Editorial Principles

We sought initially to standardise the use of texts, first on the basis of the first edition text, then on the basis of a particular publisher of modern editions of texts (e.g. Norton; Oxford). However, the demands of the digital medium rapidly undermined this. The problem we found was that texts that were freely available were often corrupt and unreliable, requiring a high level of additional cleaning. Because of the scope of texts used in the project it was extremely problematic to locate first edition texts and these would then have required full transcription before mark-up.

Since our aims in this project were focussed on visualisation and the act of turning a verbal text into a mappable form we decided to abandon standardisation. We therefore sought instead the cleanest and most reliable form of each text. Again, because of the range of writers over time we were not able to acquire clean texts from one source. See Table below.

For all electronic editions we stripped out any editorial meta-data and then marked up the clean text. Almost all of these texts are out of copyright and all are being used here for purely educational purposes and for non-profit making research. All mark-up is our own.

Text E-book Publisher Date Alternative Edition
Spatial Type 1: Correspondent Places
Mary Shelley, Frankenstein Oxford 1998  
Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist Oxford 1999  
R. L. Stevenson, Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde     Hand-proofed to Penguin edition (RH).
George Gissing, The Nether World     Hand-proofed to 1889 facsimile (RH).
A. E. Houseman, A Shropshire Lad Penguin 2010  
Virginia Woolf, To the Lighthouse     Hand-proofed to Oxford edition, 2006 (RH).
Spatial Type 2: Indefinite Spaces
Anon, Gawain and the Green Knight, trans. by Keith Harrison Oxford 1997  
Anon, Gawain and the Green Knight: A Fairy Tale, trans. by Charlton Miner Lewis Project Gutenberg    
John Bunyan, The Pilgrim's progress     Hand-proofed (SB).
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner",     Hand-proofed to 1st Edition, Woodstock (SB).
William Wordsworth, "The Idiot Boy"     Hand-proofed to 1st Edition (SB).
Robert Browning, "Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came"     Hand-proofed to The Poetical Works of Robert Browning, vol. 5 (Oxford: Clarendon, 1995) (SB).
George Eliot, Silas Marner Oxford 1998  
T. S. Eliot, The Waste Land     Hand proofed to The Waste Land and Other Poems (London: Faber & Faber, 1922) (RH)
Spatial Type 3: Nested Worlds
Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe Oxford 2007  
Jane Austen, Mansfield Park     Hand proofed to Penguin 2014 (RH)
William Wordsworth, "Home at Grasmere"     Hand-proofed to Cornell edition (reading text B)
Anthony Trollope, Barchester Towers Oxford 2014  
Thomas Hardy, Return of the Native Oxford 2005  
R. L. Stephenson, Treasure Island Oxford 2011  
Arthur Ransome, Swallows and Amazons Jonathan Cape   Facsimile first edition (1930)
Spatial Type 4: Fantastic Worlds
Lewis Carroll, Through the Looking Glass     Hand-proofed to Oxford 2009 (RH)
Mervyn Peake, Gormenghast Vintage (Random House)    
J. R. R. Tolkien, The Hobbit     Hand-proofed to facsimile
Frank Herbert, Dune Penguin 2005  
Thomas More, Utopia Oxford 1999  
Jonathan Swift, Gulliver's Travels Oxford 2005  
C. S. Lewis, The Magician's Nephew; Voyage of the Dawn Treader Harper Collins 1998  
Richard Jefferies, After London: Wild England     Hand-proofed to Oxford (1980) (RH)
Philip Pullman, The Subtle Knife Penguin Random House 2015  
Spatial Type 5: Spaces of Exile
Homer, The Odyssey, trans. by Robert Fagles Penguin 2002  
Homer, The Odyssey, trans. Samuel Butler Project Gutenberg    
John Clare, Poems     Hand-proofed to Woodstock facsimile (JOB)
J. M. Barrie, Peter Pan Oxford 2008  
Sam Selvon, The Lonely Londoners Penguin 2006  
V. S. Naipaul, Enigma of Arrival Picador 2011