Department of Economics,
Office phone + 44 1524 594215
Office fax + 44 1524 594244
Home phone + 44 1524 770767
Mobile phone + 44 7969 191043
DATE OF BIRTH: 26 April 1958
MARITAL STATUS Married (1987), three children (b. 1991, 1992 and 1994)
NATIONALITY: BRITISH (Passport number 103865970)
Professor of Economics, Lancaster University, 2000-date.
Senior Lecturer in Economics, Lancaster University, 1992-1999.
Lecturer (B) in Economics, Lancaster University, 1989-1992.
Lecturer (A) in Economics, Lancaster University, 1982-1989.
Professor of Economics,
Visiting Professor of
Visiting Fellow, Economics
Honorary Visiting Professor, Beijing Normal University, 2004-2009.
Associate Fellow, ESRC
Centre on Skills, Knowledge and Organisational
Performance (SKOPE), Universities of
Associate Fellow, Advanced Institute of Management (AIM), 2007-date.
PhD: 'The occupational mobility
of unemployed labour',
(Registration for this degree was initially at University College Cardiff, 1981-82.)
Certificate of Achievement in Coaching and Mentoring,
AWARDS AND CITATIONS:
Economics LTSN Award for Outstanding Teaching, 2003
‘One of the world’s pioneering academic podcasters’, Guardian 17 August 2005.
Economics of education
Spatial labour markets
Courses currently taught:
Part 1 Economics
AUTHORED BOOKS AND MONOGRAPHS
An exploratory analysis of
the cost structure of higher education in England, Department for Education
and Skills (with J. Johnes, P. Lenton,
Fundamentals of Labor Economics, Houghton Mifflin (with T.J. Hyclak and R.J. Thornton), pp. xvii+523. Second edition 2013, pp.xvi+506
The Economics of Education, Macmillan, pp.xv+247 (subsequently translated into Spanish and Arabic).
Wage Flexibility and Unemployment Dynamics in Regional Labor Markets, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, pp. viii+116 (with T.J. Hyclak).
Economics for Managers, Prentice Hall, pp. xiii+267.
International Handbook on the Economics of Education, Camberley: Edward Elgar (with J. Johnes)
Recent Developments in the Economics of Education, Edward Elgar, 1994, pp.653+xx (with E. Cohn).
Education Economics, Editor (founding), 1993-2002.
International Journal of Manpower, Editor, 1988-1992.
ARTICLES IN JOURNALS
It’s been a long time: an analysis of job duration in two banks, Evidence Based Human Resource Management (with Vivi Maltezou), forthcoming.
Trade in the greenhouse: efficient policy in a global model, International Journal of Sustainable Economy, forthcoming.
Tweet sensations: investigating the potential use of sentiment analysis in higher education in the UK, Higher Education Review, forthcoming.
Performance trends in the construction industry worldwide: an overview of the turn of the century, Journal of Productivity Analysis, forthcoming (with Isabel Horta, Ana Camanho and Jill Johnes).
Optimal educational investment: domestic equity and international competition, ISRN Economics,
Revisiting the impact of occupational segregation on the gender earnings gap in Malaysia, Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, 46, 13-25 (with Siew Ching Goy).
Differences in cost structure and the evaluation of efficiency: the case of German universities, Education Economics, 19, 487-500 (with Astrid Schwarzenberger).
Occupational segregation in the Malaysian Labor market: evidence on the L index, Singapore Economic Review, 56, 397-421.
Economics: still a bastard science, The Eighth Lamp – Ruskin Studies Today, number 5, available at http://issuu.com/theeighthlamp/docs/l85
Costs and efficiency of higher education institutions in England: a DEA analysis, Journal of the Operational Research Society, 62, 1282-1297 (with Emmanuel Thanassoulis, Mika Kortelainen and Jill Johnes).
Heterogeneity and the evaluation of efficiency: the case of Italian universities, Applied Economics, 42, 1365-1376 (with Tommaso Agasisti).
It was all gonna trickle down: what has growth in India’s advanced sectors really done for the rest?, Indian Economic Journal, 57, 146-155.
Higher education institutions' costs and efficiency: Taking the decomposition a further step, Economics of Education Review, 28, 107-113 (with Jill Johnes).
Changes in the Characteristics and Skills of British Youth, Economics Bulletin, 29(1), 369-375.
Occupation and the labour market participation of women: why do some people trade down jobs when careers are interrupted?, Applied Economics Letters, 16, 1093-1096.
Beyond frontiers: comparing the efficiency of higher education decision-making units across more than one country, Education Economics, 17, 59-79 (with Tommaso Agasisti).
Changes in gender wage discrimination: a tale of three very different economies, Japan and the World Economy, 20, 97-113 (with Yashuhide Tanaka).
Heterogeneity and the Evaluation of Efficiency: the Case of Italian Universities, Applied Economics, forthcoming (with Tommaso Agasisti).
An analysis of costs in institutions of higher education in England, Studies in Higher Education, 33, 527-550.
Assessing efficiency of Portugese universities through parametric and non-parametric methods, Portugese Journal of Management Studies, 13, 39-68 (with Ana Camanho and Maria Portela).
The wage curve
revisited: estimates from a
The determinants of costs and efficiencies where producers are heterogeneous: the case of Spanish universities, Economics Bulletin, 4(15), 1-9.
where costs legitimately differ: the case of higher education in
Pricing in higher education: implications for English institutions in the wake of the 2004 higher education reform, Education and Economy, 80, 1-3 (in Chinese).
Didacticism and educational outcomes, Educational Research and Reviews, 1, 23-28.
Has Becker put economics in the electric chair?, The Economist’s Voice, 3(4), article 5.
‘Don’t know much about history...’: Revisiting the impact of curriculum on subsequent labour market outcomes, Bulletin of Economic Research, 57, 249-272.
Chaos and the dancing stars: nonlinearity and entrepreneurship, Journal of Entrepreneurship, 14, 1-20 (with Ayana Manasova and Alexander Kalinoglou).
Never give up on the good times: student attrition in the
A fourth desideratum: the CES cost function and the sustainable configuration of multiproduct firms, Bulletin of Economic Research, 56, 329-332.
Optimal regional policies with education, labour mobility and occupational choice, Public Finance, 53, 489-494.
The influence of expected wages on occupational choice: new evidence from
Stochastic frontier estimation of a CES cost
function: the case of higher education in
Technical efficiency under alternative regulatory regimes: evidence from the inter-war British gas industry, Journal of Regulatory Economics, 22, 251-270 (with C. Hammond and T. Robinson).
A Tajik story: the labour market following war and transition, Economic Systems, 26, 17-30.
The effect of competition on the efficiency of secondary schools in England, European Journal of Operational Research, 135, 545-568 (with S. Bradley and J. Millington).
A new look at gender effects in participation and occupation choice, Labour, 15, 415-443 (with D. Soopramanien).
for girls: participation and occupational segregation in the
Up around the
bend: linear and nonlinear models of the
The management of universities: Scottish Economic Society / Royal Bank of Scotland Annual Lecture, Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 46, 505-522. Reprinted in Belfield, C. and Levin, H. (eds) (2003) The Economics of Higher Education, Camberley: Edward Elgar.
Schooling, fertility and the labour market experience of married women, Applied Economics, 31, 585-592.
Forecasting unemployment, Applied Economics Letters, 6, 605-607.
House prices and regional labor markets, Annals of Regional Science, 33, 33-49 (with T. Hyclak).
Human capital versus sorting: new data and a new test, Applied Economics Letters, 5, 665-667.
The costs of multi-product organisations and the heuristic evaluation of industrial structure, Socio-economic Planning Sciences, 32, 199-209.
Costs and industrial structure in contemporary British higher education, Economic Journal, 107, 727-737.
and unemployment in
British employers and the Social Chapter: some survey evidence, Industrial Relations Journal, 28, 236-242 (with D. Sapsford, H. Armstrong and R. de Kervenoael).
cost functions and the funding of tuition in
Evaluating universities' preferences for teaching and research, Journal of Education Finance, 22, 214-219.
The determinants of real wage flexibility, Labour Economics, 2, 175-185 (with T.J. Hyclak). Reprinted in Armstrong, H.W. and Taylor, J. (eds) (2000) The economics of regional policy, Camberley: Edward Elgar.
and performance in
Encouraging truthful revelation when monitoring is costly, Omega, 23, 231-234 (with R. Rothschild).
Scale and technical efficiency in the production of economic research: data envelopment analysis of the 1992 Research Assessment Exercise of British University departments of economics, Applied Economics Letters, 2, 7-11.
The determinants of student
loan take-up in the
Policy reforms and the theory of education finance, Journal of Economic Studies, 21(1), 3-15 (with J.Johnes).
House prices, migration and regional labor markets, Journal of Housing Economics, 3, 312-329 (with T.J. Hyclak).
the research performance of
The role of
transport costs as a determinant of price level differentials between the Isle
of Man and the
Wage rigidity and cyclical unemployment, Industrial Relations Research Association Proceedings, 45, 524-530 (with T.J. Hyclak).
wage inflation and unemployment dynamics in
Performance indicators in higher education: a survey of recent work, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 8(2), 19-34.
Apples and oranges: the aggregation problem in publications analysis, Scientometrics, 25, 353-365 (with J. Johnes).
House prices in a small island economy: the
Measures of research
output: university departments of economics in the
Tax based incomes policies and productivity deals, Economics Letters, 34, 61-65.
Equilibrium, information and efficiency - the case of the NAIRU, Studies in Economic Analysis, 13, 3-11.
wage rigidity in regional labor markets in the
Real wages and
Shake-outs and shake-ins of labour: an example of the Riemann-Hugoniot catastrophe?, Indian Journal of Economics, 36, 24-29.
Determinants of research output in economics departments in British universities, Research Policy, 17, 171-178.
Optimal tax progressivity under imperfect competition, Economics Letters, 22, 279-282.
Regional policy and industrial structure in the Welsh economy, Regional Studies, 21, 555-564.
On the determinants of full employment unemployment rates in local labour markets, Applied Economics, 19, 191-200 (with T.J. Hyclak).
of new graduates: a study of differences between
Cost structures in a large hospital for the mentally handicapped, Social Science and Medicine, 22, 605-610 (with A. Haycox).
Error removal, loss reduction and external effects in the theory of strikes, Australian Economic Papers, 24, 310-325
Early years’ education and subsequent schooling in rural India, in K. Pushpangadan and V. Balasubramanyan (eds) Growth, Develoopment and Diversity, New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Skills and earnings revisited, in Backhaus, J., Eamets, R. and Sepp, J. (eds) Advances in the Economics of Education: on Markets and Post-Transformation Issues., Muenster, LIT Verlag.
Economies of scale and mergers, in Tight, M. et al. (eds) International Handbook of Higher Education, Routledge (with Colin Green).
Cherry-picking in the economics of education orchard: a selective survey of recent developments, in Petretto, A. and Pignataro, G. (eds) Economia del capitale umano: istituzioni, incentivi e valutazione, Milan: Società italiana di economia puibblica.
Standards, in Johnes, G. and Johnes, J. (eds) International Handbook on the Economics of Education, Edward Elgar.
The evaluation of welfare under alternative models of higher education finance, in Teixeria, P., Jongbloed, B., Dill, D. and Amaral, A. (eds) Markets in higher education: rhetoric or reality?, Boston: Kluwer.
The funding of higher education in the United Kingdom, in Hare, P.G. (ed.) Structure and financing of higher education in Russia, Ukraine and the Eueopean Union, Jessica Kingsley.
The structure of the
economy, in Artis, M. (ed.) The
Labour, in Artis, M. (ed.) The
Modelling the UK labour market: structural and VAR approaches, in L. Vlacic, T. Nguyen and D. Cecez-Kecmanovic (eds) Modelling and Control of National and Regional Economies, Oxford: Pergamon.
The development of competition among higher education institutions in the UK, in Bartlett, W., Propper, C., Wilson, D. and Le Grand, J. (eds) Quasi-markets in the welfare state, SAUS, Bristol, 95-120 (with M. Cave).
Modern approaches to unemployment, in Atkinson, G.B.J. Developments in economics, volume 10, 1-18.
Factors of production, in Kuper, A. and Kuper, J. International Social Science Encyclopaedia.
Houses, jobs and the decision to migrate, in Cambridge Econometrics (eds.) Regional economic prospects: analysis and forecasts to 2005, 35-41.
Unemployment in Lancaster and Morecambe, in Robinson, P. (ed.) Unemployment and local labour markets, Avebury, 63-75 (with P. Regan).
European integration and human resources - an introduction, in Johnes, G. (ed.) European integration: the human resource dimension, MCB University Press, 4-9.
Taxation, in Atkinson, G.B.J. (ed.) Developments in Economics vol. 3, Causeway Press, 55-75.
OFFICIAL REPORTS AND CONSULTANCY
Development and refinement of a greenhouse gas footprint measurement tool, Consultancy report for Small World Consulting Ltd., funded by North West Development Agency. This work contributed to the publication of Berners-Lee (2010) How bad are bananas: the carbon footprint of everything, London: Green Profile.
Career interruptions and labour market outcomes, Equal Opportunities Commission.
of the Costs of Provision through the Medium of Welsh in Higher Education
global value of education and training exports to the
efficiency in education: some policy issues facing the
Restricted report prepared for the Higher Education Funding Council.
sources for financing education in
Energy prices on
the Isle of Man, Board of Consumer Affairs,
Property prices and rents on the Isle of Man, Board of Consumer Affairs, Isle of Man, pp.94 (with H.W. Armstrong, J. Johnes, and A.I. MacBean).
Measuring research output - a report, prepared for the Royal Economic Society, pp. 82. (This report comprised the Royal Economic Society's submission to the Universities Funding Council as part of the 1989 research selectivity exercise.)
and price levels on the Isle of Man, Board of Consumer Affairs,
Redundancies in the coal industry: a preliminary report and case study of the Haig colliery, Whitehaven, National Coal Board, pp. 33.
Industrial Production for
Other publications include more than 20 papers in professional journals and in refereed academic journals in the fields of education and management, plus book reviews in journals including the Economic Journal, Business History, Regional Studies, Higher Education, Education Economics, International Journal of Manpower.
WORK IN PROGRESS
Education and occupational outcomes in Brazil and India (with A. Aggarwal, R. Freguglia, G. Spricigo)
Company performance and strategic change (with Jill Johnes)
Determinants of child labour (with Reza Arabsheibani)
Happiness in Wales (with David Blanchflower)
Regional unemployment (with Deborah Gefang)
Social capital (with Thomas Bolli)
Class time, contact time and private study (with Thomas Bolli)
Cost structures and efficiency in higher education in England (with Jill Johnes)
Cost structures and efficiency in higher education in the US (with Tommaso Agasisti)
Evaluation of research training in the US (with Tommaso Agasisti and Thomas Bolli)
GRANTS AND CONSULTANCY ( £1000)
£45000 from BIS to study costs and efficiency in higher education (with Jill Johnes)
£97971 from the ESRC for analysing the impact of education on occupational outcomes in India and Brazil (with Indian and Brazilian partners).
£3000 from the North West Development Agency Innovation Voucher Scheme in order to provide consultancy services to Small World Consulting Ltd. on the development and refinement of their greenhouse gas footprint tool.
€250450 from the European Union to evaluate cost sharing in higher
education in six European countries (with Jill Johnes, Astrid Schwarzenberger and others).
£25000 from the Welsh Assembly Government for my
contribution to the London Economics report on the demand for and supply of
Welsh medium teachers.
£36000 from HEFCW for my contribution to the London
Economics report on the provision of higher education through the medium of
£9998 from the Equal Opportunities Commission to examine labour market outcomes of individuals with interrupted careers using BHPS data.
£57000 from the DfES to evaluate the impact of the Centre for Excellence in Leadership (with Steve Bradley).
£ 47000 from the DfES to continue
research on cost structures in higher education (with J.Johnes
£30000 from the DfES to research cost
structures in higher education (with J.Johnes and
£30000 from the British
Council, DfES, DTI, and ONS to research the evaluation of educational exports
€ 429565.50 from the European Union Minerva programme to fund network resource-based learning in management (with H-P. Baumeister and others).
€ 177210 from the European Union Framework 5 to analyse the private sector of higher education in Eastern Europe (with D. Sapatorou, J. Earle and others).
£10930 from the Department for Employment and Education, to co-ordinate the Employment and Education Economics Group (with S. Bradley).
from the World Bank, to design, pilot and implement a voucher system for the
finance of vocational training in the informal (Jua
Kali) sector in
38000 ECUs from INTAS (International Association for the Promotion of Co-operation with Scientists from the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union) to extend the study of higher education funding in the European Union and in the countries of the former Soviet Union (with P. Hare, U. Teichler, A. Markov, M. Lugachyov, V. Savchuk and P. Luzik).
from the Higher Education Funding Council for
FF30000 from the OECD, to devise a framework for country studies of the financing of lifelong learning. Further funding is currently being negotiated in connection with the co-ordination of these studies and the writing of a synthesis report.
£10400 from the Department for Employment and Education, to co-ordinate the Employment and Education Economics Group (with S. Bradley).
£9700 from the Department for Employment and Education, to co-ordinate the Employment and Education Economics Group (with S. Bradley).
from the British Council, to work on a World Bank project on alternative
sources for financing education in
$9000 from the World Bank, to compare and evaluate public and private sector arrangements for training across South East Asian Newly Industrialised Countries, with special reference to funding mechanisms.
30000 ECUs from INTAS to study of higher education funding in the European Union and in the countries of the former Soviet Union (with P. Hare, U. Teichler, A. Markov, M. Lugachyov, V. Savchuk and P. Luzik).
£9950 from the ESRC, to co-ordinate the Research Study Group on the Economics of Education (with M. Cave and M. Weale).
£8480 from the ESRC, to co-ordinate the Research Study Group on the Economics of Education (with M. Cave and M. Weale).
from the Royal Economic Society, to study the funding of tuition at
$29825 from the W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, to study wage rigidity and unemployment dynamics in regional labour markets (with T. Hyclak).
£21000 from Isle of Man Government, to study prices of energy, housing and transport (with H. Armstrong, J. Johnes and A. MacBean).
£3150 from Royal Economic Society, to conduct a bibliometric evaluation of research output of British university departments of economics.
£2000 from Anglo-German Foundation, to examine regional Phillips curves.
£1000 from British Coal, to investigate redundancy in the coal industry.
SEMINARS AND CONFERENCE PAPERS
Beijing Normal University (2 papers)
Politecnico di Milano
SRHE Conference, Newport
WPEG Conference, Sheffield
International Workshop on the Applied Economics of Education, Catanzaro, Italy
SKOPE, Oxford University
National Institute of Public Finance and Policy, Delhi
GD Goenka World Institute, Lancaster University, Sohna, India
University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil
ESRC Research Methods Conference, Oxford
UK Council for Graduate Education conference, British Library, London
British Northern Universities India Forum conference, Trivandrum, India
Porto conference on Efficiency and Productivity Analysis (keynote speaker)
Conference on Funding, Equity and Efficiency of Higher Education,
on Public Sector Performance,
Porto conference on Efficiency and Productivity Analysis
Education and Skills,
Choice Society Conference,
Conference on Education Economics,
Conference on Higher Education, Multijurisdictionality and Globalisation,
Missenden Centre conference on Fixing Fees
Vision 2020 Launch event,
conference of the Lancaster Centre for Management in
and Employment Economics Group),
World Bank, Washington
(Education and Employment Economics Group - sponsored by DfEE)
Manchester Universities' Labour Economics Group
Centre for the
Economics of Education and Training,
IFAC Symposium on
Modelling of Regional and National Economies, Gold
Economics and Finance,
ESRC Economics of
Education Seminar Group,
Opportunities Commission Expert Seminar on Discrimination,
Association Annual Conference,
Relations Research Association Conference,
Symposium on the Economics of Education, British Council,
ESRC Economics of
Education Seminar Group, Regent's College,
EMRU Labour Economics Study Group,
Research Society Annual Conference,
RES Conference on
the Economics of Higher Education,
ESRC Urban and Regional Economics Seminar Group, University of Glasgow
St Davids Forum, Llanwrtyd Wells
Employment Market Research Unit, Labour Economics Study Group, U.C. Swansea
Support Group, Ciba Foundation,
Bachelor level programmes at Bangor (1999-2001), Stirling (2000-2002), Strathclyde (2003-2005), Durham (2007-2010).
Masters level programme at
Doctoral theses at Newcastle, Australian National University (1998), London (2000), Southampton, Heriot-Watt (2002), Sheffield, Edinburgh (2003), York, Durham, Queensland (2004), Exeter, Northumbria (2006), York (2007), Keele (2008), Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (2011), Swansea (2012), Nottingham (2012).
Upgrade from MPhil to PhD at
MAJOR SERVICE ROLES
This post involves:
Achievements (so far) while in this post include:
2. Head of Department of Economics, Lancaster University Management School, 2006-2009.
This post involved:
Achievements while in this post include:
3. Associate Dean with special responsibility for postgraduates, and Director of the Graduate Management School, Lancaster University, 2003-2005.
This post involved:
quality review, validation and monitoring of all postgraudate programmes and
courses in the
direct responsibility for programmes
and courses offered by the
· overall responsibility for postgraduate admissions
· membership of School and University committees: Planning and Resources Committee, Dean’s Steering Group, University Committee for Graduate Studies, the School Teaching Committee (chair), Senate, various other committees
Achievements while in this post include:
15% growth of masters programmes
This post involved:
quality review, validation and monitoring of all
undergraduate teaching programmes and courses in the
· direct responsibility for School courses not located within departments (BBA, BSc in Management)
· responsibility for all undergraduate admissions in the School
· membership of School and University committees: Planning and Resources Committee, Dean’s Steering Group, University Committee for Undergraduate Studies (deputy chair), the School Teaching Committee (chair), Senate, various other committees
Achievements while in this post include:
· expansion of central school courses
· rationalisation of course and programme provision
· co-ordination of the development of programme specifications throughout the School (at both undergraduate and postgraduate level)
· introduction of a wide variety of measures to improve teaching, learning and quality assurance within the School – including internal peer review, adoption of grade descriptors, requirement that new staff undertake CPD, raising profile of employability issues in validation process, improvement of quality assurance generally (and specifically on European BBA) etc.
· development, with partner institutions, of Foundation Degree in Management
· development of relations with associated and accredited institutions
· modest enhancement of e-learning provision
· promotion of a teaching and learning ethos within the School
4. Director of Studies for Part I Economics, 1991-1999. During this period I led a complete restructuring of the department’s first year undergraduate programme.
5. Key participant in QAA Developmental Engagement
within the Department of Economics,
Member of ESRC Board of Examiners, 2008-2010.
Member of UniversitiesUK Experts Group on Economics, 2009-2010.
Member of the World Bank's Economics of Education External Advisory Group, 1998-date.
Member of Department for Education and Skills panel to advise on research in higher education, 2001-2005.
Member of Technical Advisory Group for Universities UK and British Council led project on forecasting overseas student numbers (Vision 2020), 2003-04.
Higher Education Academy (formerly the
Joint co-ordinator (with Steve Bradley) of Education and Employment Economics Group (sponsored by DfEE) 1995-1998.
co-ordinator of ESRC Study Group in the Economics of
Local organiser, EMRU Labour Economics Seminar Group summer conference, 1994.
various journals, including Economic
Referee for ESRC research grant and research centre proposals.
Referee for various book publishers.
American Economic Association
European Association of Labour Economists
Club Captain, Lunesdale Lawn Tennis Club, 2006.
Caton St Paul's