Troubled Geographies:
A Spatial History of Religion and Society in Ireland

Ian N. Gregory, Niall A. Cunningham, C.D. Lloyd, Ian G. Shuttleworth and Paul S. Ell
Full text available from Indiana University Press
Figures by
Maps by
1. Background
2. The Plantations
3. Pre-Famine Ireland
4. The Famine
5. Towards Partition
6. Partition & Civil War
7. Continuous division
8. Towards the Celtic Tiger
9. Northern Ireland, 1971-2001
10. Conflict & death

The Troubled Geographies project led to a number of publications, some of which are still in preparation or under review. Further details will be made available as they appear. Those currently or shortly available include:

  • Gregory I.N., Cunningham N.A., Lloyd, C.D., Shuttleworth I.G. and Ell P.S. (2013) Troubled Geographies: A spatial history of religion and society in Ireland. Indiana University Press: Bloomington. This web-site is the companion to this book.
  • Gregory I.N. and Cunningham N. (2015) “‘The judgement of God on an indolent and unself-reliant people’?: The impact of the Great Irish Famine on Ireland's religious demography” Journal of Historical Geography, 51, pp. 76-87. See DOI:  10.1016/j.jhg.2015.07.001
  • Gregory I.N., Cunningham N.A. and Shuttleworth I. (in press, 2015) “Geographical Information Systems as a research tool for religious studies,” in Woodhead L. (ed.) How to Research Religion: Putting methods into practice. Oxford University Press: Oxford.
  • Cunningham N.A. and Gregory I.N. (2014) “Hard to miss, easy to blame: Peacelines, interfaces and political deaths in Belfast during the Troubles” Political Geography, 40, pp. 1-15. See DOI: 10.1016/j.polgeo.2014.02.004
  • Cunningham N.A. (2014) “Troubled Geographies: A Historical GIS of religion, society and conflict in Ireland since the Great Famine” in Gregory I.N. and Geddes A.Y. (eds.) Towards Spatial Humanities: Historical GIS and Spatial History. Indiana University Press: Bloomington, pp. 62-87.
  • Ell P.S., Cunningham N. and Gregory I.N. (2014) “No spatial watershed: Religious geographies of Ireland pre- and post-Famine” in Corporaal M., Cusak C., Janssen L. and van den Beuken R. (eds.) Global Legacies of the Great Irish Famine: Transnational and Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Peter Lang: Oxford, pp. 197-224.
  • Cunningham N. (2013) “‘The doctrine of vicarious punishment’: Space, religion and the Belfast Troubles, 1920-22” Journal of Historical Geography, 40, pp. 52-66. See DOI:   10.1016/j.jhg.2013.01.001
  • Cunningham N.A. and Gregory I.N. (2013) “Religious change in 20th century Ireland: A spatial history” Irish Geography, 45, pp. 209-233. See DOI: 10.1080/00750778.2013.835965
  • Lloyd C.D., Gregory I.N., Shuttleworth I.G. and Lilley K.D. (2012) “Exploring change in urban areas using GIS: Data sources, linkages and problems” Annals of GIS, 18, pp. 71-80. See DOI:  10.1080/19475683.2011.647079

The project team also gave a wide range of presentations including:

  • The project team organised a session on “Troubled Spaces: Territoriality and the Troubles in Northern Ireland” at the Social Science History Association meeting in Miami (24/10/08). Cunningham presented a paper on “New approaches to the Troubles in Northern Ireland” and Ell presented on “Towards an Irish Historical GIS: Long-term change in Irish religion, 1861-2001.”
  • “Troubled Geographies: Two centuries of religious division in Ireland,” Lancaster, 28/11/07 AHRC/ESRC Religion and Society Phase I Launch Conference
  • “Using GIS to understand space and time in the Digital Humanities” Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan 26/5/08. Invited faculty seminar.
  • “Troubled Geographies: Two centuries of religious division in Ireland” Oxford, 10/7/08. Encounters and Intersections: Religion, diaspora and ethnicities
  • “Analysing religious change and political violence in Ireland: A GIS approach” Colchester, 22/8/08. Historical GIS 2008
  • “From historical censuses to Lake District literature: Uses of GIS in the humanities” Sheffield, 13/10/08. Invited presentation at Digital Technology: Its role in humanities research
  • “Harnessing digital technologies for spatio-temporal analysis in historical research: A GIS approach to long-term religious division in Ireland” Belfast, 11/12/08. Network of Expert Centres in Digital Arts and Humanities
  • “Geographical Information Systems as a research tool for the humanities” Dublin, 12/12/08. Invited presentation at 1641 Depositions Workshop
  • “Historical GIS in Britain and Ireland: Progress and possibilities” NUIM, Maynooth, Ireland 12/2/09. Invited faculty seminar
  • “Censuses, literature and newspapers: Using Geographical Information Systems to bring geography into the Digital Humanities” Long Room Hub, Trinity College Dublin, 13/2/09. Invited seminar.
  • “A Place in the Digital Humanities:Using GIS to better understand humanities geographies” Kyoto, Japan, 27/2/09. Invited presentation at the 1st International Symposium on Digital Humanities for Japanese Arts and Culture.
  • “Religion has its Place: An HGIS of Religious Change and Conflict in Ireland Since the Famine” University College Cork, 15/5/09. Conference of Irish Geographers
  • “Censuses, literature and newspapers: quantitative and qualitative approaches to studying the past with GIS” Academia Sinica, Taiwan 9/10/09. Keynote presentation at GIS in the Humanities and Social Sciences
  • “‘Maimed at the start’: Belfast and the impact of the Troubles” Long Beach, 15/11/09. Social Science History Association
  • “Troubled Geographies: Ireland’s religious divides in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries” London, 29/3/10. Invited presentation at Innovative Methods in the Study of Religion
  • “Long-term religious change and stability in Ireland: A geographical analysis.” Manchester, 26/10/12. Keynote presentation at Eurel Conference.





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©Ian Gregory & Niall Cunningham, 2013