Routledge Studies in conflict, security and technology
Technological advancement is radically changing all aspects of society from individuals, communities, businesses and states. However, the change is non-linear and accelerating creating uncertainty in what our future looks like and how we should respond and adapt.
This technological growth is played out on a backdrop of a developing concepts around security and defence in the spectrum from the individual to the state posing hard questions on what it actually is that we are trying to protect; our infrastructure? Our economic prosperity? Our liberty?
The book series aims to publish challenging studies mapping the terrain of modern security thinking as it is shaped and moulded by technological developments. Utilising a range of disciplinary perspectives, the series offers critical perspectives on issues concerning the public, businesses and policymakers, creating a space to explore events, technologies, policies and ideas that are shaping our future. The series focuses on the debates regarding the old games of power politics and organized crime played with new tools to the emerging discourses of security and new technology which give rise to unique actors and opportunities that impact on what security means in the 21st century. What is common to these discourses is the way that individuals, states, non-state actors and corporations become the subject and object of security in a manner that presents us with a range of ethical, legal, economic and technical problems in societies that is increasing shaped by the speed and disruption of new technology.
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Non-Linear Science and Warfare
This book examines the United States military’s use of concepts from non-linear science, such as chaos and complexity theory, in its efforts to theorise information-age warfare.
This book accounts for the uses that the US military has made of non-linear science by examining the long-standing historical relationship between the natural sciences and Western militaries. It identifies concepts and metaphors borrowed from natural science as a key formative factor behind the development of military theory, strategy, and doctrine. In doing so, Nonlinear Science and Warfare not only improves our understanding of the relationship between military professional identity, professional military education, and changes in technology, but also provides important insights into the evolving nature of conflict in the Information Age.
The evolving field of cyber-terrorism research is dominated by single-perspective, technological, political, or sociological texts. In contrast, Terrorism Online uses a multi-disciplinary framework to provide a broader introduction to debates and developments that have largely been conducted in isolation. Drawing together key academics from a range of disciplinary fields, including Computer Science, Engineering, Social Psychology, International Relations, Law and Politics, the volume focuses on three broad themes:
- How – and why – do terrorists engage with the Internet, digital technologies and cyberspace?
- What threat do these various activities pose, and to whom?
- How might these activities be prevented, deterred or addressed?
Exploring these themes, the book engages with a range of contemporary case studies and different forms of terrorism: from lone-actor terrorists and protest activities associated with ‘hacktivist’ groups to state-based terrorism. Through the book’s engagement with questions of law, politics, technology and beyond, the volume offers a holistic approach to cyberterrorism which provides a unique and invaluable contribution to this subject matter.
Cyber Warfare: A Multidisciplinary Analysis
Cyber warfare, meaning interstate cyber aggression, is an increasingly important emerging phenomenon in international relations, with state-orchestrated (or apparently state-orchestrated) computer network attacks occurring in Estonia (2007), Georgia (2008) and Iran (2010). This method of waging warfare – given its potential to, for example, make planes fall from the sky or cause nuclear power plants to melt down – has the capacity to be as devastating as any conventional means of conducting armed conflict. Every state in the world now has a cyber-defence programme and over 120 states also have a cyber-attack programme.
While the amount of literature on cyber warfare is growing within disciplines, our understanding of the subject has been limited by a lack of cross-disciplinary engagement. In response, this book, drawn from the fields of computer science, military strategy, international law, political science and military ethics, provides a critical overview of cyber warfare for those approaching the topic from whatever angle. Chapters consider the emergence of the phenomena of cyber warfare in international affairs; what cyber-attacks are from a technological standpoint; the extent to which cyber-attacks can be attributed to state actors; the strategic value and danger posed by cyber conflict; the legal regulation of cyber-attacks, both as international uses of force and as part of an on-going armed conflict, and the ethical implications of cyber warfare.