The Lancaster Low Temperature group performs experiments on superfluids and other materials with wider applications in areas such as nano-electronics, cosmology and turbulence.

The group has a strong international reputation for performing state-of-the-art experiments at the lowest achievable temperatures. Our custom made dilution refrigerators, built in-house, achieve world-record low temperatures. We have pioneered several innovative approaches including: 'Lancaster-style' demagnetisation stages to cool superfluid helium-3 to record low temperatures; 'heat-flush' procedures to produce highly purified helium-4; ion transport measurement methods for quantum fluids; novel NMR systems; and various mechanical oscillator techniques which provide extremely sensitive thermometry and bolometry at microkelvin temperatures.

We are well known for providing these sub-millikelvin low temperature environments with advanced in-house cryogenic engineering, and for our accompanying expertise in ultra-sensitive measurement techniques and the development of specialised instrumentation.

Creating, controlling and exploiting the ultra-low temperature environment has proven crucial for the research and development of quantum-enhanced devices. Our platform technology provides the extreme cold and isolation necessary to probe the subtle quantum behaviours that are otherwise hidden by thermal fluctuations or external disturbance.

We have a broad research portfolio in low temperature physics, and specialise in quantum fluids and solids research. We have performed ground-breaking research on numerous topics, including: superfluid analogues of cosmological processes; ion and vortex ring dynamics; ballistic quasiparticle beams; exotic superfluid spin phenomena; superfluid phase nucleation; phase boundary dynamics; wave turbulence; and quantum turbulence.

Key Research

  • Cooling and sensitive measurement techniques.
  • Quantum fluids and solids.
  • Superfluid 3He.
  • Superfluid 4He.
  • Properties of materials at ultra-low temperatures .
  • MEMS and NEMS devices at low temperatures.
  • Extremely cold devices and associated quantum technologies.
  • Development of sensitive measurement techniques.