More on nesting
Let us first summarise what we have learned about nesting from the 'Linking,
listing and nesting' page.
Clauses can be nested (embedded, subordinated) inside other clauses
directly. That is, the embedded clause becomes an entire SPOCA
element inside a main clause, and so effectively takes the place of
an entire phrase which would comprise a SPOCA element in a simple
So far we have noticed two sorts of directly nested clauses,
Noun Clauses (NCls, which take the place of entire NPs as SPOCA
Adverbial clauses (AdvCls, which take
the place of entire AdvPs as SPOCA elements). We have some examples
of Noun Clauses and Adverb clauses.