Professor Carolyn JacksonProfessor
My research explores aspects of gender and education. Questions I investigate include: how do learner and gender identities intersect? What motives 'laddish' behaviours? What are the advantages and disadvantages of single-sex and co-educational schools or classrooms? How do fears operate in education, and with what effects? Why is 'effortless achievement' so appealing, and is it gendered?
I have also undertaken research on the doctoral examination process, especially the viva.
My research is guided by an overarching interest in gender issues in education, with particular interests in fears of failure, constructions and performances of 'laddish' masculinities and femininities, and single-sex and mixed-sex learning environments. I have undertaken various projects on boys' and girls' motives for 'laddish' behaviours in secondary schools, leading to several articles and a book - 'Lads' and 'Ladettes' in School: Gender and a Fear of Failure, published by Open University Press. This was awarded first prize for books published in 2006 by the Society for Educational Studies (SES). I edited a book (with Carrie Paechter and Emma Renold) entitled Girls and Education 3-16: Continuing Concerns, New Agendas, that was published in January 2010 by Open University Press. I am currently researching and publishing on fear in education, and also 'laddism' in higher education. I have just completed two projects. The first explored 'laddism' among university sports science students funded by the Society for Educational Studies (with Steve Dempster, Lancaster University and Lucie Pollard, Greenwich). The second was funded by the SRHE (with Vanita Sundaram, University of York) and entitled 'Are 'lad cultures' a problem in Higher Education? Exploring the perspectives and responses of HEI Staff'. A book from this project entitled 'Lad Culture in Higher Education: Sexism, Sexual Harassment and Violence' was published by Routledge in 2020.
I am currently working on a project funded by the Swedish Research Council entitled 'Staging the successful student in higher education' with Anne-Sofie Nystrom and Minna Salminen Karlsson (Uppsala University, Sweden). This project explores constructions of student identities and wellbeing in highly competitive degree programmes - Law, Medicine, Engineering Physics - in Sweden and England.
I have also conducted research on the PhD examination process in Britain and published (with Penny Tinkler, 2004) The Doctoral Examination Process: A Guide for Students, Examiners and Supervisors (Open University Press).
Watch a video (Carolyn Jackson talks about single-sex schools and her research interests)
Watch a video (Carolyn Jackson talks about single-sex classes in co-educational schools)
Watch Carolyn's seminar at the University of Sussex on 27th January 2014 entitled 'They just don't seem to really care, they just think it's cool to sit there and talk': Laddism in Higher Education.
Watch Carolyn's lecture on 'Lad' cultures in Education. This is an abridged version of Carolyn's lecture on 21st January 2015 which was part of Lancaster University's 50th Anniversary Lecture series.
I am currently Associate Dean for Equality, Diversity, Inclusion (EDI) and People in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS); I supervise PhD students.
PhD Supervision Interests
All aspects of gender and education. For example, single-sex and co-educational learning environments, girls' in- and out-of-school lives, concerns about boys' 'underachievement', constructions of gendered learner identities, gender and teacher identities, gender and the curriculum, gendered identities in Higher Education. Social psychology of teaching and learning, especially motives for learning or not learning, fear of failure, how classroom environments and peers shape approaches to learning and learner identities. Fear in education - the effects of fear on all aspects of school and university life.
Gender and Education
Jackson, C. 22/04/2020 In: Introducing Gender and Women's Studies (5th Edition). Red Globe Press ISBN: 9781352009903, 9781352009927. Electronic ISBN: 9781352009910.
Lad Culture in Higher Education: Sexism, Sexual Harassment and Violence
Jackson, C., Sundaram, V. 2020 London : Routledge. 152 p. ISBN: 9781138571310. Electronic ISBN: 9780203702901.
What counts as success?: Constructions of achievement in prestigious higher education programmes
Nyström, A., Jackson, C., Salminen Karlsson, M. 1/07/2019 In: Research Papers in Education. 34, 4, p. 465-482. 18 p.
Coping with Higher Education Expectations: Wellbeing and Prestige-related Stress in Medicine and Law
Nystrom, A., Jackson, C. 1/01/2019 In: Social Justice in Times of Crisis and Hope. Peter Lang p. 27-43. 17 p. ISBN: 9781433162138. Electronic ISBN: 9781433163708.
‘Monstrous men’ and ‘sex scandals': the myth of exceptional deviance in sexual harassment and violence in education
Sundaram, V., Jackson, C.P. 11/12/2018 In: Palgrave Communications. 4, 5 p.
‘I have a sense that it's probably quite bad … but because I don't see it, I don't know’: staff perspectives on ‘lad culture’ in higher education
Jackson, C.P., Sundaram, V. 15/08/2018 In: Gender and Education.
'More than boy, girl, male, female': exploring young people's views on gender diversity within and beyond schools contexts
Bragg, S., Renold, E., Ringrose, J., Jackson, C.P. 04/2018 In: Sex Education. 18, 4, p. 420-434. 15 p.
Rape culture, lad culture and everyday sexism: researching, conceptualizing and politicizing new mediations of gender and sexual violence
Phipps, A., Ringrose, J., Renold, E., Jackson, C.P. 01/2018 In: Journal of Gender Studies. 27, 1, p. 1-8. 8 p.
Affective dimensions of learning
Jackson, C.P. 2018 In: Contemporary Theories of Learning. London : Routledge p. 139-152. 14 p. ISBN: 9781138550483, 9781138550490. Electronic ISBN: 9781315147277.
Affective dimensions of learning
Jackson, C. 31/08/2015 In: Sage handbook of learning. London : Sage ISBN: 9781446287569.
'Smart students get perfect scores in tests without studying much': why is an effortless achiever identity attractive, and for whom is it possible?
Jackson, C., Nyström, A. 2015 In: Research Papers in Education. 30, 4, p. 393-410. 18 p.
‘They just don’t seem to really care, they just think it’s cool to sit there and talk’: laddism in university teaching-learning contexts
Jackson, C., Dempster, S., Pollard, L. 2015 In: Educational Review. 67, 3, p. 300-314. 15 p.
The past in the present: historicising contemporary debates about gender and education
Tinkler, P., Jackson, C. 28/01/2014 In: Gender and Education. 26, 1, p. 70-86. 17 p.
Degrees of laddishness: laddism in higher education
Dempster, S., Jackson, C. 2014
Single-sex classes in science
Jackson, C. 2014 In: Encyclopedia of science education . Springer Netherlands 2 p.
Entry for encyclopedia/dictionary
A qualitative approach to intergroup relations: exploring the applicability of the Social Identity Approach to 'messy' school contexts
Jackson, C., Sherriff, N. 2013 In: Qualitative Research in Psychology. 10, 3, p. 259-273. 15 p.
Fear in and about education
Jackson, C. 2013 In: Contemporary debates in the sociology of education. Basingstoke : Palgrave-Macmillan p. 185-201. 16 p. ISBN: 9781137269874.
'I've been sort of laddish with them … one of the gang' : teachers' perceptions of 'laddish' boys and how to deal with them.
Jackson, C. 09/2010 In: Gender and Education. 22, 5, p. 505-519. 15 p.
Demanding time: balancing school and out-of-school demands.
Jackson, C. 2010 In: Girls and Education 3-16: Continuing Concerns, New Agendas. Maidenhead : Open University 256 p. ISBN: 033523562X.
Fear in Education
Jackson, C. 2010 In: Educational Review. 62, 1, p. 39-52. 14 p.
Girls and Education 3-16: Continuing Concerns, New Agendas
Jackson, C., Paechter, C., Renold, E., Jackson, C., Paechter, C., Renold, E. 2010 Maidenhead : Open University. 256 p. ISBN: 033523562X.
'I sat back on my computer . . . with a bottle of whisky next to me': constructing 'cool' masculinity through 'effortless' achievement in secondary and higher education
Jackson, C., Dempster, S. 2009 In: Journal of Gender Studies. 18, 4, p. 341-356.
Single Sex Schools.
Jackson, C. 2009 In: The Child: An Encyclopedic Companion. Chicago : University of Chicago Press 1105 p. ISBN: 9780226475394.
Tinkler, P., Jackson, C. 2008 In: The postgraduate's companion. London : Sage p. 369-384. 16 p. ISBN: 141293026X.
'Ladettes' and 'Modern Girls': 'troublesome' young femininities
Jackson, C., Tinkler, P. 10/05/2007 In: The Sociological Review. 55, 2, p. 251-272. 22 p.
A Guide for internal and external doctoral examiners.
Jackson, C., Tinkler, P., Denicolo, P. 2007 London : Society for Research into Higher Education. 36 p.
The doctoral viva.
Jackson, C., Tinkler, P. 2007 In: Como fazer um doutoramento: Desafios às universidades, práticas pessoais e organização dos tempos [How to do a PhD: Challenges to universities, personal practices and time management].. Porto : Edicoes Ecopy p. 113-143. 31 p.
Wild' girls? An exploration of 'ladette' cultures in secondary schools.
Jackson, C. 1/07/2006 In: Gender and Education. 18, 4, p. 339-360. 22 p.
'Lads' and 'ladettes' in school: Gender and a fear of failure.
Jackson, C. 2006 Maidenhead : Open University Press. ISBN: 0335217710.
Gender and school choice: factors influencing parents when choosing single-sex or co-educational independent schools for their children
Jackson, C., Bisset, M. 2005 In: Cambridge Journal of Education. 35, 2, p. 195-211. 17 p.
The doctoral examination process : a handbook for students, examiners and supervisors.
Tinkler, P., Jackson, C. 2004 Maidenhead : Open University in association with the Society for Research into Higher Education. 228 p. ISBN: 0335213057 (pbk.) 0335213065 (hbk.).
Ways of understanding motivation
Galloway, D., Rogers, C., Armstrong, D., Leo, E., Jackson, C. 2004 In: The RoutledgeFalmer Reader in Psychology of Education. London : Routledge/Falmer p. 89-105. 17 p. ISBN: 0415327695 .
Transitions into higher education : gendered implications for academic self-concept.
Jackson, C. 09/2003 In: Oxford Review of Education. 29, 3, p. 331-346. 16 p.
Motives for 'Laddishness' at school: Fear of failure and fear of the 'feminine'.
Jackson, C. 1/08/2003 In: British Educational Research Journal. 29, 4, p. 583-598. 16 p.
Can single-sex classes in co-educational schools enhance the learning experiences of girls and/or boys? An exploration of pupils' perceptions.
Jackson, C. 1/01/2002 In: British Educational Research Journal. 28, 1, p. 37-48. 12 p.
'Laddishness' as a Self-worth Protection Strategy.
Jackson, C. 2002 In: Gender and Education. 14, 1, p. 37-50. 14 p.
In the dark? Preparing for the PhD viva.
Jackson, C., Tinkler, P. 2002 In: Quality Assurance in Education. 10, 2, p. 86-97. 12 p.
Back to basics : a consideration of the purposes of the Ph.D. viva.
Jackson, C., Tinkler, P. 2001 In: Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education. 26, 4, p. 355-366. 12 p.
The Ph.D. : gender dimensions and feminist issues.
Leonard, D., Jackson, C., Tinkler, P., David, M. 2001 In: Proceedings of a conference : Politics of gender and education. London : Institute of Education
Poles apart? : an exploration of single-sex educational environments in Australia and England.
Jackson, C., Smith, I.D. 12/2000 In: Educational Studies. 26, 4, p. 409-422. 14 p.
The importance of gender as an aspect of identity at key transition points in compulsory education.
Jackson, C., Warin, J. 06/2000 In: British Educational Research Journal. 26, 3, p. 375-391. 17 p.
Examining the Doctorate: institutional policy and the PhD examination process in Britain.
Tinkler, P., Jackson, C. 2000 In: Studies in Higher Education. 25, 2, p. 167-180. 14 p.
The PhD examination: an exercise in community building and gatekeeping.
Jackson, C. 2000 In: Higher education and its communities. Buckingham : Society for Research into Higher Education and Open University Press p. 38-50. 13 p. ISBN: 0335207340.
Underachieving’ boys? Some points for consideration.
Jackson, C. 1999 In: Curriculum. 20, 2, p. 80-85. 6 p.
Staging the successful student in higher education - extension
01/09/2018 → 31/05/2019
Are "lad" cultures a problem in higher education
01/01/2014 → 31/12/2014
Laddism in Higher Education
01/09/2011 → 31/08/2012
- Centre for Gender and Women's Studies
- Centre for Higher Education Research and Evaluation
- Centre for Social Justice and Wellbeing in Education