Professor Jennie Popay

Professor

Research Interests

Jennie Popay has been Professor of Sociology and Public Health in the Division of Health Research since January 2002. She is currently director of the Centre for Health Inequalities and co-director of the Liverpool and Lancaster Universities Collaboration for Public Health Research (LiLaC - http://www.lilac-healthequity.org.uk) one of eight academic members of the NIHR School for Public Health Research (SPHR). She is also Director of Engagement and Public Health Lead for the NIHR Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care for the NW Coast – a collaboration between 36 partners including universities, local authorities and NHS organisations.

Jennie was born in Salford in the North West of England. She spent 5 years teaching in East Africa and studied social sciences in New Zealand before returning to the UK in 1974 to undertake postgraduate work. She began her research career at the Unit for the Study of Health Policy at Guy's Hospital in London and has worked as a sociologist in the public health field ever since. Her research interests include the social determinants of health and health equity; the evaluation of complex public health policies/interventions; community empowerment; and the sociology of knowledge. She has a particular interest in qualitative evidence review and synthesis and established the Qualitative Research Methods Group within the Cochrane Collaboration. With funding from the ESRC she worked with colleagues on the production of guidance on the conduct of Narrative Synthesis - a method used to review and synthesise findings from multiple mixed methods studies. The Narrative Synthesis Guidance is available to download and has been tested by reviewers working on systematic reviews in the UK, Canada, Australia and elsewhere.

Her current research includes the Communities in Control Study – an evaluation of a Lottery funded community empowerment initiative (on which she is PI) and leadership of a programme of work developing and evaluating local authority place based community approaches to addressing health inequalities. The latter work has involved the production of an online resource to help researchers to design studies that are more equity sensitive (http://www.hiat.org.uk). She has completed studies of the health equity and social impact of the New Deal for Communities regeneration initiative and an MRC study focusing on methods to assess the impact of public involvement in research, which resulted in an online resource for researchers (http://piiaf.org.uk). She has undertaken a number of innovative systematic reviews of qualitative research evidence and of findings from studies involving a range of methods. Leading a group of senior academics from City University London and the Universities of York and Glasgow she has developed guidance on the conduct of Narrative Synthesis - a method used to review and synthesise findings from multiple mixed methods studies. This guidance is available to download and it is tested by reviewers working on systematic reviews in the UK, Canada, Australia and elsewhere.

Previously she was co-ordinator of the Global Social Exclusion Knowledge Network supporting the WHO Sponsored Commission on the Social Determinants of Health (the Marmot Commission) which had hubs in Brazil, Colombia, Mozambique, South Africa, Bangladesh and Australia and Chair of the Disadvantage, Social Exclusion and Vulnerability Task Group, supporting the work of the WHO EURO review of social determinants of health (2010-12). She has held a number of public appointments including Vice Chair of the Commission on Patient and Public Involvement in Health, member, the Bevan Commission in Wales and Commissioner with the Commission on Health Improvement. She was the inaugural chair of the national charity The People’s health Trust (https://www.peopleshealthtrust.org.uk).

The CLAHRC NWC Health Inequalities Assessment Toolkit V.3. (2017): Coordinators: Popay, J. Porroche-Escudero, A., Sadler, G. and Simpson, S. Lancaster: The National Institute of Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care North West Coast and Lancaster University
Popay, J.M., Porroche-Escudero, A., Sadler, G., Simpson, S. 18/05/2017 NIHR CLAHRC NWC. 28 p.
Commissioned report

Systems resilience: improving public health through collaboration and community based participatory research
Porroche-Escudero, A., Popay, J.M., Barr, B., Mosedale, S.L., Ring, A., Sadler, G., Simpson, G., Wheeler, P. 6/03/2017
Meeting abstract

At a glance: The CLAHRC NWC Health Inequalities Assessment Toolkit (2017): Coordinators: Popay, J. Porroche-Escudero, A., Sadler, G. and Simpson, S. Lancaster: The National Institute of Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care North West Coast
Popay, J.M., Porroche-Escudero, A., Sadler, G., Simpson, S. 1/03/2017 NIHR CLAHRC NWC. 6 p.
Commissioned report

Putting context centre stage: evidence from a systems evaluation of an area based empowerment initiative in England
Orton, L., Halliday, E.C., Collins, J.M., Egan, M., Lewis, S., Ponsford, R., Powell, K., Salway, S., Townsend, A., Whitehead, M., Popay, J.M. 2017 In: Critical Public Health. 27, 4, p. 477-489. 13 p.
Journal article

Health in All Policies in South Australia: what has supported early implementation?
Delany, T., Lawless, A., Baum, F., Popay, J.M., Jones, L., McDermott, D., Harris, E., Broderick, D., Marmot, M.G. 12/2016 In: Health Promotion International. 31, 4, p. 888-898. 11 p.
Journal article

Development of a framework for identifying and measuring collective control as a social determinant of health: findings from an evaluation of a natural policy experiment in empowerment
Ponsford, R., Collins, J.M., Egan , M., Halliday, E.C., Salway, S., Orton, L., Popay, J.M., Townsend, A., Whitehead, M. 13/11/2015
Meeting abstract

Understanding area-based community empowerment initiatives as events systems and the implications for evaluating their potential to affect health inequalities
Halliday, E.C., Orton, L., Egan, M., Lewis, S., Powell, K., Townsend, A., Tyrrell, R., Whitehead, M., Popay, J.M. 13/11/2015
Meeting abstract

Health trajectories in regeneration areas in England: the impact of the New Deal for Communities intervention
Walthery, P., Stafford, M., Nazroo, J., Whitehead, M., Dibben, C., Halliday, E., Povall, S., Popay, J. 08/2015 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 69, 8, p. 762-768. 7 p.
Journal article

The CLAHRC NWC Health Inequalities Assessment Toolkit (2015) Coordinators: Popay, J. Porroche-Escudero, A., Sadler, G. and Simpson, S. Lancaster: The National Institute of Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care North West Coast and Lancaster University
Popay, J.M., Porroche-Escudero, A., Sadler, G., Simpson, S. 03/2015 NIHR CLAHRC NWC.
Commissioned report

Evaluating the health inequalities impact of area-based initiatives across the socioeconomic spectrum: a controlled intervention study of the New Deal for Communities, 2002-2008
Stafford, M., Badland, H., Nazroo, J., Halliday, E., Walthery, P., Povall, S., Dibben, C., Whitehead, M., Popay, J. 10/2014 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 68, 10, p. 979-986. 8 p.
Journal article

Exploring perceived barriers, drivers, impacts and the need for evaluation of public involvement in health and social care research: a modified Delphi study
Snape, D., Kirkham, J., Britten, N., Froggatt, K., Gradinger, F., Lobban, F., Popay, J., Wyatt, K., Jacoby, A. 17/06/2014 In: BMJ Open. 4, 6, 12 p.
Journal article

Exploring areas of consensus and conflict around values underpinning public involvement in health and social care research: a modified Delphi study
Snape, D., Kirkham, J., Preston, J., Popay, J., Britten, N., Collins, M., Froggatt, K., Gibson, A., Lobban, F., Wyatt, K., Jacoby, A. 10/01/2014 In: BMJ Open. 4, 1, 12 p.
Journal article

New deal for communities as a ‘natural policy experiment’
Halliday, E., Popay, J. 2014 In: SAGE research methods cases. Sage Electronic ISBN: 9781446273050.
Chapter

Qualitative research for public health practitioners
Mallinson, S., Popay, J., Williams, G. 2013 In: Oxford handbook of public health practice. Oxford : Oxford University Press
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

NHS health trainers: a review of emerging evaluation evidence
Attree, P., Clayton, S., Karunanithi, S., Nayak, S., Popay, J., Read, D. 2012 In: Critical Public Health. 22, 1, p. 25-38. 14 p.
Journal article

Reviewing and synthesising diverse evidence to inform policy and action
Popay, J., Pope, C., Mays, N. 2012 In: Understanding research for social policy and practice. Bristol : Polity Press
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Priorities for research on equity and health: towards an equity-focused health research agenda
Östlin, P., Schrecker, T., Sadana, R., Gibson, L., Hertzman, C., Kelly, M., Kjellstrom, T., Labonte, R., Lundberg, O., Muntaner, C., Popay, J., Sen, G., Vaghri, Z. 1/11/2011 In: PLoS Medicine. 8, 11, 6 p.
Journal article

The experience of community engagement for individuals: a rapid review of evidence
Attree, P., French, B., Milton, B., Povall, S., Whitehead, M., Popay, J. 05/2011 In: Health and Social Care in the Community. 19, 3, p. 250-253. 4 p.
Journal article

The Impact of community engagement in health and social outcomes: a systematic review
Milton, B., Attree, P., French, B., Povall, S., Whitehead, M., Popay, J. 2011 In: Community Development Journal. 47, 3, p. 316-334. 19 p.
Journal article

NHS reforms: untried remedies for misdiagnosed problems?
Whitehead, M., Hanratty, B., Popay, J. 23/10/2010 In: The Lancet. 376, 9750, 3 p.
Comment/debate

Getting to grips with health inequalities at last?
Hunter, D., Popay, J., Tannahill, C., Whitehead, M. 10/02/2010 In: BMJ. 340, 1 p.
Editorial

Community empowerment and health improvement: the English experience
Popay, J. 2010 In: Health assets in a global context: theory, methods, action. New York : Springer p. 183-197. 15 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Injustice is killing people on a large scale but what is to be done about it?
Popay, J., Whitehead, M., Hunter, D. 2010 In: Journal of Public Health. 32, 2, 2 p.
Editorial

Qualitative research review and synthesis
Popay, J., Mallinson, S. 2010 In: The Sage handbook of qualitative methods in health research. London : Sage p. 289-306. 18 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Testing methodological guidance on the conduct of narrative synthesis in systematic reviews: effectiveness of interventions to promote smoke alarm ownership and function
Rodgers, M., Sowden, A., Petticrew, M., Arai, L., Roberts, H., Britten, N., Popay, J. 01/2009 In: Evaluation: the International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice,. 15, 1, p. 49-73. 25 p.
Journal article

Equalizing the people's health: a sociological perspective
Popay, J., Williams, G. 2009 In: The new sociology of the health service. London : Routledge p. 222-244. 23 p. ISBN: 9780415455978.
Chapter

Providing evidence of the effects of social work and improving social work interventions
MacDonald, G., Popay, J. 2009 In: The Sage handbook of social work research. London : Sage
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Addressing social determinants of health inequities: what can the state and civil society do?
Blas, E., Gibson, L., Kelly, M., Labonte, R., Lapitan, J., Muntaner, C., Ostlin, P., Popay, J., Sadana, R., Sen, G., Schrecker, T., Vighri, Z. 8/11/2008 In: The Lancet. 372, 9650, p. 1684-1689. 6 p.
Journal article

Tackling inequalities in health: evaluating the New Deal for Communities Initiative
Stafford, M., Nazroo, J., Popay, J., Whitehead, M. 04/2008 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 62, 4, p. 298-304. 7 p.
Journal article

Domestic conditions, paid employment and women's experience of ill health
Hartley, M., Popay, J., Plewis, I. 2008 In: Sociology of Health and Illness. Virtual Special Issue, 2
Journal article

Social problems, primary care and pathways to help and support at the individual level. Part II lay perspectives help and support: addressing health inequalities.
Popay, J.M., MacKian, S., Mallinson, S.L., Kowarzik, U. 11/2007 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 61, 11, p. 972-977. 6 p.
Journal article

Describing depression: ethnicity and the use of somatic imagery in accounts of mental distress.
Mallinson, S.L., Popay, J. 09/2007 In: Sociology of Health and Illness. 29, 6, p. 857-871. 15 p.
Journal article

Testing methodological developments in the conduct of narrative synthesis: a demonstration review of research on the implementation of smoke alarm interventions
Arai, L., Britten, N., Popay, J., Roberts, H., Petticrew, M., Rodgers, M., Sowden, A. 08/2007 In: Evidence and Policy : A Journal of Research Debate and Practice. 3, 3, p. 361-383. 23 p.
Journal article

Directly observed therapy and tuberculosis: how can a systematic review of qualitative research contribute to improving services?: a qualitative meta-synthesis
Noyes, J., Popay, J. 02/2007 In: Journal of Advanced Nursing. 57, 3, p. 227-243. 17 p.
Journal article

Social problems, primary care and pathways to help and support : addressing health inequalities at the individual level: Part I: the GP perspective
Popay, J., Kowarzik, U., Mallinson, S., Mackian, S., Barker, J. 2007 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 61, 11, p. 966-971. 6 p.
Journal article

Synthesising qualitative and quantitative health research: a guide to methods
Pope, C., Popay, J., Mays, N. 2007 Maidenhead : McGraw-Hill / Open University Press. ISBN: 9780335230150.
Book

Extending systematic reviews to include evidence on implementation: methodological work on a review of community-based initiatives to prevent injuries.
Roen, K., Arai, L., Popay, J., Roberts, H. 1/08/2006 In: Social Science and Medicine. 63, 4, p. 1060-1071. 12 p.
Journal article

Preventing children's injuries : exploring methodological issues in the systematic review of qualitative evidence.
Roen, K., Arai, L., Roberts, H., Popay, J. 08/2006 In: Social Science and Medicine. 63, 4, p. 1060-1071. 12 p.
Journal article

Developing the public health workforce: a 'communities of practice' perspective.
Mallinson, S.L., Popay, J., Mackian, S., Kowarzik, U. 04/2006 In: Policy and Politics. 34, 2, p. 265-285. 21 p.
Journal article

Collaborative work in public health?: reflections on the experience of public health networks
Popay, J., Mallinson, S., Kowarzik, U. 2006 In: Critical Public Health. 16, 3, p. 259-265. 7 p.
Journal article

Informing policy making and management in healthcare : the place for synthesis.
Popay, J., Pope, C., Mays, N. 2006 In: Healthcare Policy. 1, 2, p. 43-48. 6 p.
Journal article

Lay knowledge and the privilege of experience.
Popay, J., Williams, G. 2006 In: Challenging medicine.. London : Routledge p. 122-145. 24 p. ISBN: 9780415389532.
Chapter

Methodological issues in the synthesis of diverse sources of evidence.
Popay, J., Roberts, H. 2006 In: Moving beyond effectiveness : methodological issues in the synthesis of diverse sources of evidence.. London : National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence p. 1-10. 10 p.
Chapter

Moving beyond effectiveness : methodological issues in the synthesis of diverse sources of evidence.
Popay, J. 2006 London : National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.
Book

Of hedgehogs, foxes : maximising the use of evidence through dialogue and research.
Popay, J. 2006 In: Moving beyond effectiveness : methodological issues in the synthesis of diverse sources of evidence.. London : National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence p. 95-115. 21 p.
Chapter

What evidence do we have on implementation? Or : It might work in a trial but how do we make it work round here?
Popay, J., Roberts, H., Arai, L., Roen, K. 2006 In: Health development agency : evidence at the croassroads : new directions in changing the health of the public : a manual.. Oxford : Oxford University Press
Chapter

What evidence do we have on implementation? Or: It might work in a trial, but how do we make it work round here?
Popay, J., Roberts, H., Arai, L., Roen, K. 2006 In: Public health evidence : tackling health inequalities.. Oxford : Oxford University Press p. 299-308. 10 p.
Chapter

Moving beyond floccinaucinihilipilification: enhancing the utility of systematic reviews
Popay, J. 2005 In: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 58, 11, p. 1079-1080. 2 p.
Journal article

Developing public health work in local health systems
Popay, J., Mallinson, S., Kowarzik, U., MacKian, S., Busby, H., Elliot, H. 10/2004 In: Primary Health Care Research and Development. 5, 4, p. 338-350. 13 p.
Journal article

Mapping the determinants of health inequalities in social space: can Bourdieu help us?
Gatrell, A.C., Popay, J., Thomas, C. 09/2004 In: Health and Place. 10, 3, p. 245-257. 13 p.
Journal article

Local geographies of health inequalities.
Gatrell, A.C., Berridge, D., Bennett, S., Bostock, L., Thomas, C., Popay, J., Williams, G. 2004 In: The geography of health inequalities in the developed world: views from Britain and North America. Aldershot : Ashgate Press p. 177-197. 21 p. ISBN: 0754613984.
Chapter

Historical data for health inequalities research: a research note.
Mallinson, S.L., Popay, J.M., Elliott, E., Bennett, S., Bostock, L., Gatrell, A.C., Thomas, C., Williams, G. 11/2003 In: Sociology. 37, 4, p. 771-780. 10 p.
Journal article

Everywhere and nowhere : locating and understanding the "new" public health.
MacKian, S., Elliott, H., Busby, H., Popay, J. 09/2003 In: Health and Place. 9, 3, p. 219-229. 11 p.
Journal article

A proper place to live: health inequalities, agency and the normative dimensions of space.
Popay, J.M., Thomas, C., Williams, G., Bennett, S., Gatrell, A.C., Bostock, L. 1/07/2003 In: Social Science and Medicine. 57, 1, p. 55-69. 15 p.
Journal article

Beyond "beer, fags, egg and chips"? : exploring lay understandings of social inequalities in health.
Popay, J., Bennett, S., Thomas, C., Williams, G., Gatrell, A.C., Bostock, L. 01/2003 In: Sociology of Health and Illness. 25, 1, p. 1-23. 23 p.
Journal article

Preventing accidents in children : how can we improve our understanding of what really works?
Arai, K., Popay, J., Roen, K., Roberts, H. 2003 In: Exploring methodological and practical issues in the systematic review of factors affecting the implementation of child injury prevention initiatives. London : Health Development Agency
Chapter

Synthesis of evidence from research using diverse study designs : a preliminary review of methodological work.
Popay, J., Roen, K. 2003 London
Working paper

Synthesis of evidence from research using diverse study designs : a review of selected methodological work.
Popay, J., Roen, K. 2003 In: Health Care Reports. 1, 1, p. 1-25. 25 p.
Journal article

Theorising inequalities in health : the place of lay knowledge.
Popay, J., Williams, G., Thomas, C., Gatrell, A.C. 2003 In: Health and Social Justice : politics, ideology, and inequality in the distribution of disease. San Francisco : Jossey-Bass/Wiley p. 385-409. 25 p.
Chapter

Developing a model to enhance the capacity of statutory organisations to engage with lay communities
Pickin, C., Popay, J., Staley, K., Bruce, N., Jones, C., Gowman, N. 1/01/2002 In: Journal of Health Services Research and Policy. 7, 1, p. 34-42. 9 p.
Journal article

Promoting organisational capacity to engage with active lay communities.
Pickin, C., Popay, J.M. 2001 Health Service Research and Policy.
Book

Regeneration and health : a preliminary review of the literature.
Popay, J. 2001 London : Kings Fund.
Book

Synthesising research evidence.
Mays, N., Roberts, E., Popay, J. 2001 In: Methods for studying the delivery and organisation of health services. London : Routledge
Chapter

How are policy makers using evidence?: models of research utilisation an dlocal NHS policymaking
Popay, J., Elliott, H. 06/2000 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 54, 6, p. 461-468. 8 p.
Journal article

Social capital: the role of narrative and historical research
Popay, J. 06/2000 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 54, 6, p. 401.
Journal article

Understanding health inequalities: Locating people in geographical and social spaces
Gatrell, A.C., Thomas, C., Bennett, S., Bostock, L., Popay, J., Williams, G., Shahtahmasebi, S. 2000 In: Understanding health inequalities. Buckingham : Open University Press p. 156-169. 14 p.
Chapter

Location, Health and Deprivation: The Geography of Inequalities.
Gatrell, A., Bennett, S., Bostock, L., Popay, J., Thomas, C., Williams G., G. 1999
Conference paper

Multi-level modelling, Multi-level explanations.
Popay, J., Gatrell, A., Thomas, C., Williams, G., Bostock, L., Bennett, S. 1999
Conference paper

Public Health in Social and Geographical Context: The Place of Lay Knowledge
Bostock, L., Bennett, S., Gatrell, A., Popay, J., Thomas, C., Williams, G. 1999
Poster

The place is all right, it’s just the people that I can’t stand. (Dis)associating with people and place.
Bostock, L., Bennett, S., Gatrell, A., Popay, J., Thomas, C., Williams, G. 1999
Conference paper

Welfare research: a critical review
Williams, F., Popay, J., Oakley, A. 1999 London : UCL Press. 216 p. ISBN: 9781857282696.
Book

Rationale and standards for the systematic review of qualitative literature in health services research
Popay, J., Rogers, A., Williams, G. 05/1998 In: Qualitative Health Research. 8, 3, p. 341-351. 11 p.
Journal article

Men, gender divisions and welfare
Popay, J., Hearn, J., Edwards, J. 1998 London : Routledge. 347 p. ISBN: 9780415119702.
Book

Placing the people’s health in the context of social and geographical spaces.
Bostock, L., Bennett, S., Gatrell, A., Popay, J., Thomas, C., Williams, G. 1998
Conference paper

Qualitative research and evidence based health care
Popay, J., Williams, G. 1998 In: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 91, suppl. 35, p. 32-37. 6 p.
Journal article

Theorising Inequalities in Health: The Place of Lay Knowledge
Popay, J., Williams, G., Thomas, C., Gatrell, T. 1998 In: Sociology of Health and Illness. 20, 5, p. 619-644. 26 p.
Journal article

Theorising inequalities in health: the place of lay knowledge.
Popay, J., Williams, G., Thomas, C., Gatrell, A. 1998 In: The sociology of health inequalities. Oxford : Blackwell p. 59-83. 25 p. ISBN: 0631209298.
Chapter

Theorising inequalities in health: the place of lay knowledge.
Popay, J., Williams, G., Thomas, C. 1998
Conference paper

Understanding health inequalities: Mapping health and ‘risk’ within and between differing localities
Bennett, S., Bostock, L., Gatrell, A., Popay, J., Thomas, C., Williams, G. 1998
Conference paper

Public health research and lay knowledge
Popay, J., Williams, G. 03/1996 In: Social Science and Medicine. 42, 5, p. 759-768. 10 p.
Journal article

Is the short form 36 (SF 36) suitable for routine health outcomes assessment in health care for older people?: evidence from preliminary work in community based health services in England
Mallinson, S., Harries, U., Popay, J. 1996 In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 50, 1, p. 94-98. 5 p.
Journal article

Researching the people's health: social research and health care
Popay, J., Williams, G. 1994 London : Routledge. 209 p. ISBN: 9780415099714.
Book

Domestic conditions, paid employment and women's experience of ill health
Hartley, M., Popay, J., Plewis, I. 1992 In: Sociology of Health and Illness. 14, 3, p. 313-343. 31 p.
Journal article