Research areas: Policy
influences ; Research
and Professional Development
Hilary Graham is Professor of Social Policy at Lancaster
University and has a background in sociology and social policy.
After working for
her PhD at the University of York in the 1970s, she moved to the University
of Bradford as a Lecturer in Social Policy and followed this with a research
post in the Faculty of Social Sciences at the Open University, before
taking up the post of Head of the Applied Social Studies Department at
Coventry Polytechnic (now Coventry University) in the mid 1980s. She was
appointed to the Chair of Applied Social Studies at the University of
Warwick in 1988, a post held until 1996. During this period, she had a
one-year ESRC Senior
Research Fellowship, at the MRC Medical Sociology Unit in Glasgow. She
moved to Lancaster University in 1996 to head up the ESRC's Health Variations
Programme. Her Directorship ended with the completion of the Programme
in 2001. She is based in the Department of Applied
Social Science and is a member of the Institute
for Women's Studies and the Institute
for Health Research.
Hilary Graham has
contributed to both research and policy development in the area of health
and inequality. On the research front, she has served on three Research
Assessment Exercises. She was a member of the Social Work and the Social
Policy Panel of the 1989 Research Selectivity Exercise and of the 1992
and 1996 Research Assessment Exercises. She is also playing a lead role
on the European Science Foundation (ESF) Program on Social
Variations in Health Expectancy (1999-2003) and is a member of the
MRC's Health Services
and Public Health Research Board (2000-04).
On the policy front,
she was a member of the Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health,
chaired by Sir Donald Acheson. The Inquiry was established by the Minister
for Health in 1997 to review the evidence on class inequalities in health
and to make recommendations for policies to address them. The
Report of the Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health
was published in November 1998 (The Stationery Office) and has helped
to inform the UK's new public health strategy. She is also a member of
the NHS Advisory Committee on Resource Allocation (ACRA).
Her research and teaching
have focused on how inequalities of class and gender shape women's lives
and women's health. The impact of poverty and the experience of caring
for children have been central themes, explored through studies - qualitative
and quantitative - in two related areas: women's smoking and socio-economic
inequalities in health. She has conducted research for the Department
of Health, the Economic and Social Research Council and the Health
Education Authority (now called the Health
Development Agency). Her published work includes Hardship and Health
in Women's Lives (1993), When Life is a Drag: Women, Smoking and
Disadvantage (1993) and the edited collection Understanding Health
When Life's A Drag:
Women, Smoking and Disadvantage, HMSO, London, 1993, pp117.
Hardship and Health in Women's Lives, Harvester Wheatsheaf, London,
Health and Welfare, Macmillan, London, 1985, pp147.
Women, Health and
the Family, Wheatsheaf Books, Brighton, 1984, pp 207 (reprinted 1985).
Books :edited and
Hilary Graham (ed)
Understanding Health Inequalities, Open University Press, Buckingham,
2000, pp227 (reprinted 2001).
to Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health (1998) Independent
Inquiry into Inequalities in Health Report, The Stationery Office,
Hilary Graham 'Building
an interdisciplinary science of health inequalities: the example of lifecourse
research' Social Science & Medicine (in press)
inequalities', MIDIRS Midwifery Digest, June (2000), 10,2: 144-148
Liz Batten, Hilary
Graham, Sue High, Laurie Ruggiero and Joseph Rossi 'Stage of change, low
income and benefit status: a profile of women's smoking in early pregnancy'
Health Education Journal, 58 (1999) 378-88.
Hilary Graham and Geoff
Der 'Patterns and predictors of tobacco consumption among women' Health
Education Research, 14, 5 (1999) 611-18.
Hilary Graham and Geoff
Der 'Patterns and predictors of smoking cessation among women' Health
Promotion International, 14, 3 (1999) 231-39.
Hilary Graham and Geoff
Der 'Influences on women's smoking status: the contribution of socio-economic
status in adolescence and adulthood' European Journal of Public Health,
9, 2 (1999) 137-141.
'Promoting health against
inequality' Health Education Journal, 57, 4 (1998) 292-302.
Hilary Graham and Kate
Hunt 'Socio-economic influences on women's smoking in adulthood: insights
from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study' Health Bulletin, 56,
4 (1998) 51-58.
Hilary Graham and Clare
Blackburn 'The socio-economic patterning of health and smoking behaviour
among mothers with young children on income support' Sociology of Health
and Illness, 20, 2 (1998) 215-40.
Clare Blackburn, Hilary
Graham and Philip Scullion 'Disseminating research findings on women's
smoking to health practitioners: findings from an evaluation study' Health
Education Journal, 56 (1997) 113-24.
'The health experiences
of mothers and young children on income support' Benefits, 17 (1996) 11-13.
'Smoking prevalence among women in the European Community, 1950 to 1990',
Social Science and Medicine, 43,2 (1996) 243-54.
a light on gender and class inequality in Britain?' Journal of Social
Policy, 24, 3 (1995) 509-527.
trends and experiences in Ireland', Administration, 42, 4 (1995)
and official data: some problems of method and measurement', Health
and Social Care in the Community, 3 (1995) 9-18.
Chapters in books
from 1995 (single-authored unless otherwise indicated)
Andreas Mielck, Hilary
Graham and Sven Brenberg, 'Targeting groups at risk: children' in J. Mackenbach
and M. Bakker (eds) Tackling Inequalities in Health: the European Experience,
Routledge, London, in press.
'Science into policy:
options for reducing health inequalities', in D. Leon and G. Watt (eds)
Poverty, Inequality and Health, Oxford University Press, Oxford,
'The challenge of health
inequalities', in H. Graham (ed) Understanding Health Inequalities,
Open University Press, Buckingham, 2000, pp3-21.
and inequalities in men and women's health' in E. Annandale and K. Hunt
(eds.) Gender Inequalities in Health, Open University Press, Buckingham,
and inequalities in health', in S. Waller, A. Crosier and D. McVey (eds)
Inequalities in Health, Health Education Authority, London, 1999,
Hilary Graham, Michaela
Benzeval and Margaret Whitehead 'Social-economic policies in the UK with
a potential impact on health inequalities', in J. P. Mackenbach and M.
Droomers (eds) Interventions and Policies to Reduce Inequalities in
Health, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, 1999, pp149-66.
research :observations on the UK experience', in B. Arve-Pares (ed) Promoting
Research on Inequality in Health, Swedish Council for Social Research,
Stockholm, 1998, pp 29-38.
'Health at risk: poverty
and national health strategies', in L. Doyal (ed.) Women and Health
Services: A Case for Change, Open University Press, Buckingham, 1998,
health work: a study of the lifestyles of mothers on income support',
in P. Bywaters and E. McLeod (eds) Working for Equality in Health,
Routledge, London, 1996 pp 161-178.
'Women, smoking and
disadvantage', in K. Slama (ed) Tobacco and Health, proceedings of
the 9th World Conference on Tobacco and Health, Plenum Press, 1995,
Nick Spencer and Hilary
Graham 'Children and poverty', in B. Lindstrom and N. Spencer (eds) Social
Paediatrics, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995, pp361-79.