## Probability Theory

This module is ideal for students who want to develop an analytical and axiomatic approach to the theory of probabilities.

First the notion of a probability space will be examined through simple examples featuring both discrete and continuous sample spaces. Random variables and the expectation will be used to develop a probability calculus, which can be applied to achieve laws of large numbers for sums of independent random variables.

Students will also use the characteristic function to study the distributions of sums of independent variables, which have applications to random walks and to statistical physics.