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Amateurs as Experts; Harnessing new knowlege for biodiversity networks
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Context and Links

Mole CricketThis study takes place within an active, multi-disciplinary research and teaching context at Lancaster University. The following sites may be useful (click for access):

Lancaster University Links:

Centre for Science Studies
Lancaster Environment Centre

The study is also located within a set of policy considerations and concerns (click for access to the following sites):

Natural History Museum
Natural History Museum - Science
English Nature
Countryside Council for Wales
Scottish Natural Heritage


'ADAPTA' (Assessing Debate and Participatory Technology Assessment) Report of European Commission Project BIO-CT98-0318, 2000

Agarwal, A. 'On Power and Indigenous Knowledge' in Posey D.A. (ed) 1999 Cultural and Spiritual Values of Biodiversity, Kenya: Intermediate Technology Publications

Ajuha, A. Save Our Unlovely Species, The Times, 21.5.2001

Allen, D.E. 1976, The Naturalist in Britain. A Social History. London: Allen Lane

Allen, D. E. 1998, "On parallel lines: natural history and biology from the late Victorian Period", Archives of Natural History 25/3: 361-371

Avery M., Bourn N., Davis R., Everitt, J., Halahan R., Harper M., Parsons M., Phillips M., Sands T., Williams G. and Wynde, G. 2001 Biodiversity Counts: delivering a better quality of life. Biodiversity Challenge: Butterfly Conservation, Friends of the Earth, Plantlife, The RSPB, The Wildlife Trusts and WWF-UK

Bartlett, D. 2000 ''The world is run by those who turn up' - more ideas on public participation', ECOS, 21, 2, 37-42

'Biodiversity Challenge: an agenda for conservation in the UK' Consultative Document prepared by UK voluntary conservation organisations, 1994

Bowker, G. 2000 Biodiversity Datadiversity, Social Studies of Science, 30/5, 643-83

Cooke, B. and Kothari, U. 2001 Participation: The New Tyranny? Zed Books, London. New York.

DETR 2001 Sustaining the variety of Life: 5 Years of the UK Biodiversity Action Plan, London: HMSO

Drouin, J-M. and Bensaude-Vincent, B. 'Nature for the People', in Jardine, N. Secord, J. A. and Spary, E. C. 1996 Cultures of Natural History, Cambridge University Press, 408-425

Durant, J. Bauer, M. Gaskell, G. 1998 Biotechnology in the Public Sphere: A comparative review. London: Science Museum

Ellen, R. and Harris, H. Embeddedness of Indigenous Knowledge in Posey, D.A. (ed) 1999 Cultural and Spiritual Values of Biodiversity, Kenya: UNEP Intermediate Technology Publications, 180-185

Ezrahi, Y. 1990 The Descent of Icarus: Science and the Transformation of Contemporary Democracy, Cambridge, Mass.:Harvard University Press

Furze, B., De Lacey, T. and Birkhead, J. 1996 Culture, Conservation and Biodiversity: the Social Dimension of Linking Local Level Development and Conservation Through Protected Areas, Chichester: Wiley

Gibbons, M., Limoges, C. , Nowotny, H. Schwartzman, S. Scott, P. and Trow, M. 1994 The New Production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies, London: Sage

Goodwin, P. 1998 " 'Hired hands' or 'local voice': Understandings and experience of local participation in conservation". Trans Inst Br Geogr 23: 481-491

HMSO 1994 Biodiversity: the UK Action Plan, London: HMSO

Harrison, C.M., Burgess, J. and Clark, J. 1998 'Discounted knowledges: farmers' and residents' understandings of nature conservation goals and policies', Journal of Environmental Management, 54, 305-320

House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology, Science and Society, HMSO, February 2000

Ingold, T. 2000 {erce[topms pf tje Environment: Essays in Livelihood, Dwelling and Skill. London, Routledge

Jardine, N. Secord, J. A. and Spary, E. C. 1996 Cultures of Natural History, Cambridge University Press

Latour, B. 1987 Science in Action, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard.

Leach, M. and Mearns, R. 1996 The Lie of the Land: Challenging received Wisdom on the Afican Environment, International African Institute

Marcus, G. E. 1995 'Ethnography in/of the World System: the Emergence of a Multi-sited Ethnography', Annual Review of Anthropology, 24:95-117

Marren, P. 2000 Did the Bittern read the BAP? ECOS, 21, 2, 43-46

Nowotny, H., Scott, P. and Gibbons, M. 2001 Re-Thinking Science: Knowledge and Uncertainty in an Age of Uncertainty, Cambridge: Polity

Pimbert, M. P. and Pretty, J., 'Parks, People and Professionals: Putting 'Participation' into Protected Area Management', in Ghimire, K. B. and Pimbert, M.P. Social Change and Conservation, London: Earthscan, 297-330

Posey, D.A. (ed) 1999 Cultural and Spiritual values of Biodiversity, Kenya: UNEP Intermediate Technology Publications

POST 2000 'Biodiversity and Conservation', Post Note 144, July 2000

Rapp, R. 1999 Testing Women, Testing the Fetus: the Social Impact of Amniocentisis in America, New York: Routledge.

Robertson, J. 2000 'Biodiversity: All Spin and No Substance', ECOS, 21, 2, 53-59

Secord, A. 1996 'Artisan Botany', in Jardine, N. Secord, J. A. and Spary, E. C. 1996 Cultures of Natural History, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 378-393

Sergeant, T. 2000 'Getting biodiversity onto Local Agenda 21', ECOS, 21, 2, 32-37

Sharpe, B. 1998 'First the forest: conservation, 'community' and 'participation' in South-West Cameroon' Africa 68, 1, 25-45

Toogood, M. 1996 Natural State: the Culture of Conservation in Britain, 1949-1973. Lancaster University PhD Thesis

Waterton, C., Wynne, B., Grove-White, R. and Mansfield, T. 2001Scientists Reflect on Science: Scientists' Perspectives on Contemporary Science and Environmental Policy, Lancaster University: IEPPP Report

Wynne, B. 1992 'Misunderstood misunderstanding: social identities and public uptake of science', Public Understanding of Science, 1, 281-304




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