Comparison of Italian and Spanish

Personal Pronouns

The Italian personal pronouns are summarized in the following table:

SubjectDirect Object Indirect ObjectStressedReflexive
1st pn sg.iomimimemi
2nd pn sg.tutititeti
3rd pn sg.lui/leilo/lagli/lelui/leisi
1st pn pl.noicicinoici
2nd pn pl.voivivivoivi
3rd pn pl.loroli/leglilorosi

Here, stressed means following a preposition. Sometimes, stressed pronouns are called disjunctive. Now compare this with the corresponding table for Spanish:

SubjectDirect Object Indirect ObjectStressedReflexive
1st pn sg.yomememe
2nd pn sg.tetetite
3rd pn sg.él/ellalo/laleél/ellase
1st pn pl.nosotrosnosnosnosotrosnos
2nd pn pl.vosotrosososvosotrosos
3rd pn pl.ellos/ellaslos/laslesellos/ellasse

Note the switch of 'i' and 'e' in the first and second person singular forms, and also in the third person reflexive forms. This can lead to confusion and needs to be memorized. (Compare mi piace, ti dico and si lavano with me gusta, te digo and se lavan, respectively.)

Here are some remarks about usage:

Created October 2006 by Adam N. Letchford.