This course introduces students to the historical and contemporary making of the 'Third World' (the global South) with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. It is divided into two parts. The first half explores historical processes, beginning with the creation of an international capitalist economy and its incorporation of the global South from the sixteenth century onwards and ends with an examination of neo-liberalism and the post-Washington consensus with its emphasis on poverty reduction and the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The second half explores key contemporary development policies, debates and actors such as foreign aid and international NGOs; diaspora politics and remittances; grassroots social movements; and the role of China in fostering a renewed focus on resource-based models of development including reformist, redistributive models as in Venezuela and Ecuador. The course objective is thus to equip students to critically appraise the complex interactions between Northern and Southern state and non-state actors in shaping current development policy and resistance to it.
James, CLR (1938) The Black Jacobins.
Fanon, F. (1961) The Wretched of the Earth.
Hobsbawm, E. (1968) Industry and Empire.
Rodney, W. (1972) How Europe Underdeveloped Africa.
Robinson, W. (1996) Promoting Polyarchy: Globalisation, US Intervention and Hegemony.
Hoogvelt, A. (2001) Globalisation and the Postcolonial World: The New Political Economy of Development.
Robinson, W. (2008) Latin America and Global Capitalism: A Critical Globalization Perspective.
Petras, J. & Veltmeyer, H. (2009) What's Left in Latin America? Regime Change in New Times.
Livingstone, G. (2009) America's Backyard: the United States and Latin America from the Monroe Doctrine to the War on Terror.
Wills, J. et al (2009) Global Cities at Work: New Migrant Divisions of Labour.
Lewis, D. & Kanji, N. (2009) Non-governmental Organizations and Development.
Holmen, H. (2010) Snakes in Paradise: NGOs and the Aid Industry in Africa.