in violence to cyberidentities in their encounters with the law. Ultimately, this thesis contributes to the development of socio-legal studies on identity, and alternative legal approaches to cyberspace that are critical and theoretically informed - approaches that do not exist in the current legal discourse on cyberspace.
PhD Supervision Interests
Dr Chatterjee welcome potential doctoral students in the following areas
Socio-Legal studies, in particular:
Gender, Sexuality and Law
Film/Media and the Law
Technology and Law
Combats, the A-Team and a note on sexuality
Chatterjee, B.B. 17/05/2017
Chatterjee, B.B. 2017
Rethinking Alcock in the new media age
Chatterjee, B.B. 21/12/2016 In: Journal of European Tort Law . 7, 3, p. 272-299. 28 p.
Ready, aim, click: we need new laws to govern cyberwarfare
Chatterjee, B.B. 21/08/2014
Ready, aim, click – digital weapons of destruction
Chatterjee, B.B. 21/08/2014
International law and cyber warfare: an agenda for future research
Chatterjee, B.B. 21/07/2014 Lancaster : Lancaster University. 45 p.
Review of Feminist Perspectives on Tort Law, edited by Janice Richardson and Erika Rackley. Routledge/GlassHouse: Abingdon, 2012. 232pp, ISBN 978-0-415-61920-2
Chatterjee, B.B. 1/06/2013 In: Common Law World Review. 42, 2, 1 p.
Pay v UK, the Probation Service and consensual BDSM sexual citizenship
Chatterjee, B. 09/2012 In: Sexualities. 15, 5-6, p. 739-757. 19 p.
Fighting child pornography through UK encryption law: a powerful weapon in the law's armoury?
Chatterjee, B. 2012 In: Child and Family Law Quarterly. 4, p. 410-427. 17 p.
Review of Child Pornography: Law and Policy, by Alisdair A Gillespie
Chatterjee, B. 2012 In: International Journal of Law and Information Technology. 20, 3, 4 p.
New but not improved: a critical examination of revisions to the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 encryption provisions
Chatterjee, B.B. 9/08/2011 In: International Journal of Law and Information Technology. 19, 3, p. 264-284. 20 p.
Special Issue on Being, Becoming and Belonging: Multiculturalism, Diversity and Social Inclusion in Modern Canada
Chatterjee, B. 2010 In: Common Law World Review. 39, 1, 6 p.
Responding to ‘Making feedback more useful and used’: A practical case study of managing feedback on a large first year compulsory course
Chatterjee, B.B. 2009
The Lady Vanishes: Gender, Law and the (Virtual) Body
Chatterjee, B.B. 12/2008 In: Australian Feminist Law Journal. 29, n/a, p. 13-30. 18 p.
Cybercities : Under Construction.
Chatterjee, B. 2007 In: Law and the City. London : Routledge Cavendish p. 255-269. 15 p. ISBN: 978-0-415-42034-1.
Review of Elena Loizidou, 'Judith Butler: Ethics, Law and Politics'
Chatterjee, B. 2007 In: Feminist Legal Studies. 15, 3, 5 p.
Text and Terrain : Mapping Sexuality and Law.
Chatterjee, B.B. 11/2006 In: Law and Critique. 17, 3, p. 297-323. 27 p.
Review of L. W. Sumner, 'The hateful and the obscene: studies in the limits of free expression'
Chatterjee, B. 2006 In: British Journal of Canadian Studies. 19, 1, 2 p.
Different Space, same place? : Feminist perspectives on contracts in cyberspace.
Chatterjee, B.B. 2005 In: Feminist perspectives on contract law. London : Glasshouse p. 109-124. 16 p. ISBN: 1-85941-742-6.
Pixels, Pimps and Prostitutes : Human Rights and the Cyber-Sex Trade.
Chatterjee, B.B. 2005 In: Human Rights in the Digital Age. London : Glasshouse p. 11-26. 16 p. ISBN: 1904385311.
Presenting a conference paper
Chatterjee, B.B. 2005
Review of Cownie, F. Legal Academics: Culture and Identities
Chatterjee, B. 2005 In: Legal Studies. 25, 1, 3 p.
Review of Geist, M. 'Internet Law in Canada 3rd Ed.'
Chatterjee, B. 2004 In: International Journal of Law and Information Technology. 12, 1, 4 p.
Razorgirls and Cyberdykes : Tracing Cyberfeminism and Thoughts on its Use in a Legal Context.
Chatterjee, B.B. 07/2002 In: International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies. 7, 2-3, p. 197-213. 17 p.
Last of the Rainmacs? : Thinking about pornography in cyberspace.
Chatterjee, B.B. 2001 In: Crime and the Internet. London : Routledge p. 74-99. 26 p. ISBN: 0-415-24429-3.
Cyberpornography, cyberidentities and law
Chatterjee, B. 2000 In: International Review of Law, Computers and Technology. 14, 1, p. 89-93. 5 p.
You've got post: assessing the posthuman
Chatterjee, B.B. 2000 In: Proceedings of the 15th annual BILETA conference. BILETA 9 p.
Postcards from Ivory Towers: Report of the SLSA Postgraduate forum held at the IALS in London on 16th December 1998
Chatterjee, B.B. 03/1999 Vol 27 March 1999 ed. Socio Legal Studies Association. 1 p.
'This is not Kate Moss': an exploration into the viewing of cyberpornography
Chatterjee, B.B. 1999 In: Proceedings of the 14th annual BILETA conference. BILETA 12 p.
Seriously cyber: a report of the 14th annual BILETA conference
Chatterjee, B.B. 1999 In: International Review of Law, Computers and Technology. 13, 3, p. 415-416. 2 p.
The ENIGMA Project
10/07/2014 → …
01/01/2014 → …
Future of International Law and Cyber Warfare (Funded by SECURITY FUTURES)
17/07/2013 → 19/07/2013
02/07/2013 → 02/07/2013
New technology and tort
05/12/2012 → …
Cyberterrorism, cyberwarfare and international law
05/07/2012 → …
Freeman's Wood (Landed) project - Public engagement and outreach - Interviewee
Work on advisory panels for social community and cultural engagement
Feminism and the Digital - researching spaces, communities and the media
Participation in workshop, seminar, course
FASS sixth form conference
Participation in conference
FASS Teaching Network, Lancaster University
Participation in workshop, seminar, course
International Law Group
Participation in workshop, seminar, course
Higher Education Academy Inclusive Curriculum Design Project - interviewee
Work on advisory panels for social community and cultural engagement