Professor Andrew SayerProfessor
Graduate: SOCL 921 Contemporary Debates in Sociology: Critique and Value, plus contributions to Introduction to Philosophy of Social Science, and Sociology 101 (undergraduate).
NB. As I'm part-time I do less teaching than colleagues.
I joined the department in 1993 from Sussex University. My two main interests are firstly social theory and political economy, and secondly philosophical issues in social science. My early work in the seventies and eighties was devoted to the development of radical political economic theory through the study of uneven development, and urban and regional change. I published both theoretical and empirical research in this field, including The New Social Economy: Reworking the Division of Labor (with R.A.Walker, Blackwell, 1992), and Microcircuits of Capital (with Kevin Morgan, Polity, 1988). I then worked on political economic theory itself, attempting to reconstruct it in the wake of post-Marxism and the rise of neoliberalism (Radical Political Economy: A Critique, Blackwell, 1995). On the philosophical/methodological side I have a longstanding interest in critical realism as a philosophy of and for the social sciences. This is represented in my Method in Social Science (Routledge 1992) and in Realism and Social Science (Sage, 2000).
In the latter part of the 90s I began seeking new sources for developing critiques of economic aspects of contemporary society. This began with the need to take the cultural dimensions of economic phenomena more seriously (Culture and Economy after the Cultural Turn, edited with L.J.Ray, Sage, 1999) and led to an interest in Pierre Bourdieu's analysis of economic and cultural capital and the reproduction of inequalities. I developed this last theme in my book The Moral Significance of Class (Cambridge University Press, 2005). This analyses the ethical aspects of people's experience of class inequalities - how it affects not only people's material wealth and opportunities but how people value one another and themselves, and hence their self-respect. It seeks to explain why it is common for people to be 'in denial' about class despite its continuing influence on their life chances. It uses not only social theory but ideas from moral philosophy to reinterpret empirical studies of how class is lived. It might have been subtitled 'Bourdieu with the ethics put back in'.
The search for standpoints from which critiques of contemporary social and economic arrangements can be made has thus led me to take an interest in ethics and morality in everyday life. A major focus has been on the relationship between 'moral economy' and political economy. The former is concerned with the moral or ethical influences on, and legitimations of, contemporary economic practices and forms of organisation, and how economic pressures influence ethical sentiments and norms. The objects of this assessment can range from families, capitalist and other organizations, up through the welfare state to the international division of labour i.e. a big subject! An ESRC research fellowship in 2004-5 (Res-000-27-044) gave me the opportunity to research these matters in much more depth. Arising from this, I published Why Things Matter to People: Social Science, Values and Ethical Life (2011, Cambridge University Press), which explores social science's difficulties in acknowledging and understanding people's evaluative or normative orientation to their social worlds - or in simple terms, why anything matters to them. It attributes these problems to the common modernist belief that values are purely subjective, or merely conventional, and beyond the scope of reason. This gives much social research an alienated and alienating character, that cannot grasp why people care about anything. It includes chapters on the weakening of 'critique' in social science, what social science can learn from ethical theories, on dignity in everyday life, on the capabilities approach to conceptions of human flourishing, and the limits on normative thinking in social science. It tries to bring together social scientific and ethical thinking through accessible, everyday examples.
My latest book is Why We Can't Afford the Rich (Policy Press, 2014; U of Chicago, April 2015). This is aimed at a non-academic audience, but should, I hope, be of interest to students and researchers too. It is motivated by the dramatic expansion of the economic and political power of the rich and super-rich over the last four decades. It argues that this has come about through increased opportunities for wealth extraction by the rich, which allows them to dominate politics too. It also argues that the concentration of wealth at the top produces wasteful consumption and distorts economies, reducing their ability to meet basic needs, and that the financial interests of the rich in continued growth and in the extraction of fossil fuels threatens the planet. This latter issue is also something I’m interested in working on.
A completely different subject that I've become interested in recently is the lessons to be learned from neuroscience, psychology, and ideas of well-being regarding the interactions and co-evolution of mind, brain, body and social environment - an exciting postdisciplinary field that holds out much promise for improving our understanding of the kinds of people we become.
I'm involved in the Cultural Political Economy Research Cluster, and the Language, Ideology and Politics group run by the Linguistics Department.
Current PhD Students
Oznur Erdemli 'Inter-class relations in contemporary urban Turkey'; Lizzie Houghton 'University Students and Neoliberalism'; Jihyun Choi 'The failure of multiculturalism: economic and cultural dimensions'
PhD Supervision Interests
Political economy, moral economy, normativity and ethics in everyday life, inequality, employment and organisational life, climate change, social theory and the philosophy of social science. Postdisciplinary proposals particularly welcome! I am keen to supervise empirical and theoretical research relating to any of the above topics, having some concern for the implications for human well-being! There may be possibilities for co-supervision not only with colleagues in Sociology, but also colleagues in other departments with complementary interests. In the past I have co-supervised with colleagues in Linguistics, and I have also had links with human geography, philosophy and politics in the past. I also welcome visiting research students who are doing PhDs elsewhere but want to spend a term or two in Lancaster with some supervision from me, or post-docs wanting some mentoring. Please email me if you'd like to discuss research possibilities.
View on-line papers by author
View on-line papers by topic
PhD Supervision Interests
Political economy, moral economy, normativity and ethics in everyday life, inequality, employment and organisational life, climate change, social theory and the philosophy of social science. Postdisciplinary proposals particularly welcome! I am keen to supervise empirical and theoretical research relating to any of the above topics, preferably pursued in a post-disciplinary manner, and having some concern for the implications for human well-being! There may be possibilities for co-supervision not only with colleagues in Sociology, but also colleagues in other departments with complementary interests. In the past I have co-supervised with colleagues in Linguistics, and I have also had links with human geography, philosophy and politics in the past. I also welcome visiting research students who are doing PhDs elsewhere but want to spend a term or two in Lancaster with some supervision from me. Please email me if you'd like to discuss research possibilities.
Welfare and moral economy
Sayer, R.A. 2018 In: Ethics and Social Welfare. 12, 1, p. 20-33. 14 p.
Values within reason
Sayer, R.A. 9/11/2017 In: Canadian Review of Sociology. 54, 4, p. 468-475. 8 p.
Critique and naturalism (translated as Kritik und naturalismus)
Sayer, R.A. 2/10/2017 In: Critical Realism Meets Kritische-Theorie. Bielefeld : Transcript Verlag p. 315-337. 23 p. ISBN: 9783837627251.
Bourdieu: ally or foe of discourse analysis?
Sayer, R.A. 08/2017 In: Routledge handbook of language and politics. London : Routledge ISBN: 9781138779167.
Political economic conditions of a good life beyond growth
Sayer, R.A. 08/2017 In: The Good Life Beyond Growth. London : Routledge p. 107-116. 10 p. ISBN: 9781138687882.
Responding to the Troubled Families Programme: framing the injuries of inequality
Sayer, R.A. 01/2017 In: Social Policy and Society. 16, 1, p. 155-164. 10 p.
Normativity in the social sciences and professions
Sayer, R.A. 2017 In: Critical Realism for Welfare Professions. London : Routledge p. 23-37. 15 p. ISBN: 9781138699199. Electronic ISBN: 9781315517537.
Moral economy, unearned income, and legalized corruption
Sayer, R.A. 2/06/2016 In: Neoliberalism and the moral economy of fraud. London : Routledge p. 44-56. 13 p. ISBN: 9781138930377.
Interrogating the legitimacy of extreme wealth: a moral economic perspective
Sayer, R.A. 2016 In: Handbook on wealth and the super-rich. London : Edward Elgar p. 94-112. 19 p. ISBN: 9781783474035. Electronic ISBN: 9781783474042.
What is the question?: review essay on Mike Savage et al (2015) Social Class in the 21st Century
Sayer, R.A. 2016
Zugwandte Unterstützung und anteilnehmende Sorge als Weltverhältnis
Sayer, R.A. 2016 In: Praxis Der Achtsamkeit: Schluüsselbegruffe der Care – Ethik. Frankfurt-Am-Main : Campus Verlag p. 631-662. 33 p.
Time for moral economy
Sayer, R.A. 10/2015 In: Geoforum. 65, p. 291-293. 3 p.
Critical realism in geography
Sayer, R.A. 2015 In: International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioural Sciences. Elsevier 4 p.
Entry for encyclopedia/dictionary
Viewpoint: The rich: the elephant in the sociology room
Sayer, A. 1/12/2014
Why we can't afford the rich
Sayer, A. 25/11/2014 Bristol : The Policy Press. 433 p. ISBN: 9781447320791.
Macht, kausalität und normativität
Sayer, A. 1/11/2014 In: Zeitschrift für kritische Sozialtheorie und Philosophie. 1, 2, p. 1-25. 25 p.
Contributive justice, class divisions and the capabililities approach
Sayer, A. 2014 In: Critical social policy and the capability approach. Opladen : Verlag Barbara Budrich p. 179-189. 11 p. ISBN: 9783847406112.
Elite mobilities and critique
Sayer, A. 28/08/2013 In: Elite mobilities. London : Routledge p. 251-262. 12 p. ISBN: 9780415655804.
Power, sustainability and well-being: an outsider’s view
Sayer, A. 12/03/2013 In: Sustainable practices. London : Routledge p. 292-317. 26 p. ISBN: 9780415540650.
Looking forward to new realist debates
Sayer, A. 2013 In: Dialogues in Human Geography. 3, 1, p. 1-4. 4 p.
Facing the challenge of the return of the rich
Sayer, A. 11/2012 In: Class inequality in austerity Britain. Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan p. 163-179. 17 p. ISBN: 9781137016379. Electronic ISBN: 978113701637X.
Wurde am arbeitsplatz [Dignity at Work]
Sayer, A. 09/2012 In: Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie. 60, 4, p. 557-572. 16 p.
Capabilities, contributive injustice and unequal divisions of labour
Sayer, A. 2012 In: Journal of Human Development and Capabilities. 13, 4, p. 580-596. 17 p.
Power, causality and normativity: a critical realist critique of Foucault
Sayer, A. 2012 In: Journal of Political Power. 5, 2, p. 179-194. 16 p.
Habitus, work and contributive justice
Sayer, A. 02/2011 In: Sociology. 45, 1, p. 7-21. 15 p.
Misrecognition: the unequal division of labour and contributive justice
Sayer, A. 2011 In: The politics of misrecognition. Farnham : Ashgate p. 87-100. 24 p. ISBN: 978-1-4094-0169-8.
Why Things Matter to People: Social Science, Values and Ethical Life
Sayer, A. 2011 Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. 296 p. ISBN: 978-0-521-17164-9, 978-1-10700-114-5. Electronic ISBN: 9786613016027.
Reductionism in social science
Sayer, A. 10/2010 In: Questioning nineteenth century assumptions about knowledge, II. Albany, NY : State University of New York Press p. 5-39. 35 p. ISBN: 9781438434414.
Bourdieu, ethics and practice
Sayer, A. 2010 In: Cultural analysis and Bourdieu's legacy. London : Routledge p. 87-101. 15 p. ISBN: 9780415495356.
Class and morality
Sayer, A. 2010 In: Handbook of the sociology of morality. New York : Springer p. 163-178. 17 p. ISBN: 9781441968944. Electronic ISBN: 9781441968968.
Reflexivity and the habitus
Sayer, A. 16/12/2009 In: Conversations about reflexivity. London : Routledge p. 108-122. 15 p. ISBN: 9780415558525.
The injustice of unequal work
Sayer, A. 12/2009 In: Soundings: A Journal of Politics and Culture. 43, p. 102-113. 12 p.
Who's afraid of critical social science?
Sayer, A. 11/2009 In: Current Sociology. 57, 6, p. 767-786. 20 p.
Geography and global warming: can capitalism be greened?
Sayer, A. 09/2009 In: Area. 41, 3, p. 350-353. 4 p.
Contributive justice and meaningful work
Sayer, A. 02/2009 In: Res Publica. 15, 1, p. 1-16. 16 p.
Radical geography and its critical standpoints: embracing the normative
Olson, E., Sayer, A. 01/2009 In: Antipode. 41, 1, p. 180-198. 19 p.
Understanding lay normativity
Sayer, A. 2009 In: Nature, social relations and human needs. Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan p. 128-145. 18 p. ISBN: 9780230201156.
Moral economic regulation in organizations: a university example
Sayer, A. 03/2008 In: Organization. 15, 2, p. 147-164. 18 p.
Case studies and a single, differentiated reality: a reply to Sue Llewellyn
Sayer, A. 2008 In: Qualitative Research in Accounting and Management. 5, 1, p. 11-14. 4 p.
Dignity at work: broadening the agenda.
Sayer, A. 1/07/2007 In: Organization. 14, 4, p. 565-581. 17 p.
Class, moral worth and recognition
Sayer, A. 2007 In: (Mis)recognition, social inequality and social justice. London : Routledge p. 88-102. 15 p. ISBN: 9780415404662.
Moral economy as critique
Sayer, A. 2007 In: New Political Economy. 12, 2, p. 261-270. 10 p.
Language and significance - or the importance of import: implications for critical discourse analysis.
Sayer, R.A. 1/12/2006 In: Journal of Language and Politics. 5, 3, p. 449-471. 23 p.
Instrumentalism and after: or: the good, the bad and the instrumental
Sayer, A. 2006 In: Institutions, production and working life. Oxford : Oxford University Press p. 203-216. 14 p. ISBN: 9780199291779.
Realism as a basis for knowing the world.
Sayer, A. 2006 In: Philosophies, people and practices.. London : Sage p. 98-106. 9 p.
Approaching moral economy.
Sayer, A. 2005 In: The moralisation of the markets. New Brunswick, New Jersey : Transaction Books p. 77-97. 21 p.
Class, Moral Worth and Recognition.
Sayer, A. 2005 In: Sociology. 39, 5, p. 947-963. 17 p.
The Moral Significance of Class.
Sayer, R. 2005 Cambridge University Press. 247 p. ISBN: 0521616409.
Critical realism and semiosis (revised version).
Fairclough, N., Jessop, R.D., Sayer, A. 2004 In: Realism, discourse and deconstruction. London : Routledge p. 23-42. 20 p.
Realisms through thick and thin.
Sayer, A. 2004 In: Environment and Planning A. 36, 10, p. 1777-1789. 13 p.
Restoring the moral dimension in social scientific accounts: a qualified ethical naturalist approach.
Sayer, A. 2004 In: Defending objectivity : essays in honour of Andrew Collier. London : Routledge 268 p. ISBN: 0415338239.
Seeking the geographies of power.
Sayer, A. 2004 In: Economy and Society. 33, 2, p. 255-270. 16 p.
Why critical realism?
Sayer, A. 2004 In: Critical realist applications in organisation and management studies. London : Routledge p. 6-20. 15 p. ISBN: 0415345103.
(De-)Commodification, consumer culture and moral economy
Sayer, R.A. 1/05/2003 In: Environment and Planning D: Society and Space. 21, 3, p. 341-357. 17 p.
Critical Realism and Semiosis.
Fairclough, N., Jessop, B., Sayer, A. 05/2002 In: Journal of Critical Realism. 5, 1, p. 2-10. 9 p.
For a critical cultural political economy
Sayer, A. 09/2001 In: Antipode. 33, 4, p. 687-708. 22 p.
Reply to Holmwood
Sayer, A. 2001 In: Sociology. 35, 4, p. 967-984. 18 p.
System, Lifeworld and Gender: Associational Versus Counterfactual Thinking.
Sayer, A. 11/2000 In: Sociology. 34, 4, p. 707-725. 19 p.
Caracteristicas chave do realismo critico.
Sayer, A. 2000 In: Estudios Sociologicos. 6, 2, p. 7-32. 26 p.
Contemporary British Society.
Abercrombie, N., Warde, A., Deem, R., Penna, S., Sayer, A., Soothill, K.L., Urry, J., Walby, S. 2000 Cambridge : Polity Press. 602 p.
Critical and Uncritical Cultural Turns.
Sayer, A. 2000 In: Cultural turns/geographical turns : perspectives on cultural geography. Harlow ; New York : Prentice Hall p. 166-181. 16 p. ISBN: 0582368871.
For postdisciplinary studies: sociology and the curse of disciplinary parochialism and imperialism
Sayer, A. 2000 In: For sociology. Durham : Sociologypress p. 83-91. 9 p. ISBN: 1903457017.
Method in social science.
Sayer, A. 2000 Unknown Publisher.
Moral Economy and Political Economy.
Sayer, A. 2000 In: Studies in Political Economy. 61, Sp, p. 79-104. 26 p.
Realism and social science.
Sayer, A. 2000 London : Sage. 211 p. ISBN: 9780761961246.
Bourdieu, Smith and disinterested judgement.
Sayer, A. 1999 In: Sociology Review. 47, 3, p. 403-431. 29 p.
Annual Ethics and Social Welfare Conference
Participation in conference
Varieties of Virtue Ethics in Philosophy, Social Science and Theology,
Participation in conference
Ethics and Social Theory: The Work of Andrew Sayer
- CPERC - Cultural Political Economy Research Centre
- LIP - Language, Ideology and Power Group