What we mean by 'free' is unconstrained.
· First example: You can't hang on any longer
· Second example: the kleptomaniac magistrate
· (Digression: Separating clear points out and articulating them is a large part of philosophising. And a difficult one.)
· Third example: action under duress
How might our actions be 'constrained'?
· Action under duress
· Habitual obedience
· Psychological condition
· 'Free' is only meaningful if it is used to make a distinction.
· If 'free' meant 'uncaused', it would apply to nothing (if determinism is right).
· Therefore, 'free' cannot mean 'uncaused'.
Anti-compatibilist: What is important is whether a different decision could have been taken.
Compatibilist response: 'could' means would have if circumstances had been different. A determinist can use 'could' in this sense.
The anti-compatibilist response: the question is whether we can choose categorically, not hypothetically.