Future of International Law and Cyber Warfare

18th July 2013


In the digital age, kinetic warfare may no longer be the main vector of attack upon the Nation State. Likewise, the State's defence strategy will also need to consider means of digital resistance and retaliation. Government policy at domestic level is now developing around the best ways to implement cyberwarfare capability and resistance, as witnessed most recently by the initiation of 'cyber reserves'.

This workshop seeks to expose and explore key questions that arise in relation to the International Law applicable to cyberwarfare by bringing together key stakeholders from the military and academia for an informed discussion on the topic.  


Workshop Brief: Future of International Law and Cyber Warfare

Final Report: Future of International Law and Cyber Warfare


Dr Bela Chatterjee: Security Lancaster

Dr Chatterjee's work concentrates on interrogating transdisciplinary aspects of cyberlaw, if possible from a feminist perspective, with particular emphasis on gender, sexuality and sexual expression/pornography. She is also interested in identity and the law as broadly conceived. Her recent research has included: Legal interpretations of consensual sadomasochism in the sphere of employment law and human rights, a critical review of recent changes to encryption law and policy and an analysis of encryption law in relation to sex offenders and child pornography.

Dr Daniel Prince: Security Lancaster

Dr Daniel Prince is an associate director and business partnerships manager for Security Lancaster. Prior to this he was the course director for the multi-disciplinary MSc in Cyber Security teching penetration testing, digital forensics and information security risk management.

Daniel completed his undergraduate studies in Computer Systems Engineering in 2000 and went onto complete his PhD in Programmable Ad Hoc Networks in 2004. During his PhD he extensively worked with Mobile IPv6, working to complete an Implementation of Cisco IOS and as part of a team worked to implement the protocol in Windows CE. 

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Dr Mark Lacy: Security Lancaster

Mark Lacy is an associate director of SecurityLancaster, leading the SecurityFutures stream. I hold a PHD in International Relations (University of Sussex, UK, 2001). Prior to my work on SecurityLancaster I was part of a team that set up an inter-disciplinary theme year in our Institute of Advanced Studies on New Sciences of Protection: Designing Safe Living' (2007-2008). New Sciences of Protection brought together designers, technologists and social sciences to collaborate in various ways on emerging security problems and their social, economic and political impacts. The SecurityFutures stream of the centre is a space where we can create dialogue and collaboration on the future of cybersecurity in an age of 'digital geopolitics,' bringing together people from business, academia and the protection industries to create new perspectives on security and global politics.

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Dr James Summers: Law School - Lancaster University

Dr Summers' research interests lie generally in international law and its construction. He has a particular interest in the fields of peoples' rights, self-determination and statehood and the related cross-disciplinary topic of nationalism. He also has interests in the use of force and the laws of war, in international organisations and international environmental law.


Dr Jackson Maogoto: School of Law - Manchester University

Dr Maogoto's expertise is in the areas of Public International Law (Use of Force, International Human Rights & Humanitarian Law, International Criminal Law, Counter-terrorism and Space Law), Legal Methods & System and Transitional Democracy. He is available for interviews on matters relating to Use of Force, Private Military Companies, War Crimes, International Criminal Courts/ Tribunals, Space Law and Transitional Democracy.