Professor Luke Harding

Professor in Linguistics and English Language

Research Interests

My research interests are in the area of language assessment and applied linguistics more broadly, with a focus on:

* Links to open-access papers provided

Language testing in the ‘hostile environment’: The discursive construction of ‘secure English language testing’ in the United Kingdom
Harding, L., Brunfaut, T., Unger, J.W. 1/10/2020 In: Applied Linguistics. 41, 5, p. 662–687. 26 p.
Journal article

International language proficiency standards in the local context: Interpreting the CEFR in standard setting for exam reform in Luxembourg
Brunfaut, T., Harding, L. 29/04/2020 In: Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice. 27, 2, p. 215-231. 17 p.
Journal article

Trajectories of language assessment literacy in a teacher-researcher partnership: Locating elements of praxis through narrative inquiry
Harding, L., Brunfaut, T. 29/02/2020 In: Towards a reconceptualization of second language classroom assessment. Cham : Springer p. 61-81. 21 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Towards a comprehensive, empirical model of language assessment literacy across stakeholder groups: Developing the Language Assessment Literacy Survey
Kremmel, B., Harding, L. 1/01/2020 In: Language Assessment Quarterly. 17, 1, p. 100-120. 21 p.
Journal article

A most engaging scholar: Tim McNamara and the role of language testing expertise
Pill, J., Harding, L.W. 22/03/2019 In: Social perspectives on language testing. Berlin, Germany : Peter Lang p. 217-228. 12 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Disagreement practices in ELF academic group discussion: Verbal, non-verbal and interactional strategies
Toomaneejinda, A., Harding, L.W. 28/08/2018 In: Journal of English as a Lingua Franca. 7, 2, p. 307–332. 26 p.
Journal article

Listening to an unfamiliar accent: Exploring difficulty, strategy use, and evidence of adaptation on listening assessment tasks
Harding, L.W. 08/2018 In: Assessing L2 listening. John Benjamins p. 98-112. 15 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Going online: The effect of mode of delivery on performances and perceptions on an English L2 writing test suite
Brunfaut, T., Harding, L., Batty, A. 04/2018 In: Assessing Writing. 36, p. 3-18.
Journal article

Teachers setting the assessment (literacy) agenda: a case study of a teacher-led national test development project in Luxembourg
Brunfaut, T., Harding, L. 04/2018 In: Teacher involvement in high stakes language testing. Cham : Springer p. 155-172. 18 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

World Englishes and English as a Lingua Franca
Sebba, M., Harding, L. 5/02/2018 In: English Language. Palgrave ISBN: 9781137571823. Electronic ISBN: 9781137571854.

The IELTS listening test
Holzknecht, F., Harding, L.W. 01/2018 In: The TESOL Encyclopedia of English Language Teaching. Wiley
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Reconceptualizing English language listening assessment: Mapping out the challenges
Harding, L. 2018 In: Reconceptualizing English language teaching and learning in the 21st century. Crane Publishing Co. Ltd.

Language assessment: The challenge of ELF
Harding, L.W., McNamara, T. 30/08/2017 In: Routledge Handbook of English as a Lingua Franca. London : Routledge
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Bridging assessment and learning: a view from second and foreign language assessment
Alderson, J.C., Brunfaut, T., Harding, L. 26/07/2017 In: Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice. 24, 3, p. 379-387. 9 p.
Journal article

Pronunciation assessment
Isaacs, T., Harding, L. 07/2017 In: Language Teaching. 50, 3, p. 347-366. 20 p.
Journal article

Validity in pronunciation assessment
Harding, L. 22/06/2017 In: Assessment in second language pronunciation. London : Routledge
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Examen de fin d'études secondaires, Anglais: A baseline survey with teachers
Brunfaut, T., Harding, L. 2017 Lancaster University. 44 p.
Commissioned report

What do raters need in a pronunciation scale?: the users' view
Harding, L. 22/12/2016 In: Second language pronunciation assessment. Multilingual Matters
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Teacher assessment literacy and professional development
Harding, L., Kremmel, B. 03/2016 In: Handbook of second language assessment. Mouton de Gruyter
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

GESE International Examiner Research Project: Final report
Harding, L.W., Griffiths, M. 2016 Trinity College London.
Commissioned report

Diagnostic assessment of reading and listening in a second or foreign language: elaborating on diagnostic principles
Harding, L., Alderson, C., Brunfaut, T. 07/2015 In: Language Testing. 32, 3, p. 317-336. 20 p.
Journal article

Towards a theory of diagnosis in second and foreign language assessment: insights from professional practice across diverse fields
Alderson, J.C., Brunfaut, T., Harding, L. 05/2015 In: Applied Linguistics. 36, 2, p. 236-260. 25 p.
Journal article

Review of Geranpayeh, A. and Taylor, L. (Eds.). (2013). Examining listening: Research and practice in assessing second language listening
Harding, L. 01/2015 In: Language Testing. 32, 1, 4 p.
Book/Film/Article review

Adaptability and ELF communication: the next steps for communicative language testing?
Harding, L. 2015 In: Selected proceedings from the IATEFL TEA SIG 2014 conference (Granada).
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Communicative language testing: current issues and future research
Harding, L. 21/05/2014 In: Language Assessment Quarterly. 11, 2, p. 186-197. 12 p.
Journal article

Issues in language testing revisited
Alderson, J.C., Brunfaut, T., Harding, L. 21/05/2014 In: Language Assessment Quarterly. 11, 2, 4 p.

Developing English language tests for Luxembourg secondary schools: The Test Design and Evaluation (TDE) project, 2011-2014
Brunfaut, T., Harding, L. 2014 Lancaster University. 27 p.
Commissioned report

Linking the GEPT listening test to the Common European Framework of Reference
Brunfaut, T., Harding, L. 2014 Taiwan : Language Training and Testing Centre. 75 p.
Other report

Report on the joint IATEFL PronSIG / TESOL SPLIS group webinar
Harding, L., Selman, A. 2014 Speak Out!, 51, p. 63-69. 7 p.

Defining the language assessment literacy gap: evidence from a parliamentary inquiry
Pill, J., Harding, L. 07/2013 In: Language Testing. 30, 3, p. 381-402. 22 p.
Journal article

Pronunciation assessment
Harding, L. 2013 In: The encyclopedia of applied linguistics. Blackwell
Entry for encyclopedia/dictionary

Accent, listening assessment and the potential for a shared-L1 advantage: a DIF perspective
Harding, L. 2012 In: Language Testing. 29, 2, p. 163-180. 18 p.
Journal article

Accent and listening assessment: A validation study of the use of speakers with L2 accents on an academic English listening test
Harding, L. 2011 Frankfurt : Peter Lang. 291 p. ISBN: 978-3-631-60939-2.

Assessor decision-making while marking a note-taking listening test: the case of the OET
Harding, L., Pill, J., Ryan, K. 2011 In: Language Assessment Quarterly. 8, 2, p. 108-126. 19 p.
Journal article

Investigating the validity of the ESL VELS student data: Final report
Macqueen, S., Harding, L., Elder, C. 2011 Department of Education and Early Childhood Development, Victorian State Government.
Commissioned report

Review of the Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE) speaking test
Macqueen, S., Harding, L. 07/2009
Literature review

Decision-making in marking open-ended listening test items: the case of the OET
Harding, L., Ryan, K. 2009 In: Spaan Fellow Working Papers in Second or Foreign Language Assessment. 7, p. 99-114. 16 p.
Journal article

Accent and academic listening assessment: A study of test-taker perceptions
Harding, L. 2008 In: Melbourne Papers in Language Testing. 13, 1, p. 1-33.
Journal article

Language Testing and English as an International Language Constraints and Contributions
Elder, C., Harding, L. 2008 In: Australian Review of Applied Linguistics. 31, 3, p. 34.1-34.11. 12 p.
Journal article

Different generations, different needs: Migrant youth in English language programs
Harding, L., Wigglesworth, G. 2005 In: Prospect: An Australian Journal of TESOL. 20, 3, p. 6-23. 18 p.
Journal article