Professor Paul Baker

Professor

Profile

Research Interests

My research interests include corpus linguistics, language and identities and (critical) discourse analysis. Books include: Using Corpora to Analyse Gender (2014), Discourse Analysis and Media Attitudes (2013), Corpus Linguistics and Sociolinguistics (2010), Sexed Texts: Language, Gender and Sexuality (2008), Using Corpora in Discourse Analysis (2006), Public Discourses of Gay Men (2005) and Polari: The Lost Language of Gay Men (2002). I am the commissioning editor for the journal Corpora.

Publications

Books

Baker, P. and McEnery, T. (eds) (2015) Corpora and Discourse: Integrating Discourse and Corpora. London: Palgrave.

Baker, P. (2014) Using Corpora to Analyse Gender. London: Bloomsbury.

Baker, P. Gabrielatos, C. and McEnery. T. (2013) Discourse Analysis and Media Attitudes: The Representation of Islam in the British Press. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Baker, P. and Ellece, S. (2011) Key Terms in Discourse Analysis. London: Continuum.

Baker, P. (2010) Sociolinguistics and Corpus Linguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. More information

Baker, P. (ed.) (2009) Contemporary Corpus Linguistics. London: Continuum. More information

Baker, P. (2008) Sexed Texts: Language, Gender and Sexuality. London: Exquinox. More information

Baker, P. (2006) Using Corpora in Discourse Analysis. London: Continuum. More information

Baker, P., Hardie, A. & McEnery, A. (2006) A Glossary of Corpus Linguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Baker, P. (2005) Public Discourses of Gay Men. London: Routledge. More information

Baker, P. & Stanley, J. (2003) Hello Sailor! Seafaring life for gay men: 1945-1990. London: Pearson. More information

Baker, P. (2002) Fantabulosa: A Dictionary of Polari and Gay Slang. London: Continuum. More information

Baker, P. (2002). Polari: The Lost Language of Gay Men. London: Routledge. More information

Journals

I am commissioning editor of the journal Corpora published by Edinburgh University Press.

I am on the editorial board for the Journal of English Linguistics, the Journal of Language and Sexuality, Gender and Language, Applied Linguistics, Journalism and Discourse Studies, Text and Talk and Discourse Coherence, Cognition and Creativity.

Journal Articles

Anthony, L. and Baker, P. (2015) 'ProtAnt: A tool for analysing the protoypicality of texts.' International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 20(3): 273-292.

Baker, P. (2015) 'Introduction to the Special Issue.' Discourse and Communication 9(2): 143-147.

Chen, Y-H., and Baker, P. (2015) 'Investigating criterial discourse features across second language development: lexical bundles in rated learner essays, CEFR B1, B2 and C1.' Applied Linguistics

Baker, P. and Levon, E. (2015) 'Picking the right cherries?: a comparison of corpus-based and qualitative analyses of news articles about masculnity.' Discourse and Communication 9(2): 221-336

Baker, P., Gabrielatos, C. and McEnery T. (2013) ‘Sketching Muslims: A corpus-driven analysis of representations around the word “Muslim” in the British press 1998-2009’ Applied Linguistics 34:3255-78.

Baker, P. and Potts, A. (2013) '"Why do white people have thin lips?": Google and the perpetuation of stereotypes via auto-complete search forms." Critical Discourse Studies 10:2 187-204.

Baker, P. (2012) ‘From gay language to normative discourse: a diachronic corpus analysis ofLavender Linguistics conference abstracts 1994-201.’ Journal of Language and Sexuality 2:2 179-205.

Potts, A. and Baker. P. (2012) 'Does semantic tagging identify cultural change in British and American English?' International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 17:3 295-324.

Baker, P. (2012) 'Acceptable bias?: Using corpus linguistics methods with critical discourse analysis.' Critical Discourse Studies 9:3 247-256.

Gabrielatos, C., McEnery, T., Diggle, P., Baker. P. and ESRC (funder). (2012) 'The peaks and troughs of corpus-based contextual analysis.' International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 17:2 151-175.

Baker, P. (2011) 'Times may change but we'll always have money: a corpus driven examination of vocabulary change in four diachronic corpora.' Journal of English Linguistics 39: 65-88.

Baker, P. (2010) 'Will Ms ever be as frequent as Mr? A corpus-based comparison of gendered terms across four diachronic corpora of British English.' Gender and Language 4.1: 125-129.

Chen, Y. and Baker, P. (2010) 'Lexical Bundles in L1 and L2 Academic Writing.' Language Learning and Technology. 14: 2 30-49.

Baker, P. (2010) 'Representations of Islam in British broadsheet and tabloid newspapers 1999-2005.' Language and Politics. 9:2 310-338.

Baker, P. (2009) 'The BE06 Corpus of British English and recent language change.' International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 14:3 312-337.

Baker, P.,Gabrielatos, C., Khosravinik, M., Krzyzanowski, M., McEnery, T and Wodak, R. (2008) 'A useful methodological synergy? Combining critical discourse analysis and corpus linguistics to examine discourses of refugees and asylum seekers in the UK press.' Discourse and Society 19(3): 273-306.

Gabrielatos, C. and Baker, P. (2008) 'Fleeing, sneaking, flooding: a corpus analysis of discursive constructions of refugees and asylum seekers in the UK Press 1996-2005)' Journal of English Linguistics 36:1 pp. 5-38.

Baker, P. and McEnery, A. (2005) 'A corpus-based approach to discourses of refugees and asylum seekers in UN and newspaper texts.' Language and Politics 4:2 pp. 197-226(30).

Baker, P. Hardie, A. McEnery, A., Xiao, R., Bontcheva, K., Cunningham, H., Gaizauskas, R., Hamza, O., Maynard, D., Tablan, V., Ursu, C., Jayaram, B.D., Leisher, M. (2004) 'Corpus linguistics and South Asian languages: Corpus creation and tool development', Literary and Linguistic Computing, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 509-524.

Baker, P. (2004) 'Querying keywords: questions of difference, frequency and sense in keywords analysis.' Journal of English Linguistics. 32: 4 pp 346-359.

Baker, P. (2004) '"Unnatural acts"' Discourses of homosexuality within the House of Lords debates on gay male law reform Sociolinguistics 8:1 88-106.

Baker, P. (2002) 'Construction of Gay Identity via Polari in the Julian and Sandy Radio Sketches,' Lesbian and Gay Review, 3:3: pp 75-84.

Baker, P. (2001) 'Moral Panic and Alternative Identity Construction in Usenet'. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication 7:1.

Baker, P. Lie, M., McEnery, A. and Sebba, M. (2000) 'Building a Corpus of Spoken Sylheti', Literary and Linguistic Computing, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 419-431.

McEnery, A., Wilson, A.and Baker, P.(2000) 'Language teaching: corpus based help for teaching grammar', Journada de Corpus Linguistics, Volume 6, pp 65-77.

McEnery, A. Baker, P. Gaizauskas, R. & Cunningham, H. (2000) 'EMILLE: towards a corpus of South Asian languages', British Computing Society Machine Translation Specialist Group, London, pp 11-1 - 11-9.

McEnery, A. Wilson, A.and Baker, P. (1997) 'Teaching Grammar Again after Twenty Years: Corpus based help for grammar teaching.' New Approaches to Grammar Teaching, RECALL Journal, Volume 9, Number 2, pp 8-17.

Baker, P., McEnery, A.and Wilson, A. (1995) 'A brief report on a statistical analysis of corpus-based versus traditional human-teaching methods of part-of-speech analysis', Language Testing Update, Issue 18, pp 59-62.

McEnery, A., Baker, P. and Wilson, A. (1995) 'A Statistical Analysis of Corpus Based Computer vs Traditional Human Teaching Methods of Part of Speech Analysis', Computer Assisted Language Learning, Volume 8, Number 2-3, pp 259-274.

Baker, P. (1994) 'Lithium Discontinuation - A meta-analysis.' Lithium.

Book Chapters

Baker, P. and McEnery, T. (2015) 'Who benefits when discourse gets democratised? Analysing a Twitter corpus around the British Benefits Street debate.' In Baker, P. and McEnery T. (eds) (2015) Corpora and Discourse Studies: Integrating Discourse and Corpora. London: Palgrave, pp 244-265.

Baker, P. and McEnery, T. (2015) 'Introduction' In Baker, P. and McEnery, T. (eds) (2015) Corpora and Discourse Studies: Integrating Discourse and Corpora. London: Palgrave, pp 1-20.

Baker, P. (2015) 'Two hundred years of the American man.' In T. Milani (ed) Language and Masculinities: performances, intersections, dislocations. London: Routledge.

Baker, P. and McEnery, A. (2014) '"'FIND THE DOCTORS OF DEATH': The UK Press and the Issue of Foreign Doctors Working in the NHS, a Corpus-Based Approach". In A. Jaworski and N. Coupland (eds) The Discourse Reader. London: Routledge.

Baker, P. (2014) '"Bad wigs and screaming mimis": Using corpus-Assisted techniques to carry out critical discourse analysis of the representation of trans people in the British press.' In C. Hart and P. Cap (eds) Contemporary Critical Discourse Studies. London, Bloomsbury: 211-236

Baker P. ‘Discourse and Gender’. (2013) In K. Hyland and B. Paltridge (eds) Continuum Companion to Discourse Analysis. London: Continuum.

Baker, P. (2013) ‘Corpus Linguistics and Sociolinguistics’. J . Holmes (ed). Research Methods in Sociolinguistics. A Practical Guide. Wiley Blackwell.

Baker, P. (2012) 'Corpora and Gender studies' In K. Hyland, C. M. Huat and M. Handford (eds) Corpus Applications in Applied Linguistics. London: Continuum, pp. 100-116.

Baker, P. (2012) ‘Diachronic lexical change in American English (1961-2006).’ In J. Zhang (ed). A Morphologically-based Study of the Lexical Collocation Heterogeneity in EST Texts. Shanghai Jiaotong University.

Baker, P. (2011) 'Social involvement in Corpus Studies.' In V. Viana, S. Zyngier, and G. Barnbrook (eds) Perspectives on Corpus Linguisitcs. Amsterdam: John Benjamins pp. 17-28.

Baker, P. (2010) 'Corpus Linguistics'. L. Litosseleti (ed) Research Methods in Linguistics. London: Continuum, pp. 93-113.

Baker, P. (2009) 'Issues in teaching corpus-based discourse analysis' In L. Lombardo (ed). Using Corpora to Learn about Language and Discourse. Peter Lang, pp. 73-98.

Baker, P. (2009) 'Introduction' In P. Baker (ed) Contemporary Approaches to Corpus Linguistics. London: Continnum, pp. 1-8.

Baker, P. (2009) 'Language and Sexuality'. In J. Culpeper, F. Katamba, P. Kerswill, R. Wodak and T. McEnery (eds) English Language and Linguistics. London: Palgrave, pp. 550-563.

Baker, P. (2008) 'Eligible' bachelors and 'frustrated' spinsters: corpus linguistics, gender and language. In J. Sunderland, K. Harrington and H. Stantson (eds) Gender and Language Research Methodologies. London: Palgrave.

McEnery, T. and Baker, P. (2003) 'Corpora, translation and multilingual computing' in F. Zannetin (ed.) Corpora in Translator Education, St. Jerome Press, Manchester.

Baker, P. (2002) 'No Fats, Femmes or Flamers: Changing Constructions of Identity and the Object of Desire in Gay Men's Magazines.' B. Benwell (ed.) Masculinity and Men's Lifestyle Magazines. Sociological Review.

McEnery, A., Baker, P. and Cheepen, C. (2001) 'Lexis, Indirectness and Politeness in Operator Calls.' In C. Meyer & P. Leistyna. (eds.) Corpus Analysis: Language Structure and Language Use. Rodopi: Amsterdam.

Singh, S., McEnery, A. and Baker, P.(2000) 'Building a Parallel Corpus of English/Punjabi', in J. Veronis (ed) Parallel Text Processing. Kluwer: Dordrecht, pp 335-347.

McEnery, A.M., Baker, P. andHardie, A. (2000) 'Swearing and Abuse in Modern British English', in B. Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and P.J. Melia (eds.) Practical Applications of Language Corpora, Peter Lang: Hamburg, pp 37-48.

McEnery, A. and Baker, P. (2000) 'Minority Language Engineering', in B. Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and P.J. Melia (eds.) Practical Applications of Language Corpora, Peter Lang: Hamburg, pp 411-428.

McEnery, A.M., Baker, P. andHardie, A. (2000) 'Assessing Claims about Language Use with Corpus Data - Swearing and Abuse', in J. Kirk (ed) Corpora Galore, Rodopi: Amsterdam, pp 45-55.

Baker, P. (1997) 'Consistency and Accuracy in Correcting Automatically Tagged Data.' In Corpus Annotation. R. Garside, G. Leech & A. McEnery (eds.) Longman Addison-Wesley, pp 243-250.

McEnery, A.M., Baker, P.& Hutchinson, J.E. (1997) 'A Corpus Based Grammar Tutor'. In R.G. Garside, G.N. Leech & A.M. McEnery (eds.) Corpus Annotation, Longman Addison-Wesley, pp 209-219.

Conference Proceedings

Xiao, Z, McEnery, A, Baker, P and Hardie, A (2004) 'Developing Asian language corpora: standards and practice'. In: Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, Sanya, China.

Baker, P, Hardie, A, McEnery, T and Jayaram, BD (2003) 'Constructing corpora of South Asian languages'. In: Archer, D, Rayson, P, Wilson, A, and McEnery, T (eds.) (2003) Proceedings of the Corpus Linguistics 2003 conference. UCREL Technical Papers Volume 16. Department of Linguistics, Lancaster University.

Baker, P, Hardie, A, McEnery, AM and Jayaram, BD (2003) 'Corpus data for South Asian language processing'. In: Proceedings of the EACL Workshop on South Asian Languages, Budapest.

Tablan, V., Ursu, C., Bontcheva, K., Cunningham, H., Maynard, D., Hamza, O., McEnery, T., Baker, P. & Leisher, M. (2002) 'A Unicode-based Environment for Creation and Use of Language Resources,' in LREC 2002 Proceedings, pp 66-71.

Baker, P, Hardie, A, McEnery, A, Cunningham, H and Gaizauskas, R (2002) 'EMILLE, a 67-million word corpus of Indic languages: data collection, markup and harmonisation'. In: Proceedings of LREC 2002.

Baker, P, Hardie, A, McEnery, A and Siewierska, A (eds.) (2000) Proceedings of the Third Discourse Anaphora and Reference Resolution Colloquium (2000). UCREL Technical Papers Volume 12 Special Issue. Department of Linguistics, Lancaster University.

McEnery, T., Baker, P., and Burnard, L. (2000) 'Corpus Resources and Minority Language Engineering', in M. Gavrilidou, G. Carayannis, S. Markantontou, S. Piperidis and G. Stainhauoer (eds) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, Athens, Greece, pp. 801-806.

McEnery, A. and Baker. P. (1998) 'Intergrating the Intranet into the teaching of linguistics.' (1998). The Future of the Humanities in the Digital Age. International Conference Bergen, Norway. 138-140.

Currrent Teaching

I currently teach various modules in Corpus Linguistics at MA level (on four different schemes), have several PhD students and supervise third year UG dissertations.

I have supervised the following PhD students (dates show completion):

Saiqa Asif (2006), Stephanie Suhr (2007), Sibonile Ellece (2008), Yufang Qian (2008), Andrew Brindle (2009), Yuhua Chen (2009), Sheena Kaur (2009), Maryam Pakhnahad (2011), Amir Salama (2011), Rob Bianchi (2011), Hiroko Usami (2012), Bandar Al-Hejin (2012), Rajab Zahrani (2013), Amanda Potts (2014), Anna Marchi (2014).

My current PhD students are Karen Kinloch (discourses around infertility), David Brown (historical representation of 'othered' speech in fiction), Bilal Kadiri (language use in Citizen Khan), Khushairi Tohiar (metrosexuality in Malaysian men), Mark McGlashan (same-sex parent family books aimed at children)and James Balfour (newspaper discourses around schizophrenia).

The BE06 Corpus

The BE06 Corpus is a one million word corpus of published general written British English. It has the same sampling frame as the LOB and FLOB corpora. This consists of 500 files of 2000 word samples taken from 15 genres of writing.

Eighty-two per cent of the texts were published between 2005 and 2007, while the remainder were published in 2003-4 and early 2008. The median sampling point is 2006, hence the title BE06 (British English 2006). The corpus is described in this paper:

Baker, P. (2009) 'The BE06 Corpus of British English and recent language change.' International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 14:3 312-337.

Using the corpus

Due to copyright issues, there are no plans to make the corpus files fully available. However, the corpus has been placed on the CQP (Corpus Query Processor) system at Lancaster University and users can carry out concordances, get distribution information (and eventually have access to collocation information). Contact Andrew Hardie in order to obtain a username and password.

Additionally, the following links give frequency lists of the BE06 in various formats (right click on the link and then save it).

BE06 in AntConc format

BE06 Wordlist in WordSmith 5 format

BE06 Wordlist in Wordsmith 4 format

BE06 Wordlist in WordSmith 3 format

The AmE06 Corpus

The AmE06 Corpus is a one million word corpus of published general written American English, also using the same sampling frame as the LOB and FLOB corpora. This consists of 500 files of 2000 word samples taken from 15 genres of writing. The vast majority of the texts were published in 2006. The corpus is also available via CQPweb, and the wordlist is available below.

AmE06 in AntConc format

AmE06 Wordlist in WordSmith 5 format

'That's what i call a man': representations of racialised and classed masculinities in the UK print media
Baker, J.P., Levon, E. 2016 In: Gender and Language. 10, 1
Journal article

The hate that dare not speak its name?
Love, R., Baker, P. 10/2015 In: Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict. 3, 1, 30 p.
Special issue

Corpora and discourse studies: integrating discourse and corpora
Baker, P., McEnery, T. 1/08/2015 London : Palgrave Macmillan. 320 p. ISBN: 9781137431721.
Book

Who benefits when discourse gets democratised?: analysing a Twitter corpus around the British Benefits Street debate
Baker, P., McEnery, T. 08/2015 In: Corpora and discourse studies. London : Palgrave Macmillan p. 244-265. 22 p. ISBN: 9781137431721.
Chapter

Picking the right cherries?: a comparison of corpus-based and qualitative analyses of news articles about masculinity
Baker, P., Levon, E. 04/2015 In: Discourse and Communication. 9, 2, p. 221-236. 16 p.
Journal article

Investigating criterial discourse features across second language development: lexical bundles in rated learner essays, CEFR B1, B2 and C1
Chen, Y., Baker, P. 2015 In: Applied Linguistics.
Journal article

Two hundred years of the American man
Baker, P. 2015 In: Language and masculinities. London : Routledge ISBN: 9781138791961.
Chapter

Bad wigs and screaming Mimis: using corpus-assisted techniques to carry out critical discourse analysis of the representation of trans people in the British press
Baker, P. 23/10/2014 In: Contemporary critical discourse studies. London : Bloomsbury
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Using corpora to analyse gender
Baker, P. 2/01/2014 London : Bloomsbury. 240 p. ISBN: 9781441108777, 9781441110589. Electronic ISBN: 97811472527073, 9781472524836.
Book

'Find the doctors of death': press representation of foreign doctors working in the NHS, a corpus based approach
Baker, P., McEnery, T. 2014 In: The discourse reader. London : Routledge
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Considering context when analyzing representations of gender and sexuality: a case study
Baker, P. 21/11/2013 In: Discourse in context. London : Bloomsbury
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

“Why do white people have thin lips?”: Google and the perpetuation of stereotypes via auto-complete search forms
Baker, P., Potts, A. 22/01/2013 In: Critical Discourse Studies. 10, 2, p. 187-204. 18 p.
Journal article

Corpus linguistics and sociolinguistics
Baker, P. 2013 In: Research methods in sociolinguistics. Chichester : Wiley Blackwell
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Discourse analysis and media attitudes: the representation of Islam in the British press
Baker, P., Gabrielatos, C., McEnery, T. 2013 Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. 280 p. ISBN: 9781107008823.
Book

From gay language to normative discourse: a diachronic corpus analysis of Lavender Linguistics conference abstracts 1994–2012
Baker, P. 2013 In: Journal of Language and Sexuality. 2, 2, p. 179-205. 26 p.
Journal article

Sketching Muslims: a corpus driven analysis of representations around the word ‘Muslim’ in the British press 1998–2009
Baker, P., Gabrielatos, C., McEnery, T. 2013 In: Applied Linguistics. 34, 3, p. 255-278. 24 p.
Journal article

The peaks and troughs of corpus-based contextual analysis
Gabrielatos, C., McEnery, T., Diggle, P., Baker, P., ESRC (Funder) 1/01/2012 In: International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 17, 2, p. 151-175. 25 p.
Journal article

Acceptable bias?: Using corpus linguistics methods with critical discourse analysis
Baker, P. 2012 In: Critical Discourse Studies. 9, 3, p. 247-256. 9 p.
Journal article

Corpora and gender studies
Baker, P. 2012 In: Corpus applications in applied linguistics. London : Continuum p. 100-116. 17 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Does semantic tagging identify cultural change in British and American English?
Potts, A., Baker, P. 2012 In: International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 17, 3, p. 295-324. 30 p.
Journal article

Key Terms in Discourse Analysis
Baker, P., Ellece, S. 2011 London : Continuum. 234 p. ISBN: 9781847063205.
Book

Social involvement in Corpus Studies
Baker, P. 2011 In: Perspectives on Corpus Linguistics. Amsterdam : John Benjamins p. 17-28. 12 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Times may change but we'll always have money: a corpus driven examination of vocabulary change in four diachronic corpora.
Baker, P. 2011 In: Journal of English Linguistics. 4, 1, p. 65-88. 23 p.
Journal article

¿Una sinergia metodológica útil?: Combinar análisis crítico del discurso y lingüística de corpus para examinar los discursos de los refugiados y solicitantes de asilo en la prensa británica
Baker, P., Gabrielatos, C., Khosravinik, M., Krzyzanowski, M., McEnery, T., Wodak, R. 2011 In: Discurso y Sociedad. 5, 2, p. 376-416. 41 p.
Journal article

Using Sketch Engine to examine the presentation of Islam and Muslims in the UK press.
Gabrielatos, C., Baker, P., McEnery, T. 10/09/2010
Conference paper

'Will Ms ever be as frequent as Mr?: A corpus-based comparison of gendered terms across four diachronic corpora of British English
Baker, P. 2010 In: Gender and Language. 4, 1, p. 125-149. 24 p.
Journal article

Lexical Bundles in L1 and L2 Academic Writing.
Baker, P., Chen, Y. 2010 In: Language Learning and Technology. 14, 2, p. 30-49. 19 p.
Journal article

Representations of Islam in British broadsheet and tabloid newspapers 1999-2005
Baker, P. 2010 In: Journal of Language and Politics. 9, 2, p. 310-338. 28 p.
Journal article

Sociolinguistics and Corpus Linguistics
Baker, P. 2010 Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press. 189 p. ISBN: 9780748627356.
Book

Contemporary Corpus Linguistics
Baker, P. 2009 Continuum. 357 p.
Anthology

The BE06 Corpus of British English and recent language change.
Baker, P. 2009 In: International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 14, 3, p. 312-337. 26 p.
Journal article

A useful methodological synergy? Combining critical discourse analysis and corpus linguistics to examine discourses of refugees and asylum seekers in the UK press.
Baker, P., Gabrielatos, C., Khosravinik, M., Krzyzanowski, M., McEnery, A.M., Wodak, R. 05/2008 In: Discourse and Society. 19, 3, p. 273-306. 34 p.
Journal article

Fleeing, sneaking, flooding: a corpus analysis of discursive constructions of refugees and asylum seekers in the UK Press 1996-2005
Gabrielatos, C., Baker, P. 03/2008 In: Journal of English Linguistics. 36, 1, p. 5-38. 34 p.
Journal article

Using collocational profiling to investigate the construction of refugees, asylum seekers and immigrants in the UK press.
Baker, P., Gabrielatos, C., McEnery, A.M. 03/2008
Conference paper

Sexed texts : language, gender and sexuality.
Baker, P. 2008 London : Equinox. 300 p. ISBN: 9781845530747 (hbk.).
Book

Using collocation analysis to reveal the construction of minority groups: The case of refugees, asylum seekers and immigrants in the UK press.
Baker, P., McEnery, T., Gabrielatos, C. 30/07/2007
Conference paper

Representation of refugees and asylum seekers in UK newspapers: Towards a corpus-based analysis.
Gabrielatos, C., Baker, P. 8/09/2006
Conference paper

Representation of refugees and asylum seekers in UK newspapers: Towards a corpus-based comparison of the stance of tabloids and broadsheets.
Gabrielatos, C., Baker, P. 29/06/2006
Conference paper

A glossary of corpus linguistics.
Baker, P., Hardie, A., McEnery, T. 2006 Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press. 192 p. ISBN: 978 0 7486 2018 0.
Book

Corpus-building for South Asian languages
Hardie, A., Baker, P., McEnery, T., Jayaram, B.D. 2006 In: Lesser-known languages in South Asia: Status and Policies, Case Studies and Applications of Information Technology. Mouton de Gruyter p. 211-242. 32 p.
Chapter

Using corpora in discourse analysis.
Baker, P. 2006 London : Continuum. 198 p. ISBN: 0826477240.
Book

A corpus-based approach to discourses of refugees and asylum seekers in UN and newspaper texts.
Baker, P., McEnery, T. 2005 In: Journal of Language and Politics. 4, 2, p. 197-226. 30 p.
Journal article

Public Discourses of Gay Men
Baker, P. 2005 London : Routledge. 266 p. ISBN: 0415349737.
Book

Querying keywords : questions of difference, frequency and sense in keywords analysis.
Baker, P. 12/2004 In: Journal of English Linguistics. 32, 4, p. 346-359. 14 p.
Journal article

Corpus linguistics and South Asian languages : corpus creation and tool development.
Baker, P., Hardie, A., McEnery, T., Xiao, R.Z., Bontcheva, K., Cunningham, H., Gaizauskas, R., Hamza, O., Maynard, D., Tablan, V., Ursu, C., Jayaram, B.D., Leisher, M. 11/2004 In: Literary and Linguistic Computing. 19, 4, p. 509-524. 16 p.
Journal article

Computational linguistics meets metadata, or the automatic extraction of key words from full text content
Deegan, M., Short, H., Archer, D., Baker, P., McEnery, T., Rayson, P. 15/04/2004 In: RLG Diginews. 8, 2
Journal article

Developing Asian language corpora: standards and practice.
Xiao, R.Z., McEnery, A.M., Baker, J.P., Hardie, A. 25/03/2004
Conference paper

'Unnatural acts' Discourses of homosexuality within the House of Lords debates on gay male law reform.
Baker, P. 2004 In: Journal of Sociolinguistics. 8, 1, p. 88-106. 18 p.
Journal article

Constructing corpora of South Asian languages.
Baker, P., Hardie, A., McEnery, T., Jayaram, B. 2003
Conference paper

Corpora, translation and multilingual computing.
Baker, P., McEnery, A.M. 2003 In: Corpora in translator education. Manchester : St. Jerome Press p. 89-102. 14 p.
Chapter

Corpus data for South Asian language processing.
Baker, P., Hardie, A., McEnery, T., Jayaram, B.D. 2003 In: Proceeding of the EACL workshop on South Asian languages. Budapest p. 1-8. 8 p.
Chapter

Hello sailor!: The hidden history of gay life at sea
Baker, P., Stanley, J. 2003 London : Longman. 257 p. ISBN: 9780582772144.
Book

No fats, femmes or flamers : changing constructions of identity and the object of desire in gay men's magazines.
Baker, J.P. 2003 In: Masculinity and men's lifestyle magazines.. Oxford : Blackwell p. 243-260. 18 p. ISBN: 1405114630.
Chapter

A unicode-based environment for creation and use of language resources.
Tablan, V., Ursu, C., Bontcheva, K., Cunningham, H., Maynard, D., Hamza, O., McEnery, A.M., Baker, P., Leisher, M. 2002 In: Proceedings of LREC 2002. p. 66-71. 6 p.
Chapter

Construction of gay identity via Polari in the Julian and Sandy radio sketches.
Baker, P. 2002 In: Lesbian and Gay Review. 3, 3, p. 75-83. 9 p.
Journal article

EMILLE: a 67-million word corpus of Indic languages: data collection, mark-up and harmonization.
Baker, P., Hardie, A., McEnery, T., Cunningham, H., Gaizauskas, R. 2002 In: Proceedings of LREC 2002. Lancaster : Lancaster University p. 819-827. 9 p.
Chapter

Fantabulosa: The dictionary of Polari and gay slang
Baker, P. 2002 London : Continuum. 242 p. ISBN: 0826459617.
Book

Lexis, indirectness and politeness in operator calls.
McEnery, A.M., Baker, J.P., Cheepen, C. 2002 In: New frontiers in corpus research. Amsterdam : Rodopi p. 53-69. 17 p.
Chapter

Polari: the lost language of gay men.
Baker, J.P. 2002 Routledge. 215 p. ISBN: 0-415-26180-5.
Book

Moral panic and alternative identity construction in usenet.
Baker, P. 2001 In: Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. 7, 1
Journal article

Building a corpus of spoken sylheti.
Baker, J.P., Lie, M., McEnery, A.M., Sebba, M. 12/2000 In: Literary and Linguistic Computing. 15, 4, p. 421-432. 12 p.
Journal article

Assessing claims about language use with corpus data – swearing and abuse.
McEnery, A.M., Baker, J.P., Hardie, A. 2000 In: Corpora galore. Amsterdam : Rodopi p. 45-55. 11 p. ISBN: 9042004193.
Chapter

Building a parallel corpus of English/Punjabi.
Singh, S., McEnery, A.M., Baker, J.P. 2000 In: Parallel text processing. Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic Publishers p. 335-347. 13 p.
Chapter

Corpus resources and minority language engineering.
McEnery, A.M., Baker, P. 2000 In: Proceedings of the 2nd international conference on language resources and evaluation. Athens p. 801-806. 6 p.
Chapter

EMILLE: towards a corpus of South Asian languages.
McEnery, A.M., Baker, J.P., Gaizauskas, R., Cunningham, H. 2000 In: Br. Comput. Soc. Machine Trans. Specialist Group. 11, p. 1-9. 9 p.
Journal article

Language teaching: corpus based help for teaching grammar.
McEnery, A.M., Wilson, A., Baker, J.P. 2000 In: Jornada de Corpus Linguistics. 6, p. 65-77. 13 p.
Journal article

Linguistic Corpora and Language Teaching: corpus based help for teaching grammar.
McEnery, T., Wilson, A., Baker, J.P. 2000 In: VI Jornada de Corpus Lingüístics. Corpus lingüístics i ensenyament de llengües. Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona. : Institut Universitari de Lingüística Aplicada p. 65-77. 13 p.
Chapter

Minority language engineering.
McEnery, A.M., Baker, J.P. 2000 In: Practical applications of language corpora. Hamburg : Peter Lang p. 411-428. 18 p.
Chapter

Proceedings of the 3rd discourse anaphora and reference resolution colloquium.
Baker, P., Hardie, A., McEnery, T., Siewierska, A. 2000 Lancaster : University Centre for Computer Corpus Research on Language Technical Papers, 237 p.
Working paper

Swearing and abuse in modern British English
McEnery, T., Baker, P., Hardie, A. 2000 In: PALC ’99: Practical Applications in Language Corpora. Frankfurt am Main : Peter Lang p. 37-48. 12 p.
Paper

Building a corpus of spoken sylheti.
Lie, M., Baker, P., McEnery, A.M., Sebba, M. 1999 In: Proceedings of the 3rd conference of the foundation for endangered languages. Bath : Foundation for Endangered Languages p. 67-75. 9 p.
Chapter

Teaching grammar again after twenty years: corpus based help for grammar teaching
Baker, P., Wilson, A., McEnery, T. 1997 In: ReCALL. 9, 2, p. 8-16. 9 p.
Journal article

A Statistical Analysis of Corpus Based Computer vs Traditional Human Teaching Methods of Part of Speech Analysis
McEnery, T., Baker, P., Wilson, A. 1995 In: Computer Assisted Language Learning. 8, 2-3, p. 259-274. 15 p.
Journal article

A brief report on a statistical analysis of corpus-based versus traditional human-teaching methods of part-of-speech analysis
Baker, P., McEnery, T., Wilson, A. 1995 In: Language Testing Update. 18, p. 59-62. 3 p.
Journal article

Lithium Discontinuation - A meta-analysis
Baker, P. 1994 In: Lithium.
Journal article