Dr Louise Willingale

Senior Lecturer

Research Overview

My research involves experiments using the highest intensity laser pulses in the world. By focusing down these laser pulses, extremely high energy densities are created so we can study ultra-high intensity laser plasma interactions. I have worked on a broad range of topics from laser-driven ion acceleration, neutron generation, laser channeling, laser propagation in the ultra-relativistic induced transparency regime, relativistic laser electron heating mechanisms, particle-in-cell-simulations, to laser-driven magnetic reconnection and advection of magnetic fields via hot electrons.

Target surface area effects on hot electron dynamics from high intensity laser-plasma interactions
Zulick, C., Raymond, A., McKelvey, A., Chvykov, V., Maksimchuk, A., Thomas, A.G.R., Willingale, L., Yanovsky, V., Krushelnick, K. 15/06/2016 In: New Journal of Physics. 18, 7 p.
Journal article

Beyond the ponderomotive limit: Direct laser acceleration of relativistic electrons in sub-critical plasmas
Arefiev, A.V., Khudik, V.N., Robinson, A.P.L., Shvets, G., Willingale, L., Schollmeier, M. 05/2016 In: Physics of Plasmas. 23, 5, 12 p.
Journal article

Relativistic intensity laser interactions with low-density plasmas
Willingale, L., Nilson, P.M., Zulick, C., Chen, H., Craxton, R.S., Cobble, J., Maksimchuk, A., Norreys, P.A., Sangster, T.C., Scott, R.H.H., Stoeckl, C. 03/2016 In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 688, 1, 4 p.
Journal article

Spontaneous emergence of non-planar electron orbits during direct laser acceleration by a linearly polarized laser pulse
Arefiev, A.V., Khudik, V.N., Robinson, A.P.L., Shvets, G., Willingale, L. 16/02/2016 In: Physics of Plasmas. 23, 2, 9 p.
Journal article

X-Ray imaging of ultrafast magnetic reconnection driven by relativistic electrons.
Raymond, A., McKelvey, A., Zulick, C., Maksimchuk, A., Thomas, A.G.R., Willingale, L., Chykov, V., Yanovsky, V., Krushelnick, K. 13/04/2015 In: Proceedings of SPIE. 9514, 6 p.
Journal article

Characterization of laser-driven proton beams from near-critical density targets using copper activation
Willingale, L., Nagel, S.R., Thomas, A.G.R., Bellei, C., Clarke, R.J., Dangor, A.E., Heathcote, R., Kaluza, M.C., Kamperidis, C., Kneip, S., Krushelnick, K., Lopes, N., Mangles, S.P.D., Nazarov, W., Nilson, P.M., Najmudin, Z. 01/2015 In: Journal of Plasma Physics. 81, 12 p.
Journal article

Investigation of relativistic intensity laser generated hot electron dynamics via copper K-alpha imaging and proton acceleration
Willingale, L., Thomas, A.G.R., Maksimchuk, A., Morace, A., Bartal, T., Kim, J., Stephens, R.B., Wei, M.S., Beg, F.N., Krushelnick, K. 12/2013 In: Physics of Plasmas. 20, 12, 8 p.
Journal article

Enhanced energy coupling by using structured nano-wire targets
Habara, H., Mishima, Y., Nakanii, N., Honda, S., Katayama, M., Gremillet, L., Willingale, L., Maksimchuk, A., Krushelnick, K., Tanaka, K.A. 15/11/2013 In: IFSA 2011 - SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INERTIAL FUSION SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS. E D P SCIENCES 5 p.
Conference contribution

High-intensity laser-driven proton acceleration enhancement from hydrogen containing ultrathin targets
Dollar, F., Reed, S.A., Matsuoka, T., Bulanov, S.S., Chvykov, V., Kalintchenko, G., McGuffey, C., Rousseau, P., Thomas, A.G.R., Willingale, L., Yanovsky, V., Litzenberg, D.W., Krushelnick, K., Maksimchuk, A. 30/09/2013 In: Applied Physics Letters. 103, 14, 3 p.
Journal article

Improved laser-to-proton conversion efficiency in isolated reduced mass targets
Morace, A., Bellei, C., Bartal, T., Willingale, L., Kim, J., Maksimchuk, A., Krushelnick, K., Wei, M.S., Patel, P.K., Batani, D., Piovella, N., Stephens, R.B., Beg, F.N. 29/07/2013 In: Applied Physics Letters. 103, 5, 5 p.
Journal article

Dominant deuteron acceleration with a high-intensity laser for isotope production and neutron generation
Maksimchuk, A., Raymond, A., Yu, F., Petrov, G.M., Dollar, F., Willingale, L., Zulick, C., Davis, J., Krushelnick, K. 13/05/2013 In: Applied Physics Letters. 102, 19, 5 p.
Journal article

Ultra-intense laser neutron generation through efficient deuteron acceleration
Zulick, C., Dollar, F., Chvykov, V., Davis, J., Kalinchenko, G., Maksimchuk, A., Petrov, G.M., Raymond, A., Thomas, A.G.R., Willingale, L., Yanovsky, V., Krushelnick, K. 7/05/2013 In: Proceedings of SPIE. 8779, 9 p.
Journal article

High contrast ion acceleration at intensities exceeding 10(21) Wcm(-2)
Dollar, F., Zulick, C., Matsuoka, T., McGuffey, C., Bulanov, S.S., Chvykov, V., Davis, J., Kalinchenko, G., Petrov, G.M., Willingale, L., Yanovsky, V., Maksimchuk, A., Thomas, A.G.R., Krushelnick, K. 05/2013 In: Physics of Plasmas. 20, 5, 8 p.
Journal article

Scaling High-Order Harmonic Generation from Laser-Solid Interactions to Ultrahigh Intensity
Dollar, F., Cummings, P., Chvykov, V., Willingale, L., Vargas, M., Yanovsky, V., Zulick, C., Maksimchuk, A., Thomas, A.G.R., Krushelnick, K. 24/04/2013 In: Physical Review Letters. 110, 17, 5 p.
Journal article

Energetic neutron beams generated from femtosecond laser plasma interactions
Zulick, C., Dollar, F., Chvykov, V., Davis, J., Kalinchenko, G., Maksimchuk, A., Petrov, G.M., Raymond, A., Thomas, A.G.R., Willingale, L., Yanovsky, V., Krushelnick, K. 25/03/2013 In: Applied Physics Letters. 102, 12, 4 p.
Journal article

Surface waves and electron acceleration from high-power, kilojoule-class laser interactions with underdense plasma
Willingale, L., Thomas, A.G.R., Nilson, P.M., Chen, H., Cobble, J., Craxton, R.S., Maksimchuk, A., Norreys, P.A., Sangster, T.C., Scott, R.H.H., Stoeckl, C., Zulick, C., Krushelnick, K. 18/02/2013 In: New Journal of Physics. 15, 14 p.
Journal article

Finite Spot Effects on Radiation Pressure Acceleration from Intense High-Contrast Laser Interactions with Thin Targets
Dollar, F., Zulick, C., Thomas, A.G.R., Chvykov, V., Davis, J., Kalinchenko, G., Matsuoka, T., McGuffey, C., Petrov, G.M., Willingale, L., Yanovsky, V., Maksimchuk, A., Krushelnick, K. 25/04/2012 In: Physical Review Letters. 108, 17, 5 p.
Journal article

Proton probe measurement of fast advection of magnetic fields by hot electrons
Willingale, L., Thomas, A.G.R., Nilson, P.M., Kaluza, M.C., Bandyopadhyay, S., Dangor, A.E., Evans, R.G., Fernandes, P., Haines, M.G., Kamperidis, C., Kingham, R.J., Minardi, S., Notley, M., Ridgers, C.P., Rozmus, W., Sherlock, M., Tatarakis, M., Wei, M.S., Najmudin, Z., Krushelnick, K. 12/2011 In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion. 53, 12, 9 p.
Journal article

Proton Probe Imaging of Fields Within a Laser-Generated Plasma Channel
Willingale, L., Nilson, P.M., Thomas, A.G.R., Cobble, J., Craxton, R.S., Maksimchuk, A., Norreys, P.A., Sangster, T.C., Scott, R.H.H., Stoeckl, C., Zulick, C., Krushelnick, K. 11/2011 In: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. 39, 11, p. 2616-2617. 2 p.
Journal article

Control of Energy Spread and Dark Current in Proton and Ion Beams Generated in High-Contrast Laser Solid Interactions
Dollar, F., Matsuoka, T., Petrov, G.M., Thomas, A.G.R., Bulanov, S.S., Chvykov, V., Davis, J., Kalinchenko, G., McGuffey, C., Willingale, L., Yanovsky, V., Maksimchuk, A., Krushelnick, K. 3/08/2011 In: Physical Review Letters. 107, 6, 5 p.
Journal article

Comparison of bulk and pitcher-catcher targets for laser-driven neutron production
Willingale, L., Petrov, G.M., Maksimchuk, A., Davis, J., Freeman, R.R., Joglekar, A.S., Matsuoka, T., Murphy, C.D., Ovchinnikov, V.M., Thomas, A.G.R., Van Woerkom, L., Krushelnick, K. 08/2011 In: Physics of Plasmas. 18, 8, 6 p.
Journal article

High-power, kilojoule laser interactions with near-critical density plasma
Willingale, L., Nilson, P.M., Thomas, A.G.R., Bulanov, S.S., Maksimchuk, A., Nazarov, W., Sangster, T.C., Stoeckl, C., Krushelnick, K. 05/2011 In: Physics of Plasmas. 18, 5, 9 p.
Journal article

High-Power, Kilojoule Class Laser Channeling in Millimeter-Scale Underdense Plasma
Willingale, L., Nilson, P.M., Thomas, A.G.R., Cobble, J., Craxton, R.S., Maksimchuk, A., Norreys, P.A., Sangster, T.C., Scott, R.H.H., Stoeckl, C., Zulick, C., Krushelnick, K. 10/03/2011 In: Physical Review Letters. 106, 10, 4 p.
Journal article

Front versus rear side light-ion acceleration from high-intensity laser-solid interactions
Willingale, L., Petrov, G.M., Maksimchuk, A., Davis, J., Freeman, R.R., Matsuoka, T., Murphy, C.D., Ovchinnikov, V.M., Van Woerkom, L., Krushelnick, K. 01/2011 In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion. 53, 1, 11 p.
Journal article

The impact of contaminants on laser-driven light ion acceleration
Petrov, G.M., Willingale, L., Davis, J., Petrova, T., Maksimchuk, A., Krushelnick, K. 29/10/2010 In: Physics of Plasmas. 17, 10, 7 p.
Journal article

Fast Advection of Magnetic Fields by Hot Electrons
Willingale, L., Thomas, A.G.R., Nilson, P.M., Kaluza, M.C., Bandyopadhyay, S., Dangor, A.E., Evans, R.G., Fernandes, P., Haines, M.G., Kamperidis, C., Kingham, R.J., Minardi, S., Notley, M., Ridgers, C.P., Rozmus, W., Sherlock, M., Tatarakis, M., Wei, M.S., Najmudin, Z., Krushelnick, K. 24/08/2010 In: Physical Review Letters. 105, 9, 4 p.
Journal article

Ultrafast CO2 laser technology: application in ion acceleration
Pogorelsky, I.V., Yakimenko, V., Polyanskiy, M., Shkolnikov, P., Ispiryan, M., Neely, D., McKenna, P., Carroll, D., Najmudin, Z., Willingale, L. 1/08/2010 In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 620, 1, p. 67-70. 4 p.
Journal article

Micron-scale fast electron filaments and recirculation determined from rear-side optical emission in high-intensity laser-solid interactions
Bellei, C., Nagel, S.R., Kar, S., Henig, A., Kneip, S., Palmer, C., Saevert, A., Willingale, L., Carroll, D., Dromey, B., Green, J.S., Markey, K., Simpson, P., Clarke, R.J., Lowe, H., Neely, D., Spindloe, C., Tolley, M., Kaluza, M.C., Mangles, S.P.D., McKenna, P., Norreys, P.A., Schreiber, J., Zepf, M., Davies, J.R., Krushelnick, K., Najmudin, Z. 21/07/2010 In: New Journal of Physics. 12, 12 p.
Journal article

Energetic electron and ion generation from interactions of intense laser pulses with laser machined conical targets
Matsuoka, T., Reed, S., McGuffey, C., Bulanov, S.S., Dollar, F., Willingale, L., Chvykov, V., Kalinchenko, G., Brantov, A., Bychenkov, V.Y., Rousseau, P., Yanovsky, V., Litzenberg, D.W., Krushelnick, K., Maksimchuk, A. 05/2010 In: Nuclear Fusion. 50, 5, 11 p.
Journal article

Plasma cavitation in ultraintense laser interactions with underdense helium plasmas
Nilson, P.M., Mangles, S.P.D., Willingale, L., Kaluza, M.C., Thomas, A.G.R., Tatarakis, M., Clarke, R.J., Lancaster, K.L., Karsch, S., Schreiber, J., Najmudin, Z., Dangor, A.E., Krushelnick, K. 30/04/2010 In: New Journal of Physics. 12, 10 p.
Journal article

Proton deflectometry of a magnetic reconnection geometry
Willingale, L., Nilson, P.M., Kaluza, M.C., Dangor, A.E., Evans, R.G., Fernandes, P., Haines, M.G., Kamperidis, C., Kingham, R.J., Ridgers, C.P., Sherlock, M., Thomas, A.G.R., Wei, M.S., Najmudin, Z., Krushelnick, K., Bandyopadhyay, S., Notley, M., Minardi, S., Tatarakis, M., Rozmus, W. 9/04/2010 In: Physics of Plasmas. 17, 4, 5 p.
Journal article

Generation of GeV protons from 1 PW laser interaction with near critical density targets
Bulanov, S.S., Bychenkov, V.Y., Chvykov, V., Kalinchenko, G., Litzenberg, D.W., Matsuoka, T., Thomas, A.G.R., Willingale, L., Yanovsky, V., Krushelnick, K., Maksimchuk, A. 04/2010 In: Physics of Plasmas. 17, 4, 8 p.
Journal article

Neutron production from Li-7(d,xn) nuclear fusion reactions driven by high-intensity laser-target interactions
Davis, J., Petrov, G.M., Petrova, T., Willingale, L., Maksimchuk, A., Krushelnick, K. 04/2010 In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion. 52, 4, 15 p.
Journal article

Narrow Energy Spread Protons and Ions from High-Intensity, High-Contrast Laser Solid Target Interactions
Dollar, F., Matsuoka, T., McGuffey, C., Bulanov, S.S., Chvykov, V., Davis, J., Kalintchenko, G., Petrov, G., Thomas, A.G.R., Willingale, L., Yanovsky, V., Maksimchuk, A., Krushelnick, K. 2010 In: ADVANCED ACCELERATOR CONCEPTS. AMER INST PHYSICS p. 710-714. 5 p. ISBN: 9780735408531.
Conference contribution

Generation of Ultrahigh-Velocity Ionizing Shocks with Petawatt-Class Laser Pulses
Nilson, P.M., Mangles, S.P.D., Willingale, L., Kaluza, M.C., Thomas, A.G.R., Tatarakis, M., Najmudin, Z., Clarke, R.J., Lancaster, K.L., Karsch, S., Schreiber, J., Evans, R.G., Dangor, A.E., Krushelnick, K. 18/12/2009 In: Physical Review Letters. 103, 25, 4 p.
Journal article

High brightness keV harmonics from relativistically oscillating plasma surfaces
Dromey, B., Adams, D., Kar, S., Bellei, C., Carroll, D.C., Clarke, R.J., Green, J.S., Kneip, S., Markey, K., Nagel, S.R., Simpson, P.T., Willingale, L., McKenna, P., Neely, D., Najmudin, Z., Krushelnick, K., Norreys, P.A., Zepf, M. 14/08/2009 In: European Physical Journal - Special Topics. 175, 1, p. 57-60. 4 p.
Journal article

Third harmonic order imaging as a focal spot diagnostic for high intensity laser-solid interactions
Dromey, B., Bellei, C., Carroll, D.C., Clarke, R.J., Green, J.S., Kar, S., Kneip, S., Markey, K., Nagel, S.R., Willingale, L., McKenna, P., Neely, D., Najmudin, Z., Krushelnick, K., Norreys, P.A., Zepf, M. 06/2009 In: Laser and Particle Beams. 27, 2, p. 243-248. 6 p.
Journal article

Characterization of High-Intensity Laser Propagation in the Relativistic Transparent Regime through Measurements of Energetic Proton Beams
Willingale, L., Nagel, S.R., Thomas, A.G.R., Bellei, C., Clarke, R.J., Dangor, A.E., Heathcote, R., Kaluza, M.C., Kamperidis, C., Kneip, S., Krushelnick, K., Lopes, N., Mangles, S.P.D., Nazarov, W., Nilson, P.M., Najmudin, Z. 27/03/2009 In: Physical Review Letters. 102, 12, 4 p.
Journal article

Proton and Ion Beams Generated with Picosecond CO(2) Laser Pulses
Pogorelsky, I., Shkolnikov, P., Chen, M., Pukhov, A., Yakimenko, V., McKenna, P., Carroll, D., Neely, D., Najmudin, Z., Willingale, L., Stolyarov, D., Stolyarova, E., Flynn, G. 22/01/2009 In: AIP Conference Proceedings. 1086, p. 532-537. 6 p.
Journal article

Bidirectional jet formation during driven magnetic reconnection in two-beam laser-plasma interactions
Nilson, P.M., Willingale, L., Kaluza, M.C., Kamperidis, C., Minardi, S., Wei, M.S., Fernandes, P., Notley, M., Bandyopadhyay, S., Sherlock, M., Kingham, R.J., Tatarakis, M., Najmudin, Z., Rozmus, W., Evans, R.G., Haines, M.G., Dangor, A.E., Krushelnick, K. 09/2008 In: Physics of Plasmas. 15, 9, 7 p.
Journal article

Longitudinal ion acceleration from high-intensity laser interactions with underdense plasma
Willingale, L., Mangles, S.P.D., Nilson, P.M., Clarke, R.J., Dangor, A.E., Kailiza, M.C., Karsch, S., Lancaster, K.L., Mori, W.B., Schreiber, J., Thomas, A.G.R., Wei, M., Krushelnick, K., Najmudin, Z. 08/2008 In: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. 36, 4, p. 1825-1832. 8 p.
Journal article

Self-guided wakefield experiments driven by petawatt-class ultrashort laser pulses
Mangles, S.P.D., Thomas, A.G.R., Bellei, C., Dangor, A.E., Kamperidis, C., Kneip, S., Nagel, S.R., Willingale, L., Najmudin, Z. 08/2008 In: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. 36, 4, p. 1715-1721. 7 p.
Journal article

Laser driven MeV proton beam focussing by auto-charged electrostatic lens configuration
Kar, S., Markey, K., Simpson, P.T., Bellei, C., Green, J.S., Nagel, S.R., Kneip, S., Carroll, D.C., Dromey, B., Willingale, L., Clark, E.L., McKenna, P., Najmudin, Z., Krushelnick, K., Norreys, P., Clarke, R.J., Neely, D., Borghesi, M., Schiavi, A., Zepf, M. 24/06/2008 In: AIP Conference Proceedings. 1024, p. 173-182. 10 p.
Journal article

Dynamic control of laser-produced proton beams
Kar, S., Markey, K., Simpson, P.T., Bellei, C., Green, J.S., Nagel, S.R., Kneip, S., Carroll, D.C., Dromey, B., Willingale, L., Clark, E.L., McKenna, P., Najmudin, Z., Krushelnick, K., Norreys, P., Clarke, R.J., Neely, D., Borghesi, M., Zepf, M. 14/03/2008 In: Physical Review Letters. 100, 10, 4 p.
Journal article

Observation of synchrotron radiation from electrons accelerated in a petawatt-laser-generated plasma cavity
Kneip, S., Nagel, S.R., Bellei, C., Bourgeois, N., Dangor, A.E., Gopal, A., Heathcote, R., Mangles, S.P.D., Marques, J.R., Maksimchuk, A., Nilson, P.M., Phuoc, K.T., Reed, S., Tzoufras, M., Tsung, F.S., Willingale, L., Mori, W.B., Rousse, A., Krushelnick, K., Najmudin, Z. 14/03/2008 In: Physical Review Letters. 100, 10, 4 p.
Journal article

Nuclear activation as a high dynamic range diagnostic of laser-plasma interactions
Clarke, R.J., Simpson, P.T., Kar, S., Green, J.S., Bellei, C., Carroll, D.C., Dromey, B., Kneip, S., Markey, K., McKenna, P., Murphy, W., Nagel, S., Willingale, L., Zepf, M. 1/02/2008 In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 585, 3, p. 117-120. 4 p.
Journal article

High harmonics from relativistically oscillating plasma surfaces - a high brightness attosecond source at keV photon energies
Zepf, M., Dromey, B., Kar, S., Bellei, C., Carroll, D.C., Clarke, R.J., Green, J.S., Kneip, S., Markey, K., Nagel, S.R., Simpson, P.T., Willingale, L., McKenna, P., Neely, D., Najmudin, Z., Krushelnick, K., Norreys, P.A. 15/11/2007 In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion. 49, 12B, p. B149-B162. 14 p.
Journal article

Bright multi-keV harmonic generation from relativistically oscillating plasma surfaces
Dromey, B., Kar, S., Bellei, C., Carroll, D.C., Clarke, R.J., Green, J.S., Kneip, S., Markey, K., Nagel, S.R., Simpson, P.T., Willingale, L., McKenna, P., Neely, D., Najmudin, Z., Krushelnick, K., Norreys, P.A., Zepf, M. 24/08/2007 In: Physical Review Letters. 99, 8, 4 p.
Journal article

Comment on "Collimated multi-MeV ion beams from high-intensity laser interactions with underdense plasma" - Willingale et al. reply
Willingale, L., Mangles, S.P.D., Nilson, P.M., Clarke, R.J., Dangor, A.E., Kaluza, M.C., Karsch, S., Lancaster, K.L., Mori, W.B., Najmudin, Z., Schreiber, J., Thomas, A.G.R., Wei, M.S., Krushelnick, K. 26/01/2007 In: Physical Review Letters. 98, 4, 1 p.
Editorial

Magnetic reconnection and plasma dynamics in two-beam laser-solid interactions
Nilson, P.M., Willingale, L., Kaluza, M.C., Kamperidis, C., Minardi, S., Wei, M.S., Fernandes, P., Notley, M., Bandyopadhyay, S., Sherlock, M., Kingham, R.J., Tatarakis, M., Najmudin, Z., Rozmus, W., Evans, R.G., Haines, M.G., Dangor, A.E., Krushelnick, K. 22/12/2006 In: Physical Review Letters. 97, 25, 4 p.
Journal article

Reduction of proton acceleration in high-intensity laser interaction with solid two-layer targets
Wei, M.S., Davies, J.R., Clark, E.L., Beg, F.N., Gopal, A., Tatarakis, M., Willingale, L., Nilson, P., Dangor, A.E., Norreys, P.A., Zepf, M., Krushelnick, K. 12/2006 In: Physics of Plasmas. 13, 12, 5 p.
Journal article

Collimated multi-MeV ion beams from high-intensity laser interactions with underdense plasma
Willingale, L., Mangles, S., Nilson, P., Clarke, R., Dangor, A., Kaluza, M., Karsch, S., Lancaster, K., Mori, W., Najmudin, Z., Schreiber, J., Thomas, A., Wei, M., Krushelnick, K. 23/06/2006 In: Physical Review Letters. 96, 24, 4 p.
Journal article

Optical probing of high-intensity laser interactions with underdense plasmas using the VULCAN petawatt laser facility
Nilson, P.M., Mangles, S.P.D., Willingale, L., Kaluza, M.C., Thomas, A.G.R., Najmudin, Z., Evans, R.G., Dangor, A.E., Krushelnick, K., Tatarakis, M., Clarke, R.J., Lancaster, K.L., Hernandez-Gomez, C., Karsch, S., Schreiber, J. 06/2006 In: Journal de Physique 4. 133, p. 543-547. 5 p.
Journal article