Process Automation MSc
This MSc is a long-established programme having previously been taught by Sheffield University, Newcastle University and Imperial College London. It transferred to Lancaster University in 2020.
Process automation makes the sort of plant and equipment used in the chemicals and process industry sector come alive. It is through their control systems that plants are started up and operated. And those systems underpin all aspects of operability, productivity, quality, reliability, safety, sustainability, viability and so on. Modern automation systems are complex and designing them, putting them together, getting them to work, operating and maintaining them is challenging. It requires a breadth and depth of knowledge across a range of disciplines involving a variety of theory and techniques, technology and practice, skills and knowhow. This is an exciting area to work in with no shortage of opportunities.
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Tab Content: Course overview
The significance of automation in the chemical and process industries has grown and continues to increase inexorably. That growth has been partly driven by developments in control and information technology with the control systems themselves having evolved in both flexibility and functionality. However, the primary driver has been economic, recognising that the technology can deliver substantive benefits in terms of operability, productivity, quality, reliability, safety, sustainability and viability.
This programme will develop your expertise in the design and development, application, operation and management of control and related systems.
For both the MSc and PGDip, you will select eight modules from the options below. This flexibility allows you to tailor your studies to suit your interests, needs and background. Each module takes approximately three months to complete, consisting of a 1-week block of teaching followed by an assignment and an exam. Students will typically study two or three modules per year. There is a five-year time limit for completion of the MSc which includes the industrial project, and a four year limit for the Postgraduate Diploma.
Students enrolled on the Postgraduate Diploma may transfer to the MSc upon successful completion of four modules.
Tab Content: Apprenticeship
You can take the MSc degree as part of the level 7 apprenticeship in process automation (PA7). Organisations in England whose payroll costs are £3 million or more per annum, pay a training levy of 0.5% of their payroll costs to the Government. These companies are eligible for Education and Skills Funding Agency (ESFA) funding for sponsorship of employees as apprentices on PA7. That funding is worth £27,000 per apprentice to cover the MSc degree fees and PA7 administration costs.
Tab Content: Schedule
The calendar year 2021
|PA/262||15th-19th March||Chemical Engineering Principles||28th May|
|PA/263||10th-14th May||Instrumentation and Measurement||23rd July|
|PA/264||12th-16th July||Control Systems Technology||1st October|
|PA/265||13th-17th September||Control Schemes and Strategies||3rd December|
|PA/266||15th-19th November||Functional Safety and Security||28th January 2022|
The calendar year 2022
|PA/267||January||Chemical Engineering Principles||March|
|PA/268||February||Classical Control Systems Design||April|
|PA/269||March||Instrumentation and Measurement||May|
|PA/270||April||Management of Automation Projects||June|
|PA/271||May||Modelling and Simulation||July|
|PA/272||June||Control Systems Technology||September|
|PA/273||July||Process Analytical Technology||September|
|PA/274||September||Advanced Process Automation*||November|
|PA/275||October||Control Schemes and Strategies||January 2023|
|PA/276||November||Functional Safety and Security||January 2023|
|PA/277||December||Optimisation and Scheduling*||February 2023|
The calendar year 2023
|PA/278||January||Chemical Engineering Principles||March|
|PA/279||February||Classical Control Systems Design||April|
|PA/280||March||Instrumentation and Measurement||May|
|PA/281||April||Management of Automation Projects||June|
|PA/282||May||Modelling and Simulation||July|
|PA/283||June||Control Systems Technology||September|
|PA/284||July||Process Analytical Technology||September|
|PA/285||September||Modern Control Systems Design*||November|
|PA/286||October||Control Schemes and Strategies||January 2024|
|PA/287||November||Functional Safety and Security||January 2024|
|PA/288||December||Advanced Process Control*||February 2024|
*Although the pattern of modules repeats annually, these modules are only offered biennially.
Exams are normally held on the Friday closest to the end of the month as shown, but dates may be adjusted to accommodate bank holidays and other substantive factors.
The course is offered in one-week blocks of intensive tuition that would usually be delivered on a face-to-face basis on campus at Lancaster University. However, on account of the coronavirus situation, as an interim measure, the first few modules will be delivered on a remote/webinar basis using Microsoft Teams. The situation will be kept under review and decisions about the mode of delivery will be made as appropriate in the light of developments.
Tab Content: Fees and entry requirements
|CPD module||£2,100 per module|
Modules may be paid for either on a module-at-a-time basis or on a lump sum basis. Students (or their organisations) will be invoiced at the time of a module.
In the case of students who are PA7 apprentices, payment is in accordance with ESFA rules: that is, taken from their employers' levy accounts over the planned 5-year horizon of the apprenticeship rather than linked to module delivery.
|Course||Academic requirements||Prior industrial experience|
|MSc degree||BSc, BEng, MEng etc with 2.2 Hons in an appropriate discipline||Desirable|
|Diploma||HNC, HND etc in an appropriate discipline||Significant and relevant experience|
|CPD modules||Sufficient prior knowledge and experience to benefit from doing the module|
Employment in the chemicals and process industry sector with a job function in instrumentation, control or automation is required for all options.
For students whose first language is not English, a minimum score of 6.5 in the IELTS test is also required.
Tab Content: PACT
The Partnership in Automation and Control Training (PACT) was originally formed in 1992. It consists of a consortium of companies and bodies representative of the UK chemicals and process industry. The PACT aims to enable companies in the chemicals and process sector to maintain and improve their competitive edge by creating a supply of personnel who understand and can apply modern automation techniques effectively.
In 2020, the PACT signed a comprehensive Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Lancaster University in which, together, they committed to the delivery of the MSc degree and level 7 apprenticeship in Process Automation (PA7). That MoU underpins the long term provision of and support for the MSc/PA7.
The current PACT members includes the following companies:
Note: AstraZeneca subject to confirmation.
And the following trade bodies:
On account of the coronavirus situation, as an interim measure, all modules until April 2021 will be delivered on a remote basis using Microsoft Teams or other online platforms. The situation will be kept under review and decisions about the mode of delivery will be made in the light of developments.
Advanced Process Automation
- Multivariate statistics: multiple linear regression, principal component analysis
- Statistical process control
- Management information systems
- Batch process automation
- Underlying principles of fuzzy systems, neural networks and artificial intelligence.
Advanced Process Control
- Identification and estimation
- Least squares methods
- Observers and filters
- Adaptive and self-tuning control
- Minimum variance
- Extended horizons
- Model predictive control
- Case studies
- Recursive implementation
- Integration with optimisers
- Non-linear control.
Chemical Engineering Principles
- Survey of unit operations
- Principle of operation and principal characteristics of items of plant
- Physical relationships
- Mass and energy balances
- Use of steam
- Recycle processes
- Fluid flow, pumps and piping
- Heat transfer and exchangers
Classic Control Systems Design
- Ordinary differential equations: revision
- Use of Laplace transforms
- Transfer functions
- Block diagram algebra
- Characteristic equation: nature of stability
- Frequency response
- Bode stability criterion
- Root locus
- S-plane and significance of poles and zeros
Control Schemes and Strategies
- Feedback control
- Effect of PID settings
- Controller tuning
- Cascade, ratio and feedforward control strategies
- P&I diagrams: translation into block diagrams
- Process of determination
- Schemes for control of various items of plant and equipment
- Sequence control and structures.
Control Systems Technology
- Architecture: evolution from SCADA & DCS
- Enabling technologies: comms and networks, real and virtual
- System hardware and I/O subsystems
- System software
- Application software: IEC 61131
- Operator interface
- Introduction to relational databases
Functional Safety and Security
- Nature of risk
- Layers of safety
- Hazard analysis: limitations of HAZOP, LOPA, fault trees
- Determination of reliability
- Proof testing
- IEC 61508 and 61511
- Protection system design
- SIL ratings
- Threat management
- Firewalls and demilitarised zones
Instrumentation and Measurement (I&M)
- Measurement of flow, level, weight and temperature
- Use of dp cells
- Valve design and sizing
- Variable speed drives
- Sustainability case study
- Fieldbus and wireless technologies
- Hazardous areas and intrinsic safety
- System layout and segregation
Management of Automation Projects
- Project life cycle and waterfall model
- Costs and benefits analysis
- Turnkey projects
- Management roles
- Requirements specifications (URS and FDS)
- Testing (FAT and SAT)
- Model forms of contract: lumpsum vs reimbursable
- Quality and TQM
- Human factors
Modelling and Simulations
- First principles model development
- Linearisation and deviation variables
- Assumptions and approximations
- Transfer function and state-space models
- Input-output relationships
- Dynamic simulation
- Process and plant models: exchangers, columns, reactors
Modern Control Systems Design
- Matrix algebra: revision
- State space
- Multiloop control and RGA
- State feedback regulators
- Observer design
- Multivariable controllers
- Introduction to model reference and adaptive control
- Sampled data systems
- Pulse transfer functions
- Impulse compensator design
Optimisation and Scheduling
- Linear programming
- Objective function and constraints
- Simplex method
- Branch and bound
- Steepest descent
- Lagrangian functions
- Slack variables
- Quadratic programming
- Real-time optimisers
- Integration with model predictive controllers
- Genetic algorithms
Process Analytical Technology
- NIR and FTIR spectroscopy
- Online analysers
- Sampling systems
- Calibration, validation and operation
- Pharma applications and FDA
- Emissions monitoring
- Sensors for gas species
- Electrochemical measurements
- Introduction to chemometrics
MSc Industrial Project
Your project consists of some research, development or design work undertaken in your company, and which is documented in a submitted dissertation. The project must be of sufficient importance to your sponsoring company to justify the time and cost involved. It must also satisfy the academic criteria of relevance and difficulty to justify the award of the MSc degree.
How you will learn
We place great emphasis on interactive learning, and you will learn from our academic experts and leading industrialists. We provide a balance of theory and practice, technology and techniques, information and understanding. Modules will typically include group discussions, demonstrations, presentations, problem-solving, case studies, practical work and simulation exercises.
Short courses for CPD
Each of the modules can be taken as a standalone continuing professional development (CPD) course with assessment optional.
The programme has previously been accredited by three professional bodies: IChemE, IET and InstMC. They have been approached about re-accreditation of the programme for further learning to Masters level at Lancaster, and we are confident of the outcome. Subject to the requirements of relevant experience and a position of responsibility, for those admitted with an accredited BEng degree, the award of the MSc degree should lead to Chartered Engineer (CEng) status.
The PACT Student Award is awarded annually to recognise achievement and to promote the industry. The Award is sponsored by GAMBICA, the trade association for instrumentation, control, automation and laboratory technology in the UK.