Dr Sam KirkhamLecturer
My research investigates phonetic variation and phonological contrast in bilingual and language contact contexts. Recent research in this area includes an acoustic-articulatory study of tongue root vowel contrasts in Twi (Akan) and Ghanaian English (with Claire Nance, Lancaster), as well as an ultrasound study of liquids in British Asian English (with Jessica Wormald, JP French Associates). I am also conducting phonetic and sociolinguistic research on Dutch Burgher English, which is a contact variety that originally developed in Sri Lanka, then Ceylon (with Luke Harding & Claire Nance, Lancaster).
I also work on the relationship between sociolinguistic variation and identity. My PhD was a sociolinguistic ethnography of a multiethnic school in Sheffield, which looked at how teenagers use phonetic variation to construct dynamic styles, meanings and identities. More recently, I have worked on sociolinguistic style and the linguistically-layered nature of social meaning (with Emma Moore, Sheffield). I am also interested in language and identity within multiethnic communities – recent work in this area includes a study on the discursive construction of multiculturalism in British secondary schools.
Finally, I do research in sociophonetics more generally. Ongoing research in this area includes a project on intonational variation in Liverpool and Manchester English (with Claire Nance, Eve Groarke & Beth Littlewood, Lancaster).
I teach on the following courses:
- LING102 English Language
- LING223 English Phonetics
- LING327 Advanced English Phonetics
- LING416 Sociophonetics
PhD Supervision Interests
I am happy to consider students who would like to do interesting research in sociophonetics and/or phonetics, particularly in the areas covered by my research interests (i.e. contact varieties, bilingualism, multiethnic communities, acoustic and articulatory sociophonetics).
Ethnicity and phonetic variation in Sheffield English liquids
Kirkham, S. 8/07/2016 In: Journal of the International Phonetic Association.
Constructing multiculturalism at school: negotiating tensions in talk about ethnic diversity
Kirkham, S. 07/2016 In: Discourse and Society. 27, 4, p. 383-400. 18 p.
Constructing social meaning in political discourse: phonetic variation and verb processes in Ed Miliband's speeches
Kirkham, S., Moore, E. 02/2016 In: Language in Society. 45, 1, p. 87-111. 25 p.
Research, relationships and reflexivity: two case studies of language and identity
Kirkham, S., Mackey, A. 2016 In: Ethics in applied linguistics research. London : Routledge p. 103-120. 18 p.
Intersectionality and the social meanings of variation: class, ethnicity, and social practice
Kirkham, S. 15/10/2015 In: Language in Society. 44, 5, p. 629-652. 24 p.
Acoustic and articulatory variation in British Asian English liquids
Kirkham, S., Wormald, J. 2015 In: Proceedings of the XVIII International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. Glasgow : University of Glasgow p. 1-5. 5 p.
Intonational variation in Liverpool English
Nance, C., Kirkham, S., Groarke, E. 2015 In: Proceedings of the XVIII International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. Glasgow : University of Glasgow 5 p.
Kirkham, S., Moore, E. 2013 In: The Handbook of Language Variation and Change. Oxford : Wiley-Blackwell p. 277-296. 20 p. ISBN: 9780470659946.
Ethnicity, social practice and phonetic variation in a Sheffield secondary school
Kirkham, S. 2013 University of Sheffield. 323 p.
Personal style and epistemic stance in classroom discussion
Kirkham, S. 08/2011 In: Language and Literature. 20, 3, p. 201-217. 17 p.
The acoustics of coronal stops in British Asian English
Kirkham, S. 2011 In: Proceedings of the XVII International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. p. 1102-1105. 4 p.
Intonational variation in North West England
01/07/2014 → 30/04/2016
Ultrasound tongue imaging of language contact varieties
01/06/2014 → …
AHRC: Ethnicity, social practice and phonetic variation
01/10/2009 → 30/09/2012