Professor Paul Bates

Head of Department, Professor

Research Overview

My research expertise is in tropical infectious diseases, in particular medically important parasites and their interactions with insect and mammalian hosts. The main group of parasites we study are Leishmania, causing various forms of the tropical disease leishmaniasis. We maintain a breeding colony of sand flies to study the role of the vector in transmission and apply the tools of biochemistry, cell biology and molecular genetics to dissect the host-parasite relationship. One output of our research is the identification of targets for chemotherapeutic or immunological intervention. Another is the development of model systems for the evaluation of drugs and vaccines.

A restatement of the natural science evidence concerning catchment-based “natural” flood management in the United Kingdom
Dadson, S.J., Hall, J., Murgatroyd, A., Acreman, M., Bates, P.A., Beven, K.J., Heathwaite, A.L., Holden, J., Holman, I.P., Lane, S.N., O'Connell, E., Penning-Rowsell, E., Reynard, N., Sear, D.A., Thorne, C., Wilby, R.L. 15/03/2017 In: Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 473, 2199, 19 p.
Journal article

Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) plays a role in controlling cutaneous leishmaniasis in vivo, but does not require activation by parasite lipophosphoglycan
Halliday, A., Bates, P.A., Chance, M.L., Taylor, M.J. 6/10/2016 In: Parasites and Vectors. 9, 1, 14 p.
Journal article

Salivary gland proteome during adult development and after blood feeding of female anopheles dissidens mosquitoes (Diptera Culicidae)
Phattanawiboon, B., Jariyapan, N., Mano, C., Roytrakul, S., Paemanee, A., Sor-Suwan, S., Sriwichai, P., Saeung, A., Bates, P.A. 26/09/2016 In: PLoS ONE. 11, 9, 14 p.
Journal article

Characterization of a midgut mucin-like glycoconjugate of Lutzomyia longipalpis with a potential role in Leishmania attachment
Myšková, J., Dostálová, A., Pěničková, L., Halada, P., Bates, P.A., Volf, P. 25/07/2016 In: Parasites and Vectors. 9, 1, 10 p.
Journal article

The TLR2/6 ligand PAM2CSK4 is a Th2 polarizing adjuvant in Leishmania major and Brugia malayi murine vaccine models
Halliday, A., Turner, J.D., Guimarães, A., Bates, P.A., Taylor, M.J. 20/02/2016 In: Parasites and Vectors. 9, 9 p.
Journal article

The biting midge Culicoides sonorensis (Diptera Ceratopogonidae) is capable of developing late stage infections of Leishmania enriettii
Seblova, V., Sadlova, J., Vojtkova, B., Votypka, J., Carpenter, S., Bates, P.A., Volf, P. 14/09/2015 In: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 9, 9, 15 p.
Journal article

Chronic generalized fibrotic skin lesions from disseminated leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania martiniquensis in two HIV-infected patients from northern Thailand
Chiewchanvit, S., Tovanabutra, N., Jariyapan, N., Bates, M.D., Mahanupab, P., Chuamanochan, M., Tantiworawit, A., Bates, P.A. 09/2015 In: British Journal of Dermatology. 173, 3, p. 663-670. 8 p.
Journal article

First isolation of a new species of Leishmania responsible for human cutaneous leishmaniasis in Ghana and classification in the Leishmania enriettii complex
Kwakye-Nuako, G., Mosore, M., Duplessis, C., Bates, M., Puplampu, N., Mensah-Attipoe, I., Desewu, K., Afegbe, G., Asmah, R., Jamjoom, M., Ayeh-Kumi, P., Boakye, D., Bates, P. 09/2015 In: International Journal for Parasitology. 45, 11, p. 679-684. 6 p.
Journal article

A unique, highly conserved secretory invertase is differentially expressed by promastigote developmental forms of all species of the human pathogen, Leishmania
Lyda, T.A., Joshi, M.B., Andersen, J.F., Kelada, A.Y., Owings, J.P., Bates, P.A., Dwyer, D.M. 06/2015 In: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry. 404, 1-2, p. 53-77. 25 p.
Journal article

Recent advances in phlebotomine sand fly research related to leishmaniasis control
Bates, P.A., Depaquit, J., Galati, E.A., Kamhawi, S., Maroli, M., McDowell, M.A., Picado, A., Ready, P.D., Salomón, O.D., Shaw, J.J., Traub-Csekö, Y.M., Warburg, A. 27/02/2015 In: Parasites and Vectors. 8, 1, 8 p.
Journal article

First isolation of Leishmania from Northern Thailand: case report, identification as Leishmania martiniquensis and phylogenetic position within the Leishmania enriettii complex
Pothirat, T., Tantiworawit, A., Chaiwarith, R., Jariyapan, N., Wannasan, A., Siriyasatien, P., Supparatpinyo, K., Bates, M.D., Kwakye-Nuako, G., Bates, P.A. 12/2014 In: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 8, 12, 8 p.
Journal article

Exsheathment and midgut invasion of nocturnally subperiodic Brugia malayi microfilariae in a refractory vector, Aedes aegypti (Thailand strain)
Intakhan, N., Jariyapan, N., Sor-Suwan, S., Phattanawiboon, B., Taai, K., Chanmol, W., Saeung, A., Choochote, W., Bates, P.A. 11/2014 In: Parasitology Research. 113, 11, p. 4141-4149. 9 p.
Journal article

Colonisation resistance in the sand fly gut: Leishmania protects Lutzomyia longipalpis from bacterial infection
Sant'Anna, M.R.V., Diaz-Albiter, H., Aguiar-Martins, K., Al Salem, W.S., Cavalcante, R.R., Dillon, V.M., Bates, P.A., Genta, F.A., Dillon, R.J. 23/07/2014 In: Parasites and Vectors. 7, 1, 10 p.
Journal article

Identification of salivary gland proteins depleted after blood feeding in the malaria vector anopheles campestris-like mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae)
Sor-Suwan, S., Jariyapan, N., Roytrakul, S., Paemanee, A., Phumee, A., Phattanawiboon, B., Intakhan, N., Chanmol, W., Bates, P.A., Saeung, A., Choochote, W. 5/03/2014 In: PLoS ONE. 9, 3, 9 p.
Journal article

Midgut ultrastructure of fourth instar Ochlerotatus togoi (Diptera: Culicidae)
Intakhan, N., Jariyapan, N., Chanmol, W., Sor-Suwan, S., Phattanawiboon, B., Saeung, A., Choochote, W., Bates, P. 2014 In: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 45, 6, p. 1301-1315. 15 p.
Journal article

The role of surface glycoconjugates in Leishmania midgut attachment examined by competitive binding assays and experimental development in sand flies
Jecna, L., Dostalova, A., Wilson, R., Seblova, V., Chang, K., Bates, P.A., Volf, P. 07/2013 In: Parasitology. 140, 8, p. 1026-1032. 7 p.
Journal article

Human Chemokines as Antimicrobial Peptides with Direct Parasiticidal Effect on Leishmania mexicana In Vitro
Söbirk, S.K., Mörgelin, M., Egesten, A., Bates, P., Shannon, O., Collin, M. 22/03/2013 In: PLoS ONE. 8, 3
Journal article

The characterization of the Phlebotomus papatasi transcriptome
Abrudan, J., Ramalho-Ortigão, M., O'Neil, S., Stayback, G., Wadsworth, M., Bernard, M., Shoue, D., Emrich, S., Lawyer, P., Kamhawi, S., Rowton, E.D., Lehane, M.J., Bates, P.A., Valenzeula, J.G., Tomlinson, C., Appelbaum, E., Moeller, D., Thiesing, B., Dillon, R., Clifton, S., Lobo, N.F., Wilson, R.K., Collins, F.H., McDowell, M.A. 7/02/2013 In: Insect Molecular Biology. 22, 2, p. 211-232. 22 p.
Journal article

Salivary gland proteome of the human malaria vector, Anopheles campestris-like (Diptera Culicidae)
Sor-Suwan, S., Jariyapan, N., Roytrakul, S., Paemanee, A., Saeung, A., Thongsahuan, S., Phattanawiboon, B., Bates, P.A., Poovorawan, Y., Choochote, W. 2013 In: Parasitology Research. 112, 3, p. 1065-1075. 11 p.
Journal article

Caspar-like gene depletion reduces Leishmania infection in sand fly host Lutzomyia longipalpis
Telleria, E.L., Sant'Anna, M.R.V., Ortigão-Farias, J.R., Pitaluga, A.N., Dillon, V.M., Bates, P.A., Traub-Csekö, Y.M., Dillon, R.J. 13/04/2012 In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 287, 16, p. 12985-12993. 9 p.
Journal article

Investigation of the bacterial communities associated with females of Lutzomyia sand fly species from South America
Sant'anna, M.R.V., Darby, A.C., Brazil, R.P., Montoya-Lerma, J., Dillon, V.M., Bates, P.A., Dillon, R.J. 2012 In: PLoS ONE. 7, 8, p. e42531. 10 p.
Journal article

Chromosome and gene copy number variation allow major structural change between species and strains of Leishmania
Rogers, M.B., Hilley, J.D., Dickens, N.J., Wilkes, J., Bates, P.A., Depledge, D.P., Harris, D., Her, Y., Herzyk, P., Imamura, H., Otto, T.D., Sanders, M., Seeger, K., Dujardin, J., Berriman, M., Smith, D.F., Hertz-Fowler, C., Mottram, J.C. 12/2011 In: Genome Research. 21, 12, p. 2129-2142. 14 p.
Journal article

Evidence incriminating midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) as potential vectors of Leishmania in Australia
Dougall, A.M., Alexander, B., Holt, D.C., Harris, T., Sultan, A.H., Bates, P.A., Rose, K., Walton, S.F. 04/2011 In: International Journal for Parasitology. 41, 5, p. 571-579. 9 p.
Journal article

Leishmania species: detection and identification by nested PCR assay from skin samples of rodent reservoirs
Akhavan, A.A., Mirhendi, H., Khamesipour, A., Alimohammadian, M.H., Rassi, Y., Bates, P., Kamhawi, S., Valenzuela, J.G., Arandian, M.H., Abdoli, H., Jalali-zand, N., Jafari, R., Shareghi, N., Ghanei, M., Yaghoobi-Ershadi, M.R. 12/2010 In: Experimental Parasitology. 126, 4, p. 552-556. 5 p.
Journal article

Leishmania infantum proteophosphoglycans regurgitated by the bite of its natural sand fly vector, Lutzomyia longipalpis, promote parasite establishment in mouse skin and skin-distant tissues
Rogers, M.E., Corware, K., Müller, I., Bates, P.A. 10/2010 In: Microbes and Infection. 12, 11, p. 875-879. 5 p.
Journal article

Stage-specific adhesion of Leishmania promastigotes to sand fly midguts assessed using an improved comparative binding assay
Wilson, R., Bates, M.D., Dostalova, A., Jecna, L., Dillon, R.J., Volf, P., Bates, P.A. 09/2010 In: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 4, 9
Journal article

Chicken blood provides a suitable meal for the sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis and does not inhibit Leishmania development in the gut
Sant'anna, M.R., Nascimento, A., Alexander, B., Dilger, E., Cavalcante, R.R., Diaz-Albiter, H.M., Bates, P.A., Dillon, R.J. 11/01/2010 In: Parasites and Vectors. 3, 3
Journal article

Inhibition of trypsin expression in Lutzomyia longipalpis using RNAi enhances the survival of Leishmania
Sant'anna, M.R., Diaz-Albiter, H., Mubaraki, M., Dillon, R.J., Bates, P.A. 9/12/2009 In: Parasites and Vectors. 2, 10 p.
Journal article

Proteophosophoglycans regurgitated by Leishmania-infected sand flies target the L-arginine metabolism of host macrophages to promote parasite survival
Rogers, M., Kropf, P., Choi, B., Dillon, R., Podinovskaia, M., Bates, P., Müller, I. 21/08/2009 In: PLoS Pathogens. 5, 8
Journal article

A real-time PCR assay to estimate Leishmania chagasi load in its natural sand fly vector Lutzomyia longipalpis
Ranasinghe, S., Rogers, M.E., Hamilton, J.G.C., Bates, P.A., Maingon, R.D.C. 09/2008 In: Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 102, 9, p. 875-882. 8 p.
Journal article

Leishmania sand fly interaction: progress and challenges
Bates, P.A. 08/2008 In: Current Opinion in Microbiology. 11, 4, p. 340-344. 5 p.
Journal article

Gene silencing in phlebotomine sand flies: Xanthine dehydrogenase knock down by dsRNA microinjections
Sant'Anna, M.R., Alexander, B., Bates, P.A., Dillon, R.J. 06/2008 In: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 38, 6, p. 652-660. 9 p.
Journal article

Leishmania chitinase facilitates colonization of sand fly vectors and enhances transmission to mice
Rogers, M.E., Hajmová, M., Joshi, M.B., Sadlova, J., Dwyer, D.M., Volf, P., Bates, P.A. 06/2008 In: Cellular Microbiology. 10, 6, p. 1363-72. 10 p.
Journal article

Blood meal identification and parasite detection in laboratory-fed and field-captured Lutzomyia longipalpis by PCR using FTA databasing paper
Sant'Anna, M.R.V., Jones, N.G., Hindley, J.A., Mendes-Sousa, A.F., Dillon, R.J., Cavalcante, R.R., Alexander, B., Bates, P.A. 2008 In: Acta Tropica. 107, 3, p. 230-237. 8 p.
Journal article

Leishmania manipulation of sand fly feeding behavior results in enhanced transmission
Rogers, M.E., Bates, P.A. 06/2007 In: PLoS Pathogens. 3, 6, 8 p.
Journal article

Leishmania donovani and cutaneous leishmaniasis, Sri Lanka
Siriwardana, H.V.Y.D., Noyes, H.A., Beeching, N.J., Chance, M.L., Karunaweera, N.D., Bates, P.A. 03/2007 In: Emerging Infectious Diseases. 13, 3, p. 476-478. 3 p.
Journal article

Salivary gland proteins of the human malaria vector, Anopheles dirus B (Diptera Culicidae)
Jariyapan, N., Choochote, W., Jitpakdi, A., Harnnoi, T., Siriyasatein, P., Wilkinson, M.C., Junkum, A., Bates, P.A. 01/2007 In: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo. 49, 1, p. 5-10. 6 p.
Journal article

Transmission of Leishmania metacyclic promastigotes by phlebotomine sand flies
Bates, P.A. 2007 In: International Journal for Parasitology. 37, 10, p. 1097-1106. 10 p.
Journal article

Analysis of ESTs from Lutzomyia longipalpis sand flies and their contribution toward understanding the insect-parasite relationship
Dillon, R.J., Ivens, A.C., Churcher, C., Holroyd, N., Quail, M.A., Rogers, M.E., Soares, M.B., Bonaldo, M.F., Casavant, T.L., Lehane, M.J., Bates, P.A. 12/2006 In: Genomics. 88, 6, p. 831-840. 10 p.
Journal article

Housekeeping by Leishmania
Bates, P.A. 10/2006 In: Trends in Parasitology. 22, 10, p. 447-448. 2 p.
Journal article

A glycine- and glutamate-rich protein is female salivary gland-specific and abundant in the malaria vector Anopheles dirus B (Diptera Culicidae)
Jariyapan, N., Choochote, W., Jitpakdi, A., Harnnoi, T., Siriyasatein, P., Wilkinson, M.C., Bates, P.A. 09/2006 In: Journal of Medical Entomology. 43, 5, p. 867-874. 8 p.
Journal article

C-reactive protein initiates transformation of Leishmania donovani and L. mexicana through binding to lipophosphoglycan
Mbuchi, M., Bates, P.A., Ilg, T., Coe, J.E., Raynes, J.G. 04/2006 In: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology. 146, 2, p. 259-264. 6 p.
Journal article

Synthetic glycovaccine protects against the bite of leishmania-infected sand flies
Rogers, M.E., Sizova, O.V., Ferguson, M.A.J., Nikolaev, A.V., Bates, P.A. 2006 In: Journal of Infectious Diseases. 194, 4, p. 512-518. 7 p.
Journal article

Sequence analyses of three nuclear ribosomal loci and a mitochondrial locus in cytologically different forms of Thai Anopheles aconitus mosquitoes
Jariyapan, N., Choochote, W., Junkum, A., Jitpakdi, A., Komalamisra, N., Bates, P.A., Crampton, J.M. 09/2005 In: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 36, 5, p. 1162-1173. 12 p.
Journal article

Detailed analysis of an experimental challenge model for Leishmania infantum (JPC strain) in dogs
Poot, J., Rogers, M.E., Bates, P.A., Vermeulen, A. 06/2005 In: Veterinary Parasitology. 130, 1-2, p. 41-53. 13 p.
Journal article

Evidence to support two conspecific cytological races on Anopheles aconitus in Thailand
Junkum, A., Komalamisra, N., Jitpakdi, A., Jariyapan, N., Min, G., Park, M., Cho, K., Somboon, P., Bates, P.A., Choochote, W. 2005 In: Journal of Vector Ecology. 30, 2, p. 213-224. 12 p.
Journal article

Molecular characterization, expression, and in vivo analysis of LmexCht1: the chitinase of the human pathogen, Leishmania mexicana
Joshi, M.B., Rogers, M.E., Shakarian, A.M., Yamage, M., Al-Harthi, S.A., Bates, P.A., Dwyer, D.M. 2005 In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 280, 5, p. 3847-3861. 15 p.
Journal article

Production and characterization of stable amphotericin-resistant amastigotes and promastigotes of Leishmania mexicana
Al-Mohammed, H.I., Chance, M.L., Bates, P.A. 2005 In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 49, 8, p. 3274-3280. 7 p.
Journal article

Susceptibility of two karyotypic forms of Anopheles aconitus (Diptera Culicidae) to Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax
Junkum, A., Jitpakdi, A., Jariyapan, N., Komalamisra, N., Somboon, P., Suwonkerd, W., Saejeng, A., Bates, P.A., Choochote, W. 2005 In: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo. 47, 6, p. 333-338. 6 p.
Journal article

Leishmania donovani is the only cause of visceral leishmaniasis in East Africa; previous descriptions of L. infantum and "L. archibaldi" from this region are a consequence of convergent evolution in the isoenzyme data
Jamjoom, M.B., Ashford, R.W., Bates, P.A., Chance, M.L., Kemp, S.J., Watts, P.C., Noyes, H.A. 10/2004 In: Parasitology. 129, 4, p. 399-409. 11 p.
Journal article

Comparative morphometry and morphology of Anopheles aconitus Form B and C eggs under scanning electron microscope
Junkum, A., Jitpakdi, A., Komalamisra, N., Jariyapan, N., Somboon, P., Bates, P.A., Choochote, W. 09/2004 In: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo. 46, 5, p. 257-262. 6 p.
Journal article

Transmission of cutaneous leishmaniasis by sand flies is enhanced by regurgitation of fPPG
Rogers, M.E., Ilg, T., Nikolaev, A.V., Ferguson, M.A.J., Bates, P.A. 22/07/2004 In: Nature. 430, 6998, p. 463-467. 5 p.
Journal article

Salivary gland of Toxorhynchites splendens Wiedemann (Diptera Culicidae): ultrastructural morphology and electrophoretic protein profiles
Jariyapan, N., Choochote, W., Jitpakdi, A., Bates, P.A. 07/2004 In: Journal of Medical Entomology. 41, 4, p. 569-574. 6 p.
Journal article

Flagellar attachment of Leishmania promastigotes to plastic film in vitro
Wakid, M.H., Bates, P.A. 03/2004 In: Experimental Parasitology. 106, 3-4, p. 173-178. 6 p.
Journal article

New insights into the developmental biology and transmission mechanisms of Leishmania
Bates, P.A., Rogers, M.E. 2004 In: Current Molecular Medicine. 4, 6, p. 601-609. 9 p.
Journal article

Two separate growth phases during the development of Leishmania in sand flies: implications for understanding the life cycle
Gossage, S.M., Rogers, M.E., Bates, P.A. 09/2003 In: International Journal for Parasitology. 33, 10, p. 1027-1034. 8 p.
Journal article

C-reactive protein-mediated phagocytosis of Leishmania donovani promastigotes does not alter parasite survival or macrophage responses
Bodman-Smith, K.B., Mbuchi, M., Culley, F.J., Bates, P.A., Raynes, J.G. 09/2002 In: Parasite Immunology. 24, 9-10, p. 447-454. 8 p.
Journal article

Expression of D7 and D7-related proteins in the salivary glands of the human malaria mosquito Anopheles stephensi
Suwan, N., Wilkinson, M.C., Crampton, J.M., Bates, P.A. 06/2002 In: Insect Molecular Biology. 11, 3, p. 223-232. 10 p.
Journal article

Polymorphic microsatellite repeats are not conserved between Leishmania donovani and Leishmania major
Jamjoom, M., Ashford, R.W., Bates, P., Kemp, S.J., Noyes, H.A. 06/2002 In: Molecular Ecology Notes. 2, 2, p. 104-106. 3 p.
Journal article

The role of promastigote secretory gel in the origin and transmission of the infective stage of Leishmania mexicana by the sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis
Rogers, M.E., Chance, M.L., Bates, P.A. 05/2002 In: Parasitology. 124, 5, p. 495-507. 13 p.
Journal article

Developmentally regulated expression of a cell surface class I nuclease in Leishmania mexicana
Sopwith, W.F., Debrabant, A., Yamage, M., Dwyer, D.M., Bates, P.A. 04/2002 In: International Journal for Parasitology. 32, 4, p. 449-459. 11 p.
Journal article

Towards a standard battery of microsatellite markers for the analysis of the Leishmania donovani complex
Jamjoom, M.B., Ashford, R.W., Bates, P.A., Kemp, S.J., Noyes, H.A. 04/2002 In: Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology. 96, 3, p. 265-270. 6 p.
Journal article

Transformation of Leishmania mexicana metacyclic promastigotes to amastigote-like forms mediated by binding of human C-reactive protein
Bee, A., Culley, F.J., Alkhalife, I.S., Bodman-Smith, K.B., Raynes, J.G., Bates, P.A. 05/2001 In: Parasitology. 122, 5, p. 521-529. 9 p.
Journal article

Preliminary characterisation of esterase and platelet-activating factor (PAF)-acetylhydrolase activities from cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis) salivary glands
Cheeseman, M.T., Bates, P.A., Crampton, J.M. 02/2001 In: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 31, 2, p. 157-164. 8 p.
Journal article

Characterization of the elongating alpha-D-mannosyl phosphate transferase from three species of Leishmania using synthetic acceptor substrate analogues
Routier, F.H., Higson, A.P., Ivanova, I.A., Ross, A.J., Tsvetkov, Y.E., Yashunsky, D.V., Bates, P.A., Nikolaev, A.V., Ferguson, M.A. 11/07/2000 In: Biochemistry. 39, 27, p. 8017-8025. 9 p.
Journal article

Filamentous proteophosphoglycan secreted by Leishmania promastigotes forms gel-like three-dimensional networks that obstruct the digestive tract of infected sandfly vectors
Stierhof, Y.D., Bates, P.A., Jacobson, R.L., Rogers, M.E., Schlein, Y., Handman, E., Ilg, T. 10/1999 In: European Journal of Cell Biology. 78, 10, p. 675-689. 15 p.
Journal article

The axenic cultivation of Leishmania donovani amastigotes
Zakai, H.A., Chance, M.L., Bates, P. 1999 In: Saudi Medical Journal. 20, p. 334-340. 7 p.
Journal article

Transformation, development, and transmission of axenically cultured amastigotes of Leishmania mexicana in vitro and in Lutzomyia longipalpis
Ismaeel, A.Y., Garmson, J.C., Molyneux, D.H., Bates, P.A. 09/1998 In: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 59, 3, p. 421-425. 5 p.
Journal article

In vitro stimulation of metacyclogenesis in Leishmania braziliensis, L. donovani, L. major and L. mexicana
Zakai, H.A., Chance, M.L., Bates, P.A. 04/1998 In: Parasitology. 116 , 4, p. 305-309. 5 p.
Journal article

Phenol red method for measuring the pH of the gut contents in Lutzomyia longipalpis (Psychodidae:Diptera)
Yinshan, T., Anez, N., Bates, P.A. 1998 In: Chinese Journal of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases. 16, 1, p. 62-65. 4 p.
Journal article

Detection of lectin activity in Leishmania promastigotes and amastigotes
Svobodová, M., Bates, P.A., Volf, P. 14/10/1997 In: Acta Tropica. 68, 1, p. 23-35. 13 p.
Journal article

A unique, terminally glucosylated oligosaccharide is a common feature on Leishmania cell surfaces
Funk, V.A., Thomas-Oates, J.E., Kielland, S.L., Bates, P.A., Olafson, R.W. 01/1997 In: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology. 84, 1, p. 33-48. 16 p.
Journal article

The lipophosphoglycan-associated molecules of Leishmania
Bates, P.A. 09/1995 In: Parasitology Today. 11, 9, p. 317-318. 2 p.
Journal article

Expression of cysteine proteinases by metacyclic promastigotes of Leishmania mexicana
Bates, P.A., Robertson, C.D., Coombs, G.H. 05/1994 In: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology. 41, 3, p. 199-203. 5 p.
Journal article

Null mutants for the lmcpa cysteine proteinase gene in Leishmania mexicana
Souza, A.E., Bates, P.A., Coombs, G.H., Mottram, J.C. 02/1994 In: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology. 63, 2, p. 213-220. 8 p.
Journal article

Complete developmental cycle of Leishmania mexicana in axenic culture
Bates, P.A. 1/01/1994 In: Parasitology. 108 , 1, p. 1-9. 9 p.
Journal article

Comparison of the haemagglutination activities in gut and head extracts of various species and geographical populations of phlebotomine sandflies
Volf, P., Killick-Kendrick, R., Bates, P.A., Molyneux, D.H. 1994 In: Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology. 88, 3, p. 337-340. 4 p.
Journal article

The developmental biology of Leishmania promastigotes
Bates, P.A. 1994 In: Experimental Parasitology. 79, 2, p. 215-218. 4 p.
Journal article

Leishmania mexicana: induction of metacyclogenesis by cultivation of promastigotes at acidic pH
Bates, P.A., Tetley, L. 06/1993 In: Experimental Parasitology. 76, 4, p. 412-423. 12 p.
Journal article

Axenic culture of Leishmania amastigotes
Bates, P.A. 04/1993 In: Parasitology Today. 9, 4, p. 143-146. 4 p.
Journal article

Characterization of developmentally-regulated nucleases in promastigotes and amastigotes of Leishmania mexicana
Bates, P.A. 02/1993 In: FEMS Microbiology Letters. 107, 1, p. 53-58. 6 p.
Journal article

Axenic cultivation and characterization of Leishmania mexicana amastigote-like forms
Bates, P.A., Robertson, C.D., Tetley, L., Coombs, G.H. 10/1992 In: Parasitology. 105 , 2, p. 193-202. 10 p.
Journal article

Leishmania donovani: use of two different, commercially available, chemically defined media for the continuous in vitro cultivation of promastigotes
McCarthy-Burke, C., Bates, P.A., Dwyer, D.M. 10/1991 In: Experimental Parasitology. 73, 3, p. 385-387. 3 p.
Journal article

Golgi-mediated post-translational processing of secretory acid phosphatase by Leishmania donovani promastigotes
Bates, P.A., Hermes, I., Dwyer, D.M. 03/1990 In: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology. 39, 2, p. 247-255. 9 p.
Journal article

Binding and release of C3 from Leishmania donovani promastigotes during incubation in normal human serum
Puentes, S.M., Dwyer, D.M., Bates, P.A., Joiner, K.A. 12/1989 In: Journal of Immunology. 143, 11, p. 3743-3749. 7 p.
Journal article

Leishmania donovani: immunochemical localization and secretory mechanism of soluble acid phosphatase
Bates, P.A., Hermes, I., Dwyer, D.M. 04/1989 In: Experimental Parasitology. 68, 3, p. 335-346. 12 p.
Journal article

Leishmania donovani: identification of glycoproteins released by promastigotes during growth in vitro
Bates, P.A., Gottlieb, M., Dwyer, D.M. 12/1988 In: Experimental Parasitology. 67, 2, p. 199-209. 11 p.
Journal article

Mitochondrial DNA of the human malarial parasite Plasmodium falciparum
Gardner, M.J., Bates, P.A., Ling, I.T., Moore, D.J., McCready, S., Gunasekera, M.B., Wilson, R.J., Williamson, D.H. 10/1988 In: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology. 31, 1, p. 11-17. 7 p.
Journal article

Biosynthesis and secretion of acid phosphatase by Leishmania donovani promastigotes
Bates, P.A., Dwyer, D.M. 12/1987 In: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology. 26, 3, p. 289-296. 8 p.
Journal article

Leishmania donovani: generation of monospecific antibody reagents to soluble acid phosphatase
Bates, P.A., Kurtz, M.K., Gottlieb, M., Dwyer, D.M. 10/1987 In: Experimental Parasitology. 64, 2, p. 157-164. 8 p.
Journal article

Antibodies to the glutamate dehydrogenase of Plasmodium falciparum
Ling, I.T., Cooksley, S., Bates, P.A., Hempelmann, E., Wilson, R.J. 1986 In: Parasitology. 92, 2, p. 313-324. 12 p.
Journal article

Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA of the primate malarial parasite Plasmodium knowlesi
Williamson, D.H., Wilson, R.J., Bates, P.A., McCready, S., Perler, F., Qiang, B.U. 02/1985 In: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology. 14, 2, p. 199-209. 11 p.
Journal article

A simple method for isolating viable mature parasites of Plasmodium falciparum from cultures
Dluzewski, A.R., Ling, I.T., Rangachari, K., Bates, P.A., Wilson, R.J. 1984 In: Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 78, 5, p. 622-624. 3 p.
Journal article