Dr Jacob PhelpsLecturer in Tropical Environmental Change and Policy
Jacob is an environmental scientist particularly interested in the institutional dimensions of tropical forest and biodiversity conservation. He leads the Tropical Environmental Change and Policy Lab, which deals with the institutional and governance dimensions of issues such as illegal wildlife trade and tropical deforestation. Trained in the natural sciences and human geography, Jacob draws on a wide range of methods and analytic lenses, and is active in the science-policy interface. Jacob has worked in the Neotropics (Costa Rica, Belize) and across Southeast Asia. Until August 2015, he was a Scientist at the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) in Indonesia.
Jacob is broadly interested in environmental governance and policy in the context of tropical forest and biodiversity conservation. His current research interests include:
- Illegal wildlife trade dynamics and policy responses, including:
- The conservation and livelihood impacts of wildlife farming / captive breeding
- Typologies of actors and networks involved in illegal wildlife trades.
- Illegal trade of protected ornamental plants in continental Southeast Asia
- Illegal resource use and corruption, including the mechanics and moral economy of conservation rule-breaking.
- Stakeholder perceptions of "wicked" environmental problems, notably related Indonesian peatland fires and transboundary haze, and illegal wildlife trade.
- Methods and politics of environmental valuation, and how these inform decision making.
- Liability for environmental harm / natural resource damages and its role in addressing tropical sustainability challenges.
- Design of incentive-based conservation schemes, such as Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) and Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) policies. I have specific interests in:
- Biodiversity and social 'co-benefits' of carbon forestry
- Social equity dimensions of PES design
- How schemes influence the broader development agendas
- Biodiversity implications of economic liberalisation, including the emergence of new free trade agreements, ASEAN integration, and the economic 'opening' of countries like Myanmar.
PhD Supervision Interests
• Social and policy dimensions of Indonesian peatland fires and haze • Conservation rule breaking, corruption and governance of illegal resource access • How ecosystem service concepts/valuation are understood and used by policy makers, prosecutors and judges • Governance of harvest and trade of wild, ornamental marine fish in the Philippines
Perceptions across scales of governance and the Indonesian peatland fires
Carmenta, R., Zabala, A., Daeli, W., Phelps, J. 09/2017 In: Global Environmental Change. 46, p. 50-59. 10 p.
Off-stage ecosystem service burdens: a blind spot for global sustainability
Phelps, J.W. 21/06/2017 In: Environmental Research Letters. 12, 7, 10 p.
From poachers to protectors: engaging local communities in solutions to illegal wildlife trade
Cooney, R., Roe, D., Dublin, H., Phelps, J.W., Wilkie, D., Keane, A., Travers, H., Skinner, D., Challender, D.W.S., Allan, J.R. 05/2017 In: Conservation Letters. 10, 3, p. 367-374. 8 p.
Denial of long‐term issues with agriculture on tropical peatlands will have devastating consequences
Phelps, J.W. 03/2017 In: Global Change Biology. 23, 3, 6 p.
Institutionalizing environmental valuation into policy: lessons from 7 Indonesian agencies
Phelps, J., Dermawan, A., Garmendia, E. 03/2017 In: Global Environmental Change. 43, p. 15-25. 11 p.
Tools and terms for understanding illegal wildlife trade
Phelps, J.W., Biggs, D., Webb, E.L. 1/11/2016 In: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 14, 9, p. 479-489. 11 p.
Agricultural intensification escalates future conservation costs
Phelps, J.W., Carrasco, L.R., Webb, E.L., Koh, L.P., Pascual, U. 7/05/2013 In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 110, 19, p. 7601-7606. 6 p.
Phelps, J.W., Webb, E.L., Bickford, D.P., Nijman, V., Sodhi, N. 24/12/2010 In: Science. 330, 6012, p. 1752-1753. 2 p.
Does REDD+ threaten to recentralize forest governance?
Phelps, J.W., Webb, E.L., Agrawal, A. 16/04/2010 In: Science. 328, 5976, p. 312-313. 2 p.