A Level Requirements
see all requirements
see all requirements
Full time 3 Year(s)
Contemporary management is inherently international. This multidisciplinary course exposes you to a breadth of perspectives on how modern organisations operate across borders and equips you with the skills required for future careers which need an international specialism.
On this degree you will develop key managerial knowledge and skills. You will learn also about how contemporary organisations function globally and develop awareness of organisational issues relevant to international operations, markets and jurisdictions. You will also enhance your cultural awareness, problem solving and communications skills.
A Level AAB
GCSE Mathematics grade B, English Language grade B
IELTS 6.5 overall with at least 5.5 in each component. For other English language qualifications we accept, please see our English language requirements webpages.
International Baccalaureate 35 points overall with 16 points from the best 3 Higher Level subjects
BTEC Distinction, Distinction, Distinction
Access to HE Diploma 30 Level 3 credits at Distinction and 15 Level 3 credits at Merit
We welcome applications from students with a range of alternative UK and international qualifications, including combinations of qualification. Further guidance on admission to the University, including other qualifications that we accept, frequently asked questions and information on applying, can be found on our general admissions webpages.
Contact Admissions Team + 44 (0) 1524 592028 or via firstname.lastname@example.org
Many of Lancaster's degree programmes are flexible, offering students the opportunity to cover a wide selection of subject areas to complement their main specialism. You will be able to study a range of modules, some examples of which are listed below.
Business analytics focuses on developing new insights and understanding of business performance based on data analysis.
Designed to give you the kind of skills that are sought after in many organisations, this module introduces you to a range of quantitative techniques for collecting, analysing and interpreting data and develops your understanding of how to apply these techniques to management problems to draw practical conclusions. The module provides the foundations for statistical methods in follow-up modules.
The computing side of the module introduces the use of word processing, spreadsheet software for statistical calculations, and writing of management reports.
You will learn not only the fundamental analytical techniques, but also when and how to apply them to management problems and how to interpret the results. This module also involves you working as a junior business analyst on a simple but realistic case study and reporting results and conclusions to a fictional boss.
Information for this module is currently unavailable.
Operations management is a core discipline for all kinds of organisation, from private-sector manufacturers through to public-sector service providers. This module introduces the core topics of operations management, including operations design, capacity management, supply chain management, inventory analysis, demand forecasting, quality management and risk analysis. Most of these topics have both qualitative and quantitative elements that need to be understood and practised in combination.
By the end of the module you should be able to:
identify different kinds of operations and predict their attributes
apply basic planning and analysis techniques to particular cases
understand operations problems and related improvement strategies
The quantitative parts of the course are basic, and if you prefer a more quantitative approach you should consider Management Science (MSCI 103) as an alternative. To take this module you must also take either MSCI 101, 100 or 110.
The aim of this course is to introduce students to the fascinating world of management and organisation(s) via a series of lectures and seminars and reading groups.
Over a period of ten weeks, we will attempt to familiarise ourselves with some of the main themes and issues that make up our ‘organised’ world. Our main objective will be to map out the ways in which we understand ourselves in relation to work, management and organisations. In order to so, we will attempt to trace how the meaning we give to these important themes has developed historically. To do so, we will analyse the thought of some of their main critics and contributors.
The course begins by providing a perspective on capitalism (as the social order in which the forms of managing and organising we are interested in takes place), before moving on to look at management more concretely and ends with a focus on people (both managers and workers) in contemporary organisations and society.
With many people questioning whether entrepreneurship can be ‘taught’ and suggesting that entrepreneurs are born and not made, this introductory module is designed to challenge preconceived notions of entrepreneurship.
It uses a combination of interactive workshops and an online environment to encourage active participation. Theory and practice are combined throughout the module, and within the teaching sessions we draw on the expertise of entrepreneurs who attend our business support programmes.
This course provides a comprehensive introduction to the basic concepts and techniques of Accounting and Finance, which include financial accounting, managerial finance, and financial statement analysis.
An important element of this course is that it provides exposure to the business and financial environment within which the discipline of Accounting and Finance operates, using real-world financial data for actual companies.
The course covers concepts, techniques and interpretive skills that relate to the external financial reporting of companies and their relationship to the stock market, and to the use of accounting information for internal management purposes.
Students must study MKTG101 in Year 1. This year-long module serves as an introduction to the theory, tools and techniques of Marketing, teaching you all the foundational touch-points of Marketing which will be further developed in detail and depth throughout your second and final year. You will explore subject areas such as: Business-to-Business Marketing, Relationship Marketing, Services Marketing, International Marketing, and Consumer Behaviour, to Advertising, Digital Marketing and Strategic Marketing Planning.
Throughout the year, you will be asked to consider how theory works in practice, by examining your own experience of marketing as well as contexts obtained from the press and broadcast media. Part of your learning will be based on coursework; much of this will involve working in groups but you will also harness the skills of independent learning through individual course submissions.
Further to this students can choose any two subjects from across the university (subject to availability and timetabling). These subjects need not be Marketing related but some advisable and good subject fits with Marketing are: Accounting & Finance; Design; Law; Economics; Management and Organisation; Media Film and Cultural Studies; Management Sciences; Psychology; Sociology. Such flexibility allows you to choose subjects that excite you, with the ability to then continue with these into your second and final year. This enables the development of not only a strong major in Marketing but a strong minor in other subject areas that you are passionate about.
The aim of these two modules (223 and 224), which can be taken both separately as well as in combination (which we strongly advise), is to understand how the elementary functions of HRM unfold, and why they do so in certain ways nowadays compared to, say, thirty years ago.
At one level, HRM seems very simple: it is a combination of (a) recruitment and selection, (b) control and motivation, (c) training and development, (d) strategy and planning. It is a function which mediates between organisations and people. How complicated can that be? The answer is that it is as complicated as the central objects of such practices – the human and work – are: namely, extremely complicated.
The reason HRM is endlessly complicated (i.e. there never is an end to the central question to which it has to answer, namely what is work?) lies in the simple fact that the relationship between work as effort and efficiency as the rationality of work is always indeterminate. How much is an hour of work worth? How much should I be paid so that work is ‘fair’, or ‘just’? These essential questions cannot be answered in themselves – they depend on an endless list of other crucial questions – such as, what is it that I have to do? For what should I be paid? What counts as the work that is covered by an employment contract? Where does effort begin and end? What does it mean for instance to be committed to one’s job, company, or team – in terms of effort? How do we account for sentiments in work? What does it mean to be creative, or innovative? Are these part of the employment contract? How much commitment is one contracted to feel?
These and all the other aspects of HRM have become its language and the objects of its practices; human work and human being have become entangled in management in very complicated forms in the last thirty years. You will be the subjects of these practices and will have to understand what is going on in them and how the simple question what is worth doing in the context of contemporary work? is asked and answered today.
This means that HR practices in contemporary organisations (private, public, large or small) can only be understood if you will understand something much more fundamental, much more profound and much more enabling: the cultural conditions and resources that make these practices possible at all. You will need to understand how these practices are structured from a cultural viewpoint, from the point of view of the social imaginaries that make them possible.
Designed as a complete introduction to the theory and practice of managing business projects, this module introduces project management methods in a way which links to the life cycle of a typical project – from the early project identification and definition stages, through project execution and control, to issues of implementation and change.
The coverage of the early stages of the project cycle uses methods emerging from the systems movement and stresses the strategic relevance of project management.
The operational management of the project is covered by introducing techniques for planning, scheduling and controlling projects. Attention is also given to the people management aspects of this process, especially to leadership, team-working, motivation and direction.
This module aims to advance knowledge of entrepreneurship by experiencingaspects of the business start-up process through project-based activities. It aimsto help you understand you own enterprise skills and develop the ability tocommunicate new business ideas using opportunity business models in thecontext of business start-up.
Building upon Entrepreneurial Learning theories, this course prepares you tounderstand the core dimensions of an entrepreneurial mindset and guides you tofind and assess opportunities, seek answers, gather resources and implementsolutions regardless of you specific context or institutional constraints.
This module develops an understanding of the different issues underlying business creation and development. It familiarises you with current theory and research and enables you to understand the processes of enterprise creation and development and the behaviours, motivations and business strategies of entrepreneurs – considering also how these affect the types and performance of the new ventures created.
The module also examines the primary issues associated with entrepreneurial activity in franchise systems, in mature organisations and larger corporations, and in not-for-profit contexts. Frequent use is made of illustrative case histories, and several visiting speakers will share the reality of their entrepreneurial experience with you.
This module, for BBA and Euro BBA students only, provides a comprehensive review of the field of strategic management and intangible assets. It will focus on strategic analysis, choosing, implementing and evaluating strategy, and the significance of intangible assets. Lectures will introduce theoretical concepts and your understanding of these will be reinforced through case studies.
This module will provide you with an insight into the funding process for new ventures or projects. Topics will include funding sources, as well as the challenges and strategies for funding. A variety of funding sources will be discussed, including bank loans, venture capital and crowdfunding. The module will focus on what makes a good case for funding and the challenges that you might face. The module will also integrate practice which will help you develop skills that will be valuable in your future career.
This module provides an introduction to the use of management accounting information for management purposes. This includes an examination of cost-volume profit analysis, the concepts of direct and indirect costs, and various costing methods. The importance of budgets to organisations and their impact on performance are also discussed.
This module aims to develop your understanding of contemporary management practice through the window of consultancy. It looks at who consultants are and at the major themes in consultancy before critiquing the industry. It examines the analytical skills needed and used by consultants and how consultancy interventions take place. This is tackled theoretically and through a series of practical activities, culminating in a major client project that provides a unifying perspective.
This module considers several of the transformations that have arisen in contemporary organisations as a result of the introduction and use of information systems. To consider how information systems have been implicated in these transformations, this course will focus on five themes:
Global Software Outsourcing
The Digital Divide
Knowledge Management and Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
Ethical issues in information systems
All these themes have been important to the study of information systems in the 1990’s and 2000’s. One or more cases and or readings for each theme will be presented and discussed in detail, so as to first familiarise yourselves with these developments, and second to explore the challenges that the introduction of information systems may pose, and finally to consider the scope for management action. You are required to produce a group presentation and sit an exam in the summer. The aim of this is to develop techniques, methods of analysis and research expertise that can be applied to a variety of real world settings. Developing techniques of this sort is advocated by many leading industrialists, and bodies such as the ICAEW (1990) who stated that:
“...case studies require a number of skills and abilities to be developed. The student is required to read and comprehend the information, identify the problem, analyse the whole situation and diagnose solutions, and finally present his or her own ideas and recommendations in a form usable by others... Particular emphasis is placed upon analytical skills, commercial awareness and communication skills, including presentation skills.”
This module forms a self-contained introduction to marketing. It examines components of the marketing system, concepts of buying behaviour, analysis of market opportunities, market segmentation, the marketing mix and marketing strategy. Consideration is also given to a number of special topics, including services marketing, retailing and international marketing. It aims to develop your appreciation and understanding of the conceptual and descriptive language of marketing and how it is used within a business and management context.
The purpose of this course is to introduce you to the importance of networks forentrepreneurship. At the same time, the course will outline key ideas andconcepts underpinning networks / networking for entrepreneurship. Based onthese key ideas, you will have an opportunity to practice and develop you ownnetworking skills.
The objective of this course is to equip you to meet the challenge in managingproduct and service innovation processes, especially in the small businessenvironment. The aim is to inspire your enthusiasm and understanding ofinnovation and encourage the practice of tracking and evaluating the impact ofinnovations vital to anyone in business. These include building motivation,developing a critical and active approach to learning as well as developing abilityto link understanding of contemporary innovation to theory.
This module provides students with knowledge and understanding of routes to market – following the various decisions, actors and actions involved in transforming the product from its raw state through to its presentation in retail and the consumer’s access to it. This understanding is important to all marketers since it allows marketers to communicate with other areas of the organisation (such as manufacturing or logistics) over issues including new product launches, promotional initiatives and so on. A particular emphasis is placed on the retail end of the route to market and the necessary coordination between brand owners and retail (possibly also wholesale) actors. The module therefore provides vital understanding and perspectives to equip you for entry level jobs in areas such as trade marketing, customer marketing, shopper marketing, category management and areas of retail. In many companies a career in brand management can only be accessed through graduate entry level jobs in these areas. The thinking is “if you can’t manage retail partners, you can’t manage brands”.
Throughout the module attention is paid to the international contexts of routes to market, ethical questions in routes to market, modern techniques and shopping behaviour and ICT use in routes to market. Examples are drawn especially from product areas students are familiar with.
This course aims to increase the entrepreneurial effectiveness regardless of yourpreferred career choice. The course is based on the knowledge that large andsmall organisations, charities and social enterprises and even governmentalagencies search for entrepreneurial graduates that are able to help theseorganizations succeed through uncertain times.
The main aim of this course is to provide students with a critical understanding of the moral foundations that shape business and management. It will examine the various perspectives through which we make sense and speak about ethics and the ways in which they influence and direct our moral choices both on an individual and an institutional level.
The delivery of this course has two main components. First, a traditional series of weekly lectures that will introduce some of the key ideas and theoretical frameworks that will help you understand the main themes and issues in business ethics. Secondly and in parallel with the lectures, there will be a series of student-led debates that aim to further explore the often complex and intractable nature of these issues.
As information covered in class often will not be found in your readings, it is to your benefit to attend class regularly. A significant portion of the course grade derives from work and activities in the classroom. Most importantly, class time allows you to interact with and learn from one another.
The module will provide you with an alternative gendered and socio-politicalinsight into the importance of entrepreneur and employee diversity in anincreasingly globalised world. The module takes an interactive and practicalapproach to classroom learning to help you develop skills to explore the impactof gender and diversity on models of business, including the sometimescontroversial facts and fictions presented in the media, policy and everydaysocietal attitudes towards management and entrepreneurship across the world.
Economic, social, cultural and political globalization have all contributed to the growth of economic activity that cuts across national borders and to the emergence and proliferation of organizations that transcend national boundaries. Increasingly, organizations are engaged in the employment contract in multiple different national employment systems. The human resources of organizations are located in multiple country locations. Internationalization thereby becomes a key challenge for the practitioners and a dimension that cannot be taken as given or standard for scholars of HRM. In a context of the transformation of a growing number of organizations (and especially the largest ones) into “transnational social spaces”, HRM practices flow across borders. Some strategic scholarship argues that such flows are critical to the success of individual firms, and concentrate their efforts on identifying “best practices” that will yield the greatest leverage to each. Strategic scholarship keen to understand what will work best to increase the efficiency and financial performance of multinational organizations also studies the various “glitches” that might obstruct flows or make the flows of HRM practices everywhere not always desirable.
This module examines the challenges of managing human resources against a backdrop of cross-cultural and institutional work contexts and teams, variation in local socio-political-legal contexts and the necessity for cross-border assignments. The analytical/critical approach to IHRM taken concerns itself with questions of whether employment (and HRM) practices are converging or diverging around the world, how power and politics are implicated in the internal dynamics of multinational corporations, and if the corporate social responsibility pledges for appropriate treatment of workers can possibly suffice to ensure a fair employment relationship in the absence of a transnational regulator, among others.
This module will provide an understanding of strategy that will enable discussion of real-life business activities within a framework of contemporary strategic management thinking. Topics such as takeover, merger, diversification, divestment and corporate raiding will be examined. Using lectures, case analyses and class discussions, the module is designed to encourage you to develop a personal and distinctive understanding and appreciation of strategising for different industries and in uncertain environments.
Issues and problems in the complex world of management do not necessarily arise in a well-structured form. People often do not know what they want or what is possible. They may also disagree about what they are trying to achieve and the means for arriving at their goals. Much thinking needs to be done in order to define an appropriate framework within which a useful analysis or project can be carried out.
Various approaches have been developed in recent years to assist in this task, often referred to as problem-structuring methods (PSMs). These very practically oriented methodologies typically involve the management team to help facilitate the structuring of complex situations. They place emphasis on dialogue to think through strategic problems, identify the salient issues, formulate goals and negotiate action plans. This module introduces you to several PSMs and some of the process skills needed to use them.
This module, for BBA and Euro BBA students only, consists of a computer-based strategic management simulation which provides you with the opportunity to practise managing the running of a business – in this case, a regional airline carrier. Each team takes over a rather run-down small airline, and the teams compete with each other in a dynamic marketplace.
The simulation runs for eight quarters (in simulated time), at the end of which it is hoped that each airline will be in a much healthier state. It gives you hands-on experience of manipulating key strategic variables in a dynamic environment.
Central to this module is the Crossbay Contracting Game, a management game designed by the module convenor and his colleagues at HCS Ltd.
Three (health service) organisations are involved in a contract negotiation, and you will be part of the management team of one of these organisations. The contract concerns funding requirements for core activities over the coming financial year.
The main aim is to reach an agreement that is satisfactory to all three parties – but you must of course ensure that your own organisation is likely to come out of it well. Much of your time will be spent analysing the emerging situation and negotiating with the other parties.
Alongside this 'management' task there is also a modelling task. Teams are provided with a decision support system they can use to analyse the emerging situation and help them decide which strategies are cost-effective for their organisation.
Lancaster University offers a range of programmes, some of which follow a structured study programme, and others which offer the chance for you to devise a more flexible programme. We divide academic study into two sections - Part 1 (Year 1) and Part 2 (Year 2, 3 and sometimes 4). For most programmes Part 1 requires you to study 120 credits spread over at least three modules which, depending upon your programme, will be drawn from one, two or three different academic subjects. A higher degree of specialisation then develops in subsequent years. For more information about our teaching methods at Lancaster visit our Teaching and Learning section.
Information contained on the website with respect to modules is correct at the time of publication, but changes may be necessary, for example as a result of student feedback, Professional Statutory and Regulatory Bodies' (PSRB) requirements, staff changes, and new research.
Our degrees open the widest variety of career pathways in national and international firms, both private and public, as well as in small and medium companies around the world. Graduates may also go on to start businesses themselves.
Our courses are designed to develop your conceptual understanding and provide practice-based insights. You will develop your personal competencies including communications and mathematical abilities. Such skills could help graduates find work in a wide variety of roles in banking, retail, consultancy, sales and marketing and data analysis.
Lancaster Management School has an award winning careers team to provide a dedicated careers and placement service offering a range of innovative services for management school students. Our high reputation means we attract a wide range of leading global employers to campus offering you the opportunity to interact with graduate recruiters from day 1 of your degree.
We set our fees on an annual basis and the 2018/19 entry fees have not yet been set.
Some science and medicine courses have higher fees for students from
the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. You can find more details here:
For full details of the University's financial support packages including eligibility criteria, please visit our fees and funding page
Students also need to consider further costs which may include books, stationery, printing, photocopying, binding and general subsistence on trips and visits. Following graduation it may be necessary to take out subscriptions to professional bodies and to buy business attire for job interviews.
Typical time in lectures, seminars and similar per week during term time
Average assessment by coursework