Ling 131: Language & Style
Topic 2 (session A) - Being creative with words and phrases > More on word classes > Adverbs
|(Semi) Automatic poetry|
|Introducing word classes|
|More on word classes|
|Manipulating word classes|
|Changing word class - affixation|
|Changing word class - functional conversion|
|New words for old|
|Word class problems|
|Word class checklist|
More on word classes - Adverbs
If the prototypical role for adjectives is to modify nouns, the prototypical role for adverbs is to 'modify' or specify the circumstances under which verbs operate. In the following sentence, the adverbs tell us when, where and how the sun shone.
So we could say that adverbs tie Mr Shift down ... press "play" to see what we mean:
(b) Internal Form
Like adjectives, some adverbs compare:
Rather unhelpfully, the comparative and superlative markers are the same for the adverbs as they are for the adjectives!
Adverbs can function as the head of an adverb phrase ('very quickly', 'unbelievably slowly')
They can also modify adjectives ('very quick', 'unbelievably slow') and other adverbs ('very quickly', 'unbelievably slowly').
d) Adverb mobility
Another help in spotting adverbs is the fact that they are more mobile
in sentences and clauses than the other word classes. This is especially
true of manner adverbs. Once again, press "play" to see what we mean: