The Dutch CEFR Grid Reading / Listening

About the grid

The Dutch CEFR Construct GRID allows test developers to analyse tests of Reading and Listening, in order to relate them to the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR). Information about each task, text and item in the test is entered into the GRID by specifying their characteristics (e.g. text source, discourse type, estimated difficulty level, etc) from a range of options derived from the CEFR. The analyst must, however, be fully familiar with the CEFR in order to use the GRID effectively. For further guidance see familiarising yourself with the CEFR.


This instrument has evolved during the Dutch CEFR Construct Project, funded by the Dutch Ministry of Education.
The Project Coordinator was J Charles Alderson, Lancaster University and the Team members were:

The aim of the Project was to develop an instrument that would help test developers and item bankers to relate their tests of reading and/ or listening to the Common European Framework of Reference (large pdf file: 1.1 MB). This Project is in many ways complementary to the Manual Project of the Council of Europe (external links).

An important component of the linking process is to characterise the content of test items and tasks, and the Project Team believes that this process can be facilitated by completing this Grid. However, an equally important component is the analysis of the empirical results of the test on suitable samples of the intended population. Only once the results of the content analysis have been combined with the standards set by a standard setting process as described in the Manual (large pdf file: 1.27 MB), based on the empirical results of the test, can a claimed link to the CEFR be explored.

Before completing the Grid, however, analysts should be thoroughly familiar with the Common European Framework (CEFR). For further guidance see familiarising yourself with the CEFR.

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