4. Studies of Political Practice

Kingship and Political Practice in General

  • Note esp. the important chapters about this topic by Peter Heather in the Cambridge Ancient History and by Janet Nelson in volumes 2 and 3 of the New Cambridge Medieval History.
  • Airlie, S., 'Charlemagne and the Aristocracy: Captains and Kings', in J. Story (ed.), Charlemagne: Empire and Society (Manchester, 2005), pp. 90-102. MSDC.
  • Airlie, S., 'The Palace of Memory: The Carolingian Court as Political Centre', in S. R. Jones, R. Marks, and A. J. Minnis (eds.), Courts and Regions in Medieval Europe (York, 2000), pp. 1-20. MBS7.
  • Airlie, S., 'True Teachers and Pious Kings: Salzburg, Louis the German, and Christian Order', in R. Gameson and H. Leyser (eds.), Belief and Culture in the Middle Ages: Studies Presented to Henry Mayr-Harting (Oxford, 2001), pp. 89-105. MBO7.
  • Althoff, G., 'Friendship and Political Order', in J. P. Haseldine (ed.), Friendship in Medieval Europe (Stroud, 1999), pp. 91-105. MBM.
  • Althoff, G., Family, Friends and Followers: Political and Social Bonds in Early Medieval Europe (Cambridge, 2003). MBS.*
  • Arnold, B., Power and Property in Medieval Germany: Economic and Social Change. c.900-1300 (Oxford, 2004). MHB.E.
  • Barton, R. E., Lordship in the County of Maine, c.890-1160 (Woodbridge, 2004). MTB.Q.
  • Corradini, R., M. Diesenberger and H. Reimitz (eds.), The Construction of Communities in the Early Middle Ages: Texts, Resources and Artefacts, The Transformation of the Roman World 12 (Leiden, 2003). MBD.H.
  • Davies, W., and P. Fouracre (eds.), The Settlement of Disputes in Early Medieval Europe (Cambridge, 1986). MBS7.
  • de Jong, M., The Penitential State: Authority and Atonement in the Age of Louis the Pious, 814–840 (Cambridge, 2009). MSDC.K.
  • Duggan, A. J. (ed.), Kings and Kingship in Medieval Europe (Woodbridge, 1992). MBS.
  • Fouracre, P. J., 'Conflict, Power and Political Legitimation in Francia in the Late Seventh and Eighth Centuries', in I. Alfonso, H. Kennedy and J. Escalona (eds.), Building Legitimacy: Political Discourses and Forms of Legitimacy in Medieval Societies, The Medieval Mediterranean: Peoples, Economies and Cultures, 400-1500, 53 (Leiden, 2004), pp. 3-26. MBS7.
  • Fouracre, P. J., 'Eternal Light and Earthly Needs: Practical Aspects of the Development of Frankish Immunities', in W. Davies and P. Fouracre (ed.), Property and Power in the Early Middle Ages (Cambridge, 1995), pp. 53-81. DQBA.
  • Fouracre, P. J., 'The Long Shadow of the Merovingians', in J. Story (ed.), Charlemagne: Empire and Society (Manchester, 2005), pp. 5-21. MSDC.*
  • Fouracre, P. J., 'The Nature of Frankish Political Instituions in the Seventh Century', in I. N. Wood (ed.), Franks and Alamans in the Merovingian Period, Studies in the History of Archaeoethnology 3 (Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1998), pp. 285-301. MSC7.
  • Gillingham, J., The Kingdom of Germany in the High Middle Ages (900-1200) (London, 1971). Though it relates to a somewhat different time period and is getting a bit old, this remains a fundamental discussion of medieval kingship. Pamphlet L69.
  • Hill, B. H., Medieval Monarchy in Action, The German Empire from Henry I to Henry IV (London, 1972). MHB.D.
  • Hummer, H. J., Politics and Power in Early Medieval Europe: Alsace and the Frankish Realm, 600-1000, Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought, 4th ser., 65 (Cambridge, 2006). MTG.Q.
  • Innes, M., 'Charlemagne's Government', in J. Story (ed.), Charlemagne: Empire and Society (Manchester, 2005), pp. 71-89. MSDC.*
  • Innes, M., 'Charlemagne's Will: Piety, Politics and the Imperial Succession', English Historical Review, 112 (1997), 833-55. Journals L6; JSTOR.
  • Kantorowicz, E. H., Laudes Regiae: A Study of Liturgical Acclamations and Medieval Ruler Worship (Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA, 1958). PR.G.
  • King, P. D., 'The Barbarian Kingdoms', in J. H. Burns (ed.), The Cambridge History of Medieval Political Thought, c. 359-1450 (Cambridge, 1988), pp. 123-53. MBS.
  • Lewis, A. R., 'The Dukes in the Regnum Francorum, A.D. 550-751', Speculum, 51 (1976), 381-410. Journals L6. JSTOR.
  • Leyser, K., 'Ottonian Government', English Historical Review, 96 (1981), 721-53. Journals L6. JSTOR. Rpt. in Leyser, K., Medieval Germany and its Neighbours (900-1250) (London, 1982). MBK.
  • MacLean, S., Kingship and Politics in the Late Ninth Century: Charles the Fat and the End of the Carolingian Empire, Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought, 4th ser. 57 (Cambridge, 2003). MSDP.J.
  • McKeon, P., Hincmar of Laon and Carolingian Politics (Urbana, IL, 1978). MSOP.
  • Mitteis, H. The State in the Middle Ages, A Comparative Constitutional History of Feudal Europe, trs. H. F. Orton (Amsterdam, 1975). MBT.
  • Murray, A. C., '"Pax et disciplina": Roman Public Law and the Merovingian State', in K. Pennington, S. Chodorow and K. H. Kendall (eds), Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress of Medieval Canon Law, Monumenta Iuris Canonici Series C, Subsidia (Vatican City, 2001), pp. 269-85; rpt. in T. F. X. Noble (ed.), From Roman Provinces to Barbarian Kingdoms (London, 2005), pp. 376-88. MBB.
  • Nelson, J. L., 'Kingship and Empire', in J. H. Burns (ed.), The Cambridge History of Medieval Political Thought, c. 359-1450 (Cambridge, 1988), pp. 211-51. MBS. Another version of this article appears under the title, 'Kingship and Empire in the Carolingian World,' in R. McKitterick (ed.), Carolingian Culture, Emulation and Innovation (Cambridge, 1994), pp. 52-87. MSD.I.
  • Nelson, J. L., 'Peers in the Early Middle Ages', in P. Stafford, J. L. Nelson, and J. Martindale (eds.), Law, Laity, and Solidarities: Essays in Honour of Susan Reynolds (Manchester, 2001), pp. 27-46. MBS7.
  • Nelson, J. L., 'The Lord's Anointed and the People's Choice: The Carolingian Royal Ritual', in D. Cannadine and S. Price (eds.), Rituals of Royalty: Power and Ceremonial in Traditional Societies (Cambridge, 1987), pp. 137-80. KEML.
  • Reuter, T., 'Assembly Politics in Western Europe from the Eighth Century to the Twelfth', in P. Linehan and J. L. Nelson (eds), The Medieval World (London and New York, 2001), pp. 432-50; rpt in T. Reuter, Medieval Polities and Modern Mentalities, ed. J. L. Nelson (Cambridge, 2006), pp. 193-216. MB.
  • Reuter, T., 'Plunder and Tribute in the Carolingian Empire', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th ser., 35 (1985), 75-94. Journals L6. Rpt in T. Reuter, Medieval Polities and Modern Mentalities, ed. J. L. Nelson (Cambridge, 2006), pp. 231-50. MB. Important for the relationship between warfare, royal patronage and the endowment of religious institutions.
  • Reuter, T., 'The End of Carolingian Military Expansion', in P. Godman and R. Collins (ed.), Charlemagne's Heir: New Perspectives on the Reign of Louis the Pious (814-840) (Oxford, 1990), pp. 391-405. MSDC7. Rpt in T. Reuter, Medieval Polities and Modern Mentalities, ed. J. L. Nelson (Cambridge, 2006), pp. 251-67. MB.
  • Reuter, T., Medieval Polities and Modern Mentalities, ed. J. L. Nelson (Cambridge, 2006). Collected essays by an important contributor to the debate.
  • Rosenwein, B. H., 'The Family Politics of Berengar I, King of Italy (888-924)', Speculum, 71 (1996), 247-89. Useful, not least for its concise account of the historiographical debate about of how medieval kingship worked. Journals L6. JSTOR.
  • Sullivan, R. E. (ed.), The Coronation of Charlemagne, What did it Signify? (Boston, 1959). MSDC.
  • Theuws, F., and J. L. Nelson (eds.), Rituals of Power: From Late Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages, The Transformation of the Roman World 8 (Leiden and Boston, 2000). MBB.
  • Ullmann, W., Principles of Government and Politics in the Middle Ages (3rd ed., London, 1974). R8F.
  • Ullmann, W., The Carolingian Renaissance and the Idea of Kingship (London, 1969). MSDC.
  • Wallace-Hadrill, J. M., Early Germanic Kingship in England and on the Continent (Oxford, 1971). MVC.
  • Werner, K.-F., 'Important Noble Families in the Kingdom of Charlemagne: A Prosopographical Study of the Relationship between King and Nobility in the Early Middle Ages', in T. Reuter (ed.), The Medieval Nobility (Amsterdam and New York, 1978), pp. 137-202. MSB.H.
  • White, S. D., Re-thinking Kinship and Feudalism in Early Medieval Europe, Variorum Collected Studies 823 (Aldershot, 2006). MBT. Collected Essays.
  • Wood, I. N., 'Administration, Law and Culture in Merovingian Gaul', in R. McKitterick (ed.), The Uses of Literacy in Early Medieval Europe (Cambridge, 1990), pp. 63-81; rpt. in T. F. X. Noble (ed.), From Roman Provinces to Barbarian Kingdoms (London, 2005), pp. 358-75. MBB.
  • Wormald, P., 'Kings and Kingship', in P. Fouracre (ed.), The New Cambridge Medieval History, vol. 1, c.500-c.700 (Cambridge, 2005), pp. 571-604. MB.*

Queenship

  • Duggan, A. J. (ed.), Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe (Woodbridge, 1997). Note esp. J. L. Nelson, 'Early Medieval Rites of Queen-Making and the Shaping of Medieval Queenship' (pp. 301-15). MBS.
  • Gilsdorf, S. (trs.), Queenship and Sanctity: The Lives of Matilda and the Epitaph of Adelheid, Medieval Texts in Translation (Washington, DC, 2004). MHBD. Lives of two important Ottonian queens.
  • MacLean, S., 'Queenship, Nunneries and Royal Widowhood in Carolingian Europe', Past and Present, 178 (2003), 3-38. L6. Online at Ingenta Select.
  • Parsons, J. C. (ed.), Medieval Queenship (London, 1994). MBS7.

Studies of Particular Rulers

  • Althoff, G., Otto III, trs. P. G. Jestice (University Park, PA, 2003). MHBD. Note also J. W. Bernhardt's useful review (and critique) of the German version of this book in Speculum, 73 (1998), 146-9.
  • Bates, D., J. Crick, and S. Hamilton (eds), Writing Medieval Biography, 750-1250: Essays in Honour of Professor Frank Barlow (Woodbridge, 2006). MBR. A collection of useful essays about the treatment of individual rulers in biographical texts such as J. L. Nelson, 'Did Charlemagne have a Private Life?' (pp. 15-28).
  • Boussard, J., The Civilisation of Charlemagne, trs. F. Partridge (London, 1968). MSD.C.
  • Collins, R., 'Theodebert, Rex Magnus Francorum', in P. Wormald with D. Bullough and R. Collins (eds.), Ideal and Reality in Frankish and Anglo-Saxon Society: Studies presented to J .M. Wallace-Hadrill (Oxford, 1983), pp. 7-33. MSC7.
  • Collins, R., Charlemagne (London, 1998). MSDC.
  • Goldberg, E. J., Struggle for Empire: Kingship and Conflict Under Louis the German, 817-876 (Ithaca, NY, 2006). MHBC. Also available online at Google Scholar.
  • Fouracre, P. J., The Age of Charles Martel (London, 2000). MSC.* Covers far more than the title suggests.
  • Fouracre, P. J., 'Writing about Charles Martel', in P. Stafford, J. L. Nelson, and J. Martindale (eds.), Law, Laity, and Solidarities: Essays in Honour of Susan Reynolds (Manchester, 2001), pp. 12-26. MBS7.
  • Ganz, D., 'Einhard's Charlemagne: The Characterisation of Greatness', in J. Story (ed.), Charlemagne: Empire and Society (Manchester, 2005), pp. 38-51. MSDC.*
  • Godman, P., and R. Collins (ed.), Charlemagne's Heir, New Perspectives on the Reign of Louis the Pious (814-840) (Oxford, 1990). Full of important essays. MSDC7.
  • Halphen, L., Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire, trs. G. de Nie (Amsterdam, 1977). MSDC.*
  • King, P. D., Charlemagne, Lancaster Pamphlets (London, 1986). Pamphlets. MSDC.
  • McKitterick, R., Charlemagne: The Formation of a European Identity (Cambridge, 2008), esp. chp. 2, 'Pippinids, Arnulfings and Agilolfings: The Creation of Dynasty'. MSDC.
  • Nelson, J. L., 'Charlemagne the Man', in J. Story (ed.), Charlemagne: Empire and Society (Manchester, 2005), pp. 22-37. MSDC.*
  • Nelson, J. L., Charles the Bald (London, 1992). MSDP.
  • Story, J. (ed.), Charlemagne: Empire and Society (Manchester, 2005). MSDC.* Includes numerous useful essays.

Military Organisation

  • Bachrach, B. S., Early Carolingian Warfare: Prelude to Empire (Philadelphia, Penn., 2001). MSD.M.
  • Bachrach, B. S., Merovingian Military Organization, 481-751 (Minneapolis, 1972). MSC.M.
  • Ganshof, F. L., Feudalism, trs. P. Grierson (3rd ed., London, 1964). MBT.
  • Halsall, G., Warfare and Society in the Barbarian West, 450-900 (London, 2003). MBD.M.
  • Odegaard, C., Vassi and Fideles in the Carolingian Empire (Cambridge, 1945). MSD.H.
  • Reynolds, S., Fiefs and Vassals, The Medieval Evidence Reinterpreted (Oxford, 1994). MBT.

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