Dr David Tyfield

Dr David Tyfield

Reader

LEC Building
Lancaster University
Bailrigg
Lancaster
United Kingdom
LA1 4YQ

+44 (0)1524 594187

Current Teaching

In 2014/15 I will unlikely be teaching, while based in Guangzhou.

In 2013/14 I taught the following courses:

In Lent term:

- SOCL332 'The Chinese Century?'

In Summer term:

- SOCL930 'Policy, Publics and Expertise' for the Masters programme in Environment, Culture & Society and in Science Studies (with Prof Brian Wynne)

Research Interests

Current Research Activities

My current research develops my interests in the normative dimensions of the processes of knowledge production and their interaction with issues of global cultural political economy, especially regarding critical analysis of the emergence of a globalised "knowledge-based" economy, climate change and the rise of China.  I am particularly interested currently in issues regarding innovation, inequality and advanced liberalism.  This has three threads:

1) Low-Carbon Socio-Technical Systems Transition in China, especially regarding automobility and agri-food.

From January 2014, I will be leading a work package within Prof Ulrich Beck's ERC project on 'Methodological Cosmopolitanism - In the Laboratory of Climate Change', based at Ludwigs-Maximilien University in Munich, on cosmopolitan low-carbon innovation regarding electric vehicles and carbon capture and storage (CCS) of coal emissions.

Relating to this work, and an interest in the politics of the discourse of 'responsible innovation', I am PI in a British Council grant on 'Responsibly Innovating Energy for Mobility: Brazil, China, UK', with colleagues at UFABC (Dr Leo de Mello), Strathclyde (Dr Brian Garvey) as well as UniCamp (Dr Andre Campos), U San Martin (Dr Ana Maria Vara).

From December 2013, I am Co-I and lead project coordinator on the ESRC project 'Low Carbon Innovation in China - Prospects, Politics and Practice', and leading the Research Package on urban electro-mobility.  This project is in collaboration with colleagues at CeMoRe, Lancaster University (Prof John Urry, Dr Dennis Zuev); STEPS Centre, Sussex University (Dr Adrian Ely, Dr Sam Geall); SOAS (Dr Frauke Urban); Tsinghua University (Dr Yu WANG); Tsinghua University Graduate School, Shenzhen (Dr Ping LI); and the CAS Centre for Agricultural Policy (Dr Yiching SONG).

2) The Cultural Political Economy of Research & Innovation - following the argument of my book (2 Volumes, Routledge, 2012), 'The Economics of Science - A Critical Realist Overview' I continue my interest in the interaction between changing practices of R&I and a changing political economy.  Based on a Lancaster University Early Career Small Grant (2011-13), this has involved workshops on the 'Political Economy of Research & Innovation' in both Lancaster (October 2012) and at York University in Toronto (December 2013).  Further annual workshops in this series are in the process of being planned (to be held in the US, EU and China).

3) These various themes are being brought together in a book project for Routledge, to be completed for summer 2015 on the inter-relation between the crises of neoliberalism and innovation.

Current Editoral Work

I am the Book Reviews Editor for Science as Culture. For information on books available for review, see: http://www.lancs.ac.uk/staff/tyfield/SaCbookreviews.doc

Background

Before starting my PhD, I studied Biochemistry and Molecular Cell Biology at Oxford and the Philosophy of Social Sciences at LSE. I also qualified as a solicitor, working in London and Brussels in various areas of corporate and commercial law, including intellectual property law and EU competition law. Bringing together these interests, I began my PhD in the Philosophy and Sociology of Science at Exeter in 2003. My research was based across two institutions: the Centre for Philosophy of the Social Sciences and the ESRC Centre for Genomics in Society (Egenis), the sister-centre of Lancaster's CESAGen. My thesis was a multidisciplinary examination of the dramatic changes to the funding of science, especially the biosciences, that have occurred since 1980 including the growth of intellectual property rights (IPRs) in scientific research, alongside the global strengthening of IPRs under the auspices of the World Trade Organisation's TRIPs agreement. By examining how TRIPs came to be signed, a theory for the (critical) realist examination of the economics of science is elaborated. This includes concerted attention to the role and importance of philosophical/ontological reflection in the development of social scientific theory. The project thus engages with work in the philosophy of science, science & technology studies, innovation economics, international relations (particularly regarding IPRs), critical theory and cultural political economy.

Additional Information

Administrative Roles

From March 2014 - and specifically from July 2014 when I will be relocating to Guangzhou - I am Director of the International Research & Innovation Centre for the Environment (I-RICE), a joint initiative between Lancaster Environment Centre and the CAS Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry (GIGCAS).  I-RICE is a platform for international and inter-disciplinary research on the 'grand challenges' of the environment.

From 2013, I am a Director (Communications) for the Centre for Mobilities Research, one of the four Lancaster University Research Centres.

Current Teaching

In 2014/15 I will unlikely be teaching, while based in Guangzhou.

In 2013/14 I taught the following courses:

In Lent term:

- SOCL332 'The Chinese Century?'

In Summer term:

- SOCL930 'Policy, Publics and Expertise' for the Masters programme in Environment, Culture & Society and in Science Studies (with Prof Brian Wynne)

Additional Information

Administrative Roles

From March 2014 - and specifically from July 2014 when I will be relocating to Guangzhou - I am Director of the International Research & Innovation Centre for the Environment (I-RICE), a joint initiative between Lancaster Environment Centre and the CAS Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry (GIGCAS).  I-RICE is a platform for international and inter-disciplinary research on the 'grand challenges' of the environment.

From 2013, I am a Director (Communications) for the Centre for Mobilities Research, one of the four Lancaster University Research Centres.

David Tyfield's Publications

2014

Complexity, knowledge politics and the remaking of class: response to Levins

Tyfield, D. 06/2014 In : International Critical Thought. 4, 2, p. 241-254 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

King Coal is dead, long live the King!: the coal renaissance in the emergence of low carbon societies

Tyfield, D. 2014 In : Theory, Culture and Society.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Responsible innovation across borders: tensions, paradoxes and possibilities

Tyfield, D. 2014 In : Journal of Responsible Innovation. 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2013

Transition to Science 2.0: ‘remoralizing’ the economy of science

Tyfield, D. 12/2013 In : Spontaneous Generations. 7, 1, p. 29-48 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Theorizing the Bioeconomy: Biovalue, Biocapital, Bioeconomics or...What?

Birch, K. & Tyfield, D. 05/2013 In : Science Technology & Human Values. 38, 3, p. 299-327 29 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Transportation and low-carbon development

Tyfield, D. 7/03/2013 Low carbon development: key issues. Urban, F. & Nordensvärd, J. (eds.). London: Routledge, (Key issues in environment and sustainability)

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Cosmopolitan communities of climate risk: conceptual and empirical suggestions for a new research agenda

Beck, U., Blok, A., Tyfield, D. & Zhang, J. Y. 01/2013 In : Global Networks. 13, 1, p. 1-21 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The Demise of Capitalism?: Lessons from an Entropic Perspective on the Current Crises - Review of Robert Biel (2012) 'The Entropy of Capitalism'

Tyfield, D. 01/2013 In : Journal of Critical Realism. 12, 1, p. 112-128 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2012

Greening China’s ‘Cars’: Could the Last be First?

Tyfield, D. & Urry, J. 09/2012 Lancaster: Lancaster University

Research output: Working paper

The Economics of Science – A Case Study in the Contribution of Ontology

Tyfield, D. 07/2012

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paper

A Cultural Political Economy of Research and Innovation in an Age of Crisis

Tyfield, D. 06/2012 In : Minerva. 50, 2, p. 149-167 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2011

The economics of science : a critical realist overview. Volume 1.: Illustrations and philosophical preliminaries

Tyfield, D. 11/11/2011 London: Routledge. 248 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Food systems transition and disruptive low carbon innovation: implications for a food security research agenda.

Tyfield, D. 07/2011 In : Journal of Experimental Botany. 62, 11, p. 3701-3706 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2010

Low carbon China : the role of international collaboration.

Tyfield, D. & Wilsdon, J. 29/10/2010 Sustainable reform and development in post-Olympic China. Yao, S., Bin, W., Morgan, S. & Sutherland, D. (eds.). London: Routledge, 224 p. (Routledge Studies on the Chinese Economy)

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Game-changing China : lessons from China about disruptive low carbon innovation.

Tyfield, D., Jin, J. & Rooker, T. 06/2010 London: NESTA, 52 p.

Research output: Working paperOther

Cosmopolitan China?

Tyfield, D. & Urry, J. 2010 In : Soziale Welt. 61, 3-4, p. 277-294 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Low-carbon disruptive innovation in China.

Tyfield, D. & Jin, J. 2010 In : Journal of Knowledge-based Innovation in China. 2, 3, p. 269-282 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Low-carbon innovation in China – introduction to the special issue

Tyfield, D. & Jin, J. 2010 In : Journal of Knowledge-based Innovation in China. 2, 3

Research output: Contribution to journalSpecial issue

Neoliberalism, intellectual property and the global knowledge economy.

Tyfield, D. 2010 The rise and fall of neoliberalism : the collapse of an economic order?. Birch, K. & Mykhnenko, V. (eds.). London: Zed, p. 60-76 17 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

2009

The importance of the 'international collaboration dividend': the case of China.

Tyfield, D., Zhu, Y. & Cao, J. 11/2009 In : Science and Public Policy. 36, 9, p. 723-735 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Low carbon China : disruptive innovation and the role of international collaboration.

Tyfield, D. & Wilsdon, J. 01/2009 Nottingham: University of Nottingham, 33 p.

Research output: Working paperOther

A Surplus of 'Surplus'?

Tyfield, D. 2009 In : Science as Culture. 18, 4, p. 497-500 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Cosmopolitan China: Lessons from International Collaboration in Low-Carbon Innovation

Tyfield, D. & Urry, J. 2009 In : British Journal of Sociology. 60, 4, p. 793-812 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Raging at imaginary Don-Quixotes: a reply to Giraud and Weintraub.

Tyfield, D. 2009 In : Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics. 2, 1, p. 60-69 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2008

Collaboration not Confrontation: low carbon China and the role of international collaboration

Tyfield, D. 11/2008 In : China-Britain Business Review.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Low carbon innovation in China

Tyfield, D. 29/10/2008

Research output: Other contribution

Enabling TRIPs : The pharma-biotech-university patent coalition.

Tyfield, D. 2008 In : Review of International Political Economy. 15, 4, p. 535-566 32 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The impossibility of finitism: from SSK to ESK?

Tyfield, D. 2008 In : Erasmus Journal of Philosophy and Economics. 1, 1, p. 61-86 26 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2006

Chasing fairies or serious ontological business : tracking down the transcendental argument.

Tyfield, D. 12/2006 Contributions to social ontology. Lawson, C., Latsis, J. S. & Martin, N. (eds.). London: Routledge, 320 p. (Routledge Studies in Critical Realism)

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Philosophy and Green Economics: An Introduction

Tyfield, D. 2006 In : The Green Economist.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

David Tyfield's Projects

2013

2007

Tackling climate change is demanding international collaboration in innovation, yet there are significant constraints on such collaborations. This project is examining low carbon partnerships between the UK and China to identify the factors that promote and impede their success and the capacity for "disruptive" innovation on a global scale. The anthropogenic rise of global temperatures is now an imminent and grave danger. Yet as the problem of global scope, it is equally clear that action must be genuinely global. Such global coordination, however, demands a climate of international cooperation and collaboration, i.e. a broadly "cosmopolitan" context in which efforts are optimally balanced between the demands of the global totality and local/national needs. In the age of "globalisation" major trends support the emergence of this cosmopolitan order. But there are also significant social forces driving in the very opposite direction. In particular, the global political economy is entering a period of turbulence and transition. And the potential for an isolationist backlash, sinking any possibility of tackling climate change, is large. Avoiding this scenario demands understanding current social trends and the conditions needed for movement in the other direction. One issue in particular is the point of convergence for many of these trends, so that analysis of it is likely to yield important insights. This issue is international collaborations with China in "low carbon" innovation.

First, as the "engine" of current economic growth, innovation must play a crucial role in remodelling the economy, though this "disruptive" innovation will also involve social and policy innovation. Secondly, the rise of China is undoubtedly the biggest transition in the global economy. But China's industrial and vehicle emissions have risen commensurately. Yet this growth has raised some 200 million people out of poverty and China's political stability is inextricably tied to its continuation. China is thus increasingly a crucial part of the global problem... and thus a central element of any global solution. China's innovation capabilities are rapidly improving but there remain some major weaknesses. If China is to "leapfrog" to a sustainable economy, then, international collaboration will be essential. These collaborations, however, face significant constraints, from both the global trends discussed above and conditions within China and the UK/EU, along with the differences and tensions between the "civic epistemologies" of these partners. This project is examining these conditions, and thereby engaging with recent rich theoretical debates about cosmopolitanism, as well as work between innovation policy and science & technology studies that is supplementing research on the scale and speed of innovation with reflections on its direction, purposes and expected outcomes.

Events

The project is organizing a number of workshops and conferences:

'Risk, Finance & Modernity: East and West' to be held in Shanghai, September 2009, organized with Wang Xiaming (Shanghai University), Scott Lash (Goldsmiths) and John Driffill (Birkbeck). Speakers include Ulrich Beck (LSE and Munich), Gilles St Paul (USS Toulouse), Wang Hui (Tsinghua) and Xu Chenggang (LSE). For more information please see the workshop website:www.worldeconomyandfinance.org/shanghai2009/index.html

'China-UK Workshop on Chinese Low-Carbon Innovation' to be held in Hangzhou, November 2009, organized with Zhejiang University and funded by BIS (the UK Government's Department for Business, Innovation and Skills). Speakers include Rebecca Willis (Sustainable Development Commission), David Vincent (Carbon Trust) and ZHENG Ping (WWF China). For more information please see: http://www.lums.lancs.ac.uk/lowcarbonchina

Publications

Our current Working Paper, 'China-EU Innovation Networks towards a Low Carbon Society' (March 2008), is available at: http://www.lancs.ac.uk/fass/doc_library/ias/china_eu_Framing_Paper_Brief_2008.pdf

Urry, J. (2010) 'Sociology and Climate Change', The Sociological Review 58(1): 84-100.

Tyfield, D. & J. Wilsdon (2010) 'Low Carbon China: the Role of International Collaboration' in S. Yao, B. Wu, D. Sutherland and S. Morgan, Sustainable Reform and Development in Post-Olympic China, London: Routledge. (Previous version available as Tyfield, D. & J. Wilsdon (2009) 'Low Carbon China: Disruptive Innovation and the Role of International Collaboration', China Policy Institute Discussion Paper 41, Nottingham University, available at: http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/shared/shared_cpi/documents/discussion_papers/Discussion_41_Tyfield_Low_Carbon_China.pdf)

Tyfield, D. & J. Urry (2009) 'Cosmopolitan China? Lessons from International Collaboration in Low-Carbon Innovation', British Journal of Sociology, 60(4): 793-812. (Copies are available by email request to d.tyfield@lancaster.ac.uk )

Tyfield, D., Y.G. Zhu & J.H. Cao (2009) 'The Importance of the "International Collaboration Dividend" - the Case of China', Science & Public Policy, 36(9): 723-735. (Copies are available by email request to d.tyfield@lancaster.ac.uk)

Urry, J. (2009) 'What happens "after the car"?', Policy Network, 17 November. Available at: http://www.policy-network.net/publications/publications.aspx?id=3390

Urry, J. (2008) 'Climate change, travel and complex futures', British Journal of Sociology 59(2): 261-279. Available at: http://www.lancs.ac.uk/staff/tyfield/urry08bjs

Urry, J. (2008) 'Governance, flows and the end of the car system?', Global Environmental Change. Available at: http://www.lancs.ac.uk/staff/tyfield/urry08gec

Tyfield, D. (November 2008) "Collaboration not Confrontation: low carbon China and the role of international collaboration", China Britain Business Review: available at http://www.cbbc.org/the_review/features/3.html

Report on Presentation by David Tyfield to the Department of Science, Technology & Society, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 23 April 2008, in Science Times (in Chinese): http://www.sciencenet.cn/dz/dznews_photo.aspx?id=3653

Report on Presentation by David Tyfield to the Beijing Energy & Environment Roundtable, 29 October 2008, in Beijing Science & Technology Report (in Chinese), available at: http://www.lancs.ac.uk/staff/tyfield/Beijing_S&T_Article. For a full report in English of this presentation, see: http://greenleapforward.com/2008/11/03/david-tyfield-on-international-collaboration-for-low-carbon-innovation-part-1-of-2/

Wilsdon, J. (September 2007) "China can lead the world in innovation system", China Daily: available at http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/opinion/2007-09/11/content_6096352.htm

Presentations and Podcasts

Presentations regarding the project have included:

Tyfield, D. (2010) 'Game-Changing China: Lessons from China about Disruptive Low Carbon Innovation', SPRU Seminar Series, Sussex University, 22nd April 2010 & UK-China Innovation for Sustainability & Equitable Development, STEPS Centre, Sussex University & SPPM, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 19th March 2010: http://www.lancs.ac.uk/staff/tyfield/gamechangingchina.

Tyfield, D. (2010) 'Low Carbon Agriculture: Systems Transitions & Disruptive Innovations', RCUK China-UK International Workshop on Food Security, Lancaster University & China Agricultural University, Beijing, 10th March 2010: http://www.lancs.ac.uk/staff/tyfield/lowcarbonagri2010

Urry, J. (2010) 'Innovating Low Carbon Futures' at Royal Holloway, Geography Department Seminar Series, March 2010.

Tyfield. D. (2009) 'Disruptive Low Carbon Innovation in China: A Major Opportunity for China and the World' at China-UK Workshop on Disruptive Low Carbon Innovation in China, Hangzhou, 21st November 2009: http://www.lums.lancs.ac.uk/research/centres/ChinaCentre/lowcarbonchina/workshop-presentations/

Tyfield, D. (2009) 'Financing Low Carbon China' at Working with China on Sustainable Growth - The Climate Change, Environment, Energy Nexus, Wilton Park, 9th October 2009: http://www.lancs.ac.uk/staff/tyfield/WiltonPark

Tyfield, D. (2009) 'China, Low Carbon and Global Social Change' at Risk, Finance and Modernization: East and West, Shanghai, 29th September 2009: http://www.lancs.ac.uk/staff/tyfield/Shanghai09

David Tyfield in conversation with Paul French for Ethical Corporation Magazine (September 2009): http://www.ethicalcorp.com/content.asp?ContentID=6605

Tyfield, D. (2009) 'The Atlas of Ideas: Towards Cosmopolitan Innovation' at the INNO-Views Policy Workshop on Emerging Economies (BRICs) and Innovation: Implications for Innovation Policies in Europe, Delegation to the EU of Baden-Wuerttemberg, Brussels, July 8th/9th 2009: http://www.lancs.ac.uk/staff/tyfield/INNOViews; see also http://www.aimresearch.org/news/46/15/UK-China-Networks-of-Low-Carbon-Innovation

Tyfield, D. (2009) 'Greening China's Cars: How can International Collaboration be Harnessed?' at the China Policy Institute Seminar Series, Nottingham University, 24th February 2009: http://www.lancs.ac.uk/staff/tyfield/GreeningChinasCars

Urry, J. (2008) 'Innovation, Systems and Synchronisation', at the AIM Fellows Meeting, Imperial College, London, 6th November 2008.

Tyfield, D. (2008) 'Low Carbon China: the Role of International Collaboration' at the Inaugural Conference of the International Forum of Contemporary Chinese Studies, Post-Olympic China: Globalization and Sustainable Development after Three Decades of Reform, Nottingham University, 21st-23rd November 2008.

Urry. J. (2008) 'Sociology and Climate Change', Plenary Lecture at the Inaugural Conference of the International Sociological Association, Barcelona, Spain, 9th September 2008.

Tyfield, D. (2008) 'China-EU Networks of Low Carbon Innovation', presented at various universities around China, including Tsinghua University, Beijing; University of Science & Technology of China, Hefei; and Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan: http://www.lancs.ac.uk/staff/tyfield/LCINetworks

Wilsdon, J. (2008) 'The New Geography of Science and Soft Power', Inaugural Pujiang Innovation Forum, Shanghai, China.

Tyfield, D. (2008) 'Low Carbon Innovation in China: Prospects, Politics & Partnerships', at the Demos workshop on New Perspectives on Chinese Innovation, NESTA, London, 21st February 2008.

Tyfield, D. and J. Wilsdon (2007) 'The Era of Zizhu Chuangxin? Contemporary Discourses in China and their Impact on National and International Innovation Policy', at the Lancaster Linguistics Workshop on New Discourses in Contemporary China, Lancaster University, 20th September 2007.

Wilsdon, J. (2007) 'Between Techno-Nationalism and Cosmopolitan Innovation: Ethics and Sustainability as Factors in China-UK Scientific Collaboration', at the Joint Conference of the OECD and Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of China, Beijing, China, 27th August 2007.

Links

AIM Research: http://www.aimresearch.org

Re-Impact, Project on Biofuels Assessment: http://www.ceg.ncl.ac.uk/reimpact/

Green Leap Forward: http://greenleapforward.com