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Dr Gillian Lancaster

Dr Gillian Lancaster

Senior Lecturer

Fylde College
Lancaster University
Bailrigg
Lancaster
United Kingdom
LA1 4YF

+44 (0)1524 593943

Research Interests

I am a medical statistician with interests in epidemiology and child health. I am particularly interested in the development of Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) for use in clinical trials and patient management (eg. Alder Hey Triage Pain score, EARLI, MDAT, ADNAT, Synacthen test, CLCF). Related methodological interests include latent variable analysis and structural equation modelling. I am also interested in the analysis of social survey and census data, including the multilevel modelling of clustered binary events, a focus of several of my PhD students, and reducing ecological bias in aggregate level analyses. More broadly, I enjoy working with colleagues on a wide range of multi-disciplinary applications in health and medicine, and have a keen interest in the use of pilot and feasibility studies in preparation for complex interventions, and in statistics education more generally.

Gillian Lancaster's Publications

2014

Two-year outcomes for infants with low cord pH at birth

Kayani, S. I., Joo Tan, M., Shaw, N. J., Dewhurst, C., Titman, A., Lancaster, G. & Alfirevic, Z. 07/2014 In : Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine . 27, 10, p. 1010-1014 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Early morning salivary cortisol and cortisone, and adrenal responses to a simplified low dose short Synacthen test in children with asthma

Blair, J. C., Lancaster, G., Titman, A., Peak, M., Newland, P., Collingwood, C., Chesters, C., Moorcroft, T., Wallin, N., Hawcutt, D., Gardner, C., Didi, M., Lacy, D. & Couriel, J. 03/2014 In : Clinical Endocrinology. 80, 3, p. 376-383 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Development and psychometric testing of the online Adolescent Diabetes Needs Assessment Tool (ADNAT)

Cooper, H., Spencer, J., Lancaster, G. A., Titman, A., Johnson, M., Wheeler, S. L. & Lwin, R. 02/2014 In : Journal of Advanced Nursing. 70, 2, p. 454-468 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Item response theory and Structural Equation Modelling for ordinal data: describing the relationship between KIDSCREEN and Life-H

Titman, A., Lancaster, G. & Colver, A. 2014 In : Statistical Methods in Medical Research.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2013

Is there a bidirectional relationship between maternal well-being and child problem behaviors in autism spectrum disorders?: longitudinal analysis of a population-defined sample of young children

Totsika, V., Hastings, R., Emerson, E., Lancaster, G., Berridge, D. & Vagenas, D. 06/2013 In : Autism research. 6, 3, p. 201-211 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Robotic-assisted laparoscopic vs abdominal and laparoscopic myomectomy: systematic review and meta-analysis

Pundir, J., Pundir, V., Walavalkar, R., Omanwa, K., Lancaster, G. & Kayani, S. 05/2013 In : Journal of minimally invasive gynecology. 20, 3, p. 335-345 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2012

Longitudinal trends in using physical interventions to manage aggression and self-harm in mental health services

Whittington, R., Leitner, M., Barr, W., Lancaster, G. & McGuire, J. 2012 In : Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.). 63, 5, p. 488-492 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Perceptions of the clinical usefulness of the Adolescent Diabetes Needs Assessment Tool.

Cooper, H., Spencer, J., Lancaster, G., Johnson, M. & Lwin, R. 2012 In : Diabetes Care for Children and Young People . 1, 2, p. 55-61 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Statistical education in the 21st century: a review of challenges, teaching innovations and strategies for reform

Tishkovskaya, S. & Lancaster, G. 2012 In : Journal of Statistics Education. 20, 2, 56 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Using evidence from quantitative studies

Lancaster, G. & Titman, A. 2012 Evidence-based practice manual for nurses. Craig, J. V. & Smyth, R. L. (eds.). 3rd ed. ed. Edinburgh: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, p. 145-186 42 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

2011

Child disability and the dynamics of family poverty, hardship and financial strain: evidence from the UK

Shahtahmasebi, S., Emerson, E., Berridge, D. & Lancaster, G. 11/2011 In : Journal of Social Policy. 40, 4, p. 653-673 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Accounting for bias due to a non-ignorable tracing mechanism in a retrospective breast cancer cohort study.

Titman, A. C., Lancaster, G. A., Carmichael, K. & Scutt, D. 20/02/2011 In : Statistics in Medicine. 30, 4, p. 324-334 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A population-based investigation of behavioural and emotional problems and maternal mental health: associations with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability

Totsika, V., Hastings, R., Emerson, E., Lancaster, G. & Berridge, D. 01/2011 In : Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 52, 1, p. 91-99

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Behavior problems at 5 years of age and maternal mental health in autism and intellectual disability

Totsika, V., Hastings, R. P., Emerson, E., Berridge, D. & Lancaster, G. 2011 In : Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 39, 8, p. 1137-1147 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

How statistical literacy, official statistics and self-directed learning shaped social enquiry in the 19th and early 20th century

Lancaster, G. 2011 In : Statistical Journal of the International Association for Official Statistics. 27, 3-4, p. 99-111 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Personal response systems for teaching postgraduate statistics to small groups

Titman, A. & Lancaster, G. 2011 In : Journal of Statistics Education. 19, 2, 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2010

Poverty transitions among families supporting a child with intellectual disability

Emerson, E., Shahtahmasebi, S., Berridge, D. & Lancaster, G. 12/2010 In : Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability. 35, 4, p. 224-234

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A longitudinal analysis of poverty among families supporting a child with disability

Shahtahmasebi, S., Emerson, E., Berridge, D. & Lancaster, G. 11/2010 In : International Journal on Disability and Human Development. 9, 1, p. 65-75 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Trials in primary care: statistical issues in the design, conduct and evaluation of complex interventions

Lancaster, G. A., Campbell, M. J., Eldridge, S., Farrin, A., Marchant, M., Muller, S., Perera, R., Peters, T. J., Prevost, A. T. & Rait, G. 08/2010 In : Statistical Methods in Medical Research. 19, 4, p. 349-377 29 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

What is a pilot or feasibility study?: a review of current practice and editorial policy

Arain, M., Campbell, M. J., Cooper, C. L. & Lancaster, G. 16/07/2010 In : BMC medical research methodology. 10, p. 67

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Communicating the value of statistical thinking in research

Lancaster, G. 07/2010 ICOTS 8 proceedings: International Conference on Teaching Statistics 2010 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Reading, C. (ed.). Auckland, New Zealand: International Association for Statistical Education, 6 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsConference contribution

Personal Response Systems for teaching postgraduate statistics to small groups

Titman, A. & Lancaster, G. 07/2010 ICOTS 8 proceedings: International Conference on Teaching Statistics 2010 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Reading, C. (ed.). Auckland: International Association for Statistical Education, 4 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsConference contribution

Resource Discovery For Teaching Datasets

Hoti - Llabjani, V., Francis, B. & Lancaster, G. 07/2010 ICOTS 8 proceedings: International Conference on Teaching Statistics 2010 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Reading, C. (ed.). Auckland, New Zealand: International Association for Statistical Education, 4 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsConference contribution

Statistics for the biological and environmental sciences: improving service teaching for postgraduates

Allen, R., Folkard, A., Lancaster, G. & Abram, B. 07/2010 ICOTS 8 proceedings: International Conference on Teaching Statistics 2010 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Reading, C. (ed.). Auckland: International Association for Statistical Education, 6 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsConference contribution

Teaching strategies to promote statistical literacy: review and implementation

Tishkovskaya, S. & Lancaster, G. 07/2010 ICOTS 8 proceedings: International Conference on Teaching Statistics 2010 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Reading, C. (ed.). Auckland, New Zealand: International Association for Statistical Education, 4 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsConference contribution

Perspectives of normal child development in rural Malawi – a qualitative analysis to create a more culturally appropriate developmental assessment tool.

Gladstone, M., Lancaster, G., Umar, E., Nyirenda, M., Kayira, E., Van den Broek, N. & Smyth, R. L. 05/2010 In : Child: Care, Health and Development. 36, 3, p. 346-353 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The Malawi Developmental Assessment Tool (MDAT): creation, validation, and reliability of a tool to assess child development in rural African settings

Gladstone, M., Lancaster, G. A., Umar, E., Nyirenda, M., Kayira, E., Van Den Broek, N. & Smyth R.L., R. L. 05/2010 In : PLoS Medicine. 7, 5, 14 p.e1000273

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The effect of antisocial behavior in boys aged 5 to 7 years old: a structural equation modelling approach.

Fakis, A., Lancaster, G. & Hill, J. 2010 LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing . 62 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

2009

Statistical issues in the assessment of health outcomes in children : methodological review.

Lancaster, G. 10/2009 In : Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society). 172, 4, p. 707-727 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Adult attachment in bipolar 1 disorder.

Morriss, R. M., van der Gucht, E., Lancaster, G. & Bentall, R. P. 09/2009 In : Psychology and Psychotherapy : Theory, Research and Practice. 82, 3, p. 267-277 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Lancaster Postgraduate Statistics Centre – creating enterprise and innovation in teaching statistics across disciplines.

Lancaster, G., Francis, B. & Allen, R. 02/2009 In : MSOR Connections. 9, 1, p. 41-46 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Psychological processes in bipolar affective disorder : negative cognitive style and reward processing.

van der Gucht, E., Morriss, R., Lancaster, G. A., Kinderman, P. K. & Bentall, R. P. 02/2009 In : The British Journal of Psychiatry. 194, 2, p. 146-151 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Child disability, parental self-rated health and food security: a multivariate cross-sectional analysis

Shahtahmasebi, S., Emerson, E., Berridge, D. & Lancaster, G. 2009 In : International Journal on Disability and Human Development. 8, 4, p. 417-434 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2008

Does the position of restraint of disturbed psychiatric patients have any association with staff and patient injuries?

Lancaster, G. A., Whittington, R., Lane, S., Riley, D. & Meehan, C. 05/2008 In : Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. 15, 4, p. 306-312 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Can western developmental screening tools be modified for use in a rural Malawian setting?

Gladstone, M. J., Lancaster, G. A., Jones, A. P., Maleta, K., Mtitimila, E., Ashorn, P. & Smyth, R. L. 1/01/2008 In : Archives of Disease in Childhood. 93, 1, p. 23-29 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2007

Aggression and intentionality in narrative responses to conflict and distress story stems : an investigation of boys with disruptive behaviour problems.

Hill, J., Fonagy, P., Lancaster, G. A. & Broyden, N. 09/2007 In : Attachment and Human Development. 9, 3, p. 223-237 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The measurement of a major childhood risk for depression : comparision of the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) 'parental care' and the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse (CECA) 'parental neglect'.

Lancaster, G. A., Rollinson, L. & Hill, J. 08/2007 In : Journal of Affective Disorders. 101, 1-3, p. 263-267 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Design of a clustered observational study to predict emergency admissions in the elderly : statistical reasoning in clinical practice.

Lancaster, G. A., Chellaswamy, H., Taylor, S., Lyon, D. & Dowrick, C. 04/2007 In : Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 13, 2, p. 169-178 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Prediciting the likelihood of emergency admission to hospital of older people: development and validation of the Emergency Admission Risk Likelihood Index (EARLI)

Lyon , D., Lancaster, G. A., Taylor, S., Dowrick, C. & Chellaswamy, H. 04/2007 In : Family Practice. 24, 2, p. 158-167 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Parental depression following the early diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis : a matched, prospective study.

Glasscoe, C. A., Lancaster, G. A., Smyth, R. L. & Hill, J. 02/2007 In : The Journal of Pediatrics. 150, 2, p. 185-191 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2006

Peutz-Jeghers syndrome and screening for pancreatic cancer

Latchford, A., Greenhalf, W., Vitone, L. J., Neoptolemos, J. P., Lancaster, G. & Phillips, R. K. S. 12/2006 In : The British journal of surgery. 93, 12, p. 1446-1455 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Reducing bias in ecological studies: an evaluation of different methodolgies.

Lancaster, G., Green, M. & Lane, S. 1/10/2006 In : Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A (Statistics in Society). 169, 4, p. 681-700 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Physical restraint of patients in acute mental health care settings : patient, staff, and enviromental factors associated with the use of a horizontal restraint position.

Whittington, R., Lancaster, G. A., Meehan, C., Lane, S. & Riley, D. 06/2006 In : Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. 17, 2, p. 253-265 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Breast asymmetry and predisposition to breast cancer

Scutt, D., Lancaster, G. & Manning, J. T. 20/03/2006 In : Breast cancer research : BCR. 8, 2, 7 p.R14

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

In a systematic review, infrared ear thermometry for fever diagnosis in children finds poor sensitivity

Dodd, S. R., Lancaster, G. A., Craig, J. V., Smyth, R. L. & Williamson, P. R. 2006 In : Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 59, 4, p. 354-357 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Linkage of survey data with district-level lung cancer registrations: a method of bias reduction in ecological studies

Lancaster, G. A., Green, M. & Lane, S. 2006 In : Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 60, 12, p. 1093-1098 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Patient restraint positions in a psychiatric inpatient service

Riley, D., Meehan, C., Whittington, R., Lancaster, G. & Lane, S. 2006 In : Nursing Times. 102, 3, p. 42-45 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2005

Molecular analysis to detect pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in high-risk groups

Yan, L., McFaul, C., Howes, N., Leslie, J., Lancaster, G., Wong, T., Threadgold, J., Evans, J., Gilmore, I., Smart, H., Lombard, M., Neoptolemos, J. & Greenhalf, W. 06/2005 In : Gastroenterology. 128, 7, p. 2124-2130 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2004

Design and analysis of pilot studies: recommendations for good practice

Lancaster, G., Dodd, S. & Williamson, P. R. 05/2004 In : Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 10, 2, p. 307-312 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Nutritional impairment in juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Cleary, A. G., Lancaster, G., Annan, F., Sills, J. A. & Davidson, J. E. 2004 In : Rheumatology. 43, 12, p. 1569-1573 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Statistical education for PhD students in UK medical schools

Williamson, P. & Lancaster, G. 2004 In : Statistics Education Research Journal. 3, 1, p. 72-79 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Validation of the Alder Hey Triage Pain Score

Stewart, B., Lancaster, G., Lawson, J., Williams, K. & Daly, J. 2004 In : Archives of Disease in Childhood. 89, 7, p. 625-630 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Validity and reliability of acoustic analysis of respiratory sounds in infants

Elphick, H. E., Lancaster, G., Solis, A., Majumdar, A., Gupta, R. & Smyth, R. L. 2004 In : Archives of Disease in Childhood. 89, 11, p. 1059-1063 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2002

Variations in use of tertiary cardiac services in part of North-West England

Gatrell, A., Lancaster, G., Chapple, A., Horsley, S. & Smith, M. 09/2002 In : Health and Place. 8, 3, p. 147-153 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Infrared ear thermometry compared with rectal thermometry in children: a systemic review.

Craig, J. V., Lancaster, G. A., Williamson, P. R. & Smyth, R. L. 24/08/2002 In : The Lancet. 360, 9333, p. 603-609 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Meta-analysis of method comparison studies.

Williamson, P. R., Lancaster, G. A., Craig, J. V. & Smyth, R. L. 30/07/2002 In : Statistics in Medicine. 21, 14, p. 2013-2025 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Deprivation, ill-health and ecological fallacy.

Lancaster, G. A. & Green, M. 1/06/2002 In : Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A (Statistics in Society). 165, 2, p. 263-278 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A method comparison study to assess the reliability of urine collection pads as a means of obtaining urine specimens from non-toilet-trained children for microbiological examination

Farrell, M., Devine, K., Lancaster, G. & Judd, B. 02/2002 In : Journal of Advanced Nursing. 37, 4, p. 387-393 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Latent variable models for categorical data

Lancaster, G. & Green, M. 2002 In : Statistics and Computing. 12, 2, p. 153-161 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2000

Temperature measured at the axilla compared with rectum in children and young people: systematic review

Craig, J. V., Lancaster, G., Williamson, P. R. & Smyth, R. L. 29/04/2000 In : BMJ (British Medical Journal). 320, 7243, p. 1174-1178 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1994

Towards achieving the Health of the Nation target for cervical cancer: accuracy of cancer registration

Lancaster, G. A., Moran, T. & Woodman, C. 03/1994 In : Journal of Public Health Medicine. 16, 1, p. 50-52 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1993

Computer aided diagnosis of abdominal pain: implementation difficulties in the North Western Region

Clyma, J. A. & Lancaster, G. A. 1993 In : Archives of emergency medicine. 10, 4, p. 314-320 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1992

Does the offer of cervical screening with breast screening encourage older women to have a cervical smear test?

Lancaster, G. A. & Elton, P. 10/1992 In : Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 46, 5, p. 523-527 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1990

Made to measure survey

Eardley, A., Elkind, A. & Lancaster, G. 1990 In : The Health Service Journal. 100, 5229, p. 1773

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Current Students

Research students currently supervised by Gillian Lancaster include: