Professor Lucy SuchmanProfessor
My research interests within the field of feminist science and technology studies are focused on technological imaginaries and material practices of technology design, particularly developments at the interface of bodies and machines. My current research extends my longstanding critical engagement with the field of human-computer interaction to contemporary warfighting, including the figurations that inform immersive simulations, and problems of "situational awareness" in remotely-controlled weapon systems. I'm concerned with the question of whose bodies are incorporated into these systems, how and with what consequences for social justice and the possibility for a less violent world.
I came to the Sociology Department and the Centre for Science Studies at Lancaster after twenty years as a researcher at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center. My early research was centered on relations of ethnographies of everyday practice to new technology design. Drawing on studies of work, science and technology studies, and feminist theorising, I've been concerned to recover the specific, culturally and materially embodied identities, knowledges and practices that make up technical systems. This involves, among other things, reconstructing technologies from singular objects located at the center of a surrounding social world, to heterogeneous assemblages of social and material practices. I've explored these reconstructions through critical studies and through experimental, interdisciplinary and participatory interventions in new technology design. Along with colleagues at Xerox PARC I carried out a series of projects sited in particular workplaces (an airport, a large Silicon Valley law firm, a state department of transportation) that combined ethnographic studies of work and technologies-in-use with the in situ development of new prototype information systems.
I spent my university years beginning in 1968 at UC Berkeley, receiving a Ph.D. in Social/Cultural Anthropology in 1984. My dissertation Plans and Situated Actions: the problem of human-machine communication was published by Cambridge University Press in 1987. It provided a critical analysis of constructions of human action and communication assumed in the design of interactive machines, and proposed an alternative perspective drawn from developments in the social sciences. A sequel to that book titled Human-Machine Reconfigurations: Plans and Situated Actions expanded edition was published by Cambridge University Press in 2007. This edition includes an annotated version of the original text, plus five new chapters looking at relevant developments since the mid 1980s both in computing and in social studies of technology. The focus is on humanlike machines and new forms of human-computer interaction on one hand, and recent theorising regarding humans, machines and relations between them on the other.
At my departure from Xerox PARC I held the positions of Principal Scientist and manager of the Work Practice and Technology area, an interdisciplinary research group which I co-founded in 1989. In 1988 I received the Xerox Corporate Research Group's Excellence in Science and Technology Award. I served as Program Chair for the Second Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work in 1988, and for the first Conference on Participatory Design of Computer Systems in 1990. I was a founding member of Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility and served on its Board of Directors from 1982-1990. I have been a Visiting Senior Research Fellow with the Work, Interaction and Technology Research Group at King's College London, an Adjunct Professor at the University of Technology, Sydney's Interaction Design and Work Practice Laboratory, and am currently an Adjunct Professor at the Information Technology University in Copenhagen, Denmark. I'm also a Collaborating Editor for the journal Social Studies of Science, and during the years 2016 and 2017 I was President of the Society for Social Studies of Science (4S).
In April of 2002 I received the Benjamin Franklin Medal in Computer and Cognitive Science, and in August 2005 the Outstanding Contribution to Research Award from the Communication and Information Technologies Section of the American Sociological Association. In 2010 I received the Lifetime Research Award from the Association of Computing Machinery (ACM) Special Interest Group on Computer-Human Interaction. In 2011 I received an Honorary Doctorate from the Faculty of Culture and Society, Malmö University, Sweden. In 2014, I had the great honour of receiving the Society for Social Studies of Science (4S) John Desmond Bernal Prize for Distinguished Contribution to the Field.
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FASS 513 Approaches to Qualitative Analysis: A workshop for 2nd and 3rd year PGRs (Summer term)
SOCL406 Feminist Technoscience Studies: Care Matters (Summer term)
Vicky Singleton, Celia Roberts and Lucy Suchman
Delivered as a 4 day intensive summer school, this course introduces you to the world of feminist technoscience studies. Our course theme this year is 'Care Matters'. Through a mixture of interactive workshops, lectures, film screenings and excursions, we will explore the ways in which feminists have engaged with questions of care, love, and the materialities of bodies and technologies. What counts as care? Do we have obligations to care for and about people, things and worlds? How do we research and do politics around practices of care and lack of caring? The course is delivered by a group of tutors and guest lecturers and will involve shared sessions with students from Manchester University's Sexuality Summer School.
SOCL210 Virtual Cultures: an undergraduate course that explores new information and communications media, including the progressive expansion of life online, and the increasingly intimate relations between life online and off.
SOCL908 Anthropology of Cybercultures: a postgraduate course on the social history, cultural and material qualities of digital artefacts, their place in professional and popular discourses, and practices of their design and use.
SOCL208 Gender, Sexuality and Society: an undergraduate course on contemporary issues considered through the lens of feminist research.
PhD Supervision Interests
I am in the process of retiring (albeit research actively!) and so am not accepting new PhD students at this time.
Tracking and Targeting: Sociotechnologies of (In)security
Suchman, L.A., Follis, K., Weber, J. 1/11/2017 In: Science, Technology, and Human Values. 42, 6, p. 983-1002. 19 p.
Naoki Ueno's Transformative Practice
Suchman, L.A. 05/2017 In: Mind, Culture, and Activity. 24, 2, p. 154-156. 3 p.
Situational awareness and adherence to the principle of distinction as a necessary condition for lawful autonomy
Suchman, L.A. 2017 In: Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems. Berlin : German Federal Foreign Office p. 273-283. 11 p.
Suchman, L.A., Weber, J. 2016 In: Autonomous weapons systems. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press p. 75-102. 28 p. ISBN: 9781107153561, 9781316607657.
Wishful mnemonics and autonomous killing machines
Sharkey, N., Suchman, L. 05/2013 In: Proceedings of the AISB. 136, p. 14-22. 9 p.
Animation and Automation: The liveliness and labours of bodies and machines
Stacey, J., Suchman, L. 03/2012 In: Body and Society. 18, 1, p. 1-46. 46 p.
Suchman, L. 2012 In: Interdisciplinarity. Abingdon : Routledge ISBN: 9780415578929 . Electronic ISBN: 9780203584279 .
Anthropological Relocations and the Limits of Design
Suchman, L. 10/2011 In: Annual Review of Anthropology. 40, n/a, p. 1-18. 18 p.
Suchman, L. 08/2011 In: Feminist Theory. 12, 2, p. 119-145. 27 p.
Feminist STS and the Sciences of the Artificial.
Suchman, L.A. 2007 In: New Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. MIT Press 139 p. ISBN: 0-262-08364-7.
Human-Machine Reconfigurations: Plans and situated actions (2nd edition).
Suchman, L.A. 2007 Cambridge University Press. 326 p. ISBN: 9780521675888.
Suchman, L.A. 1/05/2005 In: Organization. 12, 3, p. 379-399. 21 p.
Decentring the manager/designer.
Suchman, L. 2004 In: Managing as designing. Stanford : Stanford Business Books p. 169-73. 97 p. ISBN: 9780804746748.
Methods and madness.
Suchman, L. 2004 In: First person : new media as story, performance, and game. London : MIT Press p. 95-98. 4 p. ISBN: 0262731754.
Suchman, L. 2004 In: First person : new media as story, performance, and game. London : MIT Press p. 262-265. 4 p. ISBN: 0262731754.
Reading and writing : a response to comments on 'Plans and situated actions'.
Suchman, L. 04/2003 In: Journal of the Learning Sciences. 12, 2, p. 299-306. 8 p.
Figuring service in discourses of ICT: the case of software agent.
Suchman, L. 2003 In: Global and Organizational Discourses about Information Technology. Dordrecht, The Netherlands : Kluwer p. 15-32. 18 p. ISBN: 1402073259.
Suchman, L. 2003 In: Knowing in organizations : a practice-based approach. London : M. E. Sharpe p. 187-203. 17 p. ISBN: 0765609118.
Working Artefacts: Ethnomethods of the prototype.
Suchman, L.A., Blomberg, J., Trigg, R. 06/2002 In: British Journal of Sociology. 53, 2, p. 163-179. 17 p.
Practice-based design of information systems : notes from the hyperdeveloped world.
Suchman, L. 03/2002 In: The Information Society. 18, 2, p. 139-144. 6 p.
Problematizing 'Innovation' as a Critical Project.
Suchman, L.;., Bishop, L. 09/2000 In: Technology Analysis and Strategic Management. 12, 3, p. 327-333. 7 p.
Embodied Practices of Engineering Work.
Suchman, L. 2000 In: Mind, Culture, and Activity. 7, 1&2, p. 4-18. 15 p.
Making a case: knowledge and routine work in document production.
Suchman, L. 2000 In: Workplace studies : recovering work practice and informing system design. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press p. 29-45. 17 p. ISBN: 0521598214; 0521591864.
Organising alignment: a case of bridge-building.
Suchman, L. 2000 In: Organization. 7, 2, p. 311-327. 17 p.
Reconstructing technologies as social practice.
Suchman, L., Blomberg, J., Orr, J., Trigg, R. 11/1999 In: American Behavioral Scientist. 43, 3, p. 392-408. 17 p.
Centers of coordination : a case and some themes.
Suchman, L. 1997 In: Discourse, Tools, and Reasoning: Essays on Situated Cognition. Berlin : Springer-Verlag p. 41-62. 22 p.
Reflections on a work-oriented design project.
Blomberg, J., Suchman, L., Trigg, R. 09/1996 In: Human-Computer Interaction. 11, 3, p. 237-265. 29 p.
Do categories have politics? : the language/action perspective reconsidered.
Suchman, L. 09/1994 In: Computer Supported Cooperative Work. 2, 3, p. 177-190. 14 p.
Interactional troubles in face-to-face survey interviews.
Suchman, L., Jordan, B. 1990 In: Journal of the American Statistical Association. 85, 409, p. 232-253. 22 p.
Security by Remote Control: Automation and Autonomy in Robot Weapon Systems
22/05/2014 → 23/05/2014
Situating Social Innovation
18/06/2013 → …
Citizens Transforming Society: Tools for Change
01/11/2011 → 30/04/2015
- Centre for Gender and Women's Studies